List of Christian creeds

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Christianity has through Church history produced a number of Christian creeds, confessions and statements of faith. The following lists are provided.

In many cases, individual churches will address further doctrinal questions in a set of bylaws. Smaller churches see this as a formality, while churches of a larger size build this to be a large document describing the practical functioning of the church.

Biblical Creeds[edit]

See also: Faithful saying
  • Jesus is Lord (Romans 10:9; 1 Corinthians 12:3)
  • Pre-New Testament Creeds in the New Testament (1 Timothy 2:5, Phil 2:6-11, 1 Timothy 3:16)[1]

Ecumenical and Historic Christian Creeds[edit]

Creed Date Accepted by Original name Notes Link to text
Apostles' Creed 120-250 Western Church Lat.: Symbolum Apostolorum or Symbolum Apostolicum Product of the Roman Christians around A.D.180, who developed an early form of the Apostles' Creed, possibly to critique Marcion. Wikisource-logo.svg "Apostles' Creed".
Creed of Nicaea 325 Ecumenical Church Product of the first ecumenical council in Nicaea which tried to solve the Arian controversy.[2]
Nicene Creed (Nicaea-Constantinopolitan Creed) 381 Ecumenical Church Expansion and revision of the 325 Creed of Nicaea (includes new section on Holy Spirit). It is the most widely accepted Christian creed.

It critiques apollinarism and a later addition, the Filioque clause, resulted in disagreement between Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity.

Wikisource-logo.svg "Nicene Creed".
Chalcedonian Creed 451 Council of Chalcedon Nearly all Christian denominations (except Oriental Orthodoxy, the Assyrian Church of the East, and much of Restorationism)
Athanasian Creed 500 Western Christian denominations Lat.: Quicumque vult The origin of this creed is uncertain, but it is widely used in various Christian denominations. Wikisource-logo.svg "Athanasian Creed".

Local and Regional Creeds of the Early Church[edit]

  • The Creed of Aristides of Athens (100s)
  • The Didache (60-150)
  • The Creed of Cyprian of Carthage (250)
  • The Der Balyzeh Papyrus (200-350)
  • The Creeds of Arius and Euzoius (320 and 327)
  • The Creed of Alexander of Alexandria (321-324)
  • The First Synod of Antioch (325)
  • The Second Dedication of Antioch (341)
  • The Baptismal Creed of Jerusalem (350)
  • The Apostolic Constitutions (350-380)

Interdenominational Creeds[edit]

Modern Ecumenical Creeds[edit]

  • The Call to Unity, Lausanne (1927)
  • The Scheme of Union of the Church of South India (1929/1942)
  • The Grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, Edinburgh (1937)
  • Affirmation of Union, Edinburgh (1937)
  • The Constitution of the Church in South India (1947)
  • Message of the First Assembly of the World Council of Churches (1948)
  • The Unity We Have and Seek (1952)
  • A Message from the Second Assembly of the World Council of Churches (1954)
  • The Unity of the Church, St. Andrews (1960)
  • The Church's Unity, World Council of Churches, New Delhi (1961)
  • The Holy Spirit and the Catholicity of the Church, Uppsala (1968)
  • What Unity Requires, Nairobi (1975)
  • Baptism, Eucharist, and Ministry, Lima (1982)
  • Uniatism, Method of Union of the Past, and the Present Search for Full Communion (1993)

Creeds of Major Denominations[edit]

Adventists[edit]

Anabaptist/Mennonite[edit]

  • Hans Denchk's confession Before the Council of Nuremberg (1525)
  • The Schleitheim Confession (1527)
  • The [Mennonite] Concept of Cologne (1591)
  • The Dordrecht Confession (1632)

Anglican/English[edit]

Arminian[edit]

Five Articles of Remonstrance (1610)

Assemblies of God[edit]

Baptist[edit]

Further information: List of Baptist confessions
  • Thomas Helwys Confession of Faith (1611)
  • The Philadelphia Confession (1688)
  • New Hampshire Confession of Faith (1833)
  • The Free-will Baptist Confession (1868)
  • Abstract Principles for Southern Baptist Seminary (1858)
  • The Doctrinal Basis of the New Zealand Baptist Union (1882)
  • Doctrinal Basis of the Baptist Union of Victoria, Australia (1888)
  • The Statement of the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland (1888)
  • 1644 Baptist Confession of Faith (1644)
  • 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith 1677/1689 (cross-listed under "Reformed," being nearly identical to the Westminster Confession)
  • The Orthodox Creed (1678) of the General Baptists
  • The Statement of Faith of the American Baptist Association (1905)
  • Johann Kargel's Confession (1913)
  • Baptist Faith and Message (1925) Southern Baptist Convention (SBC)
  • The Doctrinal Statement of the North American Baptist Association (1950)
  • Baptist Faith and Message 1964 Southern Baptist Convention (SBC)
  • Baptist Affirmation of Faith 1966, Strict Baptist Assembly
  • Romanian Baptist Confession (1974)
  • The Statement of Beliefs of the North American Baptist Conference (1982)
  • Baptist Faith and Message 2000 Southern Baptist Convention (SBC)

Christian Church - Disciples of Christ[edit]

  • Mission, Vision and Confession[1]
  • Christian Church: The Design for the Christian Church (1968)

Congregational[edit]

  • The Cambridge Platform (1648; is also considered "Puritan")
  • Savoy Declaration 1658 (cross-listed under "Reformed," being nearly identical to the Westminster Confession)
  • The Declaration of the Congregational Union of England (1833)
  • The Declaration of the Boston National Council (1865)
  • The Declaration of the Oberlin National Council (1871)
  • The "Commission" Creed of the Congregational Church (1883/1913)

Eastern Orthodox[edit]

  • Doctrine of the African Orthodox Church 1921

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America[edit]

Lutheran[edit]

Methodist[edit]

  • Articles of Religion 1784
  • The Scripture Way of Salvation 1765
  • Minutes of Some Late Conversations 1744

Pentecostal/Assemblies of God[edit]

Presbyterian[edit]

  • Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) (cross-listed under "Reformed" below)
  • The Confession of the Waldenses (1655)
  • The Confession of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church (1814/1883)
  • The Confession of the Free Evangelical Church of Geneva (1848)
  • The Confession of the Free Italian Church (1870)
  • The Auburn Declaration (1837)
  • Auburn Affirmation (PCUSA) (1924)
  • Book of Confessions (PCUSA)[part 1; Second Edition 1970]
  • The Creed of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Chile (1983)
  • Living Faith; A statement of Christian Belief (PCC) (1984)

Puritan Congregational[edit]

Quaker[edit]

  • The Confession of the Society of Friends 1675

Reformed[edit]

Roman Catholic[edit]

  • The Edict of Michael Cerularius and of the Synod of Constantinople of 1054 (1054)
  • The Dictatus Papae of Pope Gregory VII (1075)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1341)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1347)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1351)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1691)
  • The Synod of Constantinople (1838)
  • The Council of Constance (1414-18)
  • Confutatio Augustana (1530 Catholic Response to Augsburg Confession)
  • Decrees of the Council of Trent (1563)
  • Tridentine Creed - Profession of Faith of Pius IV (1564)
  • Cum Occasione of Pope Innocent X (1653)
  • The Dogma of the Immaculate Conception (1854)
  • The Vatican Council-First Dogmatic Constitution of the Church of Christ (1870)
  • The Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary (1950)
  • Vatican II Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (1964)
  • Credo of the People of God Profession of Faith of Paul VI (1968)
  • Common Declaration of Pope John Paul II and [Armenian] Catholicos Karekin I (1996)
  • Ad Tuendam Fidem of Pope John Paul II 1998

United Church of Canada[edit]

United Church of Christ[edit]

United Methodist[edit]

Creeds of Sects or Small Denominations or Christian Groups[edit]

American Fundamentalist Evangelical[edit]

Amish[edit]

The denomination holds the New Testament as its only creed.

Holy Ghost Fathers[edit]

Huguenots[edit]

Latter Day Saints (Mormons)[edit]

Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)[edit]

Salvation Army[edit]

Uniting Reformed Church in Southern Africa[edit]

Waldensian Evangelical Church[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pelikan, Jaroslav (2003). Credo. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 133. ISBN 0300109741. 
  2. ^ The Council of Nicaea: Purposes and Themes
  3. ^ ELCA Constitution, Chapter 2. http://download.elca.org/ELCA%20Resource%20Repository/Constitutions_of_the_ELCA_April_2015.pdf