List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP per capita

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The article lists China's first-level administrative divisions by their gross domestic product per capita in main years. All figures are given in the national currency, renminbi (CNY), and in USD at nominal values according to recent exchange rates as well as according to purchasing power parity (PPP). The average CNY exchange rate used here is from the National Bureau of Statistics of China, and CNY PPP exchange rates are estimated according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Since the implementation of reform and opening up in mainland China in 1978, its economy has developed rapidly. In 1995, the GDP per capita of Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai reached more than 1,000 US dollars; by 2000, there were 10 provinces with GDP per capita exceeding 1,000 US dollars, of which Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai exceeded 2,000 US dollars. By 2019, the per capita GDP of mainland China exceeded US$10,000, of which Beijing and Shanghai exceeded US$22,000, Jiangsu was nearly US$18,000, Zhejiang and Fujian exceeded US$15,000, Guangdong and Tianjin exceeded US$13,000, and Hubei, Chongqing and Shandong exceeded US$10,000. Except for Gansu and Heilongjiang, the remaining provinces all exceeded US$6,000.

For comparison purposes, this article also displays the GDPs of Taiwan, which is administered by the Republic of China and not the People's Republic of China, and the special administrative regions (SARs) of Hong Kong and Macau, which maintain separate economic systems and currencies. These figures are shown in USD based on PPP, as estimated by the International Monetary Fund.[1]

Map of Chinese provinces and SARs by GDP per capita in USD:
  $5,000 - $7,499   $7,500 - $9,999   $10,000 - $14,999   $15,000 - $19,999   $20,000 - $90,000

2020 data[edit]

List of Chinese provinces by 2020 GDP per capita (based on 2020 census)[1]
Nominal rate: CNY 6.8974 per U.S. dollar;[2]
CN¥4.2082 per Int'l. dollar (according to International Monetary Fund on April 2021 publication[3])

provinces rank GDPpc Reference index comparable
countries
CNY USD PPP Share
(%)
GDP
(in bn of CNY)
2020 census
pop
China (mainland) 71,965 ¥ US$10,434 US$17,101 100 101,598.62 1,411,778,724 Malaysia
Beijing 1 164,904 ¥ US$23,908 US$39,186 229 3,610.26 21,893,095 Bahrain
Shanghai 2 155,606 ¥ US$22,560 US$36,977 216 3,870.06 24,870,895 Portugal
Jiangsu 3 121,205 ¥ US$17,573 US$28,802 168 10,271.90 84,748,016 Latvia
Fujian 4 105,690 ¥ US$15,323 US$25,115 147 4,390.39 41,540,086 Uruguay
Tianjin 5 101,570 ¥ US$14,726 US$24,136 141 1,408.37 13,866,009 Palau
Zhejiang 6 100,071 ¥ US$14,508 US$23,780 139 6,461.33 64,567,588 Croatia
Guangdong 7 87,897 ¥ US$12,743 US$20,887 122 11,076.09 126,012,510 Romania
Chongqing 8 78,002 ¥ US$11,309 US$18,536 108 2,500.28 32,054,159 Seychelles
Hubei 9 75,223 ¥ US$10,906 US$17,875 105 4,344.35 57,752,557 Nauru
Inner Mongolia 10 72,185 ¥ US$10,466 US$17,153 100 1,735.98 24,049,155 Malaysia
Shandong 11 72,029 ¥ US$10,443 US$17,116 100 7,312.90 101,527,453 Malaysia
Shaanxi 12 66,235 ¥ US$9,603 US$15,739 92 2,618.19 39,528,999 Grenada
Anhui 13 63,383 ¥ US$9,189 US$15,062 88 3,868.06 61,027,171 Saint Lucia
Hunan 14 62,881 ¥ US$9,117 US$14,943 87 4,178.15 66,444,864 Cuba
Liaoning 15 58,967 ¥ US$8,549 US$14,012 82 2,511.50 42,591,407 Turkey
Sichuan 16 58,080 ¥ US$8,421 US$13,802 81 4,859.88 83,674,866 Argentina
Jiangxi 17 56,854 ¥ US$8,243 US$13,510 79 2,569.15 45,188,635 Mexico
Henan 18 55,348 ¥ US$8,025 US$13,152 77 5,499.71 99,365,519 Mexico
Hainan 19 54,878 ¥ US$7,956 US$13,041 76 553.24 10,081,232 Mexico
Ningxia 20 54,432 ¥ US$7,892 US$12,935 76 392.06 7,202,654 Montenegro
Xinjiang 21 53,371 ¥ US$7,738 US$12,683 74 1,379.76 25,852,345 Montenegro
Tibet 22 52,157 ¥ US$7,562 US$12,394 72 190.27 3,648,100 Serbia
Yunnan 23 51,943 ¥ US$7,531 US$12,343 72 2,452.19 47,209,277 Turkmenistan
Jilin 24 51,141 ¥ US$7,414 US$12,153 71 1,231.13 24,073,453 Maldives
Qinghai 25 50,742 ¥ US$7,357 US$12,058 71 300.59 5,923,957 Maldives
Shanxi 26 50,556 ¥ US$7,330 US$12,014 70 1,765.19 34,915,616 Maldives
Hebei 27 48,528 ¥ US$7,036 US$11,532 67 3,620.69 74,610,235 Gabon
Guizhou 28 46,228 ¥ US$6,702 US$10,985 64 1,782.66 38,562,148 Brazil
Guangxi 29 44,201 ¥ US$6,408 US$10,504 61 2,215.67 50,126,804 Belarus
Heilongjiang 30 43,009 ¥ US$6,236 US$10,220 60 1,369.85 31,850,088 Peru
Gansu 31 36,038 ¥ US$5,225 US$8,564 50 901.67 25,019,831 Albania

Appendix[edit]

Appendix
Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
(based on IMF WEO October 2020)[4]
Year HK$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2020 350,947 45,175 58,165
2019 386,386 49,334 64,927
2018 380,263 48,517 64,216
2017 359,166 46,091 61,529
2016 337,615 43,496 58,433
2015 328,096 42,322 57,091
2014 311,600 40,182 55,602
2013 296,538 38,230 53,412
2012 284,069 36,620 51,195
2011 272,091 34,951 49,819
2010 251,887 32,422 46,937
2009 237,157 30,594 43,801
2008 245,191 31,488 44,774
2007 237,916 30,495 43,163
2006 217,741 28,028 39,676
2005 206,517 26,552 36,330
2004 193,735 24,874 33,002
2003 185,782 23,856 29,711
2002 192,890 24,731 28,466
2001 196,298 25,167 27,548
2000 199,285 25,574 26,881
1999 193,737 24,969 24,694
1998 198,693 25,649 23,943
1997 210,702 27,215 25,413
1996 191,028 24,699 23,955
1995 177,220 22,909 23,107
1994 170,323 22,039 22,653
1993 154,132 19,925 21,339
1992 136,129 17,586 19,996
1991 118,047 15,190 18,632
1990 103,453 13,281 17,238
1989 93,041 11,928 16,074
1988 81,602 10,454 15,270
1987 70,035 8,981 13,773
1986 57,186 7,328 11,920
1985 50,211 6,445 10,642
1984 47,903 6,127 10,374
1983 40,329 5,551 9,240
1982 37,002 6,096 8,531
1981 33,274 5,953 7,929
1980 28,185 5,664 6,791
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
(based on IMF WEO October 2020)[4]
Year MOP$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2020 309,437 38,769 58,931
2019 655,460 81,151 114,363
2018 665,072 82,388 116,808
2017 621,329 77,415 110,592
2016 561,878 70,278 100,187
2015 560,009 70,133 99,667
2014 694,860 86,998 127,869
2013 677,967 84,860 133,020
2012 590,753 73,938 122,711
2011 528,166 65,868 115,105
2010 407,481 50,921 93,506
2009 316,301 39,615 75,175
2008 305,462 38,087 72,682
2007 273,895 34,084 70,378
2006 230,487 28,806 62,762
2005 200,034 24,970 56,997
2004 183,556 22,881 53,545
2003 147,158 18,347 42,604
2002 133,537 16,623 37,987
2001 125,414 15,611 34,656
Historical GDP per capita of Taiwan Area
Historical GDP per capita of Taiwan Area
(based on IMF WEO October 2020)[4]
Year TW$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2020 798,188 26,910 54,020
2019 800,185 25,873 53,274
2018 753,177 24,971 53,023
2017 742,481 24,390 50,593
2016 729,670 22,573 48,230
2015 713,886 22,374 47,093
2014 687,550 22,639 46,337
2013 651,624 21,888 43,832
2012 629,912 21,270 42,252
2011 616,243 20,912 40,777
2010 609,582 19,262 38,583
2009 560,631 16,960 34,537
2008 570,861 18,103 34,947
2007 583,973 17,781 34,157
2006 552,567 16,985 31,340
2005 531,052 16,503 28,934
2004 513,446 15,361 26,714
2003 485,118 14,094 24,516
2002 474,268 13,716 23,202
2001 453,379 13,408 21,746
2000 464,668 14,877 21,676
1999 444,298 13,768 20,089
1998 427,804 12,787 18,695
1997 400,925 13,968 17,891
1996 373,353 13,597 16,742
1995 346,327 13,076 15,607
1994 320,355 12,109 14,475
1993 295,557 11,201 13,299
1992 269,902 10,726 12,276
1991 243,803 9,092 11,189
1990 219,608 8,178 10,088
1989 200,087 7,577 9,317
1988 181,179 6,338 8,327
1987 169,580 5,325 7,533
1986 152,078 4,010 6,595
1985 131,306 3,295 5,856
1984 126,848 3,203 5,485
1983 115,484 2,882 4,882
1982 104,689 2,676 4,373
1981 99,211 2,692 3,999
1980 85,225 2,368 3,474

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GDP-2020 is a preliminary data pubilished on the 2018 CASEN: "Home - Regional - Quarterly by Province" (Press release). China NBS. April 15, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  2. ^ The average rate of Chinese yuan to US dollar in 2020 is according to the Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2020 National Economic and Social Development: The average exchange rate of the year was 6.8974 RMB to 1 USD dollar, appreciated by 0.02 percent over that of 2019. "Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2020 National Economic and Social Development" (Press release). China NBS. February 28, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  3. ^ the historical PPP GDP figures of Mainland China and exchange rates of Chinese yuan to Int'l. dollar are based on the World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021 "International Monetary Fund, April 2021" (Press release). International Monetary Fund. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c All gdp data for Hong Kong, Taiwan Area and Macao is based on IMF WEO October 2020 ("Download WEO Data: October 2019 Edition" (Press release). International Monetary Fund. April 9, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2019.)

External links[edit]