List of Earth observation satellites
||It has been suggested that List of climate research satellites be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since December 2016.|
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Partial list of Earth observation satellites by series/program.
- 1 Commercial
- 2 Scientific research
- 3 Weather observation and forecasting
- 4 Landsat program
- 5 Misc
- 5.1 China National Space Administration (CNSA)
- 5.2 Brazilian Space Agency (AEB)
- 5.3 Argentina Space Agency (CONAE)
- 5.4 Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES)
- 5.5 European Space Agency (ESA)
- 5.6 Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
- 5.7 JAXA (former NASDA)
- 5.8 Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional (LAPAN INDONESIA)
- 5.9 Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC)
- 5.10 NASA
- 5.11 National Academy of Sciences of Republic of Belarus
- 5.12 Nigeria
- 5.13 Pakistan's SUPARCO (Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission)
- 5.14 Philippine Department of Science and Technology (DOST)
- 5.15 Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
- 5.16 Swedish National Space Board
- 5.17 Venezuelan Agency for Space Activities
- 6 EUMETSAT
- 7 RADARSAT series
- 8 South Korea
- 9 Thailand
- 10 Turkey
- 11 Weather
- 12 Meteor series
- 13 FY (Feng Yun) series
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 External links
- Disaster Monitoring Constellation (9 different satellites as of 2013, 5 operating)
- Pléiades (2 operating satellites)
- EROS A & B
- FORMOSAT-2 (decommissioned Aug 2016)
- IKONOS (decommissioned March 2015)
- QuickBird (reentered in Jan 2015)
- RapidEye (5 identical satellites as of 2012)
- SPOT (7 satellites, 3 operating)
- TerraSAR-X & TanDEM-X
- COSMO-SkyMed (4 identical satellites as of 2012)
- Flock-1 (87 cubesats as of July 2015)
|ACRIMSAT||Contact lost December 2013||NASA||1999||studies sun's infrared to ultraviolet output.|
|Aqua||Active||NASA||2002||carries six instruments to observe interactions among the four sphere's for earth's systems: oceans, land, atmosphere, and biosphere.|
|AQUARIUS||Mission ended June 2015 due to satellite power supply failure||NASA & Space Agency of Argentina||2011||instrument on board SAC-D spacecraft measured salt concentrations in ocean surface needed to understand heat transport and storage in the ocean.|
|AURA||Active||NASA||2004||studies earth's ozone, air quality, and climate though observation of composition, chemistry, and dynamics of the atmosphere.|
|CALIPSO||Active||NASA||2006||studies thickness of clouds and aerosols for understanding of how much air pollution is present and changes in compositions in the atmosphere.|
|CloudSat||Active||NASA/Canada||2006||monitors the state of earth's atmosphere and weather through radar, which can be used to predict which clouds produce rain, observe snowfall, and monitor the moisture content of clouds.|
|Deep Space Climate Observatory||Active||NASA||2015||To study the Sun-lit side of Earth from the L1 Lagrange point|
|EarthCARE||Planned||ESA/JAXA||2018||EarthCARE - Study of clouds and aerosols.|
|Earth Observing-1 (NMP)||Retired||NASA||2001||carrying land-imaging technology, used to demonstrate new instruments and spacecraft systems for future missions . Retired on 30 March 2017. |
|Global Precipitation Measurement||Active||NASA/JAXA||2014||studies global precipitation.|
|GLORY||Launch Failure||NASA||2011||studies aerosols, including black carbon, in addition to solar irradiance for the long-term effects.|
|GRACE||Active||NASA and German Space Agency||2002||observes and measures earth's gravitational field, which may help determining the shape and composition of the planet's distribution of water and ice.|
|ICESat||Active||NASA||2003||keeps track of size and thickness of earth's ice sheets.|
|Jason-1||Active||NASA||2001||uses a radar altimeter to monitor ocean surface height.|
|Jason-2||Active||NASA||2008||uses a radar altimeter to monitor ocean surface height.|
|Jason-3||Active||NASA||2016||uses a radar altimeter to monitor ocean surface height.|
|LAGEOS 1&2||Active||NASA||1976||LAGEOS 1 launched in 1976, LAGEOS 2, launched in 1992 used for orbiting benchmark for geodynamical studies.|
|QuikSCAT||Active||NASA||1997||monitors weather using bursts of microwaves which measure wind speeds.|
|SEASTAR (SEAWIFS)||Active||NASA||1997||designed to monitor the color of earth's oceans.|
|SMAP||Active with partial failure||NASA||2015||Measures soil moisture and its freeze/thaw state, which enhance understanding of processes that link water, energy, and carbon cycles to extend the capabilities of weather and climate models. Radar payload failed in July 2015, leaving a radiometer as the primary instrument of the mission.|
|SORCE||Active||NASA||2003||monitors total output from the sun for understanding of earth's absorption of radiation energy.|
|SWOT||Planned||NASA||2021||Measures sea surface heights and terrestrial water heights.|
|TERRA||Active||NASA/Canada/Japan||1990||carries five instruments to observe the state of the atmosphere, land, and oceans, as well as their interactions with solar radiation and with one another.|
|TRMM||Active||NASA/JAXA||1997||carries give instruments which uses radar and sensors of visible infrared light to closely monitor precipitation.|
|CLARREO||Proposed||NASA||Measures spectrally resolved Earth's reflectance and emitted radiation, and radio occultation derived refractivity; establishes on-orbit calibration reference; benchmarks and attributes change of climate.|
|ICESat-2||Planned||NASA||2015||Measure ice sheet height changes for climate change diagnoses. |
Weather observation and forecasting
15 Satellites, 3 in operation
10 Satellites 5 in operation.
successor to planned National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) program
- Himawari-9 (2016)
- GMS-1 / Himawari-1
- GMS-2 / Himawari-2
- GMS-3 / Himawari-3
- GMS-4 / Himawari-4
- GMS-5 / Himawari-5
- MTSAT-1 (launch failure, 1999)
- MTSAT-1R / Himawari-6
- Landsat 1 decommissioned
- Landsat 2 decommissioned
- Landsat 3 decommissioned
- Landsat 4 decommissioned
- Landsat 5 decommissioned
- Landsat 6 Failed to orbit
- Landsat 7 Operating
- Landsat 8 Operating
Brazilian Space Agency (AEB)
Argentina Space Agency (CONAE)
European Space Agency (ESA)
- Megha-Tropiques October 2011
- Oceansat-2 23 September 2009
- IMS-1 28 April 2008
- Cartosat-2A 28 April 2008
- CARTOSAT-2 10 January 2007
- IRS P5 (CARTOSAT-1) 5 May 2005
- IRS P6 (Resourcesat 1) 17 October 2003
- IRS-P4 27 May 1999
- IRS-P3 21 March 1996
- IRS-P2 15 October 1994
- IRS P1 (also IE)(Crashed, due to launch failure of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, 20 September 1993)
- IRS-1D 29 September 1997
- IRS-1C 28 December 1995
- IRS-1B 29 August 1991
- IRS-1A 17 March 1988
- MOS-1 (Momo-1)
- MOS-1b (Momo-1b)
- JERS-1 (Fuyo-1)
- ADEOS (Midori)
- ADEOS II (Midori II)
- GOSAT (Ibuki)
- ALOS (Daichi) PALSAR, AVNIR-2 and PRISM
- ALOS-2 (Daichi-2) PALSAR-2
Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional (LAPAN INDONESIA)
Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC)
- TIMED (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics)
- Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite
National Academy of Sciences of Republic of Belarus
Philippine Department of Science and Technology (DOST)
- PHL-Microsat-1 - March 2016
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
11 Geostationary Weather Satellites, 5 in operation:
- Meteosat 7
- Meteosat 8
- Meteosat 9
- Meteosat 10
- Meteosat 11
2 Polar Orbiting Weather Satellites, all in operation:
- Göktürk-2 (2012) (IMINT), Turkish Armed Forces- Intelligence
- RASAT (2011), Mapping
- BILSAT-1 (2003-2006), was part of Disaster Monitoring Constellation Project
- Göktürk-1 (2013) (IMINT), Turkish Ministry of National Defence- Intelligence
- Göktürk-3- (IMINT), High Resolution Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) Earth observation satellite- Turkish Ministry of National Defence- Intelligence
- TIROS-3
- TIROS-4
- TIROS-5
- TIROS-6
- TIROS-7
- TIROS-8
- TIROS-9
- TIROS-10
FY (Feng Yun) series
- "Satellite Constellations from". SSTL.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- "Sun sets for a NASA solar monitoring spacecraft." Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved: 9 August 2015.
- "Aquarius end of mission announcement". Gary Lagerloef and Sandra Torrusio. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
- "DSCOVR Space Weather Sentinel Reaches Finish Line." Spaceflight Now. Retrieved: 21 December 2016.
- "Pioneering Earth Observation Satellite Retired by NASA". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved: 3 April 2017.
- "GPM Launch Information". NASA. Retrieved: 21 December 2016.
- "Loss of satellite is 'serious setback' for Earth climate research". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved: 21 December 2016.
- "Ocean Surface Topography from Space." Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved: 21 December 2016.
- "NASA Soil Moisture Radar Ends Operations, Mission Science Continues." NASA. Retrieved: 21 December 2016.
- "POES Status". Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- "Meteorological Satellites - Japan Meteorological Agency". Jma.go.jp. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- "Himawari-8/9". Archived from the original on October 27, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
- "MTSat 1, 1R (Himawari 6)". Space.skyrocket.de. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- "Internal Waves in the Banda Sea « CIMSS Satellite Blog". Cimss.ssec.wisc.edu. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- "IRS-P3". Earthnet Online. Retrieved 2013-02-02.
- "IRS-P2". Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre. VSSC. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
- "IRS-1C/1D (Indian Remote Sensing Satellites-1C/1D)". eoportal.com. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
- "IRS (Indian Remote Sensing Satellites) - Overview and early LEO Program of ISRO". eoportal.org. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- "Göktürk-2". Tai.com.tr. 2012. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- Astrium Satellite Imagery
- Commission Nacional de Actividades Espaciales (Argentina Space Agency)
- Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
- EOportal directory
- Earth observation satellite list (World Meteorological Organization)
- (Space Images) - Earth mosaics - results of observation satellites activity - without payment