List of Chilean coups d'état

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This is a list of the coups d'état (both plots, failed and successful attempts and armed conflicts) that have taken place in Chile, during its independent history. The 1973 Chilean coup d'état stand out being the last one as well as one of the most violent and with more far-reaching impact in the history of Chile.

1780s[edit]

  1. Conspiracy of the Tres Antonios, (1781) – A failed attempt to declare Chile an independent republic

1810s[edit]

  1. Government Junta of Chile, (September 18, 1810) – A successful coup in favor of Chile
  2. Figueroa mutiny, (April 1, 1811) – A failed attempt to restore royal power in Chile
  3. 1811 Chilean coup d'état, (September 4, 1811) – A successful coup in favor of José Miguel Carrera

1820s[edit]

  1. Campino mutiny, (1827) – A failed attempt to destroy the opposition to the federalist system [1]
  2. San Fernando mutiny, (June, 1828) of Pedro Urriola, José Antonio Vidaurre and the Maipo Battalion.[1](p337)
  3. Chilean Civil War of 1829, (1829) – An armed conflict between conservatives and liberals over the constitutional regime

1830s[edit]

  1. Arauco rebellion, (1831) of Pedro Barnechea and Captain Uriarte[1]
  2. Rebellion of Cazadores de Quechereguas Regiment, (1832) – Under Cap. Eusebio Ruiz[1]
  3. Arteaga Conspiracy, (1833), – of General Zenteno and Coronel Picarte[1]
  4. Cotapos revolution, (1833), – of José Antonio Pérez de Cotapos
  5. Freire expedition, (1836) – An invasion of Chiloé Island and failed attempt to depose the government
  6. Quillota mutiny, (1837) – A failed attempt to depose the government that resulted in the death of Diego Portales

1850s[edit]

  1. 1851 Chilean Revolution, (1851) – An armed rebellion by liberals against the conservative President Manuel Montt
  2. 1859 Chilean Revolution, (1859) – A rekindling of the armed rebellion by liberals against the conservative President Manuel Montt started in 1851

1890s[edit]

  1. 1891 Chilean Civil War, (1891) – An armed conflict between forces supporting National Congress and forces that supported President José Manuel Balmaceda
  2. Several Balmacedist plots, (1891–94) – Planned by Hernán Abos-Padilla, Nicanor Donoso, Diego Bahamondes, Luis Leclerc, Herminio Euth, José Domingo Briceño, Edmundo Pinto, Manuel and Emilio Rodríguez, Virgilio Talquino and Anselmo Blanlot against the new government[1][2]

1910s[edit]

  1. Military League plot, (1912) – A failed plot against President Ramon Barros Luco. In September, Gonzalo Bulnes the appointed leader of the plot, desisted.[1]
  2. Armstrong-Moore plot, (1919) – A failed plot by Generals Guillermo Armstrong and Manuel Moore against President Juan Luis Sanfuentes[1]

1920s[edit]

  1. 1924 Chilean coup d'état, (September 5, 1924) – A successful coup against President Arturo Alessandri
  2. 1925 Chilean coup d'état, (January 23, 1925) – A successful coup in which Carlos Ibáñez del Campo and Marmaduke Grove overthrew Luis Altamirano to return President Arturo Alessandri to office[3]

1930s[edit]

  1. Little red plane plot, (September 21, 1930) – A failed attempt against President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo by Marmaduke Grove[1]
  2. Fall of Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, 26 Jule 1931, successful rebellion against Ibañez
  3. Chilean naval mutiny of 1931, (September, 1931) – A rebellion in the Chilean Navy against Vice-President Manuel Trucco that ended with the fleet being bombed from the air.
  4. Norte Grande insurrection, (December 25, 1931) – A failed Communist push against President Juan Esteban Montero
  5. 1932 Chilean coup d'état, (June 4, 1932) – A successful coup that resulted in the instauration of the Socialist Republic of Chile, in which Carlos Dávila overthrows Juan Esteban Montero[4]
  6. Antofagasta coup d'état, (September 27, 1932) – A successful coup of General Pedro Vignola that resulted in the resignation of President Bartolomé Blanche and the return to civilian rule[1]
  7. Las Mercedes' plot, (1933) – A failed plot against President Arturo Alessandri. Commander-in-Cief of the Army, Pedro Vignola called "to resist the Milicia Republicana by any means"[1]
  8. Humberto Videla's plot, (1935) – failed rebellion of NCO's
  9. 1936 plot against Alessandri, (1936) – By René Silva Espejo and Alejandro Lagos[1]
  10. Seguro Obrero massacre, (September 5, 1938) – A failed National Socialist attempt in favor of Carlos Ibáñez that resulted in the murder of 59 young party members
  11. Ariostazo, (August 25, 1939) – A failed attempt of Ariosto Herrera against President Pedro Aguirre Cerda[1]

1940s[edit]

  1. Pig trotters' plot, (1948) – A failed plot against President Gabriel González Videla[1]

1950s[edit]

  1. Línea Recta affair, (1954) – A failed plot to allow President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo to assume dictatorial powers[1]

1960s[edit]

  1. Tacnazo, (October 21, 1969) – A failed plot against President Eduardo Frei Montalva

1970s[edit]

  1. Tanquetazo, (June 29, 1973) – A failed coup against President Salvador Allende
  2. 1973 Chilean coup d'état, (September 11, 1973) – A successful coup against President Salvador Allende (resulting in his death), in favor of Augusto Pinochet[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Luis Vitale, Intervenciones militares y poder fáctico en la política chilena, de 1830 al 2.000 Archived 2007-06-17 at the Wayback Machine., Santiago, 2000
  2. ^ Hernán Alberto Abos-Padilla Neil
  3. ^ Bizzarro, Salvatore (2005). Historical Dictionary of Chile. Scarecrow Press. p. xlviii. ISBN 9780810865426. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Revolution of June 4, 1932". Memoria Chilena (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Reel, Monte; Smith, J. Y. (11 December 2006). "A Chilean Dictator's Dark Legacy". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 August 2013.