List of Durio species

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Among the thirty known species of Durio, so far nine species have been identified to produce edible fruits. However, there are many species for which the fruit has never been collected or properly described and it is likely that other species with edible fruit exist.[1] The currently known nine species of edible durians are:

  • Durio zibethinus L.
  • Durio dulcis Becc.
  • Durio grandiflorus Kosterm. & Soegeng
  • Durio graveolens Becc., known as durian burung, durian kuning, durian merah, durian otak udang galah, tabelak or red-fleshed durian. It is a large tree up to 50 m (160 ft) tall. The husk of its fruit is orange-yellow, covered with pyramidal 1 cm (0.4 in) long spines. The fruit has sweet crimson-coloured flesh and a fragrance of roasted almonds. D. graveolens resembles D. dulcis but its fruit opens while it is still on the tree and has dark red flesh, whereas the fruit of D. dulcis drops unopened and has dark yellow flesh. Durian suluk, also known as durian siunggong, is a natural hybrid between D. zibethinus and D. graveolens, and retains the flavour and texture of D. zibethinus with subtle burnt caramel overtones of D. graveolens. Durian simpor is a mild-flavoured, yellow-fleshed variant of D. graveolens.[citation needed]
  • Durio kutejensis (Hassk.) Becc.
  • Durio lowianus Scort. ex King known as durian duan. It is a large tree up to 50 metre tall, has red flowers and elongated. Its oval-shaped fruit contains yellow flesh.[citation needed]
  • Durio macrantha Kosterm.
  • Durio oxleyanus Griff., known as durian sukang, durian beludu, isu or kerontangan. It is a fairly large tree up to 40 m (130 ft) tall. It produces small, round, greyish-green fruits with large, stiff, broadly pyramidal, slightly curved spines. The flesh is yellow, smooth-textured and sweet.[citation needed]
  • Durio testudinarius Becc., known as the tortoise or kura-kura durian. It is a medium-sized tree up to 25 m (82 ft) tall. Being a self-pollinated species, it is less variable, and has an extended flowering season. The flesh of its fruit is pale yellow and has a stronger aroma than other species of Durio.[citation needed]

The other species, which haven't been identified to produce edible fruits are:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brown, Michael J. (1997). Durio — A Bibliographic Review. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. ISBN 978-92-9043-318-7.
  2. ^ Morton, J. F. (1987). Fruits of Warm Climates. Florida Flair Books. ISBN 978-0-9610184-1-2.