List of Corvus species

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The following is a list of all currently recognized species within the genus Corvus (the crows and ravens).

Living species[edit]

  • Corvus albus - pied crow (Central African coasts to southern Africa)
  • Corvus albicollis - white-necked raven or Cape raven (Southern, central and eastern Africa)
  • Corvus bennetti - little crow (Australia)
  • Corvus brachyrhynchos - American crow (United States, southern Canada, northern Mexico)
  • Corvus capensis - Cape crow or Cape rook (Eastern and southern Africa)
  • Corvus caurinus - northwestern crow (Olympic peninsula to southwest Alaska)
  • Corvus cornix - hooded crow (Northern and Eastern Europe and Northern Africa)
  • Corvus corone - carrion crow (Europe and eastern Asia)
  • Corvus corax - common raven or northern raven (The Holarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere)
  • Corvus coronoides - Australian raven (Eastern and southern Australia)
  • Corvus crassirostris - thick-billed raven (Ethiopia)
  • Corvus cryptoleucus - Chihuahuan raven (Southwestern U.S., northwestern Mexico)
  • Corvus dauuricus - Daurian jackdaw (Eastern Europe to eastern Japan, occasionally Scandinavia)
  • Corvus edithae - Somali crow (northern Africa)
  • Corvus enca - slender-billed crow (Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia)
  • Corvus florensis - Flores crow (Flores Island)
  • Corvus frugilegus - rook (Europe, Asia, New Zealand)
  • Corvus fuscicapillus - brown-headed crow (New Guinea)
  • Corvus hawaiiensis (formerly C. tropicus) - Hawaiian crow (Hawaii)
  • Corvus imparatus - Tamaulipas crow (Gulf of Mexico coast)
  • Corvus insularis - Bismarck crow (Bismark Archipelago, Papua New Guinea)
  • Corvus jamaicensis - Jamaican crow (Jamaica)
  • Corvus kubaryi - Mariana crow or aga (Guam, Rota)
  • Corvus leucognaphalus - white-necked crow (Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico)
  • Corvus macrorhynchos - jungle crow (Eastern Asia, Himalayas, Philippines)
  • Corvus meeki - Bougainville crow or Solomon Islands crow (Northern Solomon Islands)[1]
  • Corvus mellori - little raven (Southeastern Australia)
  • Corvus monedula - jackdaw or western jackdaw (British Isles and western Europe, Scandinavia, northern Asia, Northern Africa)
  • Corvus moneduloides - New Caledonian crow (New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands)
  • Corvus nasicus - Cuban crow (Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, Grand Caicos Island)
  • Corvus orru - Torresian crow or Australian crow (Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands)
  • Corvus ossifragus - fish crow (Southeastern U.S. coast)
  • Corvus palmarum - palm crow (Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic)
  • Corvus rhipidurus - fan-tailed raven (Northeast Africa, Middle East)
  • Corvus ruficollis - brown-necked raven (North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Afghanistan, Pakistan)
    • Corvus ruficolis edithae - Somali crow or dwarf raven (Northeast Africa)
  • Corvus sinaloae - Sinaloan crow (Pacific coast from Sonora to Colima
  • Corvus splendens - house crow or Indian house crow (Indian subcontinent, Middle East, east Africa)
  • Corvus tasmanicus - forest raven or Tasmanian raven (Tasmania and adjacent south coast of Australia)
  • Corvus torquatus - collared crow (Eastern China, south into Vietnam)
  • Corvus tristis - grey crow or Bare-faced crow (New Guinea and neighboring islands)
  • Corvus typicus - piping crow or Celebes pied crow (Sulawesi, Muna, Butung)
  • Corvus unicolor - Banggai crow (Banggai Island)
  • Corvus validus - long-billed crow (Northern Moluccas)
  • Corvus violaceus - violet crow (Seram) - recent split from slender-billed crow
  • Corvus woodfordi - white-billed crow or Solomon Islands crow (Southern Solomon Islands)

[1][2]

Prehistoric and fossil forms[edit]

  • Corvus galushai (fossil: Big Sandy Late Miocene of Wickieup, USA)
  • Corvus larteti (fossil: Late Miocene of France, or C Europe?)
  • Corvus praecorax (fossil: Early Pliocene of Perpignan, France; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus simionescui (fossil: Early Pliocene of Maluşteni-Bereşti, Romania; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus hungaricus (fossil: Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene of S Europe; tentatively placed here)
  • Corvus moravicus (fossil: Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene of C-E Europe; possibly subspecies of C. monedula)
  • Corvus pliocaenus (fossil: Late Pliocene –? Early/Middle Pleistocene of Europe; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus antecorax (fossil: Late Pliocene – Late Pleistocene of Europe; may be C. janossyi, possibly subspecies of C. corax)
  • Corvus betfianus (fossil: Early Pleistocene of Betfi, Romania; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus fossilis (fossil: Late Pleistocene Seveckenberg, Germany; probably subspecies of C. corax)
  • Corvus neomexicanus (fossil: Late Pleistocene of Dry Cave, USA)
  • New Zealand raven, C. antipodum (prehistoric: New Zealand)
  • High-billed crow, C. impluviatus (prehistoric: Hawaii)
  • Chatham raven, C. moriorum (prehistoric: Chatham Islands, SW Pacific)
  • Puerto Rican crow C. pumilis (prehistoric: Puerto Rico; possibly a subspecies of C. nasicus/palmarum)
  • Robust crow, C. viriosus (prehistoric: Hawaii)
  • New Ireland crow, Corvus sp. (prehistoric: New Ireland, Melanesia)

The taxonomy of the C. antecorax / C. fossilis complex as well as the C. pliocaenus / C. betfianus / C. praecorax / C. simionescui, in particular the temporal succession and relationship to the living relatives is not fully resolved. At least some of these "species" seem to have been direct ancestors of the living forms as listed above.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Note: Both the Bougainville Crow and the White-billed Crow share the same alternate name "Solomon Islands Crow". They both live on the Solomon Islands; the Bougainville Crow in the north, and the White-billed Crow in the south.
  2. ^ John M. Marzluff; Tony Angell (2005). In the Company of Crows and Ravens. Yale University Press. pp. 72–79. ISBN 0-300-10076-0.