List of chief ministers of Uttar Pradesh

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Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
Seal of Uttar Pradesh.svg
The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Shri Yogi Adityanath meeting the President, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on February 10, 2018 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Yogi Adityanath

since 19 March 2017 (2017-03-19)
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Reports toGovernor of Uttar Pradesh
Residence5, Kalidas Marg, Lucknow
SeatLucknow
AppointerGovernor of Uttar Pradesh
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
PrecursorPremier of United Provinces
Inaugural holderGovind Ballabh Pant
Formation26 January 1950
(71 years ago)
 (1950-01-26)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister
Salary365,000 (US$5,100)
WebsiteOffice of the Chief Minister

The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh is the head of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

On 26 January 1950 Govind Ballabh Pant, Premier of United Provinces, became the first Chief Minister of the newly renamed Uttar Pradesh. Including him, 11 out of UP's 21 chief ministers belonged to the Indian National Congress. Among these is V. P. Singh, a future Prime Minister of India, as was Charan Singh of the Rashtriya Lok Dal. UP has also had two women chief ministersSucheta Kripalani and Mayawati. Akhilesh Yadav of the Samajwadi Party served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017, having assumed office at the age of 38, he is the youngest person to have held the office. On ten occasions, most recently in 2002, the state has come under President's rule, leaving the office of chief minister vacant.

Yogi Adityanath of the Bharatiya Janata Party has served as the incumbent chief minister since March 19, 2017.

Oath as the state chief minister[edit]

The Chief Minister serves 5 years in the office. The following is the Oath of the Chief Minister of Uttar Pardesh:

I, <Name of Minister>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as a Minister for the State of Uttar Pradesh and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.

Premier of United Provinces (1937-50)[edit]

The United Provinces, headquartered in Allahabad was a province of British India that comprised present day Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council.

Premier of United Provinces (1937–50)
No Name Portrait Term of office[2] Party Assembly Appointee

(Governor)

Took Office Left Office Tenure
1 The Nawab of Chhatri MuhammadSaidKhan.jpg 3 April 1937 16 July 1937 104 days Independent 1st Assembly

(1937 Elections)

Sir Harry Graham Haig
2 Govind Ballabh Pant Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg 17 July 1937 2 November

1939

2 years, 108 days Indian National Congress
- Vacant

(Governor's Rule)

3 November 1939 31 March 1946 6 years, 148 days N/A Dissolved -
(2) Govind Ballabh Pant Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg 1 April 1946 25 January

1950

3 years, 299 days Indian National Congress 2nd Assembly

(1946 Elections)

Sir Francis Verner Wylie

Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh[edit]

No Name Constituency Portrait Term of office[2][3] Tenure length Party[a] Assembly[4]
(Election)
Appointee

(Governor)

1 Govind Ballabh Pant Bareilly Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg 26 January 1950 20 May 1952 4 years, 335 days Indian National Congress Provincial Assembly

(1946–52)

(1946 Elections)

[5] Sir Hormi Mody
20 May 1952 27 December 1954 1st Assembly

(1952–57)
(1951 election)

[6]
2 Sampurnanand Varanasi South Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Shri Swarupanand.jpg 28 December 1954 9 April 1957 5 years, 344 days K. M. Munshi
10 April 1957 6 December 1960 2nd Assembly

(1957–62)
(1957 election)

[7]
3 Chandrabhanu Gupta Ranikhet South 7 December 1960 14 March 1962 2 years, 298 days B. Ramakrishna Rao
14 March 1962 1 October 1963 3rd Assembly

(1962–67)
(1962 election)

[8]
4 Sucheta Kripalani Menhdawal 2 October 1963 13 March 1967 3 years, 162 days Biswanath Das
(3) Chandrabhanu Gupta [2] Ranikhet 14 March 1967 2 April 1967 19 days 4th Assembly

(1967–68)
(1967 election)

[9]
5 Chaudhary Charan Singh Chhaprauli Charan Singh.jpg 3 April 1967 25 February 1968 328 days Bharatiya Kranti Dal
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A Emblem of India.svg 25 February 1968 26 February 1969 1 year, 1 day N/A Dissolved
(3) Chandrabhanu Gupta [3] Ranikhet 26 February 1969 17 February 1970 356 days Indian National Congress 5th Assembly (1969–74)
(1969 election)
[11] B. Gopala Reddy
(5) Chaudhary Charan Singh

[2]

Chhaprauli Charan Singh.jpg 18 February 1970 1 October 1970 225 days Bharatiya Kranti Dal
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A Emblem of India.svg 1 October 1970 18 October 1970 17 days N/A
6 Tribhuvan Narain Singh 18 October 1970 3 April 1971 167 days Indian National Congress (O) B. Gopala Reddy
7 Kamalapati Tripathi Chandauli 4 April 1971 12 June 1973 2 years, 69 days Indian National Congress
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A Emblem of India.svg 13 June 1973 8 November 1973 148 days N/A
8 Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Bara Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna 2018 stamp of India.jpg 8 November 1973 4 March 1974 2 years, 21 days Indian National Congress Akbar Ali Khan
5 March 1974 29 November 1975 6th Assembly (1974–77)
(1974 election)
[12]
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A Emblem of India.svg 30 November 1975 21 January 1976 52 days N/A
9 Narayan Dutt Tiwari Kashipur Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari.jpg 21 January 1976 30 April 1977 1 year, 99 days Indian National Congress M. Chenna Reddy
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A Emblem of India.svg 30 April 1977 23 June 1977 54 days N/A Dissolved
10 Ram Naresh Yadav Nidhauli Kalan Ram Naresh Yadav.jpg 23 June 1977 27 February 1979 1 year, 249 days Janata Party 7th Assembly (1977–80)
(1977 election)
[13] M. Chenna Reddy
11 Babu Banarasi Das Hapur Banarasi Das 2013 stamp of India (cropped).jpg 28 February 1979 17 February 1980 354 days Ganpatrao Devji Tapase
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A Emblem of India.svg 17 February 1980 9 June 1980 113 days N/A Dissolved
12 Vishwanath Pratap Singh Tindwari V. P. Singh (cropped).jpg 9 June 1980 18 July 1982 2 years, 39 days Indian National Congress 8th Assembly (1980–85)
(1980 election)
[14] C. P. N. Singh
13 Sripati Mishra Isauli 19 July 1982 2 August 1984 2 years, 14 days
(9) Narayan Dutt Tiwari

[2]

Kashipur Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari.jpg 3 August 1984 10 March 1985 1 year, 52 days
11 March 1985 24 September 1985 9th Assembly (1985–89)
(1985 election)
[15]
14 Vir Bahadur Singh Paniyara 24 September 1985 24 June 1988 2 years, 274 days Mohd. Usman Arif
(9) Narayan Dutt Tiwari

[3]

Kashipur Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari.jpg 25 June 1988 5 December 1989 1 year, 163 days
15 Mulayam Singh Yadav Jaswantnagar Mulayam Singh Yadav (28993165375).jpg 5 December 1989 24 June 1991 1 year, 201 days Janata Dal Tenth Assembly (1989–91)
(1989 election)
[16]
16 Kalyan Singh Atrauli Kalyan Singh1.jpg 24 June 1991 6 December 1992 1 year, 165 days Bharatiya Janata Party 11th Assembly (1991–92)
(1991 election)
[17] B. Satya Narayan Reddy
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A Emblem of India.svg 6 December 1992 4 December 1993 363 days N/A Dissolved
(15) Mulayam Singh Yadav [2] Jaswantnagar Mulayam Singh Yadav (28993165375).jpg 4 December 1993 3 June 1995 1 year, 181 days Samajwadi Party 12th Assembly (1993–95)
(1993 election)
[18] Motilal Vora
17 Mayawati Mayawati.jpg 3 June 1995 18 October 1995 137 days Bahujan Samaj Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Emblem of India.svg 18 October 1995 17 October 1996 1 year, 154 days N/A Dissolved
17 October 1996 21 March 1997 13th Assembly (1996-02)
(1996 election)
[19]
(17) Mayawati Harora Mayawati.jpg 21 March 1997 21 September 1997 184 days Bahujan Samaj Party Romesh Bhandari
(16) Kalyan Singh

[2]

Atrauli Kalyan Singh1.jpg 21 September 1997 12 November 1999 2 years, 52 days Bharatiya Janata Party
19 Ram Prakash Gupta MLC 12 November 1999 28 October 2000 351 days Suraj Bhan
20 Rajnath Singh Haidergarh Rajnath.jpg 28 October 2000 8 March 2002 1 year, 131 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A Emblem of India.svg 8 March 2002 3 May 2002 56 days N/A Dissolved
(17) Mayawati

[3]

Harora Mayawati.jpg 3 May 2002 29 August 2003 1 year, 118 days Bahujan Samaj Party 14th Assembly (2002–07)
(2002 election)
[20] Vishnu Kant Shastri
(15) Mulayam Singh Yadav [3] Gunnaur Mulayam Singh Yadav (28993165375).jpg 29 August 2003 13 May 2007 3 years, 257 days Samajwadi Party
(17) Mayawati

[4]

MLC Mayawati.jpg 13 May 2007 15 March 2012 4 years, 307 days Bahujan Samaj Party 15th Assembly (2007–12)
(2007 election)
[21] T. V. Rajeswar
21 Akhilesh Yadav MLC Akhilesh Yadav (cropped).JPG 15 March 2012 19 March 2017 5 years, 4 days Samajwadi Party 16th Assembly (2012–17)
(2012 election)
[22] Banwari Lal Joshi
22 Yogi Adityanath MLC Yogi Adityanath.jpg 19 March 2017 Incumbent 4 years, 48 days Bharatiya Janata Party 17th Assembly (2017–22)
(2017 election)
[23] Ram Naik
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Uttar Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ a b Chief Ministers. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  3. ^ President's rule. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  4. ^ Date of Constitution & Dissolution of Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha Archived 12 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  5. ^ http://www.patrika.com/news/bareilly/up-first-cm-pandit-govind-ballabh-pant-was-won-from-bareilly-constituency-hindi-news-1505294/
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1962, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  9. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1967, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  10. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1969, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1974, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1977, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1980, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1985, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1991, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1993, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1996, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  20. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2002, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  21. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2007, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  22. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2012, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  23. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Election Results". Economic Times. Retrieved on 12 March 2017.

External links[edit]