List of Christian Nobel laureates

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In an estimate by Baruch Shalev, between 1901 and 2000 about 65.4% of Nobel prize winners were either Christians or had a Christian background.[1] Here is a non exhaustive list of some of the prize winners who publicly identified themselves as Christians.


By one estimate made by Weijia Zhang from Arizona State University and Robert G. Fuller from University of Nebraska–Lincoln, between 1901 and 1990, 60% of Physics Nobel prize winners had Christian backgrounds.[2] In an estimate by Baruch Shalev, between 1901 and 2000, about 65.3% of Physics Nobel prize winners were either Christians or had a Christian background.[1]

Year Laureate Country Denomination Rationale
1901 WilhelmRöntgen.JPG Wilhelm Röntgen  German Empire Dutch Reformed Church[3] "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him"[4]
1902 H A Lorentz (Nobel).jpg Hendrik Lorentz  Netherlands Protestant (Dutch Reformed Church)[5] "in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena"[6]
1904 John William Strutt.jpg Lord Rayleigh  United Kingdom Anglican[7] "for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies"[8]
1905 Phillipp Lenard in 1900.jpg Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard  Austria-Hungary
 German Empire
Roman Catholic[9] "for his work on cathode rays"[10]
1906 J.J Thomson.jpg Joseph John Thomson  United Kingdom Anglican[11] "for his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases"[12]
1909 Guglielmo Marconi.jpg Guglielmo Marconi Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svgItaly Roman Catholic[13] "for his contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy"[14]
1914 Max von Laue 1914.jpg Max von Laue Flag of Germany (1867–1918).svgGermany Roman Catholic[15][16][17] "for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals",[18] an important step in the development of X-ray spectroscopy.
1917 Charles Glover Barkla.jpg Charles Glover Barkla  United Kingdom Methodist[19][20][21] "for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements",[22] another important step in the development of X-ray spectroscopy
1919 Johannes Stark.jpg Johannes Stark  Weimar Republic Roman Catholic[23] "for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields"[24]
1920 Guillaume 1920.jpg Charles Édouard Guillaume  Switzerland Protestant[25] "for the service he has rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel-steel alloys"[26]
1923 Robert Andrews Millikan 1920s.jpg Robert Andrews Millikan  United States Christian[27][28][29][30] He dealt with this in his Terry Lectures at Yale in 1926–7, published as Evolution in Science and Religion.[31] "for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect"[32]
1927 Arthur Compton.jpg Arthur Holly Compton  United States Presbyterian[33][34] "for his discovery of the effect named after him"[35]
1932 Bundesarchiv Bild183-R57262, Werner Heisenberg.jpg Werner Heisenberg  Weimar Republic Lutheran[36][37][better source needed] "for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen"[38]
1936 Hess.jpg Victor Francis Hess State flag of Austria (1934–1938).svgAustria Roman Catholic[39] He wrote on the topic of science and religion in his article "My Faith".[40] "for his discovery of cosmic radiation"[41]
1951 Ernest Walton.jpg Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton  Ireland Methodist[42] "for his pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles"[43]
1964 Charles Townes Nobel.jpg Charles Hard Townes  United States Protestant (United Church of Christ)[44] "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maserlaser principle"[45]
1974 Nobel prize medal grey.png Antony Hewish  United Kingdom Christian[46] "for his pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars"[47]
1977 Mott,Nevill Francis Heisenberg 1952 London.jpg Nevill Francis Mott  United Kingdom Anglican[48] "for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems".[49]
1981 Artur Schawlow, Stanford University.jpg Arthur Leonard Schawlow  United States Protestant (United Methodist Church)[50] "for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy".[51]
1997 William D. Phillips.jpg William Daniel Phillips  United States Protestant (United Methodist Church)[52] "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light".[53]
2007 Peter Gruenberg 01.jpg Peter Grünberg  Germany Roman Catholic[54][55] "for the discovery of giant magnetoresistance"[56]


In an estimate by Baruch Shalev, between 1901 and 2000, about 72.5% of Chemistry Nobel prize winners were either Christians or had a Christian background.[1]

Year Laureate Country Denomination Rationale
1918 Fritz Haber.png Fritz Haber  Germany Converted to Protestantism from Judaism[57] "for the synthesis of ammonia from its elements"[58]
1996 Richard Smalley.png Richard E. Smalley  United States Christian[59] "for the discovery of fullerenes"[60]
2007 Prof Ertl-Portrait.jpg Gerhard Ertl  Germany Christian[61] "for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces"[62]
2012 Brian Kobilka (649437151).jpg Brian Kobilka  United States Catholic[63] "for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors."[64]
2019 Nobel 9 Dec 2019 029 copy (49204051647) (cropped).jpg John B. Goodenough  United States
(Born in  Weimar Republic)
Christian[65] "for the development of lithium-ion batteries".[66]

Physiology or Medicine[edit]

In an estimate by Baruch Shalev, between 1901 and 2000, about 62% of Medicine Nobel prize winners were either Christians or had a Christian background.[1]

Year Laureate Country Denomination Rationale
1906 Cajal-Restored.jpg Santiago Ramón y Cajal  Spain Roman Catholic[67] "in recognition of his work on the structure of the nervous system"
1909 Emil Theodor Kocher nobel.jpg Emil Theodor Kocher Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Protestant (Moravian Church)[68] "for his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland"[69]
1912 Alexis Carrel 02.jpg Alexis Carrel  France Roman Catholic[70] "[for] his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs"[71]
1930 Karl Landsteiner nobel.jpg Karl Landsteiner  Austria-Hungary converted to Roman Catholicism from Judaism in 1890[72] "for his discovery of human blood groups"[73]
1947 Gerty Theresa Cori.jpg Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz  United States converted to Roman Catholicism from Judaism in 1920[74] "for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"[75]
1963 Sir John Eccles Wellcome L0026812.jpg Sir John Carew Eccles  Australia Roman Catholic[76] "for his discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"[77]
1978 Werner Arber 2008.jpg Werner Arber Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Protestant[78] "for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics"[79]
1998 Ferid Murad.jpg Ferid Murad  United States Christian[80] "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system".[81]
2012 John Gurdon Cambridge 2012.JPG Sir John B. Gurdon  United Kingdom Protestant (Anglican)[82] "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"[83]
2015 William C. Campbell 4983-1-2015.jpg William C. Campbell  Ireland Roman Catholic[84] "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites".[85]


In an estimate by Baruch Shalev, between 1901 and 2000, about 49.5% of Literature Nobel Prize winners were either Christians or had a Christian background.[1]

Year Laureate Country Denomination Rationale
1902 T-mommsen-2.jpg Theodor Mommsen Flag of Germany (1867–1918).svg Germany Protestant[86] "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome"[87]
1903 Björnstjerne Björnson, 1901.jpg Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg Norway Protestant[88] "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit"[89]
1904 Frédéric Mistral by Paul Saïn.jpg Frédéric Mistral Flag of France.svg France Roman Catholic[90] "in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist"[91]
José Echegaray y Eizaguirre.jpg José Echegaray Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spain Roman Catholic[92] "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"[91]
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 02.jpg Henryk Sienkiewicz Military ensign of Vistula Flotilla of Congress Poland.svg Poland Roman Catholic[93] "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"[94]
1909 Selma Lagerlöf.jpg Selma Lagerlöf  Sweden Christian[95] "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[96]
1910 Adolf Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel 042.jpg Paul von Heyse Flag of Germany (1867–1918).svg Germany Protestant of Jewish descent[97] "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories"[98]
1916 Johan Krouthén - Porträtt av Verner von Heidenstam.jpg Verner von Heidenstam  Sweden Christian[99] "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature"[100]
1923 William Butler Yeats by George Charles Beresford.jpg William Butler Yeats Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland Anglican[101] "for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation"[102]
1924 Władysław Reymont.jpg Władysław Reymont Flag of Poland (1927–1980).svg Poland Roman Catholic[103] "for his great national epic, The Peasants"[104]
1926 Grazia Deledda 1926.jpg Grazia Deledda Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy Roman Catholic[105] "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[106]
1928 Sigrid Undset 1928.jpg Sigrid Undset  Norway
(Born in  Denmark)
Roman Catholic[107] "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[108]
1929 Thomas Mann 1937.jpg Thomas Mann Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg Germany Protestant (Lutheran)[109][110] "principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"[111]
1933 Ivan Bunin 1933.jpg Ivan Bunin Flag of France.svg France (Born in Flag of Russia.svg Russia) Eastern Orthodox[112] "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"[113]
1938 Pearl Buck (Nobel).jpg Pearl S. Buck  United States Protestant (Southern Presbyterian)[114] "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[115]
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01 cropped.jpg Gabriela Mistral Flag of Chile.svg Chile Roman Catholic[116] "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[117]
1946 Hermann Hesse 1946.jpg Hermann Hesse Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland
(Born in Flag of Germany (1867–1918).svg Germany)
Christian[118][119] "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"[120]
1947 André Gide.jpg André Gide Flag of France.svg France Protestant[121] "for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"[122]
1948 T.S. Eliot, 1923.JPG T. S. Eliot  United Kingdom
(Born in the  United States)
Anglican[123][124] "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"[125]
1949 Carl Van Vechten - William Faulkner.jpg William Faulkner  United States Protestant (Episcopalian)[126] "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"[127]
1952 François Mauriac (1932).jpg François Mauriac Flag of France.svg France Roman Catholic[128] "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life"[129]
1953 Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg Sir Winston Churchill  United Kingdom Anglican[130] "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"[131]
1954 ErnestHemingway.jpg Ernest Hemingway  United States Converted to Roman Catholicism[132] "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"[133]
1955 Halldór Kiljan Laxness 1955.jpg Halldór Laxness  Iceland Converted to Roman Catholicism[134] "for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"[135]
1956 JRJimenez.JPG Juan Ramón Jiménez Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spain Roman Catholic[136] "for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"[137]
1958 Boris Pasternak in youth.jpg Boris Pasternak  Soviet Union Converted to Eastern Orthodoxy from Judaism[138] "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[139]
1961 S. Kragujevic, Ivo Andric, 1961.jpg Ivo Andrić  Yugoslavia
(Born in  Austria-Hungary)
Roman Catholic[140][141] "for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"[142]
1962 JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG John Steinbeck  United States Episcopalian[143] "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"[144]
1963 Giorgos Seferis 1963.jpg Giorgos Seferis State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1973).svg Greece
(Born in the  Ottoman Empire)
Greek Orthodox[145] "for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"[146]
1967 MiguelAngelAsturias.JPG Miguel Ángel Asturias  Guatemala Roman Catholic[147] "for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America"[148]
1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1974crop.jpg Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn  Soviet Union Eastern Orthodox[149] "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"[150]
1972 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F062164-0004, Bonn, Heinrich Böll.jpg Heinrich Böll Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg Germany (West) Roman Catholic[151] "for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature"[152]
1979 Odysseas Elytis 1974.jpg Odysseas Elytis  Greece Greek Orthodox[153] "for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness"[154]
1980 Czesław Miłosz 2011 Lithuania stamp.jpg Czesław Miłosz  Poland/ United States Roman Catholic[155] "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"[156]
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez.jpg Gabriel García Márquez  Colombia Roman Catholic[157] "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts"[158]
1989 Camilo José Cela Madrid 1996.jpg Camilo José Cela  Spain Roman Catholic[159] "for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"[160]
1990 Paz0.jpg Octavio Paz  Mexico Roman Catholic[161] "for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity"[162]
1992 Derek Walcott.jpg Derek Walcott  Saint Lucia Protestant (Methodist)[163] "for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment"[164]
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Toni Morrison  United States Roman Catholic[165] "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[166]
1995 Seamus Heaney Photograph Edit.jpg Seamus Heaney  Ireland (born Northern Ireland) Roman Catholic[167] "for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"[168]
1999 Günter Grass, 2004.jpg Günter Grass  Germany (born Free City of Danzig now Gdansk) Roman Catholic[169][170] "whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"[171]
2009 Herta Müller 1.jpg Herta Müller  Germany
(Born in Flag of Romania (1965–1989).svg Romania)
Roman Catholic[172] "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[173]
2011 Transtroemer.jpg Tomas Tranströmer  Sweden Christian[174] "because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality"[175]
2016 Bob Dylan - Azkena Rock Festival 2010 2.jpg Bob Dylan  United States Born-again Christian[176][177][178] "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition"[179]
2019 Peter-handke.jpg Peter Handke  Austria Serbian Orthodox Church[180] "for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience".[181]


In an estimate by Baruch Shalev, between 1901 and 2000, about 78.3% of Peace Nobel Prize winners were either Christians or had a Christian background.[1]

Year Laureate Country Denomination Rationale
1902 Ducommun.jpg Élie Ducommun  Switzerland Protestant[citation needed] "for his role as the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau"[182]
Charles Albert Gobat2.jpg Charles Albert Gobat Protestant[citation needed] "for his role as the first Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"
1903 Cremer.jpg William Randal Cremer Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Methodist[183] "for his role as the "first father" of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[184]
1905 Bertha von Suttner nobel.jpg Bertha von Suttner  Austria-Hungary Roman Catholic[185] for authoring Lay Down Your Arms and contributing to the creation of the Prize[186][187]
1906 President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904.jpg Theodore Roosevelt  United States Protestant (Dutch Reformed Church)[188] "for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case"[186][189]
1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta.jpg Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy Roman Catholic[citation needed] "for his work as a key leader of the Italian peace movement"[186][190]
Louis Renault jurist.gif Louis Renault Flag of France.svg France Roman Catholic[citation needed] "for his work as a leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague"
1909 Beernaert.gif Auguste Beernaert  Belgium Roman Catholic[191] "for being a representative to the two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[186][192]
PaulBalluet.gif Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant Flag of France.svg France Protestant (Calvinist)[193] "for combined diplomatic work for Franco-German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration"[186][192]
1912 Elihu Root, bw photo portrait, 1902.jpg Elihu Root[A]  United States Protestant (Presbyterian)[194] "for his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court"[186][195]
1919 President Woodrow Wilson portrait December 2 1912.jpg Woodrow Wilson  United States Protestant (Presbyterian)[196] "for his crucial role in establishing the League of Nations"[186][197]
1921 Hjalmar branting stor bild.jpg Hjalmar Branting  Sweden Lutheran (Church of Sweden)[198] "for his work in the League of Nations"[186][199]
Christian Lous Lange.jpg Christian Lange  Norway Lutheran (Church of Norway)[200] "for his work as the first secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee" and "the secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[186][199]
1925 Austen Chamberlain nobel.jpg Austen Chamberlain[A]  United Kingdom Unitarian[201] "for work on the Locarno Treaties."[186][202]
Charles Dawes, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg Charles G. Dawes[A]  United States Protestant (Congregationalist)[citation needed] "for work on the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the Locarno Pact of 1925"[186][202]
1926 Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-040-27, Gustav Stresemann.jpg Gustav Stresemann Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg Germany Protestant[203] "for work on the Locarno Treaties."[186][204]
1927 Ferdinand Buisson 1924.jpg Ferdinand Buisson Flag of France.svg France Protestant[205] "for contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation"[186][206]
1930 Nathan Söderblom nobel.jpg Nathan Söderblom  Sweden Lutheran (Church of Sweden)[207] "for his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace"[186][208]
1931 Jane Addams profile.jpg Jane Addams  United States Protestant (Presbyterian)[209] "for her social reform work and leading the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[186][210]
Nicholas Murray Butler ppmsca.03668.jpg Nicholas Murray Butler Protestant (Episcopalian)[211] "for his promotion of the Briand-Kellogg pact" and for his work as the "leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement"[186][210]
1934 1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg Arthur Henderson  United Kingdom Protestant (Methodist)[212] "for his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament"[186][213][214]
1935 Carl von Ossietzky.jpg Carl von Ossietzky[B] Flag of Germany (1935–1945).svg Germany Protestant (Lutheran)[215] "for his struggle against Germany's rearmament"[186][216]
1945 Hull-Cordell-LOC.jpg Cordell Hull  United States Protestant (Episcopalian)[217] "for his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization"[218]
1946 EmilyGreeneBalch.jpg Emily Greene Balch  United States Quaker[219] "for her work with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[220]
John Raleigh Mott, 1910.jpg John Raleigh Mott Protestant (Methodist)[221] "for establishing and strengthening international Protestant Christian student organizations that worked to promote peace"[220]
1947 Quaker star-T.svg Friends Service Council  United Kingdom Quaker[222] "for their work in assisting and rescuing victims of the Nazis"[223]
American Friends Service Committee  United States Religious Society of Friends (Quaker)[224]
1949 John Boyd Orr nobel.jpg The Lord Boyd-Orr  United Kingdom Protestant (Free Church of Scotland)[225] "for his scientific research into nutrition and his works as the first Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization"[226]
1950 Ralph Bunche - 1963 March on Washington.jpg Ralph Bunche  United States Protestant (Baptist)[227] "for his works in resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict in Palestine"[228]
1952 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-D0116-0041-019, Albert Schweitzer.jpg Albert Schweitzer Flag of France.svg France Christian[229] "for his propagation for the reverence of life, the very foundations of a lasting peace between individuals, nations, and races"[230]
1953 General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG George Catlett Marshall  United States Protestant (Episcopalian)[231] "for his work on the post-war European recovery"[232]
1957 Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg Lester Bowles Pearson  Canada Protestant (United Church of Canada)[233] "for his role in helping end the Suez conflict and trying to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations";[234][186]
1958 Georges Pire 1958.jpg Dominique Pire  Belgium Roman Catholic[235] "for his work in helping refugees in the post-World War II Europe"[236]
1959 Philip Noel-Baker 1942.jpg Philip Noel-Baker  United Kingdom Quaker[237] "for his lifelong work for international peace and cooperation"[238]
1960 Albert Lutuli nobel.jpg Albert Lutuli Flag of South Africa (1928–1994).svg South Africa
(Born in Southern Rhodesia)
Protestant (Methodist)[239] "for his role in the non-violent struggle against apartheid in South Africa"[240][186]
1961 Dag Hammarskjöld.jpg Dag Hammarskjöld[C]  Sweden Protestant (Lutheran)[241] "for strengthening the foundations of the United Nations Organization"[242][186]
1964 Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg Martin Luther King Jr.  United States Protestant (Baptist; Progressive National Baptist Convention)[citation needed] "for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance"[243][244]
1970 Norman Borlaug, 2004 (cropped).jpg Norman Borlaug  United States Protestant[245][246] "for having given a well-founded hope - the green revolution"[247]
1971 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpg Willy Brandt Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg Germany (West) Protestant (Lutheran)[248] "for his efforts to strengthen cooperation in Western Europe through the European Economic Community and to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the other countries of Eastern Europe."[249]
1974 Seán MacBride 1984.jpg Seán MacBride  Ireland
(Born in Flag of France.svg France)
Roman Catholic[250] "for his strong interest in human rights by piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists"[251][186]
1976 Betty Williams.jpg Betty Williams  United Kingdom Roman Catholic[citation needed] "for their works as cofounders of Community of Peace People, an organization dedicated to promoting a peaceful resolution to the Troubles in Northern Ireland"[252]
Mairead Corrigan Gaza crop.jpg Mairead Corrigan Roman Catholic[253]
1979 MotherTeresa 090.jpg Mother Teresa  Albania (Born in Ottoman Kosovo)[254] Roman Catholic[255] "for her work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace"[256]
1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel agosto 2011.jpg Adolfo Pérez Esquivel  Argentina Roman Catholic[257] "for his efforts in the defense of human rights and for his opposition to Argentina's last civil-military dictatorship"[258][186]
1982 Alfonso Garcia Robles 1981.jpg Alfonso García Robles  Mexico Roman Catholic[citation needed] "for his magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition"[259][260]
1983 Lech Walesa OAF Visit.jpg Lech Wałęsa Flag of Poland.svg Poland Roman Catholic[261] "for his contribution and considerable personal sacrifice to ensure the workers' right to establish their own organizations"[262]
1984 Desmond tutu 20070607 2.jpg Desmond Tutu  South Africa Protestant (Anglican)[263] "for his role as a unifying leader-figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa"[264]
1987 OscarArias.jpg Óscar Arias  Costa Rica Roman Catholic[citation needed] "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"[265]
1993 Nelson Mandela-2008.jpg Nelson Mandela  South Africa Protestant (Methodist)[266] "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"[267]
Frederik Willem de Klerk.jpg Frederik Willem de Klerk Protestant (Reformed)[268]
1996 Carlosbelo.jpg Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo  East Timor Roman Catholic[269] "for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."[270]
EastTimor.JoseRamosHorta.01.jpg José Ramos-Horta Roman Catholic[271]
1998 John Hume 2008.jpg John Hume  United Kingdom Roman Catholic[272] "for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"[273]
David Trimble.jpg David Trimble Protestant (Presbyterian)[274][275]
2000 Kim Dae-jung presidential portrait.jpg Kim Dae-jung  South Korea Roman Catholic[276] "for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"[277]
2001 Kofi Annan, Photo: Harry Wad Kofi Annan  Ghana Protestant[278] "for his work for a better organized and more peaceful world"[279]
2002 Jimmy Carter.jpg Jimmy Carter  United States Protestant (Baptist)[280] "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"[281]
2004 Wangari Matthai 2001 (cropped).jpg Wangari Muta Maathai  Kenya Roman Catholic[282] "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[283]
2007 Al Gore.jpg Al Gore  United States Protestant (Baptist)[284] "for his efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"[285]
2008 Martti Ahtisaari.jpg Martti Ahtisaari  Finland Protestant (Lutheran)[286] "for his efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"[287]
2009 Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama  United States Protestant[288] "for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples".[289]
2011 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, April 2010.jpg Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  Liberia Protestant (Methodist)[290] "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"[291]
Leymah-gbowee-at-emu-press-conference.jpg Leymah Gbowee Protestant (Lutheran)[292]
2016 Juan Manuel Santos in 2018.jpg Juan Manuel Santos  Colombia Roman Catholic[293][294] "his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220 000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people"[295]
2018 Denis Mukwege par Claude Truong-Ngoc novembre 2014.jpg Denis Mukwege  DRC Pentecostal[296] "for [his] efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. Both laureates have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on, and combating, such war crimes"[297]
2019 Abiy Ahmed during state visit of Reuven Rivlin to Ethiopia, May 2018.jpg Abiy Ahmed Ali  Ethiopia Evangelical Pentecostal[298] "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea"[299]
2022 Alaksandr Bialacki.jpg Ales Bialiatski  Belarus Roman Catholic[300] "The Peace Prize laureates represent civil society in their home countries. They have for many years promoted the right to criticise power and protect the fundamental rights of citizens. They have made an outstanding effort to document war crimes, human right abuses and the abuse of power. Together they demonstrate the significance of civil society for peace and democracy."[301]


In an estimate by Baruch Shalev, between 1901 and 2000, about 54.0% of Economics Nobel Prize winners were either Christians or had a Christian background.[1]

Year Laureate Country Denomination Rationale
1975 TjallingKoopmans1967.jpg Tjalling Koopmans  Netherlands
 United States
Protestant[302] "for his contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"[303]
1979 Theodore Schultz  United States Protestant[304] "for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries."[305]
W. Arthur Lewis  Saint Lucia
 United Kingdom
Roman Catholic[306]
1982 George Stigler  United States Christian[307] "for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation"[308]
1988 ALLAIS PN Maurice-24x30-2001b.jpg Maurice Allais  France Roman Catholic[309] "for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources"[310]
1989 Trygve Haavelmo.jpg Trygve Haavelmo  Norway Protestant[311] "for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures"[312]
1996 William Vickrey  Canada
 United States
Quaker[313] "for his fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"[314]
2009 Nobel Prize 2009-Press Conference KVA-30.jpg Elinor Ostrom  United States Protestant[315] "for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"[316]
2010 Christopher Pissarides.jpg Christopher A. Pissarides  Cyprus Eastern Orthodox[317] "for his analysis of markets with search frictions"[318]
2013 Eugene Fama at Nobel Prize, 2013.jpg Eugene F. Fama  United States Roman Catholic[319] "for their empirical analysis of asset prices".
Robert Shiller - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg Robert J. Shiller Protestant (Methodist)[320]

See also[edit]


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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]