List of Dominican Republic Provinces by etymology
|Province Name||Language of origin||Source word||Meaning and notes|
|Azua||Taino||Taíno name which can mean either mountainous or hard to tame|
|Baoruco||Taino||The name for the Yaque del Sur River|
|Barahona||Spanish||Bara Hona||The theory affirms that the name comes him for that of current, Bahía Honda now called Bahía de Neiba.|
|Dajabón||French, Taino||One of them attributes it to a fish that existed in the river Massacre, called Dajao, which meant river in local Taino, which, united to the French word "bonne" that signifies good, would have produced the name.|
|Distrito Nacional||Spanish||literally means National District. This district is where the capital is located.|
|Duarte||Spanish||named for Juan Pablo Duarte, 19th-century revolutionary and one of the country's founding fathers.|
|Elías Piña||Spanish||hero of the wars of independence|
|El Seibo||Spanish||The name of Seibo, itself due to a tribal leader of race Taino, that was called Seebo.
This Seebo was a species of Sub-Cacique, subject to the dispositions of the Overlord of Higuey: Cayacocha.
|Espaillat||French||named for Ulises Francisco Espaillat (1823–1878), 19th-century author and president|
|Hato Mayor||Spanish||means greater cattle-raising district|
|Hermanas Mirabal||Spanish||named for the Mirabal Sisters (Patria, Minerva, and María Teresa), martyred for their opposition to Rafael Trujillo.|
|Independencia||Spanish||Literally means Independence, named after multiple wars for independence from Haiti in 1844.|
|La Altagracia||Spanish||Alta Gracia||the brothers Alonso and Antonio de Trejo arrived from Spain in the early 16th century with a painting of
Our Lady of La Altagracia. Miracles are attributed to it. Means upper grace
|La Romana||Spanish||the name came after a steelyard balance, used in the sugarcane industry.|
|La Vega||Spanish||named after the star of Vega which was seen in the founding night of the location.|
|María Trinidad Sánchez||Spanish||named after Francisco del Rosario Sánchez’s aunt and a female soldier in the wars of independence|
|Monseñor Nouel||French, Spanish||named for a president of the republic, Monsignor Dr. Adolfo Alejandro Nouel y Bobadilla|
|Monte Cristi||Latin||Monte Christi||The name of Monte Cristi associates to the days in which Christopher Columbus explored those lands.
Friday, 4 January 1493 when the discoverer sailed next to the coasts,
I remain deeply touched with the visual impression that abandonment in him the slender colony of Nose.
He seemed so much to Golgotha where he died crucified the divine one Galilee that exclaimed ¡Mount of Christ!
|Monte Plata||Spanish||Named after the people who migrated to the location that came
from Monte Cristi and Puerto Plata. Literally means silver mountain.
|Pedernales||Spanish||Literally means in Spanish "flints", which is located in the river of Pedernales.|
|Peravia||Spanish||Name derives from a corruption of the Spanish surname Pravia,
who carried the lady Ana de Pravia, daughter of Francisco Ruiz de Pravia and Beatriz de la Rocha, who lived on a ranch that existed at the beginning of colonial period in the location.
|Puerto Plata||Spanish||Puerto Plata||Literally means silver port. Named after all the silver that was found in the location by the settlers.|
|Samaná||Taino||Named after what the Taino tribe called the location, Xamaná.|
|Sánchez Ramírez||Spanish||named for Brigadier Juan Sánchez Ramírez, hero of the battle of Palo Incado (1808).|
|San Cristóbal||Spanish||named after Christopher Columbus. Immortalized as saint in the region in the colonial period. Literally Saint Christopher.|
|San José de Ocoa||Spanish, Taino||This province takes its name of the river Ocoa that crosses the
province of north to south, passing for the capital city.
|San Juan||Spanish, Taino||named after San Juan Bautista. It is the first San Juan of the Americas.
Nicolas de Ovando named it San Juan de la Maguana. Maguana after the caciquedom wherein the province is located.
|San Pedro de Macorís||Taino||Macorís is a native word in the colonial period for "speaker of a foreign language".
The land reminded Christopher Columbus of San Pedro de Alcántara.
|Santiago||Spanish||Its name comes from the name of the city that has always been its capital: Santiago de los Caballeros.
Besides, is the first one Santiago of America, that is to say, first city with that name. Named after the same
geographic of Santiago de Compostela.
|Santiago Rodríguez||Spanish||named for one of the founders of the city (founded in 1844)|
|Santo Domingo||Spanish||Santo Domingo||named after the national capital which the province separated from. Literally means Holy Sunday.|
|Valverde||Spanish||named for General José Desiderio Valverde, 19th-century president|