It was developed from the Haitian flag and was added a blue cross in the center. In early version, 17 white stars placed vertically along the hoist, two white stars placed above and below the cross, respectively, and 9 white stars placed vertically along the hoist.
On 9 February 1822 Jean-Pierre Boyer annexed the Spanish out of the colony of Santo Domingo, which a few months before had proclaimed its independence from Spain (30 November 1821) under the name The Republica del Haiti Español. An attempt to declare its alliance to Gran Colombia, the flag was raised in the early weeks of 1822, but it was short-lived when nine weeks later Boyer had ended the republic.
In 1861, general Pedro Santana asked queen Isabella II of Spain to retake control of the Dominican Republic, after a period of only 17 years of independence. Spain, which had not come to terms with the loss of its American colonies 30 years earlier, accepted his proposal and made the country a colony again.