List of works by Edwin Lutyens

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This list of works by Edwin Lutyens provides brief details of some of the houses, gardens, public buildings and memorials designed by Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens (1869 – 1944), a British architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. He has been referred to as "the greatest British architect".[1]

United Kingdom[edit]

Houses and gardens[edit]

Name Image Location County Initiated Completed Notes
Abbey House
54°08′19″N 3°12′01″E / 54.13869°N 3.20019°E / 54.13869; 3.20019
Abbey House Barrow-in-Furness Cumbria 1910 1914 Guest-house built in the Tudor Revival style, of red ashlar and slate, for Vickers Ltd,[2]
Abbotswood
51°56′06″N 1°44′17″W / 51.93496°N 1.73796°W / 51.93496; -1.73796 (Abbotswood)
Abbotswood Estate Lower Swell Gloucestershire 1901 1901 Alterations to an existing property, and the design of gardens, for Mark Fenwick, a banker and mine owner.[3]
Castle Drogo
50°41′45″N 3°48′40″W / 50.69587°N 3.81115°W / 50.69587; -3.81115
Castle Drogo Drewsteignton Devon 1911 1930 English country house borrowing styles of castle-building from the medieval and Tudor periods, along with more minimalist contemporary approaches.
Deanery Garden
51°28′28″N 0°54′41″W / 51.47447°N 0.91138°W / 51.47447; -0.91138
Deanery Garden Sonning Berkshire 1899 1901 Arts and Crafts style house with garden laid out by Lutyens and planted by garden designer Gertrude Jekyll;[4] one of the several commissions from Edward Hudson, founder of Country Life magazine.
Folly Farm
Folly Farm Sulhamstead Berkshire 1906 1912 Built around a 17th-century farmhouse, to which Lutyens made extensions in a neoclassical style around 1906, and then in a vernacular style around 1912, for metals trader Zachary Merton.
Goddards
Goddards Abinger Surrey 1898 1900 In a Tudor style, with gardens by Gertrude Jekyll, commissioned for charitable purposes by shipping magnate Frederick Mirrielees.
Heathcote
53°55′28″N 1°50′11″W / 53.92456°N 1.83636°W / 53.92456; -1.83636
Heathcote Ilkley West Yorkshire 1906 1908 Villa representing Lutyens first comprehensive use of the Neoclassical style,[5] and the precursor of later buildings in Edwardian Baroque style and those of New Delhi.[6] Built for John Thomas Hemingway, wool merchant.
Hestercombe Gardens
51°03′08″N 3°05′01″W / 51.05220°N 3.08372°W / 51.05220; -3.08372
Hestercombe Gardens West Monkton Somerset 1904 1906 Lutyens and Gertrude Jekyll laid out an Edwardian garden at Hestercombe House between 1904 and 1906 for the Hon E.W.B. Portman,[7]
Lindisfarne Castle
55°40′08″N 1°47′05″W / 55.66902°N 1.78481°W / 55.66902; -1.78481
Lindisfarne Castle Lindisfarne Northumberland 1901 19914 16th Century castle remodelled as an Arts and Crafts style family home for Edward Hudson
Little Thakeham
50°55′49″N 0°25′24″W / 50.93035°N 0.42322°W / 50.93035; -0.42322
Little Thakeham Horsham Sussex 1902 1903 Arts and Crafts style, Grade I listed private house designed for Ernest Blackburn, a pre-school headmaster who inherited a fortune, it is the first in which Lutyens mixed neoclassical architecture into his previously vernacular style.[8][9]
Marshcourt
51°06′02″N 1°29′32″W / 51.10069°N 1.49223°W / 51.10069; -1.49223
Marshcourt Marsh Court, Stockbridge Hampshire 1901 1905 Arts and Crafts style in ashlar, with a Tudor exterior employing lines of black flint and red tile.[10][11] Built for Herbert Johnson, a fortunate London Stock Exchange trader.
Middlefield
52°09′16″N 0°09′42″E / 52.1545°N 0.1618°E / 52.1545; 0.1618
Stapleford Cambridgeshire 1908 [12]
Munstead Wood
51°10′31″N 0°35′47″W / 51.17516°N 0.59648°W / 51.17516; -0.59648
Lutyens houses and gardens (1921) (14760674751).jpg Munstead Heath, Busbridge Surrey 1889 1897 A very early commission for Gertrude Jekyll, an Arts and Crafts style house inspired by local vernacular architecture.
Orchards
51°10′48″N 0°34′53″W / 51.18002°N 0.58133°W / 51.18002; -0.58133
Orchards, Surrey Bramley Surrey 1897 1899 Like Munstead Wood, an Arts and Crafts style house inspired by local vernacular architecture, an early commission for William and Julia Chance.
Overstrand Hall
52°55′07″N 1°19′53″E / 52.91863°N 1.33152°E / 52.91863; 1.33152
Overstrand Hall Overstrand Norfolk 1899 1901 Pevsner describes it as "one of [Lutyens's] most remarkable buildings"[13] employing a range of materials drawing from diverse architectural styles.
Tigbourne Court
Tigbourne Court Wormley Surrey 1899 1901 In an Arts and Crafts style strongly influenced by local vernacular architecture, built for businessman Edgar Horne. Described by Ian Nairn as "probably [Lutyens's] best" building.[14]
York House
52°10′42″N 0°08′33″E / 52.1782°N 0.1426°E / 52.1782; 0.1426
Cambridge Cambridgeshire 1923 1924 Designed in a mock Tudor style and built for the building company founder Cyril Ridgeon.[15]

Bridges[edit]

Name Image Location County Initiated Completed Notes
Hampton Court Bridge
51°24′14″N 0°20′33″W / 51.403889°N 0.3425°W / 51.403889; -0.3425
Hampton Court Bridge Hampton and East Molesey London and Surrey 1928 1933 Over the River Thames near to Hampton Court Palace
Runnymede Bridge
51°26′15″N 0°32′05″W / 51.4375°N 0.534722°W / 51.4375; -0.534722
Runnymede Bridge Egham and Staines-upon-Thames Surrey 1940s 1961 Carries the A30 road over the River Thames, alongside the M25 motorway[16]
Silver Street Bridge
52°12′07″N 0°06′55″E / 52.2019°N 0.1154°E / 52.2019; 0.1154
Silver Street Bridge Cambridge Cambridgeshire 1932 1959 Over the River Cam in central Cambridge[17]

Public buildings[edit]

Name Image Location County Initiated Completed Notes
100 King Street
53°28′50″N 2°14′32″W / 53.48058°N 2.24225°W / 53.48058; -2.24225
100 King Street, Manchester Manchester Greater Manchester 1928 1935 A castle-like Art Deco building surrounded on all four sides by roads, and featuring carvings by the local sculptor John Ashton Floyd; built for the Midland Bank.[18]
Benson Court, Magdalene College, Cambridge
52°12′35″N 0°06′55″E / 52.20975°N 0.1154°E / 52.20975; 0.1154
Benson Court Cambridge Cambridgeshire 1932 Student accommodation.[19][20]
BMA House
51°31′33″N 0°07′44″W / 51.52592°N 0.12893°W / 51.52592; -0.12893
BMA House Tavistock Square Central London 1911 1925 Headquarters building originally deisgned for the Theosophical Society with construction taken over by the British Medical Association
Henrietta Barnett School
51°34′52″N 0°11′21″W / 51.5811°N 0.1892°W / 51.5811; -0.1892
Henrietta Barnett School Hampstead Garden Suburb North London 1911 Girls' Grammar school founded in 1911 by Dame Henrietta Barnett.
Linden Lodge School
51°26′37″N 0°12′48″W / 51.44370°N 0.21320°W / 51.44370; -0.21320
Wimbledon South London 1934 1934 Residential school for visually-impaired children
St Mary's Church, Pixham
51°14′23″N 0°18′59″W / 51.23964°N 0.31648°W / 51.23964; -0.31648
St Marys Church, Pixham (geograph 2986929).jpg Pixham, Dorking Surrey 1903[21] Chapel of ease to Dorking parish church, having a barrel-vaulted ceiling. Grade II* listed.

Memorials[edit]

Name Image Location County Initiated Completed Notes
Abinger Common War Memorial
51°12′05″N 0°24′20″W / 51.20146°N 0.40552°W / 51.20146; -0.40552
Abinger Common War Memorial Abinger Common Surrey 1920, 1949 Lutyens' War Cross design; the original 1920 erection was destroyed by bombing in 1944, and a replacement cross erected in 1949.[22][23]
The Arch of Remembrance
52°37′24″N 1°07′18″W / 52.62343°N 1.12156°W / 52.62343; -1.12156 (The Arch of Remembrance)
War Memorial Leicester, Summer 2009.jpg Leicester Leicestershire 1919 1925 A monumental tetrapylon quadrifrons triumphal arch in a railed enclosure; Lutyens was selected as architect by the War memorial Committee.[24]
Ashwell War Memorial
52°02′35″N 0°08′45″W / 52.04316°N 0.14595°W / 52.04316; -0.14595 (Ashwell War Memorial)
War Memorial, Ashwell - geograph.org.uk - 554552.jpg Ashwell Hertfordshire 1919 1922 Lutyens' War Cross design, the commission offered to a shortlist of three providers, Lutyens being selected.[25]
British Thomson-Houston War Memorial
52°22′58″N 1°15′18″W / 52.38277°N 1.25509°W / 52.38277; -1.25509 (British Thomson-Houston War Memorial)
Rugby-Technology Drive - geograph.org.uk - 2061196.jpg Rugby Warwickshire 1921 1921 Lutyens' War Cross design, commissioned by the British Thomson-Houston Company to honour its employee war-dead.[26]
Busbridge War Memorial Busbridge War Memorial 03.jpg Busbridge Surrey 1922
The Cenotaph
51°30′10″N 0°07′34″W / 51.50267°N 0.12609°W / 51.50267; -0.12609 (The Cenotaph, Whitewhall)
The Cenotaph, Whitehall, London Whitehall Central London 1919 1920 The site of the British annual National Service of Remembrance. Originally a wood-and-plaster structure designed by Lutyens and erected in 1919, later replaced by a replica in Portland stone and taking the form of a pylon rising in a series of set-backs to an empty tomb (cenotaph) on its summit. The model for cenotaphs around the world.
Civil Service Rifles War Memorial Civil Service Rifles Memorial, front (2).JPG London Greater London 1924
Devon County War Memorial Devon War Memorial, Exeter Cathedral (5).JPG Exeter Devon 1921
Fordham War Memorial Fordham Cambs War Memorial2.jpg Fordham Cambridgeshire 1921
Francis McLaren headboard Francis McLaren headstone and memorial 01.jpg Busbridge Surrey Wooden headboard marking the grave of Francis McLaren, son-in-law of Agnes Jekyll.
Gerrards Cross Memorial Building Gerrards Cross Memorial Building (1).jpg Gerrards Cross Buckinghamshire 1922
Hannen Columbarium
51°29′58″N 0°52′24″W / 51.49948°N 0.87339°W / 51.49948; -0.87339
Hannen Columbarium Wargrave Berkshire 1905 1907 Columbarium combining Byzantine Revival with Arts and Crafts and with classical architectural lines, in the form of a 12 feet (3.7 m) square building of red-brick, red-tile, glass-tile and stonework.[27][28] Lutyen's earliest mausoleum design, recognised as an embodyment of the point at which he fully incorporated classical architecture in his designs.[29]
Hartburn War Memorial
55°10′08″N 1°51′42″W / 55.16891°N 1.86176°W / 55.16891; -1.86176
Hartburn War memorial Hartburn Northumberland 1921 Lutyens' War Cross design, commissioned by Mr and Mrs Straker of nearby Angerton Hall, the gardens of which Lutyens renovated with Gertrude Jekyll in 1904.[30]
Holy Island War Memorial
55°40′06″N 1°48′02″W / 55.66828°N 1.80065°W / 55.66828; -1.80065
Holy Island War Memorial Lindisfarne Northumberland 1922 A grade II* listed First World War memorial in local pink ashlar stone, recognised as part of a "national collection" of Lutyens memorials.[31][32]
Hove War Memorial Hove War Memorial (04).JPG Hove Sussex 1921
Jekyll family memorial Jekyll family memorial in St John the Baptist's church, Busbridge.jpg Busbridge Surrey Gravestones and memorial commemorating Gertrude Jekyll, Agnes Jekyll and Herbert Jekyll.
King's Somborne War Memorial
51°04′38″N 1°29′14″W / 51.07735°N 1.48727°W / 51.07735; -1.48727
King's Somborne War Memorial King's Somborne Hampshire 1922 Lutyens' War Cross design; his connection with the village was Herbert Johnson, for whom he designed Marshcourt[33]
Lancashire Fusiliers Memorial Lancashire Fusiliers memorial, Gallipoli Garden, Bury (3).JPG Bury Greater Manchester 1922
Leeds Rifles War Memorial St Peters Kirkgate Leeds - geograph.org.uk - 408165.jpg Leeds West Yorkshire 1921
Lower Swell War Memorial
51°55′41″N 1°44′55″W / 51.92801°N 1.74871°W / 51.92801; -1.74871
Lower Swell War Memorial Lower Swell Gloucestershire 1921 Lutyens' War Cross design; his connection with the village was with Mark Fenwick, for whom Lutyens renovated the nearby Abbotswood house.[34]
Manchester Cenotaph Manchester Cenotaph November 2014.jpg Manchester Greater Manchester 1924
Mells War Memorial Mells war memorial (geograph 4048213).jpg Mells Somerset 1920
Merchant Navy War Memorial Merchant Marine memorial, Tower Hill (01).JPG Tower Hill London 1928
Midland Railway War Memorial Midland Railway War Memorial, Derby 20.JPG Derby Derbyshire 1921
Miserden War Memorial War Memorial Cross, Miserden - geograph.org.uk - 4117818.jpg Miserden, Gloucestershire
Muncaster War Memorial
54°21′27″N 3°24′04″W / 54.35760°N 3.40104°W / 54.35760; -3.40104
Muncaster War Memorial Muncaster Cumbria 1922 Lutyens' War Cross design; his connection with the village was Sir John Ramsden, for whom he consulted on Muncaster Castle[35]
North Eastern Railway War Memorial North East Railway war memorial, York - geograph.org.uk - 1413589.jpg York North Yorkshire 1924
Northampton War Memorial War memorial and All Saints' church - geograph.org.uk - 1222040.jpg Northampton Northamptonshire 1926
Norwich War Memorial The War Memorial outside City Hall in Norwich (geograph 2488759).jpg Norwich Norfolk 1927
Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry War Memorial Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light infantry Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 3953067.jpg Oxford Oxfordshire 1923
The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment Cenotaph A wander around Brenchley Gardens. 4 (15672806844).jpg Maidstone Kent 1921
Rolvenden War Memorial
51°03′03″N 0°37′50″E / 51.05085°N 0.63060°E / 51.05085; 0.63060
Rolvenden War Memorial Rolvenden Kent 1922 Unique amongst Lutyens' War Cross designs, being slender and sparse; his connection with the village was Harold Tennant for whom he had designed the nearby Great Maytham Hall[36]
Rochdale Cenotaph Rochdale War Memorial (1).JPG Rochdale Greater Manchester 1922
Royal Berkshire Regiment Cenotaph Reading Berkshire 1921
Royal Naval Division War Memorial Royal Naval Division memorial, Horseguards Parade (12).JPG London Greater London 1925
Sandhurst War Memorial
51°01′37″N 0°33′47″E / 51.02682°N 0.56318°E / 51.02682; 0.56318
Sandhurst War Memorial Sandhurst Kent 1923 A Lutyens' War Cross design; Lutyens connection with the village was a local resident, James Wilson[37]
Southampton Cenotaph Southampton Cenotaph, 2014 (1).jpg Southampton 1920
South African War Memorial Cenotaph with wreaths 2.jpg Richmond Surrey 1921
Southend-on-Sea War Memorial Southend-on-Sea war memorial - geograph.org.uk - 734133.jpg Southend 1921
Spalding War Memorial Great War Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 990059.jpg Spalding Lincolnshire 1922
Stockbridge War Memorial
51°06′48″N 1°29′15″W / 51.11341°N 1.48763°W / 51.11341; -1.48763
Stockbridge War Memorial Stockbridge Hampshire 1922 Lutyens' War Cross design; his connection with the village (as with King's Somborne) was Herbert Johnson, for whom he designed Marshcourt[38]
Wargrave War Memorial
51°29′57″N 0°52′20″W / 51.49926°N 0.87210°W / 51.49926; -0.87210
Wargrave War memorial Wargrave Berkshire 1922 Lutyens' War Cross design, commissioned by a 1919 public meeting, possibly influenced by Lutyens' connections with the Hannon family for whom he also designed the Hannen Columbarium[39]
Welch Regiment War Memorial Maindy Barracks Cenotaph.JPG Cardiff 1924
York City War Memorial War memorial, York - DSC07862.JPG York North Yorkshire 1925

India[edit]

Lutyen was invited, with others, in 1912 to advise the Government of India on planning for a proposed new centre of government to be built in Delhi and named New Delhi. He became the project's leading architect, giving rise to Lutyens' Delhi, encompassing the street plan and key government buildings, and his name is lent to the Lutyens Bungalow Zone of domestic properties for givernment officers (albeit Lutyens was directly responsible for the design of only four of the houese). A number of other architects, notably Herbert Baker, were responsible for the other of the city's key buildings.

Name Image Initiated Completed Notes
Baroda House
28°37′01″N 77°13′50″E / 28.61685°N 77.23047°E / 28.61685; 77.23047 (Baroda House)
1921 1936 Residence of the Maharaja of Baroda in Delhi
Hyderabad House
28°36′58″N 77°13′40″E / 28.61601°N 77.22789°E / 28.61601; 77.22789 (Hyderbad House)
Hyderabad House 1926 1928 Residence of Osman Ali Khan, Nizam VII, an amalgam of the Mughal and European architecture
India Gate
28°36′46″N 77°13′46″E / 28.61290°N 77.22951°E / 28.61290; 77.22951 (India Gate)
India Gate 1917 1931 A memorial to the dead of the British India Army in World War I, in the form of a triumphal arch.
Jaipur Column
28°36′51″N 77°12′07″E / 28.614262°N 77.201902°E / 28.614262; 77.201902 (Jaipur Column)
name=Jaipur Column 1912 1930 Monumental column celebrating the 1911 Delhi Durbar and the transfer of the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi.[40]
Janpath
28°36′52″N 77°13′07″E / 28.61432°N 77.21854°E / 28.61432; 77.21854 (Janpath)
1931 Janpath - 'people's way' - is the main north-south road through New Delhi, the layout of which was planned by Lutyens.
National Archives of India
28°36′56″N 77°13′02″E / 28.61546°N 77.21716°E / 28.61546; 77.21716 (National Archives of India)
One of a planned four museum buildings to occupy quadrants around the intersection of Janpath and Rajpath, the National Archives building was the only one constructed.
Patiala House
28°36′55″N 77°14′05″E / 28.61536°N 77.23474°E / 28.61536; 77.23474 (Patiala House)
The former residence of the Maharaja of Patiala, now a district court building.
Rajpath
28°36′49″N 77°13′02″E / 28.61352°N 77.21729°E / 28.61352; 77.21729 (Rajpath)
Rajpath 1931 Rajpath - 'King's way - is an east-west ceremonial boulevard through the centre of New Delhi, linking Rashtrapathi Bhavan with India Gate, and location for the annual Delhi Republic Day parade.
Rashtrapathi Bhavan
28°36′52″N 77°11′58″E / 28.61440°N 77.19948°E / 28.61440; 77.19948 (Rashtrapathi Bhavan)
Rashtrapathi Bhavan 1912 1929 Designed as the Viceroy's House for the Governor-General of India during the British Raj period, and now the official home of the President of India[41]

Republic of Ireland[edit]

Name Image Location County Initiated Completed Notes
Howth Castle
53°23′11″N 6°04′44″W / 53.3863°N 6.079°W / 53.3863; -6.079
Howth Castle Howth Fingal 1910 Renovation of fourteenth-century castle[42]
Irish National War Memorial
53°20′38″N 6°19′01″W / 53.344°N 6.317°W / 53.344; -6.317
Irish National War Memorial Islandbridge County Dublin 1930 1940 [43]
Lambay Castle
53°23′11″N 6°04′44″W / 53.3863°N 6.079°W / 53.3863; -6.079
Lamby Castle Lambay Island County Dublin 1905 1912 Alternations and additions to sixteenth-century castle[44][45]
Tranarossan House
55°13′45″N 7°48′13″W / 55.2292°N 7.8037°W / 55.2292; -7.8037
Tranarossan House near Downings County Donegal Now Trá na Rosann youth hostel [44][45]

France[edit]

Name Image Location Department Initiated Completed Notes
Bois des Moutiers
49°54′43″N 0°59′00″E / 49.91182°N 0.98326°E / 49.91182; 0.98326
Bois des Moutiers Varengeville-sur-Mer Normandy 1911 1930 Remodelling of an existing 1850s house in the Arts and Crafts style by Lutyens, with gardens laid out by Lutyens and Gertrude Jekyll
Thiepval Memorial
50°03′02″N 2°41′09″E / 50.05058°N 2.68573°E / 50.05058; 2.68573
Thiepval Memorial Thiepval Picardy 1928 1932 War memorial to 72,195 missing British and South African men, who died in the Battles of the Somme of the First World War between 1915 and 1918, with no known grave.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Memorial to the Missing of the Somme" 2006. Gavin Stamp
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