List of Chola temples in Bangalore

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A stone sculpture in Chokkanathaswamy temple

The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India. In Bangalore the Cholas ruled nearly a century. The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River, but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power, including the present-day Bangalore. During the reign of Rajaraja Chola I—around 1004 AD—the cholas captured Bangalore after defeating the Gangas. During their rule, they built many temples in and around the Bangalore with the Chokkanathaswamy temple, Mukthi Natheshwara Temple, Choleswara temple and the Someshwara Temple being prominent ones. The Chokkanathaswamy temple at Domlur, whose earliest inscriptions date back to the 10th century AD,[1] is the oldest temple in the city.[2] Originally built by Raja Raja Chola I,[1] the temple was later renovated by the Hoysalas and Vijayanagara rulers.[3] The temple's deity was Lord Shiva, but later a Vishnu temple was built for the local residents who were mainly Vaishnavas.[1]

The Chola Rule in Karnataka was curtailed with loss of Western Gangavadi in 1117 AD by the Hoysalas, but Eastern Gangavadi (part of Mysore district) was recovered by 1125 AD under Vikrama Chola and Chola territories in Kannada country existed till the rule of Emperor Kulothunga Chola III. However Tamil habitation in Karnataka, especially in Mysore district, precedes the Chola period and continued afterwards as well. The Chola rule was the primary reason for the Saivism to be deeply routed in Southern India. Hoysala Kings built Someshwara temples throughout their kingdom. The typical Someshwara temple has a lotus pond or a taverekere included.

The Someshwara temple at Madiwala was built in around 1247 AD.[4] The Someshwara Temple at Halasuru, one of the oldest in the city. While the main deity is Nandi, other gods like Brahma and Vishnu are also worshiped here.[5] It was later renovated by Kempegowda who built the Rajagopuram and constructed walls around the temple.[6] The 800 year-old Kaalikaamba Kamatheshwara Temple at Basavangudi is the second largest temple in the city.[7]

Apart from religious practices, the temples were utilized for scholarly activities thus providing employment for the people.[8]

List of temples[edit]

No. Name Locality Period/Earliest inscription Refs.
1 Chokkanathaswamy temple Domlur 10th century AD [1]
2 Someshwara Temple (Halasuru) Halasuru [9]
3 Kashi Vishweshwar temple Kadugodi
4 Vasantha Vallabharaya Temple Vasanthapura
5 Ananda Lingeshwara Temple Hebbal
6 Eshwara Temple Kengeri 1050 AD [10]
7 Dharmesvara Temple Kondrahalli 1065 AD [11]
8 Madduramma Temple Huskur 11th century AD [12][13]
9 Mukthi Natheshwara Temple Binnamangala 1110 AD
10 Someshwara Temple Madiwala 1247 AD [4]
11 Kaalikaamba Kamatheshwara Temple Nagarathpet 13th century AD [14]
12 Someshwara Swamy Temple Agara 1500 years
13 Someshwara Temple Marathahalli 1508 AD [15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Priyanka S Rao (19 May 2012). "Chokkanatha: The city's oldest temple". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  2. ^ U B, Githa. "A Chola temple in Domlur!". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  3. ^ Priyanka S Rao (16 May 2012). "History on the walls of a temple". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Ancient temple; bustling junction". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Souvenir of the Chola dynasty". The New Indian Express. 2 January 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  6. ^ S. K. Aruni (11 October 2013). "The kalyani that holds a 1,000-year history". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  7. ^ MK Madhusoodan. "Heritage temple in ruins; govt unmoved". DNA Syndication. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  8. ^ De 2008, p. 7.
  9. ^ Dynamics of Language Maintenance Among Linguistic Minorities: A Sociolinguistic Study of the Tamil Communities in Bangalore. Central Institute of Indian Languages, 1986. p. 7.
  10. ^ Patrao, Michael (2 February 2009). "A place of historical significance". DeccanHerald. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  11. ^ Saligrama Krishna Ramachandra Rao (1993). Art and architecture of Indian temples. Kalpatharu Research Academy. p. 222.
  12. ^ Mysore & Padmanabha 1973, p. 247.
  13. ^ Rao 1993, p. 214.
  14. ^ Madhusoodan, MK (16 January 2011). "Heritage temple in ruins; Karnataka government unmoved". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  15. ^ S.K. Aruni (11 January 2012). "Of inscriptions and the medieval period". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 August 2014.

Bibliography[edit]