List of Chiefs of the Turkish General Staff

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Chief of the General Staff
Turkish: Genelkurmay Başkanı
Standard of President of Turkey as Supreme Chief of Armed Forces.svg
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Yaşar Güler (2018).jpg
Incumbent
General Yaşar Güler

since 10 July 2018
Ministry of National Defence
Member ofGeneral Staff
National Security Council
Reports toMinister of National Defence
SeatGeneral Staff Building, Ankara
AppointerPresident of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Formation3 May 1920
First holderMirliva İsmet İnönü
DeputyGeneral Metin Gürak
WebsiteOfficial website

This list includes Chiefs of the General Staff of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Genelkurmay Başkanı), who were, in their time of service, nominal heads of the Turkish Armed Forces (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri).

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
İsmet İnönü
İnönü, İsmetMirliva
İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
[a]
3 May 19203 August 19211 year, 92 days Turkish Land Forces
2
Fevzi Çakmak
Çakmak, FevziMareşal
Fevzi Çakmak
(1876–1950)
[b]
5 August 192112 January 194422 years, 160 days Turkish Land Forces
3
Kâzım Orbay
Orbay, KâzımGeneral
Kâzım Orbay
(1887–1964)
12 January 194430 July 19462 years, 199 days Turkish Land Forces
4
Salih Omurtak
Omurtak, SalihGeneral
Salih Omurtak
(1889–1954)
1 August 19468 June 19492 years, 311 days Turkish Land Forces
5
Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman
Gürman, Abdurrahman NafizGeneral
Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman
(1882–1966)
10 June 19495 June 1950360 days Turkish Land Forces
6
Nuri Yamut
Yamut, NuriGeneral
Nuri Yamut
(1890–1961)
6 June 195010 April 19543 years, 308 days Turkish Land Forces
7
Nurettin Baransel [tr]
Baransel, NurettinGeneral
Nurettin Baransel [tr]
(1897–1967)
28 May 195425 August 19551 year, 89 days Turkish Land Forces
8
İsmail Hakkı Tunaboylu
Tunaboylu, İsmailGeneral
İsmail Hakkı Tunaboylu
(1895–1958)
25 August 195510 October 19572 years, 46 days Turkish Land Forces
9
Feyzi Mengüç
Mengüç, FeyziGeneral
Feyzi Mengüç
(1896–1966)
11 October 195722 August 1958315 days Turkish Land Forces
10
Rüştü Erdelhun
Erdelhun, RüştüGeneral
Rüştü Erdelhun
(1894–1983)
23 August 195827 May 19601 year, 278 days Turkish Land Forces
11
Ragıp Gümüşpala
Gümüşpala, RagıpGeneral
Ragıp Gümüşpala
(1897–1964)
3 June 19604 August 196062 days Turkish Land Forces
12
Cevdet Sunay
Sunay, CevdetGeneral
Cevdet Sunay
(1899–1982)
4 August 196016 March 19665 years, 224 days Turkish Land Forces
13
Cemal Tural
Tural, CemalGeneral
Cemal Tural
(1905–1981)
16 March 196616 March 19693 years, 0 days Turkish Land Forces
14
Memduh Tağmaç
Tağmaç, MemduhGeneral
Memduh Tağmaç
(1904–1978)
16 March 196929 August 19723 years, 166 days Turkish Land Forces
15
Faruk Gürler
Gürler, FarukGeneral
Faruk Gürler
(1913–1975)
29 August 19726 March 1973250 days Turkish Land Forces
16
Semih Sancar
Sancar, SemihGeneral
Semih Sancar
(1911–1984)
6 March 19737 March 19785 years, 1 day Turkish Land Forces
17
Kenan Evren
Evren, KenanGeneral
Kenan Evren
(1917–2015)
7 March 19781 July 19835 years, 55 days Turkish Land Forces
18
Nurettin Ersin
Ersin, NurettinGeneral
Nurettin Ersin
(1918–2005)
1 July 19836 December 1983158 days Turkish Land Forces
19
Necdet Üruğ
Üruğ, NecdetGeneral
Necdet Üruğ
(born 1921)
6 December 19832 July 19873 years, 208 days Turkish Land Forces
20
Necip Torumtay
Torumtay, NecipGeneral
Necip Torumtay
(1926–2011)
[c]
24 July 19873 December 19903 years, 132 days Turkish Land Forces
21
Doğan Güreş
Güreş, DoğanGeneral
Doğan Güreş
(1926–2014)
6 December 199030 August 19943 years, 267 days Turkish Land Forces
22
İsmail Hakkı Karadayı
Karadayı, İsmail HakkıGeneral
İsmail Hakkı Karadayı
(born 1932)
30 August 199430 August 19984 years, 0 days Turkish Land Forces
23
Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu
Kıvrıkoğlu, HüseyinGeneral
Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu
(born 1934)
30 August 199828 August 20023 years, 363 days Turkish Land Forces
24
Hilmi Özkök
Özkök, HilmiGeneral
Hilmi Özkök
(born 1940)
28 August 200230 August 20064 years, 2 days Turkish Land Forces
25
Yaşar Büyükanıt
Büyükanıt, YaşarGeneral
Yaşar Büyükanıt
(born 1940)
30 August 200630 August 20082 years, 0 days Turkish Land Forces
26
İlker Başbuğ
Başbuğ, İlkerGeneral
İlker Başbuğ
(born 1943)
30 August 200830 August 20102 years, 0 days Turkish Land Forces
27
Işık Koşaner
Koşaner, IşıkGeneral
Işık Koşaner
(born 1945)
30 August 201029 July 2011333 days Turkish Land Forces
28
Necdet Özel
Özel, NecdetGeneral
Necdet Özel
(born 1950)
30 July 201118 August 20154 years, 19 days Turkish Land Forces
29
Hulusi Akar
Akar, HulusiGeneral
Hulusi Akar
(born 1952)
18 August 201510 July 20182 years, 326 days Turkish Land Forces
-
Ümit Dündar
Dündar, ÜmitGeneral
Ümit Dündar
(born 1955)
Acting
[d]
15 July 201616 July 20161 day Turkish Land Forces
30
Yaşar Güler
Güler, YaşarGeneral
Yaşar Güler
(born 1954)
10 July 2018Incumbent258 days Turkish Land Forces

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Minister of General Staff.
  2. ^ Minister of General Staff until 6 March 1924.
  3. ^ Torumtay resigned due to strong opposition to President Turgut Özal's stance in favor of joining the Coalition in the Gulf War against Iraq.
  4. ^ Dündar served as Acting Chief of the General Staff during the 2016 coup d'état attempt, while Akar was being held hostage by coup forces.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]