List of Chinese administrative divisions by population

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PRC-controlled administrative divisions by population (2013).

This is a list of Chinese administrative divisions in order of their total resident populations. It includes all provinces, autonomous regions, direct-controlled municipalities and special administrative regions controlled by the Republic of China (1912–1949) or the People's Republic of China (1949–present). For the Republic of China after 1949, see List of administrative divisions of Taiwan.

Census data[edit]

Administrative Division 2010
[1]
2000
[2]
1990
[3]
1982
[4]
1964
[5]
1954
[6]
1947
[7]
1936-37
[8]
1928
[9]
1912
[10]
People's Republic of China[FN 1] 1,347,339,000 1,273,050,000 1,160,017,381 1,031,882,511 723,070,269 601,938,035
Republic of China[FN 2] 461,983,000 469,203,000 464,904,000 410,143,000
Guangdong[FN 3][FN 4] 104,303,132 85,225,007 62,829,236 59,299,220 42,800,849 34,770,059 27,210,000 32,453,000 32,428,000 28,011,000
Shandong[FN 5][FN 6] 100,063,065 89,971,789 84,392,827 74,419,054 55,519,038 48,876,548 38,865,000 38,100,000 28,672,000 30,989,000
Henan 94,023,567 91,236,854 85,509,535 74,422,739 50,325,511 44,214,594 29,654,000 34,290,000 30,566,000 28,518,000
Sichuan[FN 7] 80,418,200 82,348,296 107,218,173 99,713,310 67,956,490 62,303,999 47,437,000 52,706,000 47,992,000 48,130,000
Jiangsu[FN 8][FN 9] 78,659,903 73,043,577 67,056,519 60,521,114 44,504,608 41,252,192 36,080,000 36,469,000 34,126,000 32,283,000
Hebei[FN 10][FN 11][FN 12] 71,854,202 66,684,419 61,082,439 53,005,876 45,687,781 35,984,644 28,719,000 28,644,000 31,232,000 26,658,000
Hunan 65,683,722 63,274,173 60,659,754 54,008,851 37,182,286 33,226,954 25,558,000 28,294,000 31,501,000 27,617,000
Anhui 59,500,510 58,999,948 56,180,813 49,665,724 31,241,657 30,343,637 22,462,000 23,354,000 21,715,000 16,229,000
Hubei[FN 13] 57,237,740 59,508,870 53,969,210 47,804,150 33,709,344 27,789,693 20,976,000 25,516,000 26,699,000 29,590,000
Zhejiang 54,426,891 45,930,651 41,445,930 38,884,603 28,318,573 22,865,747 19,959,000 21,231,000 20,643,000 21,440,000
Guangxi[FN 14] 46,026,629 43,854,538 42,245,765 36,420,960 20,845,017 19,560,822 14,636,000 13,385,000 13,648,000 7,879,000
Yunnan 45,966,239 42,360,089 36,972,610 32,553,817 20,509,525 17,472,737 9,066,000 12,042,000 13,821,000 9,468,000
Jiangxi 44,567,475 40,397,598 37,710,281 33,184,827 21,068,019 16,772,865 12,507,000 15,805,000 20,323,000 23,988,000
Liaoning[FN 15][FN 16][FN 17] 43,746,323 41,824,412 39,459,697 35,721,693 26,946,200 18,545,147 10,007,000 15,254,000 15,233,000 12,133,000
Fujian 36,894,216 34,097,947 30,097,274 25,931,106 16,757,223 13,142,721 11,143,000 11,756,000 10,071,000 15,849,000
Shaanxi[FN 18] 37,327,378 35,365,072 32,882,403 28,904,423 20,766,915 15,881,281 10,011,000 9,780,000 11,802,000 9,364,000
Heilongjiang[FN 19][FN 20] 38,312,224 36,237,576 35,214,873 32,665,546 20,118,271 11,897,309 2,844,000 3,751,000 3,725,000 2,029,000
Shanxi 37,022,111 32,471,242 28,759,014 25,291,389 18,015,067 14,314,485 15,247,000 11,601,000 12,228,000 10,082,000
Guizhou 35,806,468 35,247,695 32,391,066 28,552,997 17,140,521 15,037,310 10,174,000 9,919,000 14,746,000 9,665,000
Chongqing[FN 7][FN 21] 28,846,170 30,512,763 * * * * 986,000 * * *
Jilin 27,462,297 26,802,191 24,658,721 22,560,053 15,668,663 11,290,073 6,465,000 7,354,000 7,635,000 5,580,000
Gansu[FN 22] 25,575,254 25,124,282 22,371,141 19,569,261 12,630,569 12,928,102 7,091,000 6,716,000 6,281,000 4,990,000
Inner Mongolia[FN 14] 24,706,321 23,323,347 21,456,798 19,274,279 12,348,638 6,100,104 * * * *
Shanghai[FN 8][FN 21] 23,019,148 16,407,734 13,341,896 11,859,748 10,816,458 6,204,417 4,630,000 3,727,000 * *
Xinjiang[FN 14] 21,813,334 18,459,511 15,155,778 13,081,681 7,270,067 4,873,608 4,047,000 4,360,000 2,552,000 2,098,000
Beijing[FN 23][FN 11][FN 21] 19,612,368 13,569,194 10,819,407 9,230,687 7,568,495 2,768,149 1,722,000 1,551,000 * *
Tianjin[FN 12][FN 21] 12,938,224 9,848,731 8,785,402 7,764,141 * 2,693,831 1,773,000 1,218,000 * *
Hainan[FN 3] 9,261,518 7,559,035 6,557,482 * * * * * * *
Hong Kong Hong Kong[FN 24] 7,061,200 6,708,389
Ningxia[FN 22][FN 14] 6,176,900 5,486,393 4,655,451 3,895,578 * * 759,000 978,000 1,450,000 303,000
Qinghai 5,626,722 4,822,963 4,456,946 3,895,706 2,145,604 1,676,534 1,308,000 1,196,000 619,000 368,000
Tibet[FN 14][FN 25] 3,002,166 2,616,329 2,196,010 1,892,393 1,251,225 1,273,969
Macau Macau[FN 26] 552,503 435,235
Rehe[FN 27] * * * * * 5,160,822 6,197,000 2,185,000 6,593,000 4,630,000
Xikang[FN 28] * * * * * 3,381,064 1,697,000 968,000 890,000 *
Qahar[FN 29] * * * * * * 2,186,000 2,036,000 1,997,000 1,622,000
Suiyuan[FN 30] * * * * * * 2,233,000 2,084,000 2,124,000 630,000
Nanjing[FN 9][FN 21] * * * * * * 1,114,000 1,019,000 * *
Qingdao[FN 5][FN 21] * * * * * * 851,000 515,000 * *
Xi'an[FN 31][FN 18][FN 21] * * * * * * 628,000 206,000 * *
Dongsheng[FN 19] * * * * * * * 680,000 * *
Weihai[FN 6] * * * * * * * 222,000 * *
Liaodong[FN 32][FN 33] * * * * * * 2,992,000 * * *
Liaobei[FN 34] * * * * * * 4,629,000 * * *
Songjiang[FN 35] * * * * * * 2,571,000 * * *
Hejiang[FN 36] * * * * * * 1,841,000 * * *
Nenjiang[FN 37] * * * * * * 3,333,000 * * *
Xing'an[FN 38] * * * * * * 328,000 * * *
Guangzhou[FN 4] * * * * * * 1,128,000 * * *
Wuhan[FN 39][FN 13][FN 21] * * * * * * 722,000 * * *
Shenyang[FN 16][FN 21] * * * * * * 1,021,000 * * *
Dalian[FN 40][FN 17][FN 21] * * * * * * 544,000 * * *
Harbin[FN 20][FN 21] * * * * * * 760,000 * * *
Taiwan[FN 41] 5,872,084

Current population[edit]

Administrative Division 2017 Comparable Country
(as in April 2019)
Urban (2017) Rural (2017) Ref.
 Mainland China 1,382,710,000  India 831,370,000 564,010,000 [11]
Guangdong 111,690,000  Philippines 78,020,000 33,670,000 [11]
Shandong 100,060,000  Philippines 60,620,000 39,440,000 [11]
Henan 95,590,000  Vietnam 47,950,000 47,640,000 [11]
Sichuan 83,020,000  Germany 42,170,000 40,850,000 [11]
Jiangsu 80,290,000  Turkey 55,210,000 25,080,000 [11]
Hebei 75,200,000  Turkey 41,360,000 33,830,000 [11]
Hunan 68,600,000  France 37,470,000 31,130,000 [11]
Anhui 62,550,000  Italy 33,460,000 29,090,000 [11]
Hubei 59,020,000  Italy 35,000,000 24,020,000 [11]
Zhejiang 56,570,000  South Africa 38,470,000 18,100,000 [11]
Guangxi[FN 14] 48,850,000  South Korea 24,040,000 24,810,000 [11]
Yunnan 48,010,000  South Korea 22,410,000 25,590,000 [11]
Jiangxi 46,220,000  Spain 25,240,000 20,980,000 [11]
Liaoning 43,690,000  Algeria 29,490,000 14,200,000 [11]
Fujian 39,110,000  Iraq 25,340,000 13,770,000 [11]
Shaanxi 38,350,000  Poland 21,780,000 16,570,000 [11]
Heilongjiang 37,890,000  Canada 22,500,000 15,380,000 [11]
Shanxi 36,820,000  Canada 21,230,000 15,790,000 [11]
Guizhou 35,550,000  Morocco 16,480,000 19,320,000 [11]
Chongqing[FN 21] 30,750,000  Ghana 19,710,000 11,050,000 [11]
Jilin 27,170,000  Mozambique 15,390,000 11,780,000 [11]
Gansu 26,260,000  Ivory Coast 12,180,000 14,080,000 [11]
Inner Mongolia[FN 14] 25,290,000  Australia 15,680,000 9,610,000 [11]
Xinjiang[FN 14] 24,450,000  Cameroon 12,070,000 12,380,000 [11]
Shanghai[FN 21] 24,180,000  Cameroon 21,210,000 2,970,000 [11]
Beijing[FN 21] 21,710,000  Sri Lanka 18,780,000 2,930,000 [11]
Tianjin 15,570,000  Somalia 12,910,000 2,660,000 [11]
Hainan 9,170,000  Honduras 5,370,000 3,890,000 [11]
Hong Kong Hong Kong[FN 24] 7,335,384  Togo 7,335,384 - [12]
Ningxia[FN 14] 6,820,000  El Salvador 3,950,000 2,870,000 [11]
Qinghai 5,980,000  Turkmenistan 3,170,000 2,810,000 [11]
Tibet 3,370,000  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,040,000 2,330,000 [11]
Macau Macau[FN 26] 644,900  Montenegro 644,900 - [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Population controlled by People's Republic of China
  2. ^ Population controlled by Republic of China
  3. ^ a b Hainan Province was part of Guangdong Province until 1988
  4. ^ a b Guangzhou was separate from Guangdong Province from 1947-1954
  5. ^ a b Qingdao part of Shandong Province until 1929; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Shandong
  6. ^ a b Weihai also known as Weihaiwei. Established in 1930; dissolved in 1945 and incorporated into Shandong
  7. ^ a b Chongqing was part of Sichuan Province until 1939 and 1954 to 1997
  8. ^ a b Shanghai was part of Jiangsu Province until 1927
  9. ^ a b Nanjing part of Jiangsu Province until 1927; dissolved in 1952 and incorporated into Jiangsu
  10. ^ Hebei was known as Zhili until 1928
  11. ^ a b Beijing was part of Hebei Province until 1928
  12. ^ a b Tainjin was part of Hebei Province until 1928 and 1954 to 1967
  13. ^ a b Wuhan (Hankou) part of Hubei Province until 1927; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Hubei
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Autonomous Region
  15. ^ Liaoning was known as Fengtian until 1929
  16. ^ a b Shenyang part of Liaoning Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Liaoning
  17. ^ a b Dalian part of Liaoning Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Liaoning
  18. ^ a b Xi'an part of Shaanxi Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Shaanxi
  19. ^ a b Established in 1923; dissolved in 1932 and incorporated into Manchukuo / Heilongjiang (present)
  20. ^ a b Harbin part of Heilongjiang Province until 1947-1949 and 1953-1954
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Direct-controlled municipality
  22. ^ a b Ningxia was part of Gansu until 1929 and 1954-1958
  23. ^ Beijing was known as Beiping in 1928 until 1949
  24. ^ a b Special Administrative Region of China since 1 July 1997; previously, from 26 January 1841 until 1 July 1997 known as British Hong Kong.
  25. ^ Controlled by Kingdom of Tibet from 1912 to 1951. Controlled by People's Republic of China after 1951
  26. ^ a b Special Administrative Region of China since 20 December 1999; previously, from 1557 until 20 December 1999 known as Portuguese Macau.
  27. ^ Incorporated into a province in 1928; dissolved in 1955 and incorporated into Hebei, Liaoning, & Inner Mongolia
  28. ^ Incorporated into a province in 1939; dissolved in 1955 and incorporated into Sichuan and Tibet
  29. ^ Incorporated into a province in 1928; dissolved in 1952 and incorporated into Inner Mongolia, Beijing & Hebei
  30. ^ Incorporated into a province in 1928; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Inner Mongolia
  31. ^ Xi'an fail to split from Shannxi in 1933; Xi'an was known as Xijing in 1933 until 1943
  32. ^ Liaodong was known as Andong in 1947 until 1949
  33. ^ Split from Liaoning Province in 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Liaoning
  34. ^ Split from Liaoning Province in 1947; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Inner Mongolia and Liaoning
  35. ^ Split from Jilin Province in 1947; dissolved in 1955 and incorporated into Heilongjiang
  36. ^ Split from Jilin Province in 1947; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Songjiang
  37. ^ Split from Heilongjiang Province in 1947; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Heilongjiang
  38. ^ Split from Heilongjiang Province in 1947; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Inner Mongolia
  39. ^ Part of Wuhan was known as Hankou
  40. ^ Dalian was known as Lüda (Lyuda) in 1950 until 1954
  41. ^ Controlled by Japan from 17 April 1895 until 25 October 1945. Controlled by Republic of China after 25 October 1945.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on July 27, 2013.
  2. ^ 现将2000年第五次全国人口普查快速汇总的人口地区分布数据公布如下. National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-08-29.
  3. ^ 中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九九〇年人口普查主要数据的公报. National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-06-19.
  4. ^ 中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九八二年人口普查主要数字的公报. National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10.
  5. ^ 第二次全国人口普查结果的几项主要统计数字. National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-09-14.
  6. ^ 中华人民共和国国家统计局关于第一次全国人口调查登记结果的公报. National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2009-08-05.
  7. ^ 1947年全国人口. Archived from the original on 2013-09-13. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  8. ^ 1936-37年中国人口. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  9. ^ 1928年中国人口. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  10. ^ 1912年中国人口. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Annual Population Census of the People's Republic of China". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2019-04-04.
  12. ^ 2016 Hong Kong By-census - Census and Statistics Department of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
  13. ^ Population estimate of Macau - Statistics and Census Service, Macau SAR Government