List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP per capita

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The article China's first-level administrative divisions by their gross domestic product per capita in main years. All figures are given in the national currency, renminbi (CNY), and in USD at nominal values according to recent exchange rates as well as according to purchasing power parity (PPP). The average CNY exchange rate used here is from the National Bureau of Statistics of China, and CNY PPP exchange rates are estimated according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Gdp per capita of Chinese provinces.
Gdp per capita of Chinese provinces. Unit: U.S. Dollar

Since the implementation of reform and opening up in mainland China in 1978, its economy has developed rapidly. In 1995, the GDP per capita of Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai reached more than 1,000 US dollars; by 2000, there were 10 provinces with GDP per capita exceeding 1,000 US dollars, of which Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai exceeded 2,000 US dollars. By 2020, the per capita GDP of mainland China exceeded US$10,000, of which Beijing and Shanghai exceeded US$22,000, Jiangsu was nearly US$18,000, Fujian exceeded US$15,000, Zhejiang and Tianjin exceeded US$14,000, Guangdong and Chongqing exceeded US$11,000 and Hubei, Inner Mongolia and Shandong exceeded US$10,000. Except for Gansu, the remaining provinces all exceeded US$6,000.

For comparison purposes, this article also displays the GDPs the special administrative regions (SARs) of Hong Kong and Macau, which maintain separate economic systems and currencies. These figures are shown in USD based on PPP, as estimated by the International Monetary Fund.[1]

Map of Chinese provinces and SARs by GDP per capita in US$:
  $5,000 - $7,499   $7,500 - $9,999   $10,000 - $14,999   $15,000 - $19,999   $20,000 - $29,999   $30,000 - $49,999

2021 data[edit]

List of Chinese provinces by 2021 GDP per capita
Nominal rate: CNY 6.4515 per U.S. dollar;[1]
CN¥4.262 per Int'l. dollar (according to International Monetary Fund in April 2022 publication[2])
provinces rank GDPpc Reference index
CNY[3] USD PPP Share
(%)
GDP
(in bn of CNY)
population [3]
China (mainland)[4] 80,976 ¥ US$12,551 US$19,000 100 114,366.97 1,412,600,000
Beijing 1 183,980 ¥ US$28,517 US$43,168 227 4,026.96 21,890,000
Shanghai 2 173,630 ¥ US$26,913 US$40,739 214 4,321.49 24,890,000
Jiangsu 3 137,039 ¥ US$21,241 US$32,154 169 11,636.42 85,050,000
Fujian 4 116,939 ¥ US$18,126 US$27,438 144 4,881.04 41,870,000
Tianjin 5 113,732 ¥ US$17,629 US$26,685 140 1,569.50 13,730,000
Zhejiang 6 113,032 ¥ US$17,520 US$26,521 140 7,351.58 65,400,000
Guangdong 7 98,285 ¥ US$15,234 US$23,061 121 12,436.97 126,840,000
Chongqing 8 86,879 ¥ US$13,466 US$20,385 107 2,789.40 32,120,000
Hubei 9 86,416 ¥ US$13,395 US$20,276 107 5,001.29 58,300,000
Inner Mongolia 10 85,422 ¥ US$13,241 US$20,043 105 2,051.42 24,000,000
Shandong 11 81,727 ¥ US$12,668 US$19,175 101 8,309.59 101,700,000
Shaanxi 12 75,360 ¥ US$11,681 US$17,681 93 2,980.10 39,540,000
Anhui 13 70,321 ¥ US$10,900 US$16,500 87 4,295.92 61,130,000
Hunan 14 69,440 ¥ US$10,763 US$16,293 86 4,606.31 66,220,000
Jiangxi 15 65,560 ¥ US$10,161 US$15,382 81 2,961.97 45,170,000
Liaoning 16 65,026 ¥ US$10,079 US$15,257 80 2,758.41 42,290,000
Shanxi 17 64,821 ¥ US$10,047 US$15,209 80 2,259.02 34,800,000
Sichuan 18 64,326 ¥ US$9,971 US$15,093 79 5,385.08 83,720,000
Hainan 19 63,707 ¥ US$9,875 US$14,948 79 647.52 10,200,000
Ningxia 20 62,549 ¥ US$9,695 US$14,676 77 452.23 7,250,000
Xinjiang 21 61,725 ¥ US$9,567 US$14,483 76 1,598.36 25,890,000
Henan 22 59,410 ¥ US$9,209 US$13,939 73 5,888.74 98,830,000
Yunnan 23 57,686 ¥ US$8,941 US$13,535 71 2,714.68 46,900,000
Tibet 24 56,831 ¥ US$8,809 US$13,334 70 208.02 3,660,000
Qinghai 25 56,398 ¥ US$8,742 US$13,233 70 334.66 5,940,000
Jilin 26 55,450 ¥ US$8,595 US$13,010 69 1,323.55 23,750,000
Hebei 27 54,172 ¥ US$8,397 US$12,710 67 4,039.13 74,480,000
Guizhou 28 50,808 ¥ US$7,875 US$11,921 63 1,958.64 38,520,000
Guangxi 29 49,206 ¥ US$7,627 US$11,545 61 2,474.09 50,370,000
Heilongjiang 30 47,266 ¥ US$7,326 US$11,090 60 1,487.92 31,250,000
Gansu 31 41,046 ¥ US$6,362 US$9,630 51 1,024.33 24,900,000

2020 data[edit]

List of Chinese provinces by 2020 GDP per capita (based on 2020 census)[5]
Nominal rate: CNY 6.8974 per U.S. dollar;[6]
CN¥4.2082 per Int'l. dollar (according to International Monetary Fund in April 2021 publication[7])
provinces rank GDPpc Reference index
CNY USD PPP Share
(%)
GDP
(in bn of CNY)
2020 census
pop
China (mainland) 71,965 ¥ US$10,434 US$17,101 100 101,598.62 1,411,778,724
Beijing 1 164,904 ¥ US$23,908 US$39,186 229 3,610.26 21,893,095
Shanghai 2 155,606 ¥ US$22,560 US$36,977 216 3,870.06 24,870,895
Jiangsu 3 121,205 ¥ US$17,573 US$28,802 168 10,271.90 84,748,016
Fujian 4 105,690 ¥ US$15,323 US$25,115 147 4,390.39 41,540,086
Tianjin 5 101,570 ¥ US$14,726 US$24,136 141 1,408.37 13,866,009
Zhejiang 6 100,071 ¥ US$14,508 US$23,780 139 6,461.33 64,567,588
Guangdong 7 87,897 ¥ US$12,743 US$20,887 122 11,076.09 126,012,510
Chongqing 8 78,002 ¥ US$11,309 US$18,536 108 2,500.28 32,054,159
Hubei 9 75,223 ¥ US$10,906 US$17,875 105 4,344.35 57,752,557
Inner Mongolia 10 72,185 ¥ US$10,466 US$17,153 100 1,735.98 24,049,155
Shandong 11 72,029 ¥ US$10,443 US$17,116 100 7,312.90 101,527,453
Shaanxi 12 66,235 ¥ US$9,603 US$15,739 92 2,618.19 39,528,999
Anhui 13 63,383 ¥ US$9,189 US$15,062 88 3,868.06 61,027,171
Hunan 14 62,881 ¥ US$9,117 US$14,943 87 4,178.15 66,444,864
Liaoning 15 58,967 ¥ US$8,549 US$14,012 82 2,511.50 42,591,407
Sichuan 16 58,080 ¥ US$8,421 US$13,802 81 4,859.88 83,674,866
Jiangxi 17 56,854 ¥ US$8,243 US$13,510 79 2,569.15 45,188,635
Henan 18 55,348 ¥ US$8,025 US$13,152 77 5,499.71 99,365,519
Hainan 19 54,878 ¥ US$7,956 US$13,041 76 553.24 10,081,232
Ningxia 20 54,432 ¥ US$7,892 US$12,935 76 392.06 7,202,654
Xinjiang 21 53,371 ¥ US$7,738 US$12,683 74 1,379.76 25,852,345
Tibet 22 52,157 ¥ US$7,562 US$12,394 72 190.27 3,648,100
Yunnan 23 51,943 ¥ US$7,531 US$12,343 72 2,452.19 47,209,277
Jilin 24 51,141 ¥ US$7,414 US$12,153 71 1,231.13 24,073,453
Qinghai 25 50,742 ¥ US$7,357 US$12,058 71 300.59 5,923,957
Shanxi 26 50,556 ¥ US$7,330 US$12,014 70 1,765.19 34,915,616
Hebei 27 48,528 ¥ US$7,036 US$11,532 67 3,620.69 74,610,235
Guizhou 28 46,228 ¥ US$6,702 US$10,985 64 1,782.66 38,562,148
Guangxi 29 44,201 ¥ US$6,408 US$10,504 61 2,215.67 50,126,804
Heilongjiang 30 43,009 ¥ US$6,236 US$10,220 60 1,369.85 31,850,088
Gansu 31 36,038 ¥ US$5,225 US$8,564 50 901.67 25,019,831

Appendix[edit]

Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
(based on IMF WEO October 2022)[8]
Year HK$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2021 387,632 49,865 65,981
2020 350,947 45,175 58,165
2019 386,386 49,334 64,927
2018 380,263 48,517 64,216
2017 359,166 46,091 61,529
2016 337,615 43,496 58,433
2015 328,096 42,322 57,091
2014 311,600 40,182 55,602
2013 296,538 38,230 53,412
2012 284,069 36,620 51,195
2011 272,091 34,951 49,819
2010 251,887 32,422 46,937
2009 237,157 30,594 43,801
2008 245,191 31,488 44,774
2007 237,916 30,495 43,163
2006 217,741 28,028 39,676
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
(based on IMF WEO October 2022)[8]
Year MOP$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2021 350,419 43,772 71,122
2020 309,437 38,769 58,931
2019 655,460 81,151 114,363
2018 665,072 82,388 116,808
2017 621,329 77,415 110,592
2016 561,878 70,278 100,187
2015 560,009 70,133 99,667
2014 694,860 86,998 127,869
2013 677,967 84,860 133,020
2012 590,753 73,938 122,711
2011 528,166 65,868 115,105
2010 407,481 50,921 93,506
2009 316,301 39,615 75,175
2008 305,462 38,087 72,682
2007 273,895 34,084 70,378
2006 230,487 28,806 62,762

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The average rate of Chinese yuan to US dollar in 2021 is according to the Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2020 National Economic and Social Development: The average exchange rate of the year was 6.4515 RMB to 1 USD dollar.. "Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2021 National Economic and Social Development" (Press release). China NBS. February 28, 2021.
  2. ^ the historical PPP GDP figures of Mainland China and exchange rates of Chinese yuan to Int'l. dollar are based on the World Economic Outlook Database, April 2022 "International Monetary Fund, April 2022" (Press release). International Monetary Fund.
  3. ^ a b https://data.stats.gov.cn/english/easyquery.htm?cn=E0103
  4. ^ https://data.stats.gov.cn/english/easyquery.htm?cn=C01
  5. ^ GDP-2020 is a preliminary data pubilished on the 2018 CASEN: "Home - Regional - Quarterly by Province" (Press release). China NBS. April 15, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  6. ^ The average rate of Chinese yuan to US dollar in 2020 is according to the Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2020 National Economic and Social Development: The average exchange rate of the year was 6.8974 RMB to 1 USD dollar, appreciated by 0.02 percent over that of 2019. "Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2020 National Economic and Social Development" (Press release). China NBS. February 28, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  7. ^ the historical PPP GDP figures of Mainland China and exchange rates of Chinese yuan to Int'l. dollar are based on the World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021 "International Monetary Fund, April 2021" (Press release). International Monetary Fund. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  8. ^ a b All gdp data for Hong Kong, Taiwan Area and Macao is based on IMF WEO October 2022 ("Download WEO Data: October 2022 Edition" (Press release). International Monetary Fund. April 9, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2019.)

External links[edit]