List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP per capita
|First or provincial level Administrative divisions|
of China by:
The article lists China's first-level administrative divisions by their gross domestic product per capita in main years. All figures are given in the national currency, renminbi (CNY), and in USD at nominal values according to recent exchange rates as well as according to purchasing power parity (PPP). The average CNY exchange rate used here is from the National Bureau of Statistics of China, and CNY PPP exchange rates are estimated according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Since the implementation of reform and opening up in mainland China in 1978, its economy has developed rapidly. In 1995, the GDP per capita of Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai reached more than 1,000 US dollars; by 2000, there were 10 provinces with GDP per capita exceeding 1,000 US dollars, of which Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai exceeded 2,000 US dollars. By 2019, the per capita GDP of mainland China exceeded US$10,000, of which Beijing and Shanghai exceeded US$22,000, Jiangsu was nearly US$18,000, Zhejiang and Fujian exceeded US$15,000, Guangdong and Tianjin exceeded US$13,000, and Hubei, Chongqing and Shandong exceeded US$10,000. Except for Gansu and Heilongjiang, the remaining provinces all exceeded US$6,000.
For comparison purposes, this article also displays the GDPs of Taiwan, which is administered by the Republic of China and not the People's Republic of China, and the special administrative regions (SARs) of Hong Kong and Macau, which maintain separate economic systems and currencies. These figures are shown in USD based on PPP, as estimated by the International Monetary Fund.
|Map of Chinese provinces and SARs by GDP per capita in USD:|
|>$20,000 $15,000 - $19,999 $10,000 - $14,999 $7,500 - $9,999 $5,000 - $7,499 <$5,000|
|Nominal rate: CNY 6.8985 per U.S. dollar; |
CN￥4.223 per Int'l. dollar (according to World Bank 2019 on july 2020 publication
|Provinces||Rank||GDPpc||Reference index||Comparable countries|
(in mil of CNY)
|Inner Mongolia||11||67,851||9,836||16,067||96||1,721,253||25.3680||Saint Lucia|
|Shaanxi||12||66,644||9,661||15,781||94||2,579,317||38.7031||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
- ^ All the comparative data for Chinese Yuan Renminbi is based on World Economic Outlook Database of the International Monetary Fund.
- Mainland China figures were calculated by dividing figures in the list of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP by figures in the list of Chinese administrative divisions by population.
- GDP 2004-2010 figures: NBS GDP DATA – Revisions of China GDP 2004-2008 by province-level divisions
- GDP 1978-2003 figures: NBS GDP DATA – Revisions of China GDP 1978-2003 by province-level divisions
- GDP 1952-1977 figures: NBS GDP DATA – Revisions of China GDP 1952-1977 by province-level divisions
- GDP-2019 is a preliminary data, and GDP-2018 is a revision based on the 2018 CASEN: "Home - Regional - Quarterly by Province" (Press release). China NBS. April 15, 2020. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
- The average rate of Chinese yuan to US dollar in 2019 is according to the Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2019 National Economic and Social Development: The average exchange rate of the year was 6.8985 RMB to 1 USD dollar, depreciated by 4.1 percent over that of 2018. "Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2019 National Economic and Social Development" (Press release). China NBS. February 28, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
- the historical PPP GDP figures of Mainland China and exchange rates of Chinese yuan to Int'l. dollar are based on the World Bank 2019 "World Bank, July 2020" (PDF) (Press release). World Bank. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
- All gdp data for Hong Kong, Taiwan Area and Macao is based on IMF WEO October 2019 ("Download WEO Data: October 2019 Edition" (Press release). International Monetary Fund. April 9, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2019.)