Outline of Egypt

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The location of Egypt
An enlargeable map of the Arab Republic of Egypt

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Egypt:

Egypt (Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [Maṣr مَصر]) is a sovereign country located in eastern North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land bridge to Asia.[1] Covering an area of about 1,002,450 square kilometers (387,050 sq mi), Egypt borders Libya to the west, Sudan to the south and Palestine and Israel to the east. Its northern coast borders the Mediterranean Sea; the eastern coast borders the Red Sea. Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's oldest monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex with the Great Sphinx, the step pyramid at Sakkara, Edfu Temple, Abu Simbel, etc. The southern city of Luxor contains numerous ancient artifacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East, as center of the Arab World. Egypt, historically, has been the northern "Gateway to Africa" with many scientific expeditions organized from Cairo.

General reference[edit]

Geography of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Geography of Egypt
An enlargeable relief map of Egypt
An enlargeable topographic map of Egypt
 Sudan 1,273 km (791 mi)
 Libya 1,115 km (693 mi)
 Palestine and  Israel 277 km (172 mi)
  • Coastline: 2,450 km (1,522 mi)

Environment of Egypt[edit]

Geographic features of Egypt[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of the lower Nile River and Delta.

Regions of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Regions of Egypt

Ecoregions of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Ecoregions in Egypt

Administrative divisions of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Administrative divisions of Egypt
Governorates of Egypt[edit]
Governorates of Egypt
Main article: Governorates of Egypt
Nr. Name Area (km²) Population (2015) Capital
2 Alexandria 2,300 4,812,186 Alexandria
27 Aswan 62,726 1,431,488 Aswan
22 Asyut 25,926 4,245,215 Asyut
3 Beheira 9,826 5,804,262 Damanhur
19 Beni Suef 10,954 2,856,812 Beni Suef
16 Cairo 3,085 9,278,441 Cairo
5 Dakahlia 3,538 5,949,001 Mansura
6 Damietta 910 1,330,843 Damietta
15 Faiyum 6,068 3,170,150 Faiyum
9 Gharbia 1,942 4,751,865 Tanta
14 Giza 13,184 7,585,115 Giza
13 Ismailia 5,067 1,178,641 Ismailia
4 Kafr el-Sheikh 3,467 3,172,753 Kafr el-Sheikh
26 Luxor 2,410 1,147,058 Luxor
1 Matruh 166,563 447,846 Mersa Matruh
20 Minya 32,279 5,156,702 Minya
10 Monufia 2,499 3,941,293 Shibin el-Kom
21 New Valley 440,098 225,416 Kharga
8 North Sinai 28,992 434,781 Arish
7 Port Said 1,345 666,599 Port Said
11 Qalyubia 1,124 5,105,972 Banha
25 Qena 10,798 3,045,504 Qena
23 Red Sea 119,099 345,775 Hurghada
12 Sharqia 4,911 6,485,412 Zagazig
24 Sohag 11,022 4,603,861 Sohag
18 South Sinai 31,272 167,426 El-Tor
17 Suez 9,002 622,859 Suez
Municipalities of Egypt[edit]

Demography of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Egypt



Government and politics of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Government of Egypt and Politics of Egypt

Branches of the government of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Government of Egypt

Executive branch of the government of Egypt[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Egypt[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Egypt[edit]

Foreign relations of Egypt[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Arab Republic of Egypt is a member of:[1]

Egypt is 1 of only 7 U.N. members which is not a member of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.

Law and order in Egypt[edit]

Main article: Law of Egypt

Media of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Media of Egypt

Military of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Military of Egypt

History of Egypt[edit]

Main article: History of Egypt

By period[edit]

Culture of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Culture of Egypt

Art in Egypt[edit]

Sports in Egypt[edit]

Main article: Sports in Egypt

Economy and infrastructure of Egypt[edit]

Main article: Economy of Egypt

Education in Egypt[edit]

Main article: Education in Egypt

See also[edit]

Main article: Egypt


  1. ^ a b "Egypt". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Egypt