List of Dalai Lamas

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Dalai Lama as temporal ruler of Tibet
Emblem of Tibet.svg
Flag of Tibet.svg
StyleHis Holiness
ResidencePotala Palace
Norbulingka
SeatLhasa
Term lengthLife tenure
Formation1642
First holder5th Dalai Lama
Final holder14th Dalai Lama
Abolished23 May 1951
(Seventeen Point Agreement)

This is a list of Dalai Lamas of Tibet. There have been 14 recognised incarnations of the Dalai Lama.

There has also been one non-recognised Dalai Lama, Ngawang Yeshe Gyatso (declared in 1707), by Lha-bzang Khan as the "true" 6th Dalai Lama – however, he was never accepted as such by the majority of the population.[1][2][3]

List[edit]

Title Portrait Name
(Lifespan)
Tibetan
Wylie transliteration
Dalai Lama from Dalai Lama until
1st Dalai Lama 1st Dalai Lama.jpg Gedun Drupa
(1391–1474)
དགེ་འདུན་གྲུབ་པ།
dge 'dun grub pa
N/A 1474
2nd Dalai Lama Second Dalai Lama.jpg Gedun Gyatso
(1475–1542)
དགེ་འདུན་རྒྱ་མཚོ།
dge-'dun rgya-mtsho
1492 1542
3rd Dalai Lama Sonam Gyatso.jpg Sonam Gyatso
(1543–1588)
བསོད་ནམས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
bsod nams rgya mtsho
1578 1588
4th Dalai Lama 4DalaiLama cropped.jpg Yonten Gyatso
(1589–1617)
ཡོན་ཏན་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
yon tan rgya mtsho
1601 1617
5th Dalai Lama 5th Dalai Lama.jpg Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso
(1617–1682)
ངག་དབང་བློ་བཟང་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
Ngag-dbang blo-bzang rgya-mtsho
1642 1682
6th Dalai Lama VI Dalai Lama.JPG Tsangyang Gyatso
(1683–1706)
ཚངས་དབྱངས་རྒྱ་མཚོ
tshangs-dbyangs rgya-mtsho
1697 1706
7th Dalai Lama 7th Dalai Lama.jpg Kelzang Gyatso
(1708–1757)
བསྐལ་བཟང་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
bskal bzang rgya mtsho
1720 1757
8th Dalai Lama Jamphel Gyatso, 8th Dalai Lama - AMNH - DSC06244.JPG Jamphel Gyatso
(1758–1804)
འཇམ་དཔལ་རྒྱ་མཚོ
'jam dpal rgya mtsho
1762 1804
9th Dalai Lama Lungtok Gyatso.jpg Lungtok Gyatso
(1805–1815)
ལུང་རྟོགས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
lung rtogs rgya mtsho
1810 6 March 1815
10th Dalai Lama No image.png Tsultrim Gyatso
(1816–1837)
ཚུལ་ཁྲིམས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
tshul khrim rgya mtsho
1826 30 September 1837
11th Dalai Lama The 11th Dalai Lama, mural in the Utse in Samye.jpg Khedrup Gyatso
(1838–1856)
མཁས་གྲུབ་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
mkhas grub rgya mtsho
1842 31 January 1856
12th Dalai Lama Twelfth Dalai Lama, Trinle Gyatso.jpg Trinley Gyatso
(1857–1875)
འཕྲིན་ལས་རྒྱ་མཚོ།
'phrin las rgya mtsho
1860 25 April 1875
13th Dalai Lama 13thDalaiLama1910.jpg Thubten Gyatso
(1876–1933)
ཐུབ་བསྟན་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
thub bstan rgya mtsho
31 July 1879 17 December 1933
14th Dalai Lama Dalailama1 20121014 4639.jpg Tenzin Gyatso
(born 1935)
བསྟན་འཛིན་རྒྱ་མཚོ་
bstan 'dzin rgya mtsho
22 February 1940
(de jure)
Incumbent
17 November 1950
(de facto)[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stein 1972, p. 85.
  2. ^ Chapman, F. Spencer. (1940). Lhasa: The Holy City, p. 127. Readers Union Ltd. London.
  3. ^ Mullin 2001, p. 276.
  4. ^ "Chronology of Events". His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Retrieved 18 April 2015.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Stein, R. A. (1972). Tibetan civilization ([English ed.]. ed.). Stanford, Calif.: Stanford Univ. Press. ISBN 0-8047-0901-7.
  • Mullin, Glenn H. (2001). The Fourteen Dalai Lamas: A Sacred Legacy of Reincarnation. Clear Light Publishers. Santa Fe, NM. ISBN 1-57416-092-3.