Aircraft produced by China.
Military aircraft designation system
As a convention, the designations of Chinese military aircraft usually start from 5 instead of 1.
|Abbreviations||Aircraft Type||Simplified Chinese||Traditional Chinese||Literal Translation|
|JJ||Operational conversion trainer||歼击教练机||殲擊教練機||Fighter-trainer|
|JZ||Reconnaissance fighter||歼击侦察机||殲擊偵察機||Fighter reconnaissance aircraft|
|Q||Ground attack aircraft||强击机||强擊機||Attack plane|
|KJ||Airborne early warning and control||空中预警机||空中預警機||AWACS|
|KQ||Anti-submarine and maritime patrol||空中反潜机||空中反潛機||Airborne anti-submarine plane|
|Y||Transport aircraft||运输机||運輸機||Transport plane|
|WZ||Unmanned surveillance and reconnaissance aerial vehicle||无人侦察机||無人偵察機||Unmanned reconnaissance|
|GJ||Unmanned combat aerial vehicle||攻击无人机||攻擊無人機||Unmanned attack|
|Designation||Manufacturer||Status||Number built||Remarks||Main variant|
|Harbin||Retired in 2011||hundreds||Strategic bomber||H-5 - Standard three-seat tactical bomber
H-5A - Nuclear capable variant
|Harbin||Active||8||Amphibious ASW-bomber||SH-5X - Prototype
SH-5 - Maritime patrol
SH-B - Firefighter
|Xi'an||Active||241+||Strategic bomber||H-6 – Conventional bomber
H-6A – Nuclear capable variant
H-6B – Aerial reconnaissance variant
H-6C – H-6 with improved counter-measures suite.
H-6D – Anti-ship missile carrier introduced in early 1980s
H-6E – H-6A with improved counter-measures suite
H-6F – Upgraded H-6A and H-6C with modern electronics
H-6G – Provides targeting data to ground-launched cruise missiles
H-6H – Land-attack cruise missile carrier
|Xi'an||Active||Strategic bomber, modernized H-6||H-6K – Modernized H-6 with new engines, larger air intakes, re-designed flight deck and large dielectric nose radome
H-6M – Cruise missile carrier, fitted with terrain-following system and four under-wing hardpoints for weapons carriage
|Xi'an||Active||275+||Fighter-bomber||JH-7 – Initial production version
JH-7A – Upgrade variant with new structure and improved avionics
JH-7A2 – Improved variant with new radar and enhanced air-to-surface missile carrying capabilities.
|H-8||Xi'an||Cancelled||–||Development of H-6, project cancelled|
|H-20||Xi'an||In development||-||Strategic bomber|
|Designation||Manufacturer||Status||Number Built||Remarks||Main variant|
|J-2||Shenyang||Retired in 1986||500+||Air superiority fighter||J-2 – Single seat fighter
JJ-2 – Two seat trainer
|J-5||Shenyang||Retired in 1992||1820+||Air superiority fighter||J-5 – Single seat fighter
JJ-5 – Two seat trainer
J-5A – Radar upgraded variant
|J-6||Shenyang||Retired in 2010||4500+||Air superiority fighter||J-6A – Single seat fighter
J-6B – Upgraded J-6A with two air-to-air missiles and removed the cannon
J-6C – Day fighter version with three 30mm cannon, braking parachute and domestic built engine
J-6III – Upgraded J-6A with radome on the splitter plate and domestic built radar
JJ-6 – Two-seat trainer
J-6W – Unmanned variant
|J-7||Chengdu||Retired in 2016||2400+||Air superiority fighter||J-7 – First domestically built model
J-7I – Improved J-7 with an additional gun, variable intake nosecone and modified intake wall
J-7B/J-7II – Improved J-7I with larger fuel tank, upgraded WP-7II engine
J-7IIA – Upgraded J-7II with western avionics
J-7C/J-7III – All-weather fighter models equipped with fire control radar, powered by WP-13F and Type 481 data link
J-7D/J-7IIIA – Upgraded J-7III with newer avionics and WP-13FI engine
J-7E/J-7IV– modernized J-7 with newly designed double delta wing and upgraded avionics
J-7FS – utilizes WP-13IIS engine and a redesigned under-chin inlet with a divider inside the intake
J-7G – further development of J-7E with newer radar
JJ-7- Two-seat trainer
|J-8||Shenyang||Retired in 2011||120||Interceptor||J-8 - Initial day fighter variant
J-8I – Improved all-weather variant
J-8E – Upgraded J-8I with mono-pulse fire-control radar and improved ECM suite
JZ-8 – Reconnaissance variant
J-8ACT – Fly-by-wire test-bed aircraft
Developed from J-8
|J-8II – Re-engineered from J-8I with redesigned nose/front section and fuselage. Replaced the nose air inlet with a solid nose and lateral air intakes, and upgraded with new WP-13 engine and type 208 radar
J-8D – Modified J-8B with fixed refuelling probe and updated avionics
J-8F – Upgraded J-8D with WP-13BII engine, JL-10 radar and glass cockpit
J-8H – Fighter-bomber variant, upgraded with KLJ-1 radar and FK-2 datalink, can carry guided bomb and anti-ship missile
JZ-8 – Reconnaissance variant
J-8IIACT – Fly-by-wire test-bed aircraft
|J-9||Chengdu||Cancelled||-||Air superiority fighter, cancelled single-engine fighter project during 1980s|
|FC-1 (JF-17)||Chengdu/PAC||Active||169||Multi-role fighter, jointly developed by Chengdu and PAC, Pakistan||JF-17A - Single-seat fighter
JF-17B - Twin-seat variant
JF-17 Block2 – Upgraded with composites in the airframe for reduced weight and air-to-air refuelling capability
|J-10||Chengdu||Active||602+||Multi-role fighter||J-10A - Single seat fighter
J-10S - Twin-seated trainer variant of J-10A
J-10B TVC Demonstrator - A prototype fighter based on J-10B that is equipped with WS-10B thrust-vectoring control engine
J-10C - Upgraded J-10B equipped with AESA radar and imaging infrared seeker (IIR)
J-10D - Electronic warfare variant with straight, protruding spine in the central airframe, containing electronic countermeasure and warfare systems
|J-11||Shenyang||Active||470+||Air superiority fighter||J-11A (or J-11) - Chinese/Russian assembled Su-27SK from Russian-made kits
J-11B - Chinese-developed variant with domestic subsystems. Block 02 powered by Shenyang WS-10 turbofan
J-11BS - Twin-seat version
J-11B(AESA) - Variant with light-grey radome; speculated to be equipped with AESA radar.
|J-12||Nanchang||Cancelled||5–8||Air superiority fighter, cancelled light-weight single-engine fighter project during 1970s||J-12 - Initial version of the light fighter with pitot bi-furcated air intake and non-afterburning engine
J-12I - (aka J-12A) Improved J-12 powered by a 8,929 lbf (39.72 kN) Wopen WP-6Z afterburning turbojet
|J-13||Shenyang||Cancelled||-||Air superiority fighter, cancelled light-weight single-engine fighter project|
|J-15||Shenyang||Active||85+||Aircraft carrier based multi-role fighter||J-15 - Single-seat variant
J-15S - Two-seat variant
J-15T - CATOBAR variant.
|J-16||Shenyang||Active||245+||Strike fighter||J-16 - Initial version strike variant derived from J-11BS|
|J-20||Chengdu||Active||208+||Stealth air superiority fighter||J-20A - First production variant of the J-20
J-20B - Improved J-20 variant with thrust-vectoring control (TVC) engines.
J-20S - The twin-seat variant of J-20, the co-pilot is presumed to coordinate attacks and reconnaissance missions with UCAVs.
|FC-31(J-35)||Shenyang||In development||4||Stealth air superiority fighter in development|
Ground attack aircraft
|Nanchang||Retired in 2010s||1300+||Attack aircraft
based on the Shenyang J-6
|Q-5 - Original production version with a total of 6 pylons
Q-5Jia - Q-5 modified to carry nuclear bombs
Q-5Yi - Torpedo attacker
Q-5I(Q-5A) - Q-5 with the internal weapon bay replaced by internal fuel tank, increasing fuel capacity over 70%
Q-5IA(Q-5B) - Improved Q-5I, radar warning receiver and flare dispensers added
Q-5II(Q-5C) - Q-5I with omnidirectional radar warning receivers
Q-5E - Pylon with ability to mount laser-guided bombs, improved fire control system
JQ-5J - Tandem two seater of Q-5
Q-5L - Upgraded Q-5C, with LLLTV/FLIR vision systems for a day/night capability
Airborne early warning and control
|PLAAF||Cancelled||1||Based on Tupolev Tu-4|
|NRIET||Active||5||Based on Ilyushin Il-76|
|Shaanxi||Active||11||Based on Y-8|
|Shaanxi||Active||17+||Based on Y-9|
|KJ-600||Xi'an||In development||2||Carrier-based AEW&C based on Y-7|
Maritime patrol/anti-submarine aircraft
|Shaanxi||Active||20+||Based on Y-9, previously known as GX-6|
|Nanchang||Copy of Yakovlev Yak-18, retired|
|Nanchang||Basic propeller trainer|
|Hongdu/Yakolev||Jointly developed by China and Russia|
|Shenyang||Basic jet trainer, cancelled (a.k.a. 红专-503, Hong Zhuan-503, "Red Special") [better source needed]|
|Shenyang||Trainer version of J-5|
|Shenyang||Trainer version of J-6|
|Guizhou||Trainer version of J-7|
|Hongdu/PAC||Basic jet trainer/attacker jointly developed with Pakistan|
|Guizhou||Developed from JJ-7|
|Hongdu||Advanced jet trainer/attacker|
Military utility aircraft (transport/tanker/passenger)
|Shijiazhuang||948||Copy of An-2||Y-5A – First mass-produced, version, light passenger transport, equivalent to the An-2T.
Y-5B – agricultural aircraft, equivalent to the An-2 SKh.
Y-5B-100 – Y-5B aircraft fitted with triple tipsails on the upper wing tips, which reputedly gave 20% higher climb rate and improved L/D ratio by 15%.
Y-5B(T) – A para-dropping version developed for the PLAAF, with up-dated avionics including a GPS.
Y-5B(K) – Variously reported as a tourist variant or Agricultural variant.
Y-5B(D) – Variously reported as an Agricultural variant or Tourist variant.
Y-5C – Amphibian version of Y-5A fitted with two floats.
Y-5D – Bomber crew trainer.
Y-5K – A VIP passenger variant with five seats.
|–||-||License-built Il-14, project cancelled|
|Xi'an||103||Copy of An-24||Y-7E - Speculative designation for a 'Hot and High" version with more powerful engines.
Y-7G - A military variant of the MA60 produced for the PLAAF.
Y-7H - A reverse-engineered An-26 with rear loading ramp for the PLAAF, entering production in 1992.
Y7H-500 - Civil variant of the Y-7H certified in 1994.
Y-7-100 - Improved version, developed in co-operation with HAECO (Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Company), with redesigned cockpit and cabin, as well as winglets， capable of carrying 52 passengers.
Y-7-100C1/C2/C3 - Five-crew variant with equipment changes.
Y-7-200 - Fitted with new avionics; without winglets.
Y-7-200A - Powered by two Pratt & Whitney PW127C turboprop engines.
Y-7-200B - Stretched version (74cm (29in)) with WJ5A-1G engines, built for the Chinese domestic market.
HYJ-7A - pilot and crew trainer for H-6 heavy bombers fitted with a stabilised HM-1A bombsight, bomb-aiming radar and a TNL-7880 combined navigation system.
Xian MA60(Y-7-MA60) - 60 seats turboprop-powered airliner,
|Shaanxi||169||Copy of An-12|
|Shaanxi||30+||Multi-purpose transport, variant of the Y-8 (as Y-8X)|
|Harbin||50||7 seats utility aircraft|
|Harbin||102+||17 seats utility aircraft|
|Xi'an||58+||Large multi-purpose transport|
|Y-30||Shenyang||Medium lift in development|
|CAIGA||2+||Large multi-purpose amphibious aircraft|
For the reason that Chinese UAV developers / manufacturers have officially released a considerable number of military UAVs, and also due to Chinese government's transparency policy for military UAV, this sub-list will only focus on models that are already identified and introduced into the PLA.
|WZ-6||Xi'an Aisheng||Tactical reconnaissance UAV
Chinese military version of ASN-207
|WZ-7||Guizhou||HALE reconnaissance UAV|
|WZ-8||AVIC||Hypersonic high-altitude reconnaissance UAV|
|WZ-10||Chengdu||HALE reconnaissance UAV/UCAV||WZ-10: Reconnaissance UAV variant with Chinese military designation.
Wing Loong-10: Mass produced version for export.
Wind Shadow: UCAV prototype for Chinese domestic version. Featured stealth design, twin-engine, turbofan powered.
Cloud Shadow: An export version prototype. Stealth featured, single-engine (optional twin-engine), turbojet powered.
|GJ-1||Chengdu||MALE UCAV||GJ-1: Chinese domestic military designation.
Wing Loong 1: Basic model for export.
Wing Loong 1E: Upgrade version with composite materials and newer electronics.
|GJ-2||Chengdu||MALE UCAV||GJ-2: Chinese domestic military designation.
Wing Loong 2: Developed from Wing Loong-1, with provisions for up to twelve air-to-surface missiles
Wing Loong 2H: Civilian, communication, emergency response variant, equipped with synthetic aperture radar and optoelectronic pod which is able to relay and amplify telecommunication signals.
|Wing Loong 3||Chengdu||MALE UCAV|
|BZK-005||Harbin||MALE UCAV||BZK-005: Unarmed reconnaissance version.
BZK-005C: Developed from original BZK-005 and optimized aerodynamic structure and electronic system with attack and reconnaissance capability. It can equipped with booms or missiles with more than 300 kg payload.
|BZK-006||Xi'an Aisheng||Tactical reconnaissance UCAV||BZK-006: Basic model, developed from WZ-6.
BZK-006A: Upgrade version, detail unknown.
|KVD002||CASC/CAAA||MALE UCAV||KDV002: Upgrade version of CASC CH-4. Equipped with diesel piston engine compared with CH-4's petrol piston engine. First MALE UCAV of PLA Army.|
|TB-001||Sichuan Tengden||MALE UCAV
Military designation is unknown
|TB-001: 2-engine original model
TB-001A: 3-engine variant with payload increased to 1500 kg and max flight ceiling increase to 9500 meters.
|Harbin||Copy of Mi-4, retired|
|Harbin||Turboshaft version of the Z-5, fitted with a Dongan WZ-5 turboshaft engine|
|Changhe||License-built SA321Ja Super Frelon|
|Harbin||License-built Eurocopter Dauphin|
|Changhe||License-built Eurocopter AS350|
|AVIC||6,000 kg-class medium military transport helicopter|
|Changhe||Medium transport/utility helicopter|
|Harbin||5,000 to 5,500 kg twin-engined light helicopter development, derived from Z-9|
|Z-20||Harbin||Medium transport/utility helicopter in development|
|Harbin||Cooperative design with Eurocopter|
|AC313||AVIC||Civilian helicopter, developed from the Changhe Z-8|
Civilian transport and passenger aircraft
|Beijing 1||Beijing||Twin-engined light airliner, cancelled|
|Shanghai||Boeing 707 class airliner, project cancelled|
|Xi'an||60 seats turboprop-powered airliner, upgrade version of Y-7|
|Xi'an||60 seats turboprop-powered airliner, upgrade version of MA-60|
|Xi'an||70-to-80 seats turboprop-powered airliner, to be introduced in 2009|
|Comac||70–90 seats advanced regional jet airliner|
|Comac||168–190 seat twin-jet airliner|
|CR929||Comac & UAC||300 seat airliner, in development|
|C939||Comac||400 seat airliner, in development|
|D-600||China Aero-Vehicle Research Institute||Waterbomber|
|Primus 100||China Aviation Industry General Aircraft||Business plane|
|Primus 150 (E1000)||China Aviation Industry General Aircraft||Business plane|
|Starlight 100||China Aviation Industry General Aircraft||Business plane|
|Starlight 200||China Aviation Industry General Aircraft||Business plane|
|A2C||China Special Aero-Vehicle Research Institute||Multipurpose|
|Hongdu N-5||Hongdu||Agricultural aircraft.|
|Mifeng-6||Beihang||Hot air airship|
|CA-80||Shanghai Vinage Airship Manufacture Co., Ltd.||Non-rigid Airship|
|E430||Yuneec International||Two-seat electric light sports aircraft.|
|EViva||Yuneec International||Electric motor-glider.|
|ESpyder||Yuneec International||Electric aircraft|
|EPac||Yuneec International||Electric aircraft|
Gliders and sailplanes
|Lie-Fang 1||Two-seat intermediate glider|
|HU-1 Seagull||Shenyang Sailplane Factory||Motor-glider|
|HU-2 Petrel||Shenyang Sailplane Factory||Motor-glider|
|X-7 Jian Fan||Chengdu Sailplane Factory||Two-seat basic training glider|
|X-9 Jian Fan||Shenyang Sailplane Factory||Two-seat training glider|
|X-10 Qian Jin||Shenyang Sailplane Works|
|X-11||Shenyang Sailplane Works|
- Aviation Industry Corporation of China
- China Aviation Industry Corporation I
- China Aviation Industry Corporation II
- List of Chinese aircraft engines
- List of unmanned aerial vehicles of China
- People's Liberation Army Air Force
- Gordon, Yefim; Dmitry Komissarov (2008). Chinese Aircraft:China's aviation industry since 1951. Manchester: Hikoki Publications. ISBN 978-1-902109-04-6.
- "The 红专-503 Hong Zhuan "Red Special" or 歼教-1 Jian Jiao "Fighter Trainer" also known as the Shenyang JJ-1 红专-503 歼教-1 (战斗机 教练员 航空器-1)". www.internationalresinmodellers.com. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "Y-5 Colt". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2022-11-20.