Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria
The Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria is the Patriarchal and only Metropolitan see of the head of the Eastern sui iuris Coptic Catholic Church, a particular Church in the Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See, which follows the Alexandrian Rite in its own Coptic language. He is thus the superior of all Coptic dioceses, mostly in and around Egypt (where all its sees are), Copt(ic) being corruptions of the Greek word for Egypt(ian).
It had three false starts, each failing to prove enduring.
- In 1741 a precursor Catholic Apostolic vicariate was established for Alexandria for Coptic Christians wanting to unite with the Holy See.
- On 1824.08.15 a Patriarchal See of Alexandria / Alexandrin(us) Coptorum (Latin) is established on Egyptian territory, split off from the Apostolic Vicariate of Syria, Egypt, Arabia and Cyprus.
- On 1895.11.26 it is restored as Patriarchal See of Alexandria / Alexandrin(us) Coptorum (Latin), again on Egyptian territory, split off from the Apostolic Vicariate of Egypt.
In 1947 it is restored for good as Patriarchal See of Alexandria / Alexandrin(us) Coptorum (Latin).
It lost territories in Egypt repeatedly to establish suffragan sees of Alexandria as Metropolitan :
- on 1982.12.17 the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Ismayliah
- on 2003.03.21 the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Guizeh.
It enjoyed a Papal visit from Pope John Paul II in February 2000.
The patriarchal see as such ranks third among all Catholic (arch)bishoprics of the world (only after the Pope's Holy See and the Catholic Patriarch of Constantinople), by the virtue of Canon Law (CCEO 58, 59.2).
Nevertheless, the incumbent Patriarch is likely to be outranked by many or even most Cardinals, whose higher rank as Princes of the Church is normally not (formally) linked to a see.
His proper (arch)eparchy is the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Alexandria, which has no other Ordinary then the Patriarch. However, he may appoint an Auxiliary bishop for the eparchy, distinct from Auxliaries for the Patriarchate, as was the case with :
- Youhanna Kabès (1958.06.07 – death 1985.06.28), Titular Bishop of Cleopatris (1958.06.07 – 1985.06.28).
As per 2914, it served 35,865 Catholics in 31 parishes with 73 priests (41 diocesan, 32 religious), 209 lay religious (65 brothers, 144 sisters) and 5 seminarians.
List of the Coptic Catholic Patriarchs of Alexandria and precursor Apostolic Vicars
BIOs to ELABORATE
Coptic Catholic Apostolic Vicars
- Athanasios (1741–1744?)
- Giusto Marsghi (1744?–1748)
- Jacques de Kremsier (1748–1751)
- Paolo d'Angnone (1751–1757)
- Giuseppe de Sassello (1757–1761)
- Roche Abou Kodsi Sabak de Ghirgha (1761–1778); (1781); (1783–1785)
- Gervais d'Ormeal (1778–1781)
- Jean Farargi (1781–1783)
- Bishai Nosser (1785–1787)
- Michelangelo Pacelli de Tricario (1787–1788)
- Mathieu Righet (1788–1822)
- Maximos Jouwed (1822–1831) (also carried the title of Patriarch starting 1824)
- Théodore Abu Karim (1832–1855)
- Athanasios Kyriakos Khouzam (1855–1864)
- Agapios Bishai (1866–1876)
- Kyrillos Makarios (1895–1899) (apostolic administrator and Patriarchal vicar, Patriarch starting 1899)
Coptic Catholic Patriarchs of Alexandria
Patriarchate established in 1824 (by Pope Leo XII)
- Maximos Jouwed (1824–1831) (also known as Maximos Givaid) Titular Patriarch
- Kyrillos Makarios (1899–1908) (resigned)
- Markos II Khouzam (1947–1958) (died)
- Stéphanos I Sidarouss (1958–1986) (retired)
- Stéphanos II Ghattas (1986–2006) (retired)
- Antonios I Naguib (2006–2013) (retired)
- Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak (2013–present)
- List of Catholic dioceses in Egypt
- List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria
- Coptic Catholic Church
- Coptic Christianity
- Patriarch of Alexandria
- Latin Patriarch of Alexandria
- Eastern Catholic Churches
- Patriarchs of the east