List of Doges of Venice

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Doge of Venice
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venice.svg
Coat of arms
Lodovico Manin.jpg
Ludovico Manin
Style His Serenity
Residence Palazzo Ducale
Appointer Serenissima Signoria
Formation 697
First holder Paolo L. Anafesto
Final holder Ludovico Manin
Abolished 12 May 1797

The following is a list of all 120 of the Doges of Venice ordered by the dates of their reigns which are put in parentheses.

For more than 1,000 years, the chief magistrate and leader of the city of Venice and later of the Most Serene Republic of Venice was styled the Doge, a rare but not unique Italian title derived from the Latin Dux. Doges of Venice were elected for life by the city-state's aristocracy. Commonly the person selected as Doge was one of the shrewdest elders in the city. The Venetian combination of elaborate monarchic pomp and a republican (though "aristocratic") constitution with intricate checks and balances makes "La serenissima" (Venice) a textbook example of a crowned republic.

Despite the great power given to them, the Venetian Doges were restricted by law (unlike the Doges of the Republic of Genoa) to spend the rest of their lives inside the Doge's Palace complex and St Mark's Basilica, occasionally leaving for diplomatic reasons.

7th century[edit]

8th century[edit]

  • Marcello Tegalliano (717–726)
  • Ursus Hypatus (726–737) nominated by the popular assembly opposed to the iconoclast policies of the Byzantine Emperor; murdered by rebels during a civil conflict

Brief Interregnum (737–742) of duke magistrate equivalents (Latin: magister militum)[1]

Resumption of Office of Doge

9th century[edit]

10th century[edit]

Orso II Participazio

11th century[edit]

12th century[edit]

13th century[edit]

14th century[edit]

The execution of Marino Faliero.

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

Andrea Gritti, reigned 1523–1538, portrait by Titian.

17th century[edit]

18th century[edit]

Carlo Ruzzini reigned 1732–1735, portrait by Gregorio Lazzarini.

The Position of Doge was abolished; instead the position of Podestà of Venice were appointed since 1806 to 1866 by the rulers of the city during the early- to mid-19th century: Napoleon and the Habsburgs. In 1860, the nascent Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Venice (Sindaco di Venezia), chosen by the City council. From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Venice was chosen by the City Council. Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Venice is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and later every five years:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ducalis Regia Lararium, 1659, Elogia P. D. Leo Matina
  2. ^ http://zildis.info/v/venetian-dogen.php
  3. ^ "Battle of the Centuries." (Science Reference Services, Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web. 25 July 2016.
  4. ^ https://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/battle.html