List of Corvus species

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The following is a list of all currently recognized species within the genus Corvus (the crows and ravens).

Living species[edit]

Listed alphabetically.[1][2]

  • Corvus albuspied crow (Central African coasts to southern Africa)
  • Corvus albicolliswhite-necked raven or Cape raven (Southern, central and eastern Africa)
  • Corvus bennettilittle crow (Australia)
  • Corvus brachyrhynchosAmerican crow (United States, southern Canada, northern Mexico)
  • Corvus capensisCape crow or Cape rook (Eastern and southern Africa)
  • Corvus caurinusnorthwestern crow (Olympic peninsula to southwest Alaska)
  • Corvus cornixhooded crow (Northern and Eastern Europe and Northern Africa)
  • Corvus coronecarrion crow (Europe and eastern Asia)
  • Corvus coraxcommon raven or northern raven (The Holarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere)
  • Corvus coronoidesAustralian raven (Eastern and southern Australia)
  • Corvus crassirostristhick-billed raven (Ethiopia)
  • Corvus cryptoleucusChihuahuan raven (Southwestern U.S., northwestern Mexico)
  • Corvus dauuricusDaurian jackdaw (Eastern Europe to eastern Japan, occasionally Scandinavia)
  • Corvus edithaeSomali crow (eastern Africa)
  • Corvus encaslender-billed crow (Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia)
  • Corvus florensisFlores crow (Flores Island)
  • Corvus frugilegusrook (Europe, Asia, New Zealand)
  • Corvus fuscicapillusbrown-headed crow (New Guinea)
  • Corvus hawaiiensis (formerly C. tropicus) – Hawaiian crow (Hawaii)
  • Corvus imparatusTamaulipas crow (Gulf of Mexico coast)
  • Corvus insularisBismarck crow (Bismark Archipelago, Papua New Guinea)
  • Corvus jamaicensisJamaican crow (Jamaica)
  • Corvus kubaryiMariana crow or aga (Guam, Rota)
  • Corvus leucognaphaluswhite-necked crow (Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico)
  • Corvus macrorhynchosjungle crow (Eastern Asia, Himalayas, Philippines)
  • Corvus meekiBougainville crow or Solomon Islands crow (Northern Solomon Islands)[1]
  • Corvus mellorilittle raven (Southeastern Australia)
  • Corvus monedulajackdaw or western jackdaw (British Isles and western Europe, Scandinavia, northern Asia, Northern Africa)
  • Corvus moneduloidesNew Caledonian crow (New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands)
  • Corvus nasicusCuban crow (Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, Grand Caicos Island)
  • Corvus orruTorresian crow or Australian crow (Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands)
  • Corvus ossifragusfish crow (Southeastern U.S. coast)
  • Corvus palmarumpalm crow (Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic)
  • Corvus rhipidurusfan-tailed raven (Northeast Africa, Middle East)
  • Corvus ruficollisbrown-necked raven (North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Afghanistan, Pakistan)
    • Corvus ruficolis edithaeSomali crow or dwarf raven (Northeast Africa)
  • Corvus sinaloae –– Sinaloan crow (Pacific coast from Sonora to Colima
  • Corvus splendenshouse crow or Indian house crow (Indian subcontinent, Middle East, east Africa)
  • Corvus tasmanicusforest raven or Tasmanian raven (Tasmania and adjacent south coast of Australia)
  • Corvus torquatuscollared crow (Eastern China, south into Vietnam)
  • Corvus tristisgrey crow or Bare-faced crow (New Guinea and neighboring islands)
  • Corvus typicuspiping crow or Celebes pied crow (Sulawesi, Muna, Butung)
  • Corvus unicolorBanggai crow (Banggai Island)
  • Corvus validuslong-billed crow (Northern Moluccas)
  • Corvus violaceusviolet crow (Seram)
  • Corvus woodfordiwhite-billed crow or Solomon Islands crow (Southern Solomon Islands)

Prehistoric and fossil forms[edit]

  • Corvus galushai – (fossil: Big Sandy Late Miocene of Wickieup, USA)
  • Corvus larteti – (fossil: Late Miocene of France, or C Europe?)
  • Corvus praecorax – (fossil: Early Pliocene of Perpignan, France; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus simionescui – (fossil: Early Pliocene of Maluşteni-Bereşti, Romania; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus hungaricus – (fossil: Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene of S Europe; tentatively placed here)
  • Corvus moravicus – (fossil: Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene of C-E Europe; possibly subspecies of C. monedula)
  • Corvus pliocaenus – (fossil: Late Pliocene –? Early/Middle Pleistocene of Europe; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus antecorax – (fossil: Late Pliocene – Late Pleistocene of Europe; may be C. janossyi, possibly subspecies of C. corax)
  • Corvus betfianus – (fossil: Early Pleistocene of Betfi, Romania; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus fossilis – (fossil: Late Pleistocene Seveckenberg, Germany; probably subspecies of C. corax)
  • Corvus neomexicanus – (fossil: Late Pleistocene of Dry Cave, USA)
  • C. antipodumNew Zealand raven (prehistoric: New Zealand)
  • C. impluviatusHigh-billed crow (prehistoric: Hawaii)
  • C. moriorumChatham raven (prehistoric: Chatham Islands, SW Pacific)
  • C. pumilisPuerto Rican crow (prehistoric: Puerto Rico; possibly a subspecies of C. nasicus/palmarum)
  • C. viriosusRobust crow (prehistoric: Hawaii)
  • Corvus sp. – New Ireland crow (prehistoric: New Ireland, Melanesia)

The taxonomy of the C. antecorax / C. fossilis complex as well as the C. pliocaenus / C. betfianus / C. praecorax / C. simionescui, in particular the temporal succession and relationship to the living relatives is not fully resolved. At least some of these "species" seem to have been direct ancestors of the living forms as listed above.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Note: Both the Bougainville Crow and the White-billed Crow share the same alternate name "Solomon Islands Crow". They both live on the Solomon Islands; the Bougainville Crow in the north, and the White-billed Crow in the south.
  2. ^ John M. Marzluff; Tony Angell (2005). In the Company of Crows and Ravens. Yale University Press. pp. 72–79. ISBN 0-300-10076-0.