List of Eastern Bloc agents in the United States

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This is a list of people who may or may not have worked for intelligence organizations of the Soviet Union and Soviet-aligned countries against the United States.

For more information, see:

Czechoslovakia (StB)[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Poland[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

NKVD and KGB[edit]

NKVD[edit]

KGB[edit]

Buben group[edit]

Mocase[edit]

Perlo group[edit]

Redhead group[edit]

Rosenberg ring[edit]

Silvermaster group[edit]

Sound and Myrna groups[edit]

Ware group[edit]

The "Berg" – "Art" Group[edit]

KGB Illegals[edit]

GRU (Soviet military intelligence)[edit]

Karl group[edit]

Portland ring[edit]

Sorge ring[edit]

Naval GRU[edit]

GRU Illegals[edit]

Others[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leonard Doyle (10 May 2009), "New spy book names Engelbert Broda as KGB atomic spy in Britain", Daily Telegraph
  2. ^ Ben Macintyre (10 June 2009), "The spy who started the Cold War", The Times
  3. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr; Alexander Vassiliev (2009). Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-15572-3.
  4. ^ Andrew Lownie (2016). Stalin's Englishman: Guy Burgess, the Cold War, and the Cambridge Spy Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 256. ISBN 978-1-250-10099-3.
  5. ^ Sherrill, Robert (16 Oct 1983). "A Life Devoted To A Lost Cause". New York Times. Retrieved 25 Sep 2018.
  6. ^ John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr (1999), Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America, Yale University Press, p. 357, ISBN 0300077718
  7. ^ a b Richard Polenberg (2002). In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: The Security Clearance Hearing. Cornell University Press. p. 14. ISBN 0-8014-8661-0.
  8. ^ Rober L. Benson, The Venona Story, Center for Cryptological History, National Security Agency.
  9. ^ John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr (1999), Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America, Yale University Press, ISBN 0300077718
  10. ^ a b Bruno Navasky. "Koval, George Abramovich (1913-2006)". DocumentsTalk.com. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010. [Koval] drastically reduced the amount of time it took for Russia to develop nuclear weapons.
  11. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr; Alexander Vassiliev (2010). Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-15572-3.
  12. ^ Agence France-Presse (Nov. 3, 2007), "Russia: Award for a Soviet Spy". The New York Times p. A11
  13. ^ William J. Broad (Nov. 12, 2007), "A Spy’s Path: Iowa to A-Bomb to Kremlin Honor", The New York Times
  14. ^ A.P. (Jan. 25, 2003), "Alan Nunn May, 91, Pioneer In Atomic Spying for Soviets", The New York Times
  15. ^ Jeevan Vasagar (27 Jan 2003), "Spy's deathbed confession: Atom physicist tells how secrets given to Soviet Union", The Guardian
  16. ^ David Stout (26 Sep 1996), "Pavel Sudoplatov, 89, Dies; Top Soviet Spy Who Accused Oppenheimer", The New York Times
  17. ^ Victor Cherkashin (Author), Gregory Feifer (2005), Spy Handler: Memoir of a KGB Officer, Basic Books ISBN 0-465-00968-9, pp. 246–247.
  18. ^ Elliston, John (7 Mar 2001). "Spy Like Us?". Indy Week. Durham. Retrieved 23 Sep 2018.
  19. ^ "Reino Häyhänen". FBI History - Famous Cases. Retrieved 25 Sep 2018.
  20. ^ Richard Polenberg (2002). In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: The Security Clearance Hearing. Cornell University Press. p. 6. ISBN 0-8014-8661-0.
  21. ^ Special to NYTimes front page (March 2, 1976), "Spy Said He'd Kill Himself If Exposed, Then Did So", The New York Times, p. 1
  22. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr; Alexander Vassiliev (2010). Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. Yale University Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-300-15572-3.
  23. ^ Richard Polenberg (2002). In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: The Security Clearance Hearing. Cornell University Press. p. 6. ISBN 0-8014-8661-0.
  24. ^ Jeff Stein (8 Dec 2010), "Spy Talk — Ex-intelligence official blasts Pollard lobbying", The Washington Post
  25. ^ Nancy Skelton (9 June 1985), "Jerry Whitworth, Accused in Espionage Ring: No One Really Knew Fourth Spy Suspect", Los Angeles Times
  26. ^ Alan Cowell (Nov. 10, 1999), "Theodore Hall, Prodigy and Atomic Spy, Dies at 74", The New York Times, p. C31
  27. ^ Romerstein, Herbert; Breindel, Eric (2001). The Venona Secrets: Exposing Soviet Espionage and America's Traitors. Regnery Publishing. pp. 295–6. ISBN 978-0-89526-225-7. Retrieved 15 Oct 2011.
  28. ^ Price, David (1998). "Obituary for Mark Zborowski". Anthropology Newsletter (39(6):31). Retrieved 21 Sep 2018.
  29. ^ "More Cold War Espionage Transcripts Unsealed". National Security Archive. Retrieved 25 Sep 2018.
  30. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr; Alexander Vassiliev (2010). Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-15572-3.
  31. ^ Sibley, Katherine A. S. (2003). "Soviet Military-Industrial Espionage In the U.S." American Communist History. Retrieved 25 Sep 2018.
  32. ^ "Guilty". Time. 4 Dec 1950. Retrieved 25 Sep 2018.
  33. ^ Mead, Rebecca (29 Nov 2010). "Setting It Straight". The New Yorker. Retrieved 25 Sep 2018.
  34. ^ "More Cold War Espionage Transcripts Unsealed". National Security Archive. Retrieved 25 Sep 2018.
  35. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr (2006). "The Red Bomb and the Postwar Trials". Early Cold War Spies: The Espionage Trials that Shaped American Politics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 154–56. ISBN 978-1-139-46024-8. Retrieved 25 Sep 2018.
  36. ^ NOVA (2002). "Secrets, Lies, and Atomic Spies — Read Venona Intercepts". PBS.org. Retrieved 23 Sep 2018.
  37. ^ National Counterintelligence Center. "A Counterintelligence Reader" (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. Vol. 4, Ch. 2. p. 83. Retrieved 23 Sep 2018.
  38. ^ Underground Soviet Espionage (NKVD) in Agencies of the U.S. Government Archived February 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr (2000). Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12987-8.
  40. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr (2000). "Harry Dexter White: A Most Highly Placed Spy". Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12987-8. Retrieved 23 Sep 2018.
  41. ^ Steil, Benn (2013). The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order. Princeton University Press. pp. 4, 23. ISBN 9780691149097.
  42. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr; Alexander Vassiliev (2010). Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. Yale University Press. p. 258. ISBN 978-0-300-15572-3.
  43. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr (2000). "Harry Dexter White: A Most Highly Placed Spy". Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America. Yale University Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-300-12987-8. Retrieved 23 Sep 2018.
  44. ^ Earl M. Hyde, Bernard Schuster and Joseph Katz: KGB Master Spies in the United States, International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, Volume 12, Issue 1 March 1999.
  45. ^ Underground Soviet Espionage (NKVD) in Agencies of the United States Government, FBI Silvermaster file, Vol. 82, pg. 327 pdf, October 21, 1946.
  46. ^ *Alexander Vassiliev, Notes on A. Gorsky's Report to Savchenko S.R., 23 December 1949. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-06. Retrieved 2006-09-23.
  47. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr; Alexander Vassiliev (2010). Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. Yale University Press. p. 258. ISBN 978-0-300-15572-3.
  48. ^ Haynes, John Earl (February 2007), Cover Name, Cryptonym, CPUSA Party Name, Pseudonym, and Real Name Index: A Research Historian's Working Reference, retrieved 2007-04-29
  49. ^ John Earl Haynes; Harvey Klehr; Alexander Vassiliev (2010). Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-15572-3.

External links[edit]