List of Deshastha Brahmins

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Deshastha Brahmins form a major sub-caste of Brahmins in the states of Maharashtra and parts of Karnataka in India. The following is the list of notables from Deshastha Brahmin community.

Religious figures[edit]

Historical figures[edit]

Raja Raghunathrao Shankarrao, the 11th Raja of the princely state of Bhor of British Raj during the reign (1922 – 1951) and the last ruler
Raja Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi, the 10th Raja of the princely state of Aundh of British Raj during the reign (1909 – 1947) and the last ruler

Maratha Empire[edit]

Peshwas[edit]

Sachivs[edit]

Pratinidhis[edit]

Other notable Maratha Empire people[edit]

  • Dadoji Konddeo - administrator of Shahaji's fiefdom and mentor to Shivaji.[22]
  • Vinchurkar family - generals and nobles at the Peshwa court[23]
  • Ramshastri Prabhune, was the Chief Justice (Mukhya Nyayadhish or "Pantnyayadhish") in the apex court of the Maratha Empire in the latter half of the 18th century, during the heyday of that empire. He is best remembered for having passed strictures against the sitting Peshwa of the time for instigating murder.[24] Ram Shastri's integrity in public affairs is regarded as a model for all times.[25]
  • Sakharam Bapu Bokil - regent to Madhavrao II.[26]

British Empire[edit]

Rajah Madhavarao Tanjavarkar (born 1828, died 4 April 1891), was Diwan of Travancore, Baroda and Indore and is popularly referred as "the Turgot of India" by British Liberal statesman Henry Fawcett

During the rule of British Raj the most powerful Brahmin bureaucrats in the South India were Deshastha Brahmins, who had migrated from Maharashtra to South India.[27]

Rulers during British colonial era[edit]

Diwans during British colonial era[edit]

Indian Independence Movement[edit]

Leaders of 1857 War of Independence[edit]

Revolutionaries[edit]

Others[edit]

Reformers & Social activists[edit]

Jurists and lawyers[edit]

Politics[edit]

Military[edit]

Arts[edit]

Cinema and theatre[edit]

Actors[edit]

Literature[edit]

Historians[edit]

Music[edit]

Hindustani classical music[edit]

Carnatic classical music[edit]

Businessmen and Industrialists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rosalind O'Hanlon; David Washbrook. Religious Cultures in Early Modern India: New Perspectives. Routledge. p. 201. Retrieved 2 January 2014. Swami Chakradhar, a Deshastha Brahmin, is reputed to have founded his Mahanubhava community in nearby Paithan, in 1267.
  2. ^ a b c d Mysticism in India: The Poet-Saints of Maharashtra. State University of New York. 1983. p. 31.
  3. ^ Ramchandra Dattatraya Ranade (1983). Mysticism in India: The Poet-Saints of Maharashtra. SUNY Press. p. 213. Bhanudasa was a Desastha Brahmin, and was probably a contemporary of the saint Damajipant.
  4. ^ Ramchandra Dattatraya Ranade (1983). Mysticism in Maharashtra: Indian Mysticism. SUNY press. p. 214.
  5. ^ Novetzke, Christian Lee (2013). Religion and Public Memory: A Cultural History of Saint Namdev in India. Columbia University Press. pp. 141–142. ISBN 978-0-23151-256-5.
  6. ^ Purandaradāsa; A. S. Panchapakesa Iyer (1992). Sree Puranḍara gānāmrutham: text with notation. Gānāmrutha Prachuram. Shri Purandara dasa who is considered to be the aadhiguru and Sangeeta Pitamaha of carnatic music was born in purandaragad in Ballary District near the town of Hampi, to a millionaire Varadappa Nayak and Kamalambal, a devoted wife and great lady, belonging to Madhva Desastha Brahmin race, by the blessings of Tirupati Venkatachalapathi in the year 1484.
  7. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 463.
  8. ^ Language and Literature. Directorate of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications, Maharashtra State. 1971. p. 24. But the most important among them is Dasopant. He was born in a Deshastha Brahmin family of Narayanpeth, later settled at Ambejogai in Marathwada in 1551 A.D.
  9. ^ Date, V. H. (1975). Spiritual treasure of Saint Rāmadāsa (1st ed.). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 1. ISBN 9780842608053.
  10. ^ Stewart Gordon (16 September 1993). The Marathas 1600-1818. Cambridge University Press. pp. 81–. ISBN 978-0-521-26883-7. Older Maratha histories asserted that Shivaji was a close follower of Ramdas, a Brahmin teacher, who guided him in an orthodox Hindu path; recent research has shown that Shivaji did not meet or know Ramdas until later in his life
  11. ^ Diwakar Anant Ghaisas, ed. (2011). Shri Ramvijay(marathi). Dhavale Prakashan. p. 4.
  12. ^ Christian Lee Novetzke (2015). Francesca Orsini; Katherine Butler Schofield (eds.). Tellings and Texts: Music, Literature and Performance in North India. Open Book Publishers. p. 180. ...Mahipati, who lived throughout the eighteenth century, dying in 1790. He was a Deshastha Brahmin kulkarni or village accountant of Taharabad, but he is more famous now as a kirtankar who specialised in the stories of the lives of the sants
  13. ^ Rajaram N S. The Vanished Raj A Memoir of Princely India. Prism Books Private Limited. p. 447. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  14. ^ Rāmacandra Cintāmaṇa Ḍhere (1963). Marāṭhī bhaktiparamparā āṇi Śrīrāmakr̥shṇa-Vivekānanda. Śrīrāmakr̥shṇa Āśrama. माणिक प्रभु (श. १७३९-१७८७) : माणिक प्रभु हे कल्याणीच्या मनोहर नाइकांचे पुत्र. आश्वलायनशाखीय देशस्थ ऋग्वेदी ब्राह्मण. त्यांचा जन्म मार्गशीर्ष शु. १४ श. १७३९ या दिवशीं झाला.
  15. ^ Shivaji and the Maratha Art of War By Murlidhar Balkrishna Deopujari
  16. ^ Murlidhar Balkrishna Deopujari (1973). Shivaji and the Maratha Art of War. Vidarbha Samshodhan Mandal. Ramchandra Nilkanth was a Deshastha Brahmin, His ancestor, Sonbhat Bahutkar, was the Deshmukh of Kalyan-Bhiwandi. Sonopant was in the retinue of Jijabai at Shivner fort. He had two sons, Nilopant and Abaji Pant.
  17. ^ Apte 1974, p. 42.
  18. ^ Harbans Singh Bhatia (2001). Mahrattas, Sikhs and Southern Sultans of India: Their Fight Against Foreign Power. Deep and Deep Publications. p. 75.
  19. ^ V.G. Ranade (Rao Sahib.) (1951). Life of His Highness Raja Shreemant Sir Raghunathrao S.: Alias Babasaheb Pandit Pant Sachiv, K.C.I.E., Raja of Bhor. p. cii. Shankaraji Narayan Gandekar, the first Pant £acl iv and The Founder of the Bhor State. The Gandekars are Deshastha Rigvedi Brahmans. They were, some two centuries back, residents of Gandapur, a village, (now extinct) near Paithan
  20. ^ Mahadev Govind Ranade (1990). Mahadev Govind Ranade. Deep and Deep Publications. p. 241. The Deshastha brahmins had from the first taken an important part in organizing the dominions and the power of shivaji, and many of them- the Hanmates, the pingles,Abbaji sondev, Pralhad Sonddev and others had shown great abilities in the field. The brahmins of konkan had not taken any prominent part in first six years of development of the Maratha power
  21. ^ Copland, I., 1973. The Maharaja of Kolhapur and the Non-Brahmin Movement 1902-10. Modern Asian Studies, 7(2), pp.209-225.
  22. ^ K. S. Thackeray (1918). The Life and Mission of Samarth Ramdas. S. Ramchandra & Company. p. 105. He told her to manage his jagir with the assistance of a Deshatha Brahmmin clerk named Daoji Konddeo
  23. ^ Karve, I., 1940. KINSHIP TERMINOLOGY AND KINSHIP USAGES OF THE MARA̅ṬHA̅ COUNTRY: PART II. Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute, 2(1/2), pp.9-33.
  24. ^ Bhatia 2001, p. 125.
  25. ^ Charles Augustus Kincaid; Dattātraya Baḷavanta Pārasanīsa (1925). A History of the Maratha People: From the death of Shahu to the end of the Chitpavan epic. S Chand Publications. p. 241.
  26. ^ Balkrishna Govind Gokhale (1988). Poona in the eighteenth century: an urban history. Oxford University Press. p. 112. (page 112) One is that with the exception of Sakharam- bapu Bokil, no Deshastha belonged to the uppermost stratum of leadership in Poona city. (page 116) A document of 1767 describes Sakharam Bapu Bokil (also a Deshastha) as a protege of Nilakantha Mahadeva (Aba) Purandare.
  27. ^ Isabelle Clark-Decès. A Companion to the Anthropology of India. John Wiley & Sons. p. 1963. Retrieved 10 February 2011.
  28. ^ S. Muthaiah. "Willed by Binny and Parry". THE HINDU. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  29. ^ A National Biography for India, Volume 1 By Jyotis Chandra Das Gupta, Page 64
  30. ^ The Indian Review, Volume 18 By G.A. Natesan,Page 863
  31. ^ Indian Statesmen, Dewans and Prime Ministers of Native States By G.A. Natesan , Page 113
  32. ^ "C. Hayavandana Rao". The Indian Biographical Dictionary, 1915 (Classic Reprint). Fb&c Limited. p. 238. Retrieved 24 February 2018. (page 238) Krishnaswami Rao Kanchi, Dewan Bahadur, (1895), C.I.E, (1898), Dewan of Travsncore (retired), belongs to respectable Madhwa Deshastha Brahmin family; of late Mr. Kanchi Venkat Rao; b. 1845.
  33. ^ Mahmud, Syed Jafar (1994). Pillars of modern India, 1757-1947. New Delhi: Ashish Pub. House. pp. 14–15. ISBN 9788170245865. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  34. ^ Govind, Nikhil (2014). Between Love and Freedom The Revolutionary in the Hindi Novel. New Delhi: Routledge India. p. 67. ISBN 978-1138019768.
  35. ^ Dharmavīra (1970). Lālā Haradayāla. Rājapāla. देशस्थ ब्राह्मण विष्णु गणेश पिंगले बड़े तेजस्वी एवं उत्साही भारतीय थे।
  36. ^ Sen 1973, p. 408.
  37. ^ Jaffrelot, Christophe (1996). The Hindu nationalist movement and Indian politics : 1925 to the 1990s : strategies of identity-building, implantation and mobilisation (with special reference to Central India). London: Hurst. p. 45. ISBN 9781850653011.
  38. ^ "Madhu Dandavate the Finance Minister of India". India Infoline.
  39. ^ Sen 1973, p. 410.
  40. ^ Francine R. Frankel; M. S. A. Rao (1989). Dominance and state power in modern India: decline of a social order. Oxford University Press. p. 158. In Vidarbha also, Tilak's Swarajists were in charge of the Congress, led by Khaparde, a deshastha brahman.
  41. ^ . R.S. NARAYAN. Gangadhar Rao Deshpande. Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. p. 13. Retrieved 31 May 2017. Deshpande belongs to Rig Vedic deshasta sect of the Brahmin community
  42. ^ Christophe Jaffrelot (2010). Religion, Caste, and Politics in India. Primus Books. p. 194.
  43. ^ Sen 1973, p. 345.
  44. ^ a b c The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 95, Part 4. Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1974. p. 31. Eminent Deshasthas you are looking at the woolmark The international symbol, the Communist leader S.A. Dange, T. S. Bharde, former Speaker and Minister for Cooperation in Maharashtra, R. S. Hukkerikar, former Speaker of the Bombay Legislative Assembly, Apasaheb Pant, our Ambassador to Italy, Justice Y. V. Chandrachud have all made their impact on national life.Setumadhavrao Pagdi and Babasaheb Purandare are em in ent as historians and scholars.
  45. ^ Michael David Metelits (1973). Sadgrihasth: The Relocation of Sociopolitical Power in Nineteenth Century Maharashtra. University of California,Berkeley. p. 157. The descendants of the Chandrachud family, rigvedi deshastha sardars who resided in the city of Poona, held Ganegaon village in personal inam and realized an annual 7.1% profit from it of Rs 1,991
  46. ^ "BJP loses its master strategist". Rediff News. 3 May 2006. "Pramod Mahajan's was a truly meteoric rise in the country's political landscape...The wily 56-year old Deshastha Brahmin was not only the Bharatiya Janata Party's master strategist...
  47. ^ "BJP veteran Ram Naik to take oath as UP Governor on 22nd July". News18 India. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  48. ^ "I'm happy that what I've done so far has been recognised now, says Naik". news18. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  49. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 95, Part 4. Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1974. p. 31. Eminent Deshasthas you are looking at the woolmark, In modern times Lokanayak Bapuji Aney, former Governor of Bihar and follower of Lokamanya Tilak, Gangadharrao Deshpande. known as Karnatak Sinha, H. V. Pataskar, the former union minister for Law, the Communist leader S.A. Dange, T. S. Bharde, former Speaker and Minister for Cooperation in Maharashtra, R. S. Hukkerikar, former Speaker of the Bombay Legislative Assembly, Apasaheb Pant, our Ambassador to Italy, Justice Y. V. Chandrachud have all made their impact on national life.
  50. ^ Cashman, Richard I. (1975). The Myth of the Lokamanya: Tilak and Mass Politics in Maharashtra. University of California Press. p. 190. ISBN 9780520024076.
  51. ^ V. B. Karnik (1972). N. M. Joshi: Servant of India. United Asia Publications. p. 2. As the family hailed originally from the Desh, Joshi fell in the Deshastha sub- caste of the Brahmin caste and not in the Chitpawan sub-caste which held a dominating position in the social and political life of Maharashtra
  52. ^ Goodrick-Clarke,, N. (2000). Hitler's Priestess: Savitri Devi, the Hindu-Aryan Myth, and Neo-Nazism. NYU Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-8147-3110-4. Retrieved 18 October 2015.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  53. ^ a b New Quest, Issues 25-30. the Indian Association for Cultural Freedom. 1981. p. 4. Nanaji Deshmukh, Moropant Pingle and the deoras brothers too, insist are deshastha brahmins
  54. ^ Elleke Boehmer. The Indian Postcolonial: A Critical Reader. Routledge. p. 138. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  55. ^ Ramakrishna Hegde – A Versatile Politician:.
  56. ^ Pritish Nandy (1974). The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 95, Part 4. Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. Though the Deshasthas are not famous for their military valour, yet, as in every field, they rise to the occasion in times of crisis—take the example of General G. G. Bewoor, Chief of Army Staff, and Rear Admiral Kulkarni. This community has equally distinguished itself in the fine arts, drama, music, painting, etc.
  57. ^ a b c d e The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 95. Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1974. p. 31. ARATHI literature is strewn with the names of Deshastha writers.The popular classical and light musician, DrVasantrao Deshpande, also from this community. Other schools of music are well represented by such veterans as Pandit Narayanrao Vyas, Meera Khirwadkar, Gururao Deshpande and musicologist Vamanrao Deshpande G. V. Bhonde, popularly known as " Nakalakar", gave mimicry the status of an art in Maharashtra. Famous actor and director Gajanan Jagirdar, Prabhakar Panshikar, magician Raghuvir Bhople all belong to this community.
  58. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 95. Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1974. p. 31. Marathi literature is strewn with Deshastha writers. Some of the luminaries are B. S. Murdhekar, the neo classical poet and critic; the popular dramatists Acharya P. K. Atre, V.V.Shirwadkar; the poet and story writer G.D.Madgulkar popularly known as the "Modern Walmiki” of Maharashtra, Sahitya Akademi Award winners G. T. Deshpande, Laxmanshastri Joshi, S. N. Banhatti, V. K. Gokak and Mugali all belong to this community. Industry has been enriched by K. H. Kabbur, Padma Bhushan B. D. Garware, the first producer of nylon thread in India, M.S.Parkhe, leading paper and pulp producer, and Vasantrao Ghatke of Ghatke and Patil Transport Company, Anantrao Kulkarni of Continental Prakashan and R. J. Deshmukh of Deshmukh Prakashan are leading publishers in Maharashtra.In the field of administration, there are P.J. Chi- mulgund (ICS), S. B. Kulkarni (IAS), S. Y. Jakatdar, General Manager of Telco, and N. S. Kulkarni (IAS). Leading educationists of the community are Dr G. S. Khair, Principal N. G. Suru, Dr T. K. Tope, Vice-Chancellor, University of Bombay, and C. D. Deshpande. The statistician of international repute, Dr P. V. Sukhatme, the well-known gynaecologist, Dr B. N. Purandare, and the noted biologist, Dr T. S. Mahabale, are Deshasthas.
  59. ^ Rajaram N S. The Vanished Raj A Memoir of Princely India. Prism Books Private Limited. p. 18. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  60. ^ Sen 1973, p. 344.
  61. ^ Ram Naik. Marching Ahead!. Prabhat Prakashan. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  62. ^ "Professor Anant Sadashiv Altekar commemoration volume", Journal of the Numismatic Society of India, 22, 1960
  63. ^ Moraes, G., 1959, January. PANEGYRIC UPON THE LIFE AND WORK OF THE LATE Dr. AS ALTEKAR. In Proceedings of the Indian History Congress (pp. 8-12). Indian History Congress.
  64. ^ "The quarterly journal of the Mythic society (Bangalore)". 56. Mythic Society. 1966: 94. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  65. ^ Life Sketch of Rajacharitha Visharada Rao Bahadur C.Hayavadana Rao at Google Books at page 94; Quote - "Rao Bahadur C.Hayavadana Rao was born on Tenth of July 1865 at Hosur, Krishnagiri talk in a Madhwa Deshastha Family.His father was C.Raja Rao"
  66. ^ Donald W. Attwood, Milton Israel, Narendra K. Wagle (1988). City, countryside and society in Maharashtra. University of Toronto, Centre for South Asian Studies. p. 46. ISBN 9780969290728.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  67. ^ Sir Jadunath Sarkar (1955). House of Shivaji: Studies and Documents on Maratha History, Royal Period. They had conferred on him the title of Rao Bahadur in 1913
  68. ^ Aruṇa Ṭikekara (1992). The Kincaids, two generations of a British family in the Indian civil service. Promilla & Co. p. 237. Bal Gandharva alias Narayanrao Rajhans was a Deshastha Brahmin and not a Chitpavan.
  69. ^ Meera Kosambi. Gender, Culture, and Performance: Marathi Theatre and Cinema before Independence. Routledge. p. 272. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  70. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 95. Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1974. p. 31. Padma Bhushan Krishnarao Phulambrikar, the famous musician and music director, is another important Deshastha of that time.
  71. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 95. Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1974. p. 31. The kirana gharana has been kept alive by Deshastha stalwarts like Rambhau Kundgolkar, popularly known as the Sawai Gandharva, and the internationally known Prabha Atre.
  72. ^ Purandaradāsa; A. S. Panchapakesa Iyer (1992). Sree Puranḍara gānāmrutham: text with notation. Gānāmrutha Prachuram. Shri Purandara dasa who is considered to be the aadhiguru and Sangeeta Pitamaha of carnatic music was born in purandaragad in Ballary District near the town of Hampi, to a millionaire Varadappa Nayak and Kamalambal, a devoted wife and great lady, belonging to Madhva Desastha Brahmin race, by the blessings of Tirupati Venkatachalapathi in the year 1484.
  73. ^ R. Gopal; Es Narēndra Prasād (2010). Krishnaraja Wodeyar III: A Historical Study. Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Karnataka]. p. 88. Besides Veena Shamanna belonging to Brahmin Brihatcharana groups, veena player Padmanabhaiah of Chikkanayakanahalli taluk, Chittur Sadashiva Rao ( Mysore Sadashiva Rao) belonging to Maratha Deshastha Brahmin sect of Andhra Pradesh were the main musicians of the king's court.
  74. ^ The Journal of the Music Academy, Madras, Volume 58. Music Academy. 1987. p. 110. Sakharam Rao was born at Madhyarjunam ( Tiruvidaimarudur) in the Tanjore District. He was the eldest son of Gottu Vadya Srinivasa Rao, a famous player of the preceding generation from whom he learnt the art. He was a Madhva Desastha Brahmin and a Rigvedi.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sen, S.P. (1973). Dictionary of National Biography. Institute of Historical Studies, Calcutta.
  • Sharma, B. N. Krishnamurti (2000). A History of the Dvaita School of Vedānta and Its Literature, Vol 1. 3rd Edition. Motilal Banarsidass (2008 Reprint). ISBN 978-8120815759.