List of Egyptian castles, forts, fortifications and city walls

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Many buildings in Egypt can be put under the classification of Castles, Citadels, Forts, Fortifications.

List by age[edit]

Pharaonic[edit]

Northern Egypt & Delta[edit]

Upper Egypt[edit]

Sinai[edit]

Western Desert[edit]

Excavated room inside the fort of Qasr Allam, Libyan desert, Egypt

Nubia[edit]

Semna & Kumma forts view from west
Shalfak fort plan

Persian[edit]

Greco-Roman[edit]

Cairo[edit]

Delta[edit]

Kharga Oasis[edit]

Red Sea[edit]

Fayoum[edit]

Lower Egypt[edit]

  • Al-Heita fort, Eastern desert, Qena.[25]

Sinai[edit]

North coast[edit]

Arabic[edit]

Cairo[edit]

Alexandria[edit]

Western tower of the Greek & Islamic town wall, Alexandria, Egypt
Western tower, remains of the Hellenistic & Islamic city wall, Alexandria, Egypt
Western tower of the Greek town wall, Alexandria, Egypt

Red Sea & Western desert[edit]

Sinai[edit]

Eastern desert[edit]

Modern Egypt[edit]

Cairo[edit]

Alexandria & North coast[edit]

Western Desert[edit]

Sinai[edit]

Suez canal[edit]

Red Sea & Eastern Desert[edit]

List by areas & time[edit]

Western Desert[edit]

Alexandria[edit]

Rosetta[edit]

Port Said[edit]

Damietta[edit]

Damietta fortification & Tower 1600s
  • Ezzbet El-Borg Defensive tower.
  • Urabi Fort.
  • Old Damietta city wall & Fortifications.

Sinai castles, forts, fortifications and citadels[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Ancient Egypt military architecture
  2. ^ Alexander the Great
  3. ^ a b Tandamane works
  4. ^ a b c Qantara East history
  5. ^ a b c Niebuhr travels
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Said Aly Sinai, the Meaning and Importance (in Arabic) ISBN 977-437-760-5
  7. ^ Large old Sinai fortress
  8. ^ Ramsis II Pelusium Fort
  9. ^ Tharu fortifications
  10. ^ Tharu castle thesis
  11. ^ Siwa Oasis
  12. ^ Buhen castle
  13. ^ Ancient Egypt architecture
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Egyptian Fortresses in Nubia
  15. ^ Fort Babylon
  16. ^ Babylon fort history & photos
  17. ^ a b c d e Roman forts in Kharga Oasis
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h Kharga Oasis
  19. ^ Bahariya Oasis Roman fort
  20. ^ a b c Porphyrite
  21. ^ Castellum of Badia
  22. ^ Red Sea Roman fort
  23. ^ Red Sea Roman fort wall
  24. ^ Fayoum Roman fort
  25. ^ Qena
  26. ^ Egypt history
  27. ^ Alexandria histories
  28. ^ Ayyubid Cairo City Fortification
  29. ^ Al Fustat city walls
  30. ^ Alexandria history
  31. ^ Quseir Fort
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Sinai castles
  33. ^ a b Al-Gindi fort
  34. ^ a b Photo of Qalaat Al-Gindi
  35. ^ a b Photos
  36. ^ a b c d e f North Sinai forts
  37. ^ a b Description of Nakhl Fortress
  38. ^ a b El Tina castle
  39. ^ Siwa fot photo
  40. ^ Siwa Villa & Fort photo
  41. ^ Rain damage of Siwa fort
  42. ^ Siwa old photos
  43. ^ Siwa Oasis
  44. ^ Alex history
  45. ^ Marsa Matrouh
  46. ^ Matruh Fortified position
  47. ^ Italian invasion of Egypt
  48. ^ Africa Korps Archived 2008-08-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  49. ^ Sidi Barani fortified camps
  50. ^ 1.JmA - Compass
  51. ^ North Africa battle
  52. ^ Fortified Alam el Halfa
  53. ^ Fortified Alam el Halfa
  54. ^ Sollum Fortified camp
  55. ^ Operation Crusader
  56. ^ Battle of the Omars
  57. ^ North Africa campagain
  58. ^ le général Rommel
  59. ^ sharm-al-shaykh
  60. ^ Fry, Michael, and Hochstein, Miles. "The Forgotten Middle East Crisis of 1957: Gaza and Sharm el Sheikh." International History Review 15 (1993): 46 - 83 "The Forgotten Middle East Crisis of 1957: Gaza and Sharm el Sheikh."
  61. ^ a b Castle Zaman
  62. ^ a b c d http://www.elaph.com/ElaphWeb/Entertainment/2008/6/337325.htm

External links[edit]