List of consorts of rulers of China

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Wu Zetian, a consort who became a ruler during the Tang dynasty
Empress Zheng of the Song dynasty
Empress Chabi, consort to Kublai Khan
Empress Xu, Ming dynasty
Empress Xiaozhaoren, Qing dynasty
Empress Xiaoyichun, Qing dynasty
Empress Dowager Cixi, Qing dynasty

The following is a list of consorts of rulers of China. This is a list of the consorts of Chinese monarchs. China has periodically parted in kingdoms as well as united in empires, and there has been consorts with the title Queen as well as Empress. The title Empress could also be given posthumously. Note that this is a list for the main consort of the monarch and holder of the title Empress or Queen.

Empress Consorts[edit]

The title of Empress could also be given posthumously. The posthumous Empresses are listed separately by the year they were given the title.

Zhou dynasty[edit]

Western Han dynasty[edit]

Xin dynasty[edit]

Eastern Han dynasty[edit]

Three Kingdoms period[edit]

Cao Wei[edit]

Shu Han[edit]

Eastern Wu[edit]

Jin dynasty[edit]

Huan Chu dynasty[edit]

Sixteen Kingdoms period[edit]

Cheng Han[edit]

Former Zhao[edit]

Later Zhao[edit]

Ran Wei[edit]

Former Liang[edit]

Later Liang[edit]

Western Liang[edit]

Northern Liang[edit]

Southern Liang[edit]

Former Qin[edit]

Later Qin[edit]

Western Qin[edit]

Former Yan[edit]

Later Yan[edit]

Northern Yan[edit]

Southern Yan[edit]


Northern and Southern dynasties[edit]

Liu Song[edit]

Southern Qi[edit]

Northern Wei[edit]

Western Wei[edit]

Eastern Wei[edit]

Northern Qi[edit]

Liang dynasty[edit]

Northern Zhou[edit]

Sui dynasty[edit]

Tang dynasty[edit]

Han (Dingyang)

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period[edit]


Former Shu[edit]


Later Liang[edit]

Southern Han[edit]

Later Tang[edit]



Southern Tang[edit]

Later Jin[edit]


Later Han[edit]

Later Zhou[edit]

Northern Han[edit]

Song dynasty[edit]

Yuan dynasty[edit]

Ming dynasty[edit]

Southern Ming dynasty[edit]

Qing dynasty[edit]

Empress Dowagers[edit]

The title of Empress Dowager was not a title automatically given to a former Empress Consort and widow of an Emperor. The title Empress Dowager could be granted a widow of an Emperor even when she had not been the Empress Consort during the reign of her spouse. Therefore, a separate list is given of the Empress Dowagers, which in some cases equals the list of Empress Consorts, and in other cases not.

Han dynasty[edit]

Northern Dynasties[edit]

Northern Wei[edit]

Tang dynasty[edit]

Song dynasty[edit]

Yuan dynasty[edit]

Ming dynasty[edit]

Qing dynasty[edit]

Empresses whose titles were granted posthumously[edit]

Sui dynasty[edit]

Song dynasty[edit]

Yuan dynasty[edit]

Ming dynasty and Southern Ming dynasty[edit]

Qing dynasty[edit]

See also[edit]