List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP per capita

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The article lists China's first-level administrative divisions by their gross domestic product per capita in main years. All figures are given in the national currency, renminbi (CNY), and in USD at nominal values according to recent exchange rates as well as according to purchasing power parity (PPP). The average CNY exchange rate used here is from the National Bureau of Statistics of China, and CNY PPP exchange rates are estimated according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Since the implementation of reform and opening up in mainland China in 1978, its economy has developed rapidly. In 1995, the GDP per capita of Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai reached more than 1,000 US dollars; by 2000, there were 10 provinces with GDP per capita exceeding 1,000 US dollars, of which Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai exceeded 2,000 US dollars. By 2019, the per capita GDP of mainland China exceeded US$10,000, of which Beijing and Shanghai exceeded US$22,000, Jiangsu was nearly US$18,000, Zhejiang and Fujian exceeded US$15,000, Guangdong and Tianjin exceeded US$13,000, and Hubei, Chongqing and Shandong exceeded US$10,000. Except for Gansu and Heilongjiang, the remaining provinces all exceeded US$6,000.

For comparison purposes, this article also displays the GDPs of Taiwan, which is administered by the Republic of China and not the People's Republic of China, and the special administrative regions (SARs) of Hong Kong and Macau, which maintain separate economic systems and currencies. These figures are shown in USD based on PPP, as estimated by the International Monetary Fund.[1]

Map of Chinese provinces and SARs by GDP per capita in USD:
     >$20,000      $15,000 - $19,999      $10,000 - $14,999      $7,500 - $9,999      $5,000 - $7,499      <$5,000

2019 data[edit]

List of Chinese provinces by 2019 GDP per capita (based on mid-yr pop)[1]
Nominal rate: CNY 6.8985 per U.S. dollar;[2]
CN¥4.223 per Int'l. dollar (according to World Bank 2019 on july 2020 publication[3]
Provinces Rank GDPpc Reference index Comparable countries
CNY USD PPP Share
(%)
GDP
(in mil of CNY)
mid-year
pop (mil)
Comparable Countries
China (mainland) 70,892 10,276 16,787 100 99,086,500 1,397.7150  Suriname
Beijing 1 164,220 23,805 38,887 232 3,537,128 21.5390  Estonia
Shanghai 2 157,279 22,799 37,243 222 3,815,532 24.2596  Bahamas, The
Jiangsu 3 123,607 17,918 29,269 174 9,963,152 80.6035  Malaysia
Zhejiang 4 107,624 15,601 25,485 152 6,235,174 57.9350  Chile
Fujian 5 107,139 15,531 25,370 151 4,239,500 39.5700  Chile
Guangdong 6 94,172 13,651 22,229 133 10,767,107 114.3350  Uruguay
Tianjin 7 90,370 13,100 21,399 127 1,410,428 15.6072  Uruguay
Hubei 8 77,387 11,218 18,325 109 4,582,831 59.2200  Palau
Chongqing 9 75,828 10,992 17,955 107 2,360,577 31.1306  Grenada
Shandong 10 70,653 10,242 16,730 100 7,106,753 100.5873  China
Inner Mongolia 11 67,851 9,836 16,067 96 1,721,253 25.3680  Saint Lucia
Shaanxi 12 66,644 9,661 15,781 94 2,579,317 38.7031  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Anhui 13 58,496 8,479 13,851 83 3,711,398 63.4475  Sri Lanka
Hunan 14 57,540 8,341 13,625 81 3,975,212 69.0858  Moldova
Liaoning 15 57,191 8,290 13,542 81 2,490,945 43.5550  Moldova
Hainan 16 56,507 8,191 13,380 80 530,893 9.3952  Peru
Henan 17 56,388 8,174 13,352 80 5,425,920 96.2250  Peru
Sichuan 18 55,774 8,085 13,207 79 4,661,582 83.5800  Paraguay
Xinjiang 19 54,280 7,868 12,853 77 1,359,711 25.0499  Mongolia
Ningxia 20 54,217 7,859 12,838 76 374,848 6.9139  Mongolia
Jiangxi 21 53,164 7,707 12,589 75 2,475,750 46.5685  Indonesia
Qinghai 22 48,981 7,100 11,598 69 296,595 6.0553  Bhutan
Tibet 23 48,902 7,089 11,579 69 169,782 3.4719  Bhutan
Yunnan 24 47,944 6,950 11,353 68 2,322,375 48.4390  Iraq
Guizhou 25 46,433 6,731 10,995 65 1,676,934 36.1148  Tunisia
Hebei 26 46,348 6,719 10,975 65 3,510,452 75.7414  Tunisia
Shanxi 27 45,724 6,628 10,827 64 1,702,668 37.2378  Jordan
Jilin 28 43,475 6,302 10,294 61 1,172,682 26.9740  Jamaica
Guangxi 29 42,964 6,228 10,173 61 2,123,714 49.4300  Jamaica
Heilongjiang 30 36,183 5,245 8,568 51 1,361,268 37.6220  Vietnam
Gansu 31 32,994 4,783 7,812 47 871,830 26.4235  Morocco

Appendix[edit]

Appendix
Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Hong Kong SAR
(based on IMF WEO October 2019)[4]
Year HK$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2019 386,386 49,334 64,927
2018 380,263 48,517 64,216
2017 359,166 46,091 61,529
2016 337,615 43,496 58,433
2015 328,096 42,322 57,091
2014 311,600 40,182 55,602
2013 296,538 38,230 53,412
2012 284,069 36,620 51,195
2011 272,091 34,951 49,819
2010 251,887 32,422 46,937
2009 237,157 30,594 43,801
2008 245,191 31,488 44,774
2007 237,916 30,495 43,163
2006 217,741 28,028 39,676
2005 206,517 26,552 36,330
2004 193,735 24,874 33,002
2003 185,782 23,856 29,711
2002 192,890 24,731 28,466
2001 196,298 25,167 27,548
2000 199,285 25,574 26,881
1999 193,737 24,969 24,694
1998 198,693 25,649 23,943
1997 210,702 27,215 25,413
1996 191,028 24,699 23,955
1995 177,220 22,909 23,107
1994 170,323 22,039 22,653
1993 154,132 19,925 21,339
1992 136,129 17,586 19,996
1991 118,047 15,190 18,632
1990 103,453 13,281 17,238
1989 93,041 11,928 16,074
1988 81,602 10,454 15,270
1987 70,035 8,981 13,773
1986 57,186 7,328 11,920
1985 50,211 6,445 10,642
1984 47,903 6,127 10,374
1983 40,329 5,551 9,240
1982 37,002 6,096 8,531
1981 33,274 5,953 7,929
1980 28,185 5,664 6,791
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
Historical GDP per capita of Macao SAR
(based on IMF WEO October 2019)[4]
Year MOP$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2019 655,460 81,151 114,363
2018 665,072 82,388 116,808
2017 621,329 77,415 110,592
2016 561,878 70,278 100,187
2015 560,009 70,133 99,667
2014 694,860 86,998 127,869
2013 677,967 84,860 133,020
2012 590,753 73,938 122,711
2011 528,166 65,868 115,105
2010 407,481 50,921 93,506
2009 316,301 39,615 75,175
2008 305,462 38,087 72,682
2007 273,895 34,084 70,378
2006 230,487 28,806 62,762
2005 200,034 24,970 56,997
2004 183,556 22,881 53,545
2003 147,158 18,347 42,604
2002 133,537 16,623 37,987
2001 125,414 15,611 34,656
Historical GDP per capita of Taiwan Area
Historical GDP per capita of Taiwan Area
(based on IMF WEO October 2019)[4]
Year TW$ Nominal
(US$)
PPP
(Int'l$.)
2018 753,177 24,971 53,023
2017 742,481 24,390 50,593
2016 729,670 22,573 48,230
2015 713,886 22,374 47,093
2014 687,550 22,639 46,337
2013 651,624 21,888 43,832
2012 629,912 21,270 42,252
2011 616,243 20,912 40,777
2010 609,582 19,262 38,583
2009 560,631 16,960 34,537
2008 570,861 18,103 34,947
2007 583,973 17,781 34,157
2006 552,567 16,985 31,340
2005 531,052 16,503 28,934
2004 513,446 15,361 26,714
2003 485,118 14,094 24,516
2002 474,268 13,716 23,202
2001 453,379 13,408 21,746
2000 464,668 14,877 21,676
1999 444,298 13,768 20,089
1998 427,804 12,787 18,695
1997 400,925 13,968 17,891
1996 373,353 13,597 16,742
1995 346,327 13,076 15,607
1994 320,355 12,109 14,475
1993 295,557 11,201 13,299
1992 269,902 10,726 12,276
1991 243,803 9,092 11,189
1990 219,608 8,178 10,088
1989 200,087 7,577 9,317
1988 181,179 6,338 8,327
1987 169,580 5,325 7,533
1986 152,078 4,010 6,595
1985 131,306 3,295 5,856
1984 126,848 3,203 5,485
1983 115,484 2,882 4,882
1982 104,689 2,676 4,373
1981 99,211 2,692 3,999
1980 85,225 2,368 3,474

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GDP-2019 is a preliminary data, and GDP-2018 is a revision based on the 2018 CASEN: "Home - Regional - Quarterly by Province" (Press release). China NBS. April 15, 2020. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  2. ^ The average rate of Chinese yuan to US dollar in 2019 is according to the Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2019 National Economic and Social Development: The average exchange rate of the year was 6.8985 RMB to 1 USD dollar, depreciated by 4.1 percent over that of 2018. "Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2019 National Economic and Social Development" (Press release). China NBS. February 28, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  3. ^ the historical PPP GDP figures of Mainland China and exchange rates of Chinese yuan to Int'l. dollar are based on the World Bank 2019 "World Bank, July 2020" (PDF) (Press release). World Bank. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c All gdp data for Hong Kong, Taiwan Area and Macao is based on IMF WEO October 2019 ("Download WEO Data: October 2019 Edition" (Press release). International Monetary Fund. April 9, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2019.)

External links[edit]