List of Christian metal artists

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of Christian metal bands)
Jump to: navigation, search
Stryper on tour in 1987 to support their third album, To Hell with the Devil, which reached platinum status at a time when most Christian bands were going unheard in the secular market.[1]
Underoath, whose 2006 album, Define the Great Line, debuted on the Billboard 200 Chart at No. 2.[2]

This is a list of Christian metal artists, including artists that played Christian metal at some point in their careers.

Christian metal, which is also known as white metal or heavenly metal,[3] is heavy metal music with a Christian message. Christian metal is regarded more of a concept rather than a genre since it has no specific musical characteristics.[4] It emerged in the late 1970s as a means of evangelization to the wider heavy metal music scene and was pioneered by American bands Resurrection Band and Barnabas, Swedish band Jerusalem and Canadian band Daniel Band.[3] Los Angeles' Stryper achieved wide success in the 1980s. In the mid to late 1980s, extreme metal genres were popularized by bands such as Vengeance Rising, Deliverance, Believer and Tourniquet.[5] In the early 1990, the Australian death metal band Mortification rose to prominence within its country's underground metal scene.[6][7] At the turn of the 21st century, P.O.D., with two platinum-selling albums, achieved a mainstream commercial success rivaling that of Stryper.[8] The metalcore groups Underoath, Demon Hunter, As I Lay Dying and Norma Jean (dubbed by the magazine Revolver as "The Holy Alliance") also brought some mainstream attention to the movement in the first decade of the 2000s, achieving ranks in the Billboard 200.[9]

0-9[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[114]
  2. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[125]
  3. ^ Described as a Christian band by Rapzilla.[14]
  4. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[246]
  5. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[251]
  6. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[255]
  7. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[276]
  8. ^ Described as a Christian band by HM.[302]
  9. ^ Described as a Christian band by Cross Rhythms.[312]
  10. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[318]
  11. ^ Described as a Christian band by Christian Today.[320]
  12. ^ Described as a Christian band by Indie Vision Music.[338]
  13. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[342]
  14. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[351]
  15. ^ Described as a Christian band by Metal Sucks.[67]
  16. ^ Described as a Christian band by Cross Rhythms.[381]
  17. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[417]
  18. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[423]
  19. ^ Self-described as a Christian band.[460]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Stryper – To Hell with the Devil". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ Hasty, Katie (June 28, 2006). "Furtado Scores First Chart-Topping Album". Billboard. Retrieved January 12, 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Thompson 2000, pp. 153–4.
  4. ^ Moberg, Marcus (November 3, 2008). Turn or Burn? The Peculiar Case of Christian Metal Music (PDF). Heavy Fundamentalisms: Music, Metal & Politics. Salzburg, Austria: Inter-Disciplinary.Net. 
  5. ^ Moberg 2015, pp. 37–8.
  6. ^ Bombek, Kirk. "Mortification – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  7. ^ Alfonso, Barry (2002). The Billboard Guide to Contemporary Christian Music. Billboard Books. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-82307-718-2. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Moberg 2015, p. 39.
  9. ^ UNDEROATH, AS I LAY DYING, NORMA JEAN, AND DEMON HUNTER at the Wayback Machine (archived June 24, 2010). Revolver.
  10. ^ "Interview with Illuminandi". August 20, 2003. Retrieved October 22, 2016. 
  11. ^ Downey, Ryan. "7 Angels 7 Plagues – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved January 18, 2016. 
  12. ^ Islander (April 25, 2012). "7 Horns 7 Eyes – "Throes of Absolution"". No Clean Singing. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y O'Connor, Dave (July 15, 2013). "Fans of top notch Christian metal are invited to upcoming PA "Alliance Festival" on Aug. 3". LNP Media Group. Retrieved January 22, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Sarachik, Justin (February 11, 2016). "Top 7 Christian Rap Rock Bands Ever". Rapzilla. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Abated Mass of Flesh: The Anatomy of Impurity – Free Download". Untombed. September 9, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Beard, Mason (December 6, 2016). "5 Up and Coming Christian Metal Bands". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved December 7, 2016. 
  17. ^ Bowar, Chad (April 23, 2013). "New Heavy Metal Album Reviews". About.com. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  18. ^ Moberg 2015, pp. 38, 51, 54, 148.
  19. ^ a b Sharp, Tyler (June 22, 2013). "The Great Commission releases new song "Sacrifice", Feat. Joe Musten of Advent, announces new album, Cast the First Stone". Mind Equals Blown. Retrieved November 4, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Aggelos – Interview". Untombed. April 12, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  21. ^ Beard, Mason (November 16, 2016). "The Agony Scene Working on a New EP". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved November 16, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Agraceful upload two new tracks off The Great I Am". Alternative Press. July 18, 2008. Retrieved December 20, 2015. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Moberg 2015, p. 38.
  24. ^ Jaszi, Sabrina. "Alisa – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  25. ^ Rogowski, Jordan (February 2, 2007). "Alove for Enemies – Resistance (2006)". Punknews.org. Retrieved November 28, 2015. 
  26. ^ Rogers, Bradford A. (August 15, 2011). "Altars crashing national scene". The Tri-Lakes Tribune. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  27. ^ Taniwha (Garry Sharpe-Young). "Altera Enigma". MusicMight. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  28. ^ a b c Sol (February 11, 2015). "7 Christian Black Metal bands you need to hear". Metal Injection. p. 1. Retrieved October 8, 2015. 
  29. ^ Ecott, Steven (May 16, 2014). "Antestor – Omen". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  30. ^ Strother 2013, p. 40.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g Hill, Derek. "7 Underappreciated Christian metal bands". Hear It First. Retrieved October 8, 2015. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Chantler, Chris (July 10, 2016). "Has There Ever Been a Good Christian metal band?". Metal Hammer. Retrieved July 26, 2016. 
  33. ^ Powell 2002, p. 48.
  34. ^ Graves, Dan (June 12, 2013). "Ark Of The Covenant: Sonic Explorations" (Interview). Interview with Kenneth Morton. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  35. ^ Morrow, Matt (July 2003). Armageddon Holocaust – Interview at the Wayback Machine (archived April 12, 2008). HM.
  36. ^ a b Lehtonen, Jussi (February 29, 2008). "White Metal". Sue (in Finnish). Retrieved May 29, 2016. 
  37. ^ Fitzgerald, Jonathan D. (April 19, 2009). "As Cities Burn, "Hell or High Water"". Patrol. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  38. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon (April 20, 2010). "As Hell Retreats, 'Revival' – New Album". Noisecreep. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ramirez, Carlos. "Top 10 Christian Metal Bands". Noisecreep. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h Jones, Kim. "Top 8 Christian Metal Bands". About.com. Retrieved January 29, 2016. 
  41. ^ Van Pelt, Doug (December 15, 2011). "AS THEY SLEEP Announce enTOURage with IT LIES WITHIN". HM. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  42. ^ Argyrakis, Andy (November 12, 2010). "Rock Spotlight from CCM Magazine: As They Sleep". Today's Christian Music. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  43. ^ Martin, Ben (April 16, 2009). "The Ascendicate – To Die As Kings". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  44. ^ Frazer, Bear (March 2009). Ascendicate, The at the Wayback Machine (archived April 2, 2012). HM 136.
  45. ^ "Reviews: Albums: At the Throne of Judgement, "The Arcanum Order"". Deadtide. Retrieved August 27, 2016. 
  46. ^ "Alpha & Oranges". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  47. ^ True, Chris. "Attack Attack! – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 
  48. ^ a b Strother 2013, p. 190.
  49. ^ a b c d e Stinchcomb, Ryan. "5 Christian Metal Bands You Should Check Out". Panther News Network. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  50. ^ Deming, Mark. "August Burns Red – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. Popular Christian metalcore group 
  51. ^ a b c d Gonzalez, Jordan (December 5, 2013). "August Burns Red, Blessthefall put security to the test". The Cleveland Stater. Retrieved July 8, 2016. 
  52. ^ E., Daniele (2014). "THE AUTUMN LEAGUE: Concept Of Irony" (in Italian). Retrieved September 30, 2016. 
  53. ^ Tibos, Ivan. "The Autumn League". Concrete Web. Retrieved September 30, 2016. 
  54. ^ a b Thompson 2000, p. 154.
  55. ^ a b Thompson 2000, p. 159.
  56. ^ a b c d e f Weinstein 2000, p. 54.
  57. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Barren Cross – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  58. ^ Odyssey (16 May 2016). "State of the Art: Becoming Saints". Metal Nexus. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  59. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 51.
  60. ^ Colgan, Chris (July 25, 2011). "Becoming the Archetype: Celestial Completion". PopMatters. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  61. ^ Williams, Jeremy (July 20, 2007). "Becoming The Archetype – The Physics Of Fire". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  62. ^ "Before Their Eyes Debut Set For May 15th Release". Just Press Play. April 17, 2007. Retrieved August 27, 2016. 
  63. ^ Shameless, Rob. "Behold the Kingdom – The Eyes of the Wicked Will Fail". HM. No. October/November/December 2011. p. 51. Retrieved July 25, 2015. 
  64. ^ Thompson 2000, p. 173.
  65. ^ Powell 2002, p. 76.
  66. ^ a b c Moberg 2015, p. 37.
  67. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Sergeant D (April 27, 2011). "What is the best Christian metal/hardcore band??? [you're moshing 4 christ]". MetalSucks. Retrieved October 8, 2015. 
  68. ^ Bush, John. "Believer – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  69. ^ GlassPipeMurder (March 20, 2007). "Classic Case – Losing at Life (2007)". Punknews.org. Retrieved December 12, 2015. The other alumnus in Classic Case is Josh Moore, formerly of Beloved, a Christian metalcore band that shared the stage with the likes of Underoath and Norma Jean. Although that's probably enough to make anyone cringe, Classic Case is luckily nowhere near as appalling as either of those bands. 
  70. ^ "Interview with Day of Disaster". February 24, 2004. Retrieved October 11, 2016. 
  71. ^ deathbringer (December 18, 2006). "Blood and Ink Records signs Besieged". Metal Underground. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  72. ^ a b c d e f g h i Beard, Mason (December 1, 2016). "5 Christian Metal Bands You May Have Heard Of (2000's Version)". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  73. ^ Rowe, Jimmy (November 29, 2011). "Valentin Hauser of Betraying the Martyrs: The Heavy Blog Is Heavy Interview". Heavy Blog Is Heavy. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  74. ^ Cummings, Tony (March 16, 2012). "Blessed By A Broken Heart: The mainstream band from Montreal". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  75. ^ Ramirez, Carlos (February 18, 2011). "Blessthefall Lose Founding Member, Announce Replacement". Noisecreep. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  76. ^ Abraham 2015, p. 468.
  77. ^ Loftus, Johnny. "Blindside – About a Burning Fire". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  78. ^ a b c d Lungley, Marc (June 23, 2003). "Rock File: British Christian Nu-Metal". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  79. ^ Britto, Nigel (October 10, 2009). "Holy headbangers". The Times of India. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  80. ^ Topher P. (October 11, 2013). "Blood Of The Martyrs Unleash the "Completionist"; New "Swifty" Music Video Out Now Too". Jesus Wired. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  81. ^ Powell 2002, p. 1064.
  82. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Bloodgood – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  83. ^ Mason, Stewart. "Bloodlined Calligraphy – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  84. ^ Brokaw, Joanne (November 2009). "Heavy metal monk Brother Cesare Bonizzi retires from the stage". Beliefnet. Retrieved August 27, 2016. 
  85. ^ a b c d Thompson 2000, pp. 154–5.
  86. ^ Mabee, Justin (July 16, 2013). "Fighting Flesh: Going to war with Broken Flesh". HM. Retrieved October 11, 2015. 
  87. ^ Bowar, Chad (September 1, 2015). "Broken Flesh Interview". About.com. Retrieved October 11, 2015. 
  88. ^ Freeman, Phil (July 31, 2012). "A Bullet For Pretty Boy Symbiosis". Alternative Press. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  89. ^ BL (July 7, 2009). "Burden of a Day – OneOneThousand". Rockfreaks.net. Retrieved May 6, 2016. 
  90. ^ DiGravina, Tim. "Burden of a Day – OneOneThousand". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved May 5, 2016. 
  91. ^ Lambert, Aaron (October 18, 2013). "The Burial: In the Taking of Flesh". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  92. ^ Downey, Ryan. "Burn It Down – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved February 27, 2016. 
  93. ^ Wuensch, Michael (December 2007). "Cage – Hell Destroyer". Lastrit.es. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  94. ^ Gatto, Chris (April 2008). Cage Interview at the Wayback Machine (archived May 8, 2008). HM.
  95. ^ Strother 2013, p. 119.
  96. ^ BMer (July 21, 2010). "Called to Arms – Peril and the Patient". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  97. ^ Deneau, Max (September 1, 2006). "Call to Preserve: Unsinkable". Exclaim!. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  98. ^ "Callisto's Faith". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. April 25, 2005. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  99. ^ a b c Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 312.
  100. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Chariot – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. Christian metalcore band formed by founding Norma Jean member Josh Scogin. 
  101. ^ a b c d Erickson, Anne (September 7, 2011). "Underoath, Comeback Kid, The Chariot, This Is Hell Prep Fall Tour". Audio Ink Radio. Retrieved January 24, 2016. 
  102. ^ DiBiase, John (June 20, 2006). "Freaked! A Gotee Tribute to dc Talk's "Jesus Freak"". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved November 27, 2015. 
  103. ^ Powell 2002, p. 163.
  104. ^ "CHATTERbOX [reviews]". Fabryka Magazine. June 27, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2015. 
  105. ^ Beard, Mason (October 22, 2016). "Church Tongue (Blood & Ink) Releases Debut Album, Heart Failure". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  106. ^ Powell 2002, p. 175.
  107. ^ a b c d Van Pelt, Doug (July 20, 2010). "a new rock and blog". HM. No. 55. Retrieved July 16, 2015. 
  108. ^ Beard, Mason (January 18, 2017). "Clear Convictions Breaks Up". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  109. ^ a b Bromley, Brianna (November 13, 2013). ""Close Your Eyes" 2013 Tour with "Islander": Dates and Review". BREATHEcast. Retrieved October 1, 2015. 
  110. ^ Katsiaficas, Nathan (July 10, 2014). "Metal Insider gets Warped: Recap/photos from Noblesville IN pt. 1: Parkway Drive, Born of Osiris, Vanna, Attila, and more!". Metal Insider. Retrieved January 11, 2016. I've never really been a huge fan of the whole Christian metal scene, but I'll give The Color Morale credit for not getting all "preachy." 
  111. ^ Rice, Mark (October 4, 2014). "Colossus: Badlands". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  112. ^ Simula, Collin (March 3, 2014). "True to their Name". HM. Retrieved July 28, 2016. 
  113. ^ Monger, James Christopher. "Confide – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  114. ^ Mika, Matthew (January 2, 2014). "Introducing: Conveyer". HM. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  115. ^ "Conveyer". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved October 1, 2015. 
  116. ^ Teitelman, Bram (March 21, 2016). "Gideon, Convictions robbed in separate incidents". Metal Insider. Retrieved April 8, 2016. 
  117. ^ Fryberger, Scott (February 8, 2009). "Corpus Christi: The Darker Shades Of White". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  118. ^ Weaver, Michael (June 7, 2013). "Creations: Unworthy/Humility". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  119. ^ Bergman, Keith. "Cries Hannah – Beloved... I Caught You When You Fell". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved November 21, 2015. 
  120. ^ bloodofheroes (January 5, 2010). "The Crimson Armada – "Guardians" (CD)". Metal Underground. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  121. ^ Guest Writer (January 1, 2005). "Veil of Rememberance". ChristCore. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  122. ^ Powell 2002, p. 206.
  123. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Crimson Thorn – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  124. ^ Keel, Fred (August 3, 2009). "The Crucified: The Complete Collection". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  125. ^ Schwab, Andrew (November 13, 2007). "New Noise: Cry of the Afflicted & More". Crosswalk.com. Retrieved July 18, 2015. 
  126. ^ Frias, Sherwin (September 10, 2009). "Cry of the Afflicted: The Unveiling". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved July 18, 2015. 
  127. ^ Freeman, Phil (August 18, 2014). "Darkness Divided – Written In Blood". Alternative Press. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  128. ^ Strother 2013, p. 41.
  129. ^ Brown, Lee (December 22, 2013). "Day of Vengeance – Crutchless". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  130. ^ a b c Raucous Rocker (December 19, 2011). "Music Review: Various Artists – A Brutal Christmas: The Season in Chaos". Blogcritics. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  131. ^ a b Strother 2013, p. 9.
  132. ^ Powell 2002, p. 252.
  133. ^ Langley, Jonathan (October 5, 2006). "Demise of Eros – Neither Storm Nor Quake Nor Fire". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved July 16, 2015. 
  134. ^ Wilson, MacKenzie. "Demon Hunter – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. Christian metalcore band from Seattle with releases on Solid State Records. 
  135. ^ Pneuma 2014, "Demoniciduth".
  136. ^ Apar, Corey. "Destroy the Runner – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  137. ^ Cummings, Tony (June 1, 1991). "Detritus – Perpetual Defiance". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved February 12, 2016. 
  138. ^ TheMadIsraeli (October 16, 2011). "Deus Invictus: Staged in Awakening". No Clean Singing. Retrieved October 10, 2015. 
  139. ^ Powell 2002, p. 256.
  140. ^ Mason, Stewart. "The Devil Wears Prada – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  141. ^ Taniwha (Garry Sharpe-Young). "Die Happy". MusicMight. Retrieved July 14, 2016. 
  142. ^ a b Powell 2002, p. 257.
  143. ^ Laitinen, Tim (February 1, 2013). "Disciple's Save Us All Doesn't". Crosswalk.com. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  144. ^ Steve (February 18, 2010). "Divide the Sea – Man". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved August 4, 2015. 
  145. ^ Mabee, Justin (May 14, 2007). "Dizmas: Tension". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  146. ^ HaydukeX (September 4, 2016). "Rage and Frustration Roundup – September 1st, 2016". Moshpit Nation. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  147. ^ Mathews, Kevin (August 16, 2003). "East West". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 27, 2016. This nu-metal quartet has little difficulty extracting bone-crunching riffs from the dark underbelly of the soul. 
  148. ^ "Interview: Guy Ritter and Gary Lenaire". Metal Mission Magazine. September 1999. Retrieved July 13, 2016. 
  149. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Beard, Mason (November 21, 2016). "5 Christian Metal Bands You May Not Have Heard Of (80's/90's Version)". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  150. ^ xFiruath (January 17, 2011). "Fire of Unblack Metal Band Elgibbor Talks Christianity in Black Metal". Metal Underground. Retrieved October 15, 2016. 
  151. ^ Giffin 2015, "Embodiment 12:14".
  152. ^ Gilbertson, Jon M. (June 21, 1999). "Rock of Ages". Metro Silicon Valley. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  153. ^ a b c Sarachik, Justin (July 14, 2014). "5 Christian Screamo/Metalcore influential bands: UnderØath, Emery, and more". BREATHEcast. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  154. ^ Jones, Kim. "Emery leaves Tooth & Nail to become Bad Christian Music". About.com. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  155. ^ Pratt, Greg (March 1, 2002). "Eso-Charis: Eso-Charis". Exclaim!. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  156. ^ "Eternal Decision". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  157. ^ a b c d e Beard, Mason (December 17, 2016). "5 Christian Metal/Hardcore Bands That You May Not Have Heard Of". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved December 18, 2016. 
  158. ^ Powell 2002, p. 310.
  159. ^ Huey, Steve. "EDL – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  160. ^ Simula, Colin. "Every Knee Shall Bow – Slayers of Eden". HM. Retrieved September 24, 2015. 
  161. ^ "Interview: Every Knee Shall Bow". Metal Pulse Radio. Retrieved September 24, 2015. 
  162. ^ Bromley, Brianna (November 25, 2013). "Everyone Dies in Utah releases new album in 2013". BREATHEcast. Retrieved October 17, 2015. 
  163. ^ Deming, Mark. "Everything in Slow Motion – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved April 3, 2016. 
  164. ^ Powell 2002, p. 523.
  165. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 206.
  166. ^ Cooley, Bryce (April 11, 2006). "the Conflict". ChristCore. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  167. ^ Mason, Stewart. "Falling Up – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved November 23, 2016. 
  168. ^ Weaver, Michael (April 14, 2013). "Fallstar: Backdraft". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  169. ^ Lester, Paul (9 February 2010). "Family Force 5 (No 722)". The Guardian. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  170. ^ Alisoglu, Scott. "The Famine – The Architects of Guilt". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved October 5, 2016. 
  171. ^ Stafford, James (July 1, 2001). "Fasedown – Fasedown". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved September 24, 2015. 
  172. ^ Bowar, Cha. "Feast Eternal – Prisons Of Flesh". About.com. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  173. ^ Gonzalez, Jordan. "A Feast for Kings Plots their Next Move". HM. Retrieved October 6, 2015. 
  174. ^ Torreano, Bradley. "Fewleftstanding – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved October 14, 2015. 
  175. ^ Sciarretto, Amy (January 20, 2011). "Figure Four reunite for Rain Fest". Noisecreep. Retrieved October 10, 2015. 
  176. ^ Tagat, Anurag (November 1, 2013). "Album Review: Final Surrender – Empty Graves". Rolling Stone India. Retrieved May 21, 2016. 
  177. ^ Heaney, Gregory. "Fit for a King – Creation/Destruction". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  178. ^ "Flawed by Design, Metal From Hickory, North Carolina". Metal Mofos. Retrieved October 7, 2016. 
  179. ^ "Flyleaf Release New Album 'Remember To Live'". Louder Than the Music. December 9, 2010. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  180. ^ a b c d e f g Sciarretto, Amy (February 2000). "A Joyful Noise? Christian Metalcore". CMJ New Music Monthly. No. 78. p. 70. ISSN 1074-6978. 
  181. ^ Giffin 2015, "For All Eternity".
  182. ^ True, Chris. "For Today – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  183. ^ Heilman, Jay (January 31, 2014). "For Today 'Fight The Silence'". Christian Music Review. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  184. ^ Blackie, Andrew (February 3, 2008). "For the Fallen Dreams: Changes". PopMatters. Retrieved January 13, 2016. 
  185. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Foreknown – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved July 22, 2015. 
  186. ^ Gilbertson, Jon M. (July 21, 2014). "New CDs in stores this week". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  187. ^ Saayman, Johan (September 2, 2013). "Metal on their minds, Bible in their hearts". Perdeby. Retrieved May 21, 2016. 
  188. ^ a b c d Sol (February 11, 2015). "7 Christian Black Metal bands you need to hear". Metal Injection. p. 2. Retrieved October 8, 2015. 
  189. ^ Powell 2002, p. 353.
  190. ^ a b Coggeshall, Wade (June 25, 2010). "Christianity and Doom metal: Oil and blood?". NUVO. Retrieved November 1, 2015. 
  191. ^ Smith, Matt. "Gentleman Homicide, The – Understanding the Words We Speak – CD – Blood & Ink Records – 2006". Maelstrom Zine. No. 48. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  192. ^ Reimer, Wayne (November 10, 2014). "Gideon: Calloused". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  193. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 154.
  194. ^ Beard, Mason (October 17, 2016). "Gnashing of Teeth Break-up". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  195. ^ "Amongst Rusted Hearts – Grace Like Winter/From This Day Forward Split CD Review: Rock music cd Review". Stereo Killer. November 26, 2000. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  196. ^ Strother, Eric (August 12, 2013). "Grave Declaration – When Dying Souls Scream Praise". Untombed. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  197. ^ Hyde, Oscar (January 5, 2013). "Grave Forsaken – Fight To The Death". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  198. ^ Sciarretto, Amy (May 3, 2011). "The Great Commission Are 'Creating A New Genre' With 'Heavy Worship'". Noisecreep. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  199. ^ "Gretchen". Christianworldwideweb. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  200. ^ Gibson, Paul (April 16, 2009). "Guardian Reality Show Experiment Has Begun". Christian Rock 20. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  201. ^ Leahey, Andrew. "Gwen Stacy – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  202. ^ Beard, Mason (October 17, 2016). "Rottweiler Records Announce Release Date for Hand of Fire's Let the Killings Begin". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  203. ^ Deming, Mark. "Hands – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  204. ^ Stephen M. (January 28, 2009). "Harmony – Chapter II : Aftermath". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved March 3, 2016. 
  205. ^ Webber, Ian (March 1, 2016). "Harmony – Theatre Of Redemption". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved March 4, 2016. 
  206. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Haste the Day – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  207. ^ "When a Christian musician loses faith". Christianity Today. July 23, 2008. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  208. ^ Rimmer, Mike (May 2, 2014). "Haven – Your Dying Day (Retroarchives Edition)". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  209. ^ DeVaney, Ian (March 5, 2013). "New Lead Singer and New Album for HB". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  210. ^ Henderson, Alex. "He Is Legend – I Am Hollywood". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved January 13, 2016. 
  211. ^ Zorgdrager, Bradley (July 2, 2014). "The Translator: Southern Metalcore". Exclaim!. Retrieved January 14, 2016. 
  212. ^ "Heaven's Force Demos To Be Released". Blabbermouth.net. June 10, 2009. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  213. ^ Inglis, Steven (April 18, 2008). "Here I Come Falling – Oh Grave, Where Is My Victory". The Metal Forge. Retrieved November 15, 2015. 
  214. ^ Utt, Chris (June 30, 2011). "A Hill to Die Upon – Omens". Untombed. Retrieved October 24, 2015. 
  215. ^ Moberg 2015, p. 54.
  216. ^ Powell 2002, p. 420.
  217. ^ Ditto, Josh (January 27, 2012). "Hope For The Dying Interview, Hope For The Dying 2012 Jesusfreakhideout.com Interview" (Interview). Interview with Zac Zinn. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  218. ^ MacNeil, Jason. "Hopesfall – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  219. ^ Moberg 2015, pp. 38, 148.
  220. ^ Strother, Eric (June 30, 2011). "Hortor – Dios de Dioses". Untombed. Retrieved April 1, 2016. 
  221. ^ "For Today w/ Sleeping Giant, Impending Doom, Texas In July & Hundredth Club @ Water Street Nov. 7". Free Time Magazine. Retrieved January 11, 2016. 
  222. ^ Heaney, Gregory. "I, The Breather – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  223. ^ Sedor, Michael (November 11, 2008). "I Am Terrified at Champion Ship on Wednesday". The Patriot-News. Retrieved August 11, 2015. 
  224. ^ Powell 2002, pp. 431, 459.
  225. ^ Heaney, Gregory. "Impending Doom – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  226. ^ Lee, Cosmo (October 16, 2007). "Impending Doom – Nailed. Dead. Risen.". Stylus Magazine. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  227. ^ a b DiNitto, Jay (April 9, 2010). "Christian Metalcore Band Overcome Reunites". Noisecreep. Retrieved November 29, 2015. 
  228. ^ Taniwha (Garry Sharpe-Young). "Inevitable End". MusicMight. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  229. ^ LaRussa, John (January 1, 2007). "Inhale Exhale" (Interview). Interview with Rudy. Retrieved September 24, 2015. 
  230. ^ Thomas, E. (November 19, 2007). "Inked in Blood – Sometimes We Are Beautiful". Teeth of the Divine. Retrieved December 7, 2015. 
  231. ^ Heaney, Gregory. "In the Midst of Lions – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  232. ^ Shaw, Andy (February 26, 2010). "Jacob's Dream – Beneath The Shadows". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  233. ^ Powell 2002, p. 448.
  234. ^ Marihugh, Josh (November 7, 1999). "Volym X: En Tribute Till Jerusalem". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  235. ^ Cummings, Tony (December 30, 2006). "Jesus Wept: Getting To Know The Hardcore Band From Erie, Pennsylvania". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  236. ^ Hale, Mark (1993). Headbangers. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Popular Culture, Ink. ISBN 1-56075-029-4. 
  237. ^ Van Pelt 2010, p. 25.
  238. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Kekal – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  239. ^ Thompson 2000, p. 153.
  240. ^ Sammons, Greg (July 28, 2008). "Kingston Falls – Armada On Mercury". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  241. ^ Harro, Tim (April 6, 2008). "Kingston Falls: Armada On Mercury". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  242. ^ Rockstroh, Joe (August 8, 1999). "Numb". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  243. ^ Gausten, Joel (May 29, 2015). "JEFF SCOTT SOTO Talks Working With JERRY ONLY's Christian Metal Band KRYST THE CONQUEROR - "I Just Wasn't Ready To Put On An Armored Suit And A Codpiece"". Brave Words & Bloody Knuckles. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  244. ^ Breimeier, Russ (June 1, 2008). "To Know That You're Alive". Crosswalk.com. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  245. ^ Powell 2002, p. 510.
  246. ^ Rios, Lazarus (March 15, 2012). "Leaders" (Interview). Interview with Jake Denning. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  247. ^ Lambert, Aaron (September 3, 2013). "Leaders: Indomitable". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  248. ^ Arsenyev, Mike. "Christopher Lee continues on his campaign against heathens". Death Metal Underground. Retrieved October 3, 2015. 
  249. ^ Spencer, Josh (August 27, 2000). "Lengsel". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  250. ^ Argyrakis, Andy (December 6, 2013). "ROCK SPOTLIGHT: The Letter Black". CCM Magazine. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  251. ^ Appleton, James. "Letters To The Exiles interview" (Interview). Interview with Doug Van Pelt. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  252. ^ Steve (April 9, 2010). "Letters To The Exiles interview". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  253. ^ Powell 2002, p. 524.
  254. ^ "Levitcus". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  255. ^ Gaskill, John (April 1, 2007). "Ones to Watch: Life in Your Way" (Interview). Interview with Paul Colman. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  256. ^ JoshIVM (March 26, 2007). "Life In Your Way "Waking Giants"". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  257. ^ Thompson 2000, p. 175.
  258. ^ Heaney, Gregory Heaney. "Love and Death – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  259. ^ Breimeier, Russ (2003). Lucerin Blue: Tales of the Knife (Tooth & Nail) at the Wayback Machine (archived September 7, 2009). Christian Music Today.
  260. ^ Luhr, Eileen (2009). Witnessing Suburbia: Conservatives and Christian Youth Culture. University of California Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-520-25594-4. 
  261. ^ Torreano, Bradley. "Luti-Kriss – 5". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  262. ^ "Mad Max – New Interview Available: "Most Of Our Lyrics Deal With Christian Topics"". Brave Words & Bloody Knuckles. May 31, 2009. Retrieved July 3, 2016. 
  263. ^ a b Strother 2013, p. 50.
  264. ^ Moberg 2015, pp. 138–39.
  265. ^ "Glory review by Cross Rhythms". Cross Rhythms. June 23, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  266. ^ "The Chase review on AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  267. ^ xFiruath (February 15, 2016). "Mantric – "Sin" (CD)". Metal Underground. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  268. ^ Huncherick, Sean. "Maranatha: Spiritless". HM. Retrieved October 3, 2015. 
  269. ^ Hale, Mark (1993). "1787". Headbangers (First edition, second printing ed.). Ann Arbor, Michigan: Popular Culture, Ink. p. 376. ISBN 1-56075-029-4. 
  270. ^ Webber, Ian (March 25, 2014). "Mayfly – Vereor Deus, Non Dogma". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved December 2, 2015. 
  271. ^ Weaver, Michael (February 8, 2014). "Mayfly: Vereor Deus, Non Dogma EP". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved December 2, 2015. 
  272. ^ Keith.Settles (November 1, 2011). "Maylene And The Sons Of Disaster – IV". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  273. ^ "CD Review: Means – Sending You Strength". Metal Injection. March 22, 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2015. 
  274. ^ Jousmäki 2015, pp. 16.
  275. ^ Koch, Jeff (April 25, 2014). "Memphis May Fire: Unconditional". PopMatters. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  276. ^ Bryant, Anthony (July 15, 2013). "Messengers of God". HM. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  277. ^ Cunningham, Christian. "Messengers – Anthems". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  278. ^ Giffin 2015, "Metanoia".
  279. ^ Powell 2002, p. 598.
  280. ^ a b Spencer, Josh (April 8, 2001). "Mindrage/Nailed Promise – Mindrage & Nailed Promise". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  281. ^ Vaake. "MISERATION: Your Demons – Their Angels" (in Italian). Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  282. ^ Vaake. "MISERY CHASTAIN: Awaiting the End (Ep)" (in Italian). Retrieved October 4, 2016. 
  283. ^ Wuensch, Michael (February 2008). "Review of Monotheist – Unforsaken". Lastrit.es. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  284. ^ Powell 2002, p. 610.
  285. ^ a b Gilles (November 15, 2007). "Mortification, Docile Christian Death Metal Night". Metal Rage. Retrieved August 8, 2016. 
  286. ^ Long, Andy (February 6, 2006). "Mortal Treason – Sunrise Over A Sea Of Blood". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  287. ^ Nash, Len (August 29, 2004). "A Call to the Martyrs". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  288. ^ Russell, George (February 1, 1997). "Mortification: A matter of life and death". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  289. ^ Thompson 2000, p. 163.
  290. ^ Powell 2002, p. 611.
  291. ^ Houston, Rob (July 16, 2013). "Two Ears, One Mouth of the South". HM. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  292. ^ Sharp, Tyler (April 16, 2015). "My Heart To Fear (Solid State Records) part ways with guitarist Jay Graham". Alternative Press. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  293. ^ Clark, Rob (February 20, 2015). "My Ransomed Soul's Trilateral Breaks The Mold". Anchor Music News. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  294. ^ Apar, Corey. "MyChildren MyBride – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  295. ^ Mason, Stewart. "Narnia – Enter the Gate". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  296. ^ (Finnish) Necromance at the Wayback Machine (archived September 28, 2007). TCu-zine. Open Publishing. 1999.
  297. ^ Powell 2002, p. 623.
  298. ^ O'Brien, Jon. "Nine Lashes – World We View". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  299. ^ "Former Nodes Of Ranvier Bassist Loses Both Arms, Hopes To Play Music Again". Blabbermouth.net. August 21, 2009. Retrieved October 10, 2015. 
  300. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Norma Jean – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. ...this Norma Jean is a Christian alternative metal/metalcore band previously known as Luti-Kriss. 
  301. ^ Colgan, Chris (August 4, 2010). "Norma Jean: Meridional". PopMatters. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  302. ^ Sabin, Nick. "Nothing Til Blood – Still Standing". HM. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  303. ^ Vaughn, Vic (September 27, 2011). "SH*T THAT COMES OUT TODAY – THE SEPTEMBER 27, 2011 EDITION". MetalSucks. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  304. ^ "The Death Campaign Project". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  305. ^ Bliss, Karen. "Oh, Sleeper, 'The Finisher' — Video Premiere". Noisecreep. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  306. ^ Moberg 2015, p. 647.
  307. ^ "ONCE DEAD Signs With OPEN GRAVE RECORDS". Blabbermouth.net. April 9, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2016. 
  308. ^ twagnon (February 18, 2008). "Once Nothing – First Came the Law". DOA. Retrieved October 11, 2015. 
  309. ^ a b Thompson 2000, p. 156.
  310. ^ Sciarretto, Amy. "Onward to Olympas Marches Onto Facedown Roster". Noisecreep. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  311. ^ Sharp, Tyler (May 21, 2015). "The Ongoing Concept (Solid State Records) bring passion back to metalcore with "Unwanted"". Alternative Press. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  312. ^ Hyde, Oscar (February 24, 2013). "Overcome – No Reserves No Retreats No Regrets". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  313. ^ Shameless, Rob (February 2012). "Overcome: No Reserves. No Retreats. No Regrets.". HM. p. 36. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  314. ^ Dodderidge, Tim. "Interview: The Overseer". Mind Equal Blown. Retrieved July 9, 2015. 
  315. ^ Simula, Colin. "Pantokrator - Incarnate". HM. Retrieved September 29, 2015. 
  316. ^ a b c Strother 2013, p. 42.
  317. ^ Rimmer, Mike (May 1, 2001). "Paradox – Through Pain There Is Joy". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  318. ^ Lilly, Grant (August 8, 2011). "A Past Unknown: Heavy Inspiration To Those Perishing" (Interview). Interview with Ken. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  319. ^ JoshIVM (May 22, 2015). "Nick Powell (ex A Past Unknown) To Release New EP". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  320. ^ Ong, Czarina (January 23, 2015). "Are Christian record labels a bad idea? PAX217 singer David Tosti thinks so". Christian Today. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  321. ^ "PAX217 / Engage". Today's Christian Music. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  322. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Petra – Jekyll & Hyde". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  323. ^ Brody B (July 6, 2013). "Phinehas – The Last Word is Yours to Speak". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  324. ^ Wilson, MacKenzie. "Pillar – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  325. ^ Thomson, Jamie (April 22, 2011). "Avant-Garde Epiphanies In Tilburg: Roadburn 2011 Reviewed". The Quietus. Retrieved October 16, 2015. 
  326. ^ True, Chris. "A Plea for Purging – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  327. ^ Tognazzini, Anthony. "P.O.D. / Payable on Death – Live". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  328. ^ Sarachik, Justin (December 8, 2011). "P.O.D. Creates Opportunity For Fans to Get Involved". The Christian Post. Retrieved June 7, 2015. 
  329. ^ Welsh, Connor (April 5, 2016). "REVIEW: Poured Out – Blind Heart (EP/2016)". New-Transcendence. Retrieved April 9, 2016. 
  330. ^ Fryberger, Scott; Reimer, Wayne (April 6, 2016). "Poured Out: Blind Heart EP". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved April 6, 2016. 
  331. ^ Rockwell, Andrew. "Promise Land – Harmony in Ruins". Retrieved October 21, 2016. 
  332. ^ Beard, Mason (November 7, 2016). "Random Hero Announces New Tour Dates". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  333. ^ Powell 2002, p. 748.
  334. ^ Keel, Fred (May 28, 2009). "Red: Innocence & Instinct: Deluxe Edition". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  335. ^ St John, Christian (June 24, 2014). "Red, Demon Hunter, and Veridia Tour 2014 (Updated)". Christian Review. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  336. ^ Zucchi, Ivan. "REINXEED: Higher" (in Italian). Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  337. ^ deathbringer (April 14, 2007). "Remembrance Signs To Sancrosanct Records". Metal Underground. Retrieved July 14, 2016. 
  338. ^ JoshIVM (March 25, 2007). "Remove The Veil EP". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved September 6, 2015. 
  339. ^ JoshIVM (January 12, 2008). "Remove The Veil "Another Way Home"". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved September 6, 2015. 
  340. ^ xFiruath (December 27, 2010). "Unearthing The Metal Underground: The Unblack Metal Scene". Metal Underground. Retrieved April 17, 2016. 
  341. ^ Williams, Dave (October 1, 1992). "Rez – Twenty Years". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  342. ^ Sherlock, Jayson (2013). "Horde" (Interview). Interview with Daniele Fuligno and Francesco Romeggini. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  343. ^ Roemers, Wouter. "Revulsed – Infernal Atrocity". Tometal. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  344. ^ Monger, James Christopher. "Righteous Vendetta – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved January 14, 2017. 
  345. ^ Clark, Rob (February 5, 2016). "Rival Choir Made A Game Changing Album". Anchor Music News. Retrieved March 5, 2016. 
  346. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Rob Rock – Garden of Chaos". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  347. ^ Powell 2002, p. 554, 777.
  348. ^ Noone, Kevin (September 1, 1990). "Sacrament – Testimony Of Apocalypse". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  349. ^ Powell 2002, p. 786.
  350. ^ Thompson 2000, p. 161–2.
  351. ^ Prinsen, Eli; Phillips, Michael (March 12, 2012). "Interview With The Sacrificed" (Interview). Interview with Dale Huffman. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  352. ^ Swank, Jonathan (November–December 2010). "The Sacrificed: 2012". HM. p. 46. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  353. ^ Rodriguez, Carlos (April 2006). "Sacrificium". 
  354. ^ Thompson 2000, p. 155.
  355. ^ Ekeroth, Daniel (2008). Swedish Death Metal. Bazillion Points Books. p. 397. 
  356. ^ Houston, Rob (January 6, 2014). "Saving Grace". HM. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  357. ^ Van Pelt 2010, p. 7.
  358. ^ Jim (July 1, 2003). "Scarlet – Something to Lust About (2003)". Punknews.org. Retrieved November 6, 2015. 
  359. ^ Giffin 2015, "Scourged Flesh".
  360. ^ Powell 2002, p. 689.
  361. ^ Beard, Mason (October 17, 2016). "See the Rise Call It A Day... Again". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  362. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 230.
  363. ^ Cummings, Tony (May 1, 1990). "Seventh Angel: We report on the thrash metal band from the Midlands". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  364. ^ Van Pelt, Doug (2009). "Exclusive Interview: Seventh Angel". HM. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  365. ^ Cummings, Tony (August 1, 1993). "Seventh Avenue – First Strike". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  366. ^ "Seventh Day Slumber – Picking Up the Pieces". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  367. ^ Mason, Stewart. "Seventh Star – The Undisputed Truth". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved July 14, 2015. 
  368. ^ "Safety In The Sea by Sever Your Ties". New Release Tuesday. July 8, 2008. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  369. ^ Pneuma 2014.
  370. ^ a b Evil Dr. Smith. "Tourniquet". Lords of Metal. Retrieved August 26, 2016. 
  371. ^ Powell 2002, p. 821.
  372. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Showbread – The Fear of God". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  373. ^ Taniwha (Garry Sharpe-Young). "The Showdown". MusicMight. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  374. ^ JonathanBarkan (June 4, 2010). "The Showdown Releasing 'Blood in the Gears' August 24th". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  375. ^ Lombardini, Emanuele (April 30, 2015). "Signum Regis, the Christian metal that comes from the East" (in Italian). Euromusica. Retrieved October 4, 2016. 
  376. ^ Fryberger, Scott; Weaver, Michael; Minson, Dylan (November 2014). "Silent Planet: The Night God Slept". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  377. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 267.
  378. ^ YngwieViking (March 24, 2014). "Sinbreed – Shadows". Metal Kingdom. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  379. ^ Jolicouer, Todd. "Interview – Since October". The Rock Pit. Retrieved October 18, 2016. 
  380. ^ "SINDIZZY Album Featuring STRYPER Members To Be Re-Released". Blabbermouth.net. November 18, 2008. Retrieved November 19, 2015. 
  381. ^ Anderson, Matt (October 1, 1994). "Six Feet Deep – Struggle". Cross Rhythms. Cross Rhythms. Retrieved July 15, 2015. 
  382. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Six Feet Deep – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved July 15, 2015. 
  383. ^ Shaw, Andy (May 19, 2016). "Skald in Veum – 1260 Days". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved May 21, 2016. 
  384. ^ Kupiszewski, Ben (September 11, 2009). "Skillet's back and pissed off". Move. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  385. ^ Jim (October 24, 2003). "Sleeping by the Riverside – A Breath Between Battles (2003)". Punknews.org. Retrieved April 16, 2016. 
  386. ^ "Sleeping Giant set to release Finished People". The Front Row Report. June 17, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  387. ^ Gotro, Seth (November 11, 2006). "Society's Finest – And I, the Drunkard". Verbicide Magazine. Retrieved July 20, 2015. 
  388. ^ Brown, Lee (January 19, 2014). "Solamors – Depravity's Demise". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  389. ^ Collins, Jey (May 31, 2015). "Interview with Solus Deus" (Interview). Interview with Robex Lundgren. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  390. ^ CROMCarl (December 29, 2011). "Sovereign Strength posts new music video for "More To Life"". Metal Underground. Retrieved October 19, 2015. 
  391. ^ a b Lutes, Chris (May–June 1999). "Rescue Me from This Zombie!". Christianity Today. Retrieved October 4, 2016. 
  392. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 287.
  393. ^ "Volbeat, Danko Jones and Spoken play memorable show to sold out Fort Wayne". The Front Row Report. April 22, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  394. ^ Jason (March 26, 2007). "Stars Are Falling – The Consequence of Revenge : Review". Scene Point Blank. Retrieved October 18, 2016. 
  395. ^ Bush, John. "Stavesacre – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved November 30, 2015. 
  396. ^ Pratt, Greg (June 1, 2002). "Still Breathing: September". Exclaim!. Retrieved October 10, 2015. 
  397. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 290.
  398. ^ Zorgdrager, Bradley (August 9, 2013). "Strengthen What Remains: Turning a Blind Eye". Exclaim!. Retrieved July 20, 2015. 
  399. ^ Abraham 2015, p. 467.
  400. ^ Strother 2013, p. 138.
  401. ^ Moberg 2015, p. 35.
  402. ^ Thompson 2000, pp. 153, 161.
  403. ^ Ganney, Paul S (May 25, 2013). "Stryper – Second Coming". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  404. ^ Prato, Greg. "Stryper – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  405. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 301.
  406. ^ Beard, Mason (February 19, 2017). "Taking the Head of Goliath – Beyond Brutal Live". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved February 20, 2017. 
  407. ^ a b "Seth Werkheisers Top 10 of 2014". Metal Insider. December 15, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2015. 
  408. ^ Van Pelt, Doug (December 15, 2011). "News Collection Week of 3-20". HM. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  409. ^ Strother 2013, p. 209.
  410. ^ Durant, Nick (September 22, 2014). "Album Review- Texas In July: Bloodwork". WSOU. Retrieved October 4, 2015. 
  411. ^ Heaney, Gregory. "Theocracy – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  412. ^ Martin, Ben (September 20, 2009). "Theocracy – Mirror Of Souls". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  413. ^ Mabee, Justin (June 13, 2008). "Thieves & Liars: When Dreams Become Reality". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  414. ^ Thomas, E (February 5, 2013). "Those Who Fear – Unholy Anger". Teeth of the Divine. Retrieved September 13, 2015. 
  415. ^ Johnson, Jared. "Thousand Foot Krutch – Phenomenon". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  416. ^ Brandon, Jim (March 2008). "Review of A Thousand Times Repent – Virtue Has Few Friends". Lastrit.es. Retrieved December 18, 2015. 
  417. ^ ken (September 1, 2009). The World of Through Solace at the Wayback Machine (archived September 23, 2010). HighWire Daze.
  418. ^ Hoskins, Kevin (May 5, 2009). "Through Solace: The World On Standby". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  419. ^ Freeman, Phil (May 17, 2010). "To Speak of Wolves – Myself < Letting Go". Alternative Press. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  420. ^ "Ted Kirkpatrick of Tourniquet". Modern Drummer. May 12, 2004. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  421. ^ Huey, Steve. "Tourniquet – Microscopic View Of Telescopic Realm". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  422. ^ Strother 2013, p. 43.
  423. ^ MacAllister, Levi. "Trenches Interview". HM. No. 134. Retrieved June 27, 2015. 
  424. ^ JoshIVM (September 19, 2008). "Trenches – The Tide Will Swallow Us Whole". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved September 30, 2015. 
  425. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Trouble – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  426. ^ Thompson 2000, pp. 155–6.
  427. ^ Keel, Fred (January 3, 2009). "Twelve Gauge Valentine: Shock Value". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved September 29, 2015. 
  428. ^ Sacks, Ethan (June 20, 2005). "They're Refusing to Give Up". Lakeland Ledger. Columbia News Service. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  429. ^ Van Pelt 2010, p. 8.
  430. ^ Powell 2002, p. 976.
  431. ^ Boland, Casey (June 22, 2010). "Act Of Depression". Alternative Press. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  432. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 339.
  433. ^ Downey, Ryan. "Underøath – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  434. ^ "V8". Rock.com.ar. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  435. ^ Thompson 2000, p. 162.
  436. ^ Moberg 2015, pp. 37, 63.
  437. ^ Weinstein 2000, pp. 54, 269.
  438. ^ Jousmäki 2015, pp. 16, 20.
  439. ^ Powell 2002, p. 994.
  440. ^ Turner, Logan (October 11, 2015). "Vials of Wrath – Days without Names". HM. Retrieved October 14, 2015. 
  441. ^ Begrand, Adrien; Blackie, Andrew (December 16, 2007). "The Best Metal Albums of 2007". PopMatters. Retrieved June 7, 2015. A Christian doom metal outfit from Australia, Virgin Black's sprawling symphonies are, as expected, hugely depressing and shamelessly tear-jerking,... 
  442. ^ Giffin 2015, "Vomitorial Corpulence".
  443. ^ Strother 2013, p. 208.
  444. ^ Monger, James Christopher. "War of Ages – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  445. ^ Collar, Matt. "We as Human – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  446. ^ Harris, Chris (March 3, 2010). "We Came as Romans Tour Dates With Asking Alexandria". Noisecreep. Retrieved January 20, 2016. 
  447. ^ Leonard, Matthew (January 2012). "We the Gathered: Believer". HM. p. 36. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  448. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Brian Welch – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 7, 2015. Guitarist had a religious epiphany in the mid-'00s, quit Korn, but retained his nu-metal center in solo work. 
  449. ^ Delanty, Sean (September 14, 2014). "The Memphis Metalcore Music Scene Has a New Hero" (Press release). PRWeb. Retrieved February 15, 2016. 
  450. ^ Powell 2002, p. 1031.
  451. ^ Torreano, Bradley. "Whitecross – Mega 3 Collection". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  452. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 346.
  453. ^ Monger, James Christopher. "With Blood Comes Cleansing – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  454. ^ Alisoglu, Scott. "Woe of Tyrants – Kingdom of Might". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved January 11, 2016. 
  455. ^ Monger, Timothy. "Wolves at the Gate – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  456. ^ St John, Christian (July 8, 2015). Music Review: "The Chosen Few" by Worldview at the Wayback Machine (archived 12 July 2015). Christian Review Magazine.
  457. ^ Sano, David (August 5, 2014). "Wovenwar – Wovenwar". Music.MXDWN. Retrieved August 12, 2015. 
  458. ^ Harris, Chris (February 4, 2010). "Wrench in the Works' New Album 'Inspired by Parts of the Gospel'". Noisecreep. Retrieved October 4, 2015. 
  459. ^ Martin, Ben (January 11, 2009). "X-Sinner – World Covered In Blood". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  460. ^ Bermuda, J.R. (January 1, 2005). "XDEATHSTARX" (Interview). Interview with Rudy. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  461. ^ Crawford, Graeme (April 22, 2008). "xDeathstarx – We Are The Threat". Cross Rhythms. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  462. ^ Powell 2002, p. 1061.
  463. ^ Gangl, Bert (August 26, 2015). "XXI: Inside Out". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  464. ^ Triplesget (June 4, 2013). "Your Chance to Die Releases "The American Dream" Today On Red Cord Records". New-Transcendence. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  465. ^ Weaver, Michael (July 13, 2012). "Your Memorial: Redirect". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  466. ^ Dodderidge, Tim. "Your Memorial: Redirect". Mind Equal Blown. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  467. ^ Sharpe-Young 2005, p. 351.

Bibliography[edit]