List of cryptids

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The following is a list of cryptids, animals and plants studied under the field of cryptozoology, a pseudoscience. Their presumptive existence has often been derived from anecdotal or other evidence considered insufficient by mainstream science.

The status of cryptids on this list falls into six categories:

  • Unconfirmed – cryptids whose existence is alleged but not demonstrated.
  • Disputed – cryptids that have a body of evidence against their existence.
  • Proposed [animal name] – cryptids with an alternative explanation accepted by the general scientific community.
  • Extinct – animals that are generally believed to be extinct, but which cryptozoologists believe may have an extant relict population.
  • Confirmed [animal name or cause] – animals once classified as cryptids but whose existence has now been confirmed.
  • Hoax – cryptids once thought to be real but later conclusively proven to be hoaxes.


Name Other names Status Description Location Pictures
Adjule Kelb-el-khela Proposed rare isolated population of African Wild Dog, due to coincidental range Unrecognized canine form reported from the western part of the Sahara by local people, and live in packs North Africa
Agogwe Agogure, agogwe, kakundakari, kikomba, sehite Unconfirmed Small human-shaped bipedal East Africa
Ahool Unconfirmed; possibly a brown wood owl or a large species of bat Flying animal, giant bat Indonesia
Akkorokamui Unconfirmed; possibly a giant squid or octopus Cephalopod Japan and Thailand
Almas Abnauayu, almasty, albasty, bekk-bok,
biabin-guli, golub-yavan, gul-biavan, auli-avan,
kaptar, kra-dhun, ksy-giik, ksy-gyik, ochokochi,
mirygdy, mulen, voita, wind-man, Zana
Unconfirmed Non-human ape or hominid Asia/Caucasus
Altamaha-ha Altie Unconfirmed Sturgeon-like river animal Georgia, United States
"Ameranthropoides loysi" De Loys' ape Proposed spider monkey – confirmed hoax Primate Near the Tarra River, Colombia De Loys' Ape.jpg
Amomongo Negros ape Unconfirmed Primate Negros Island, Philippines
Andean Wolf Hagenbeck wolf, Andean mountain wolf, Dasycyon hagenbecki Extinct Canine High Andes, South America
Appalachian Black Panther[1] Unconfirmed A large, black felid. A melanistic cougar West Virginia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, New York, Alabama, Ohio, New England, North Carolina, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia, United States Black puma.jpg
Aswang Unconfirmed A vampire-like or cannibalistic human-like creature that could shape-shift Philippines
Atti Confirmed okapi Related to the giraffe Africa
Ayia Napa sea monster O filikos teras ("The Friendly Monster"), Nappis Unconfirmed Speculated to be something like a crocodile or sea serpent[2] Cyprus Scyllaeastmedmonster.jpg
Barmanou Barmanu, Big Hairy One Unconfirmed Ape or hominid Middle East/Asia
Batutut Ujit, Người rừng Unconfirmed Hominid Vietnam, Laos, and Borneo
Beaman Unconfirmed Ape or hominid Missouri, United States
Bear Lake Monster Hoax Lake animal Idaho/Utah (United States)
Beast of Bladenboro Vampire Beast Unconfirmed, may be a cougar Blood-sucking feline-like predator North Carolina, United States
Beast of Bodmin Beast of Bodmin Unconfirmed Large felid Cornwall, England
Beast of Bray Road Wisconsin Werewolf, Wolfman Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Wisconsin (United States)
Beast of Busco Churubusco turtle; Oscar Unconfirmed Reptile/Dinosaur Churubusco, Indiana, United States
Beast of Dartmoor Lion-Pig Unconfirmed Boar-like mammal Dartmoor National Park, England
Beast of Dean Moose-pig Unconfirmed Boar-like mammal England Symonds Yat Rock View.JPG
Beast of Exmoor Unconfirmed; possibly an escaped animal Big cat England
Beast of Gévaudan Bête du Gévaudan, Arenotelicon Unconfirmed; possibly hybrid wolf-dog Canid Gévaudan (Lozère), France Gevaudanwolf.jpg
Bergman's bear God bear; irkuiem Extinct Bear, proposed Arctodus simus Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia
Bessie Lake Erie Monster Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Erie, North America
Bigfoot Sasquatch, Skookum Unconfirmed Hominid or other primate United States and Canada
Black Shuck Old shuck Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Coast of East Anglia, England Blackdog.jpg
Bownessie Lake Windermere Monster Unconfirmed Lake animal Windermere, England, UK
British big cats Alien big cats (ABCs), phantom cats, mystery cats, English lions,
beast of Bodmin, Beast of Exmoor
Proposed escaped animals Carnivorous mammal Great Britain Lynx lynx.jpg
Brosno dragon Brosnya Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Brosno, Russia
Bukit Timah Monkey Man BTM, BTMM Unconfirmed Forest-dwelling hominid or other primate Singapore
Bunyip Unconfirmed Lake and cave animal Australia Bunyip 1890.jpg
Burmese gray wild dog Unconfirmed Canine Burma
Buru Extinct Reptile or giant lungfish Arunachal Pradesh, India
"Cadborosaurus willsi"[3] Caddy, "Cadborosaurus" Unconfirmed Sea animal Pacific Coast of North America Cadborosaurus October 1937.jpg
Canvey Island Monster Proposed anglerfish, batfish, or frogfish Fish, originally described as bipedal England Carcass of Canvey Island Monster.jpg
Cardiff Giant Hoax Giant hominid made out of minerals Cardiff, New York
Champ "Champtanystropheus americansus", Champy Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Champlain, North America
Cherufe Disputed Magma monster or draconic hominid Chile
Chessie (sea monster) Unconfirmed Sea animal Atlantic Coast of the United States, esp. Chesapeake Bay
Chickcharney Unconfirmed; believed to be holdovers of Tyto pollens Flightless bird Andros Island in The Bahamas Tyto pollens.jpg
Chuchunya Unconfirmed Large hominid Russia
Chupacabra Chupacabras (Spanish for "Goats Sucker") Proposed coyotes infected with Sarcoptes scabiei (for the desertic variant)[4] Reptile/Mammal (Canine?)[5] Puerto Rico (originally),
South and Central America,
Southern North America
Con Rit Unconfirmed A sea serpent or large aquatic centipede[6] Vietnam and Algeria
Dingonek Jungle walrus Unconfirmed A walrus or otherwise tusked water-animal that reportedly lives in the heart of Africa Western Africa
Devil Bird Ulama Proposed spot-bellied eagle-owl or Sri Lankan brown owl Bird Sri Lanka
Dobhar-chú Water Hound Unconfirmed Extra-large otter-like carnivorous aquatic mammal Ireland Dobhar-chu encounter.jpg
Dover Demon Unconfirmed Bipedal, alleged extraterrestrial Dover, Massachusetts, United States
Eastern Cougar Puma concolor couguar Extinct, some alleged sightings Felid predator Eastern United States EasternCougar.jpg
Ebu Gogo Theorized to be related to Homo floresiensis, also called "Hobbit" Supposedly extinct, but allegedly seen until the 20th century Small primate, possible early hominid Flores, Indonesia
Elasmotherium Giant Rhinoceros Extinct Herbivorous mammal Asia Elasm062.jpg
Elmendorf Beast Disputed; coyote with demodectic or sarcoptic mange Canid Elmendorf, Texas (United States) Coyote with mange.jpg
Elwedritsche Unconfirmed Mammal Germany Elwetritschen-Brunnen in Neustadt 09.jpg
Emela-ntouka Chipekwe, Irizima, Aseka-moke Unconfirmed Reptile/Dinosaur or an undiscovered aquatic rhinoceros Republic of the Congo
Enfield Monster Unconfirmed Three legs, short body, two little short arms with claws, grayish epidermis and big reddish eyes Enfield, Illinois, United States
Ennedi tiger Hadjel, Gassingram, Vossoko, Mourou N'gou, Mamaimé, Dilali, Saber-toothed cat Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Chad Ennedi tiger.svg
Fear liath Am Fear Liath Mòr, The Big Grey Man of Ben MacDhui, Greyman Unconfirmed Primate; possible humanoid Scotland
Fiskerton Phantom Unconfirmed Phantom cat/Bear Fiskerton, Lincolnshire, UK
Flatwoods monster Green Monster, Braxton County Monster Unconfirmed Spade-headed extraterrestrial. Possibly misidentified barn owl West Virginia, United States Flatwoods monster.gif
Flying rod Skyfish, rod, sky squid Disputed; video camera malfunction, also considered long exposure photography of moths showing an exaggerated rod effect Photographic artifact Worldwide Long exposure photograph of moths showing exaggerated rod effect
Fouke Monster Jonesville Monster, Southern Sasquatch, Boggy Creek Monster Unconfirmed Hominid or other primate Arkansas, United States
Fur-bearing trout Hoax Fish with hair; hairy trout North America Fur bearing trout. Very rare. (3793949065).jpg
Garou Loup Garou, Cajun werewolf Unconfirmed Wolf-like creature Louisiana (United States)
Gazeka Disputed Mammal Papua New Guinea
Gambo Unconfirmed Sea animal Gambia
Ghost deer Unconfirmed Large deer, supposedly impervious to bullets Northern California, United States
Giant anaconda Megaconda Unconfirmed Giant snake South America Eunectes murinus.jpg
Giglioli's Whale "Amphiptera pacifica" Unconfirmed Sea animal Off Chile, Scotland, and France (in the Mediterranean Sea) Amphiptera pacifica.jpg
Globster Blob Disputed; whale blubber and/or decomposing marine animal flesh massed together Decaying sea animal Australia, New Zealand, and the Caribbean St augustine carcass.jpg
Gloucester Sea serpent Scoliophis Atlanticus[7] Unconfirmed Sea serpent Massachusetts, United States
Gnome of Gerona Goblin Unconfirmed Small humanoid Girona, Spain Gnomo de Gerona.svg
Goatman The Maryland Goatman, Chevo Man Unconfirmed Bipedal Wisconsin, Maryland, and Kentucky, United States)
Grassman Kenmore Grassman, Ohio Grassman Unconfirmed Bigfoot-like primate Kenmore, Akron, Ohio, and eastern Iowa, both in the United States
Gunni Hoax Antlered, wombat-like marsupial Marysville and surrounding area, Victoria, Australia
Grootslang Unconfirmed Elephant with a serpent's tail Richtersveld, South Africa Grootslang.jpg
Hakawai Hokioi Proposed Coenocorypha snipe Mythological bird heard but not seen New Zealand
Hellhound Barghest, Black Shuck, Dip, Gwyllgi, Gytrash Unconfirmed Large, black, spectral hound with red eyes Worldwide
Hibagon Hinagon Unconfirmed Primate Japan
High-finned sperm whale[8] Unconfirmed[Note 1] Cetacean Shetland Islands, Nova Scotia, Canada Highfin.jpg
Hodag The Dag; Nasobatilus Hoax Carnivorous mammal/lizard Rhinelander, Wisconsin, United States Hodag 002.jpg
Hokkaidō Wolf Ezo Wolf Originally considered extinct; unconfirmed sightings since its supposed extinction[9] Wolf Hokkaidō, Japan エゾオオカミ剥製・開拓記念館19840914.jpg
"Homo gardarensis" Disputed Hominid (acromegalic Homo sapiens?) Greenland
Honey Island Swamp monster Letiche, Tainted Keitre Unconfirmed Hominid or other primate Louisiana, United States
Honshū wolf Japanese wolf, yamainu Officially considered extinct; recent unconfirmed sightings Wolf Honshū, Japan Honshu-wolf4.jpg
Hoop snake Disputed; may be confused with the Sidewinder or the Mud Snake which often lies in a loose hoop shape Snake United States/Australia
Huay Chivo Huaychivo Mythical Carnivorous mammal Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo (Mexico)
Hyote Disputed[10] Canine Maryland, United States
Igopogo "Kempenfelt Kelly" Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Simcoe, Ontario (Canada) Igopogo.jpg
Iliamna Lake Monster Unconfirmed Lake animal. It is most likely a giant white sturgeon, though some reports have compared it to a shark or whale Lake Iliamna, Alaska
Inkanyamba Unconfirmed Lake animal Africa
Isshii Issie Unconfirmed Lake animal Japan Issie.jpg
Ivory-billed woodpecker Unconfirmed Bird Southern USA and Cuba Ivory-billed Woodpecker by Jerry A. Payne.jpg
J'ba fofi[11] Great Spider Unconfirmed Large spider-like creature Central Africa
Jackalope Antelabbit, aunt benny, Wyoming thistled hare, stagbunny Hoax, possibly influenced by rabbits infected with the Shope papilloma virus Herbivorous mammal North America Rabbit shopes papilloma virus 3.jpg
Jersey Devil Leeds Devil Unconfirmed "Winged bipedal horse" United States, esp. New Jersey and Southeastern Pennsylvania Jersey Devil Philadelphia Post 1909.jpg
Kaijin Unconfirmed Sea monster Japan Hirokawa Kaijin.jpg
Kappa Gatarō, Kawako Unconfirmed / Mythical Bipedal Japan Kappa water imp 1836.jpg
Kawekaweau Delcourt's giant gecko, Hoplodactylus delcourti Extinct/Unconfirmed Lizard New Zealand
Kelpie Water horse Unconfirmed Carnivorous equine Scottish and Irish lakes and rivers
Kikiyaon [12] Unconfirmed Carnivore owl West Africa
Kingstie Lake George Monster Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Ontario, North America
Kongamato Unconfirmed Pterosaur/bird/bat Kenya
Koolakamba Ape Hybrid, KoolooKamba Unconfirmed

Undetermined whether an ape hybrid, new species/subspecies or an individual variation of a chimpanzee or a gorilla

An ape hybrid that's allegedly a cross between a chimpanzee and a gorilla West Africa
Kraken Unconfirmed, possibly a giant squid Sea animal World's oceans Colossal octopus by Pierre Denys de Montfort.jpg
Kting Voar Holy Goat, Snake-eating Cow, Khting Vor, Linh Duong, Pseudonovibos spiralis Unconfirmed Herbivorous mammal Vietnam and Cambodia
Kumi Lizard/Ngarara Extinct; unconfirmed Reptile: giant monitor lizard New Zealand
Kusshii Unconfirmed Lake animal Japan Lake Kussharo01.JPG
Lagarfljót Worm lagarfljóts ormurinn Unconfirmed Lake animal Iceland
Lake Tianchi Monster Lake Chonji Monster Unconfirmed Lake animal China and North Korea
Lake Van Monster Monster of Lake Van Unconfirmed Lake animal Turkey
Lake Worth monster Lake Worth Goatman, Texas Bigfoot Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Texas, United States
Lariosauro Como Lake Monster Unconfirmed Water reptile Italy Lariosaurus BW.jpg
Lizard Man of Scape Ore Swamp Lizard Man of Lee County Unconfirmed Bipedal South Carolina, United States Oreswamp.jpg
Loch Ness Monster Nessie, "Nessiteras rhombopteryx" Disputed. A famous image hoax[13] has been discredited Lake animal (plesiosaur or another type of Sauropterygia?) Loch Ness, Scotland Hoaxed photo of the Loch Ness monster.jpg
Loveland Frog Loveland Lizard Unconfirmed Bipedal lizard or frog, allegedly first seen in Loveland, Ohio Ohio, United States
Lusca Gigantic octopus Unconfirmed Large octopus World's oceans
MacFarlane's Bear Ursus inopinatus[14] Extinct Carnivorous mammal, possibly a grizzly-polar bear hybrid Canada
Maero Mohoao Unconfirmed Cannibalistic hominids in Māori mythology New Zealand
Mahamba Unconfirmed Giant crocodile Lake Likouala swamp region, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Maltese Tiger Blue Tiger Unconfirmed; possible tiger with abnormal coloration due to mutation Carnivorous mammal China Maltese Tiger.jpg
Mamlambo Unconfirmed Lake animal South Africa
Manananggal Unconfirmed Female humanoid that can split its body into two parts Philippines Manananggal of Philippine Mythology Commons.jpg
Manatee of Helena Unconfirmed Manatee Saint Helena
Mande Barung Mande Burung, Indian Yeti Unconfirmed Humanoid North East India, Bangladesh
Man-eating tree Disputed Carnivorous tree Various The ya-te-veo.jpg
Manipogo Winnipogo Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Manitoba, Canada
Mapinguari Unconfirmed Herbivorous mammal Amazon rainforest
Maricoxi Unconfirmed Primate South America
Marozi Spotted Lion, "Panthera leo maculatus" Unconfirmed, possibly extinct Lion-like felid Africa
Mbielu-Mbielu-Mbielu Unconfirmed Reptile/Dinosaur Republic of the Congo
Megalania prisca Devil Dragon Extinct, considered by some[15] to be still alive, possibly as the Kumi Lizard Giant Australian monitor lizard Australia Varanus priscus Melbourne Museum.jpg
Megalodon Carcharodon, Carcharocles Extinct; considered by some[16] to still exist Giant shark World's oceans Megalodon shark jaws museum of natural history 068.jpg
Melon heads Unconfirmed Humanoids with enlarged heads Allegan County woods, Michigan, and parts of Ohio and Connecticut (United States)
Memphre Memphré, Lake Memphremagog Monster Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Memphremagog (United States and Canada)
Menehune Unconfirmed Primate Hawaii, United States Alekoko fishpond.jpg
Mermaid Disputed; many hoaxes have been discredited Human-fish All five oceans and several seas Waterhouse a mermaid.jpg
Merman Disputed; many hoaxes have been discredited Human-fish All five oceans and several seas MermenLubok.jpg
Michigan dogman Wolfman of Wexford County Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Michigan, United States
Minhocão Big Earthworm Unconfirmed Caecilian South America Minhocao.png
Minnesota Iceman "Homo pongoides" Unconfirmed Primate Minnesota, United States
Mitla Fawcett's zorro or Fawcett's cat Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Bolivian rainforest
Mngwa Nunda Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Tanzania
Moa Extinct Giant flightless bird New Zealand Giant Haasts eagle attacking New Zealand moa.jpg
Moehau Maeroero, The Hairy Moehau, The Moehau Monster Unconfirmed Primate New Zealand
Mogollon Monster Mug-ee-yun Monster Unconfirmed; possibly a black bear, mountain lion, or elk Bipedal primate Mogollon Rim, Arizona, United States
Mokele-Mbembe Unconfirmed Reptile/Dinosaur Republic of the Congo Mokele-mbembe ill artlibre jnl.png
Momo the Monster Missouri Monster Disputed Primate Missouri, United States
Mongolian Death Worm Allghoi (or orghoi) khorkhoi Unconfirmed Worm-like animal Gobi Desert (Asia) Allghoikhorkhoi.jpg
Monkey-man of Delhi Black Monkey Unconfirmed Big black monkey alleged to be the reason of disaster in areas around Old Delhi (India) India Monkey Man.jpg
Mono Grande Unconfirmed Hominid South America
Montauk Monster Mounty Disputed; possibly decomposed and mutilated raccoon carcass Small, decomposed quadruped carcass Montauk, Long Island (United States) RhodeislandMonster.jpg
Morag Unconfirmed Lake animal Scotland
Mothman Often associated with Indrid Cold, "The Grinning Man" from John A. Keels book The Mothman Prophecies Unconfirmed Winged bipedal Mason County, West Virginia, United States
Mountain Fennec Unconfirmed Fox Southern Algeria and northern Chad, in the central Sahara mountains
Muckie Unconfirmed Lake animal Lakes of Killarney, Ireland
Muc-sheilch Unconfirmed Lake animal Scotland
Muhuru Unconfirmed Reptile/Dinosaur Kenya Stegosaurus BW.jpg
Mussie Unconfirmed Lake animal Ontario, Canada
Monster of Monterey Unconfirmed Supposed plesiosaur Monterey Bay, California, USA
Nahuelito Nahuel Huapi Lake Monster Unconfirmed Lake animal Nahuel Huapi Lake, Argentina Bariloche-11-2003.jpg
Nandi Bear Chemosit,[17] Chimiset, Chimisit, Duba, Engargiya, Gadett, Ikimizi, Kerit, Kikambangwe, Kikomba, Koddoelo, Ngoloko, Sabrookoo, Shivuverre Proposed hyena Carnivorous mammal Africa
Ndendeki[18] Unconfirmed Giant turtle Central Africa
Ngoima [19] Unconfirmed Giant bird Republic of the Congo
Ngoubou Unconfirmed Reptile, proposed dinosaur Cameroon Styracosaurus BW.jpg
Nguma-monene Unconfirmed Reptile, proposed dinosaur Republic of the Congo
Ogopogo N'ha•a•itk, Naitaka Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Okanagan, Canada
Old Yellow Top Unconfirmed Primate Canada
Olitiau Unconfirmed Winged animal: bat or flying reptile Cameroon
Onza Unconfirmed Big felid: possibly a new species of cougar Latin America
Orang-Bati Unconfirmed Bipedal Indonesia
Orang Mawas Mawa, Orang Dalam, hantu jerang gigi Unconfirmed Primate Malaysia
Orang Pendek Unconfirmed Primate, has been associated with Homo floresiensis Sumatra
Owlman Cornish Owlman, The Owlman of Mawnan Unconfirmed Human-owl England
Ozark Howler Ozark Black Howler Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas (United States)
"Panthera tigris sudanensis" Unconfirmed Big felid: possibly a new species of tiger Cairo, Egypt
Peluda Shaggy Beast, La Velue Unconfirmed A dragon-like beast with a porcupine-like body, a snake's neck, head, and tail, large, tortoise-like feet, and a green color La Ferté-Bernard, France
Phantom cat Alien Big Cats (ABCs) Proposed escaped animals Carnivorous mammal Worldwide
Phantom kangaroo Proposed escaped animals Marsupial Various
Phaya Naga Unconfirmed Lake animal Laos and Thailand
Pogeyan Unconfirmed – known to local people, sighted by Western naturalist Grey felid; possible leopard colour morph or out-of-place Asian lion Ghats, India
Popobawa Unconfirmed East Africa
Pope Lick Monster Unconfirmed Bipedal Kentucky, United States Popelick2.jpg
Poukai Pouakai, Hakawai Proposed Haast's eagle Large carnivorous bird New Zealand
Pukwudgie Unconfirmed Bipedal Massachusetts, United States
Pygmy Gorilla Unconfirmed, based on specimens in various collections[20] Primate Congo Basin, Africa
Pygmy Elephant Unconfirmed Pachyderm Western Ghats, Kerala, India
Qilin Kirin (from Japanese), Kỳ lân (from Vietnamese) or sometimes kyrin and ki-lin, Chinese unicorn Unconfirmed Chimera China QingQilin.jpg
Queensland Tiger Yarri, the Beast of Buderim Unconfirmed, possibly a thylacine Carnivorous mammal Australia
Rake Hoax Humanoid North America
Reptilians Lizard People, Draconian, Reptoid, Dinosauroid, Dragonoid Unconfirmed Bipedal Worldwide Dinosauroid.jpg
Ropen Indava, duwas, seklo-bali, kundua, wawanar Unconfirmed Flying animal, alleged pterosaur Papua New Guinea
Row[21] Disputed Reptile New Guinea
Salawa Set animal Proposed fennec fox Carnivorous canid Egypt
Sea monk Disputed; misidentifications of known animals Sea animal World's oceans The Sea Monk.jpg
Sea monsters Unconfirmed Sea animals World's oceans Prima fontana dei mostri marini 04.JPG
Sea serpent Unconfirmed Sea animal World's oceans Sea serpent.jpg
Selma Seljordsormen Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Seljord, Telemark, Norway
Sewer alligator Albino alligator Unconfirmed, urban myth Contemporary phylogenesis Widespread urban environments Sewer gator.jpg
Sharlie Slimy slim, The twilight dragon of Payette lake Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Payette, McCall, Idaho, United States
Shōjō Xing-xing, translates to "heavy drinker" or "orangutan" Proposed orangutan Sea creature with red face and hair Japan Sheng1sheng1.jpg
Shug Monkey Unconfirmed Primate Europe
Shunka Warakin Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal; wolf-like, boar-like, hyena-like Western United States (especially Montana)
Sigbin Unconfirmed Canine, cat-fox, civet Philippines
Sirrush Mushrushu Unconfirmed Reptile/Dinosaur Africa and Ancient Babylon
Skunk Ape Stink Ape, Myakka Ape, Myakka Skunk Ape Unconfirmed Primate Florida, United States Myakka skunk ape 1.png
Spring-heeled Jack The Terror of London Unconfirmed Said to be humanoid London as well as other parts of England Jack6.jpg
Steller's Sea Ape Unconfirmed, possibly Northern Fur Seal Sea animal Pacific Ocean
Storsjöodjuret Unconfirmed Lake animal Sweden Storsjöodjuret.jpg
Stronsay Beast Unconfirmed; most likely a basking shark Sea animal Orkney, Scotland Stronsay beast1.jpg
Sucuriju Gigante Giant Bull Eater (Matatoro in Spanish); Giant Anaconda; Megaconda Unconfirmed Giant boa Amazonia Eunectes murinus2.jpg
Tahoe Tessie Lake Tahoe monster Unconfirmed Lake animal Lake Tahoe, in California and Nevada (United States)
Takitaro[22] Unconfirmed Giant fish Japan
Tapire-iauara Unconfirmed Jaguar/Tapir Amazon rainforest
Tatzelwurm Unconfirmed Reptile/Amphibian European Alps Tatzelwurm.JPG
Thetis Lake monster Disputed Reptilian humanoid Vancouver Island, Canada
Thunderbird Unconfirmed Giant bird North America
Thylacine Tasmanian Tiger, Tasmanian Wolf Extinct (rumored extant) Carnivorous marsupial Tasmania, Australia Thylacinus.jpg
Tikbalang Unconfirmed Humanoid Philippines Tikbalang The Philippine Demon Horse Commons.jpg
Trinity Alps giant salamander Unconfirmed Salamander California, United States
Trunko The Margate monster Disputed; whale blubber[23] Whale carcass South Africa Trunkowhale.JPG
Tsuchinoko Unconfirmed Snake Japan Tsuchinoko photo 01.jpg
Tsul 'Kalu Unconfirmed Primate American West
Turtle Lake Monster Unconfirmed Lake animal Saskatchewan, Canada
Umdhlebi Unconfirmed Carnivorous tree Zululand, South Africa
Urayuli Arulataq, Bushman, Tent Monster, Nant'ina, Woodsman Unconfirmed Hominid or other primate Southwest Alaska, near Lake Iliamna (United States)
Veo Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Indonesia
Waheela Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal Canada
Waitoreke Maori Otter, New Zealand Otter; Waitoreki, Waitorete Unconfirmed Carnivorous mammal South Island, New Zealand
Wampus Cat Foot Craver, Masked Cat, Canable Cat Unconfirmed Legendary felid Southern United States, Southwestern United States
Wendigo Windiga, Witiko, Wihtikow, Weendigo Unconfirmed Legendary creature Northern United States, and Canada[24]
Wild Man of the Navidad Wild Woman of the Navidad, Wildman of the Navidad Unconfirmed Legendary creature South Texas, United States[25]
Wog Nodoroc Devil Dog Unconfirmed Mammal Winder, Barrow County, Georgia, United States[26]
Wolpertinger "Crisensus bavaricus" Hoax Mammal Germany Wolpertinger.jpg
Wucharia "Canis aureus lupaster" or "Canis lupus arabs" Unconfirmed Canine Danakil Depression, Eritrea Wucharia.svg
Ya-te-veo Man-Eating Tree, its name means "I see you" Unconfirmed Large tree with an eye and mouth; eats humans Central and South America
Yeren Yiren, Yeh Ren, Chinese Wildman Unconfirmed Primate (possible hominin) China Yerencave.jpg
Yeti Abominable Snowman Unconfirmed Primate / Ursidae Himalayas (Asia) Yetiscalp.JPG
Yowie Yahoo Unconfirmed Primate Australia Yowie-statue-Kilcoy-Queensland.JPG
Zanzibar Leopard Panthera pardus adersi Extinct Feline Unguja Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania Panthera pardus adersi.jpg
Zuiyō-maru creature New Nessie Originally considered a plesiosaur; possible basking shark carcass Carcass Christchurch coast of New Zealand See main article

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The High-finned sperm whale is a supposed relative of the sperm whale that is said to live in the seas around Shetland. The difference between this creature and other sperm whales is said to be the presence of a tall dorsal fin on its back, which the sperm whale lacks. Two such stranded whales were apparently observed by Sir Robert Sibbald who described their dorsal fins as being similar to a "mizzen mast".[8]


  1. ^ Velociman at June 8, 2004 9:27 PM (2004-06-08). "Various reports from numerous sources on sightings". Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  2. ^ Alethea Reynolds (28 October 2008). "Cyprus officials search for mystery 'monster'". Famagusta Gazette. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  3. ^ Loren Coleman & Jerome Clark (1999). Cryptozoology A to Z: The Encyclopedia of Loch Monsters, Sasquatch, Chupacabras, and Other Authentic Mysteries of Nature. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-684-85602-6. 
  4. ^ Bluegrass Pundit (2011-07-11). "Is a Chupacabra Just a Mangy Coyote?". SciNews Blog. Retrieved 2011-12-24. 
  5. ^ possibly 2 species; thought by some[who?] to be a supernatural or extraterrestrial creature
  6. ^
  7. ^ "The Gloucester Seas Serpent at Museum of Hoaxes". Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  8. ^ a b Shuker, Karl (1997) From Flying Toads to Snakes With Wings. Llewellyn.
  9. ^ Hall, Jamie (2005). "The Cryptid Zoo: Japanese Dwarf Wolf (or Shamanu)". Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  10. ^ Pescovitz, David (2004-07-21). "Hyote captured alive". Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  11. ^ "Eight-legged freaks". Fortean Times (191): 54–5. November 2004. 
  12. ^ "Terrible & Terrifying Creatures of Africa". Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  13. ^
  14. ^ Ernest Thompson Seton (1937). Lives of game animals: an account of those land animals in America, north of the Mexican border, which are considered "game," either because they have held the attention of sportsmen, or received the protection of law, Volume 2. Literary Guild of America. pp. xi, 114. 
  15. ^ Harden, Bruce W. The Devil Dragon October 2009
  16. ^ "A critical evaluation of survival". Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  17. ^ Marcus Gay. "Chemosit - Chemosit, Africa's Bigfoot". Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  18. ^ Eberhart, George M. (2002). Mysterious Creatures: A Guide to Cryptozoology. ABC-CLIO. p. 372. ISBN 1-57607-283-5. 
  19. ^ Eberhart, George M. (2002). Mysterious Creatures: A Guide to Cryptozoology. ABC-CLIO. p. 385. ISBN 1-57607-283-5. 
  20. ^ Sanderson, Ivan T. Abominable Snowmen: Legend Come to Life, p. 186
  21. ^ Eberhart, George M. (2002). Mysterious Creatures: A Guide to Cryptozoology. ABC-CLIO. p. 465. ISBN 1-57607-283-5. 
  22. ^ "Japan: Takitaro - a monstrous snakehead? - High Strangeness". 2009-12-08. Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  23. ^ Shuker, Karl P. N. (2010). Trunko - Two More Photographs!! 9 September
  24. ^ "Wendigo". Retrieved 2012-08-27. [dead link]
  25. ^ "Wild Man of Navidad Sublime". Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  26. ^ "Weird Georgia: The Wog". 

External links[edit]