List of Elm cultivars, hybrids and hybrid cultivars

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Further information: List of Elm species

Species cultivars[edit]

A Weeping Elm graft.

Ulmus alata[edit]

Ulmus americana[edit]

Ulmus crassifolia[edit]

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica[edit]

Ulmus glabra[edit]

Ulmus laevis[edit]

Ulmus minor[edit]

Ulmus parvifolia[edit]

Ulmus pumila[edit]

Hybrids, natural and artificial, and hybrid cultivars[edit]

Ulmus × arbuscula[edit]

U. glabra × U. pumila. Russia

Ulmus × arkansana[edit]

U. serotina × U. crassifolia. US

Ulmus × brandisiana[edit]

U. chumlia × U. wallichiana. India, Pakistan.

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica × U. minor[edit]

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica × U. minor. US

Ulmus × diversifolia[edit]

U. glabra × U. minor 'Coritana' × U. minor 'Plotii'.

Ulmus × hollandica[edit]

U. glabra × U. minor. - Dutch Elm, (US) Netherland Elm. Europe

Ulmus × intermedia[edit]

U. rubra × U. pumila[1]

Ulmus × mesocarpa[edit]

U. macrocarpa × U. davidiana var. japonica. Korea.

Ulmus × notha[edit]

U. pumila × U. rubra. US.

Ulmus × viminalis[edit]

U. minor × U. minor 'Plotii'. England, 1677.

Cultivated varieties[edit]

  • Ulmus 'Amsterdam'. 'Bea Schwarz', open pollination? Netherlands, before 1950.
  • Ulmus 'Androssowii'. U. pumila × U. minor 'Umbraculifera'. Uzbekistan
  • Ulmus 'Arno'. 'Plantyn' × U. pumila. Italy, 2006.
  • Ulmus 'Cathedral'. U. davidiana var. japonica × U. pumila. US, 1994.
  • Ulmus 'Charisma': See under 'Morton Glossy' = Triumph
  • Ulmus 'Clusius'. ('Exoniensis' × U. wallichiana) × 'Bea Schwarz' selfed. Netherlands, 1983.
  • Ulmus 'Columella'. 'Plantyn' selfed or openly-pollinated. Netherlands, 1989.
  • Ulmus 'Commelin'. 'Vegeta' × U. minor. Netherlands, 1960.
  • Ulmus 'Coolshade'. U. rubra × U. pumila. US, 1946.
  • Ulmus 'Den Haag'. U. pumila × 'Belgica'. Netherlands, 1936.
  • Ulmus 'Dodoens'. ('Exoniensis' × U. wallichiana) selfed. Netherlands, 1973.
  • Ulmus 'Fiorente'. U. pumila × U. minor. Italy, 2006.
  • Ulmus 'Fremont'. U. rubra × U. pumila. US, 1954.
  • Ulmus 'Frontier'. U. minor × U. parvifolia. US, 1990.
  • Ulmus 'Groeneveld'. U. × hollandica × U. minor. Netherlands, 1963.
  • Ulmus 'Homestead'. U. pumila × ('Commelin' × (U. pumila × 'Hoersholmiensis')). US, 1984.
  • Ulmus 'Improved Coolshade'. U. rubra × U. pumila. US, 1958.
  • Ulmus 'Karagatch'. U. pumila × U. × androssowii? Turkestan,  c. 1910
  • Ulmus 'Lincoln'. U. rubra × U. pumila. US, 1958.
  • Ulmus 'Lobel'. ('Exoniensis' × U. wallichiana) × 'Bea Schwarz' selfed. Netherlands, 1973.
  • Ulmus 'Morfeo'. (U. × hollandica × U. minor) × U. chenmoui. Italy, 2010.
  • Ulmus 'Morton' = Accolade. U. davidiana var. japonica × U. davidiana var. japonica. US, 2000.
  • Ulmus 'Morton Glossy' = Triumph. 'Morton' = Accolade × 'Morton Plainsman' = Vanguard. US, 2000.
  • Ulmus 'Morton Plainsman' = Vanguard. U. pumila × U. davidiana var. japonica. US, 2000.
  • Ulmus 'Morton Red Tip' = Danada Charm. 'Morton' = Accolade open pollination. US, circa 2000.
  • Ulmus 'Morton Stalwart' = Commendation. 'Morton' = Accolade × (U. pumila × U. minor). US, 2000.
  • Ulmus 'Nanguen' = Lutèce. 'Plantyn' × ('Bea Schwarz' × 'Bea Schwarz' selfed). Netherlands, 2001.
  • Ulmus 'New Horizon'. U. davidiana var. japonica × U. pumila. US, 1995.
  • Ulmus 'Patriot'. 'Urban' × 'Prospector'. US, 1993.
  • Ulmus 'Plantyn' or 'Plantijn'. ('Exoniensis' × U. wallichiana) × (U. minor × U. minor). Netherlands, 1973.
  • Ulmus 'Plinio'. 'Plantyn' × U. pumila. Italy, 2002.
  • Ulmus 'Rageth'. US, before 1954.
  • Ulmus 'Rebella'. U. parvifolia × U. americana. US, 2011.
  • Ulmus 'Rebona'. U. davidiana var. japonica × U. pumila. US, 1993.
  • Ulmus 'Recerta'. U. pumila × U. minor. US, < 1985.
  • Ulmus 'Regal'. 'Commelin' × Dutch clone '215' (U. pumila × 'Hoersholmiensis'). US, 1983.
  • Ulmus 'Repura'. 'Regal' × (U. rubra × (U. pumila × U. davidiana var. japonica)). US, 1993.
  • Ulmus 'Revera'. 'Regal' × (U. rubra × (U. pumila × U. davidiana var. japonica)). US, 1993.
  • Ulmus 'Rosehill'. U. pumila × U. rubra. US, 1951.
  • Ulmus 'San Zanobi'. 'Plantyn' × U. pumila. Italy, 2002.
  • Ulmus 'Sapporo Autumn Gold'. U. davidiana var. japonica × U. pumila. US, 1975.
  • Ulmus 'Sapporo Gold 2' (Resista). U. davidiana var. japonica × U. pumila. US, 1990.
  • Ulmus 'Stavast'. ('Exoniensis' × U. wallichiana) × 'Commelin'. Netherlands, c.1985.
  • Ulmus 'Urban'. Dutch clone '148' ('Vegeta' × U. minor) × U. pumila. US, 1976.
  • Ulmus 'Wanoux' = Vada. 'Plantyn' × 'Plantyn' selfed. Netherlands, 2006.
  • Ulmus 'Willis'. U. pumila × U. rubra? US, 1958.
  • and others without formal hybrid names.

Cultivars of unconfirmed derivation[edit]

Misidentified genus[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elowsky, C.G.; Jordon-Thaden, I.E.; Kaul, R.B. (2013-07-17). "A morphological analysis of a hybrid swarm of native Ulmus rubra Muhl. and introduced U. pumila L. (Ulmaceae) in southeastern Nebraska" (PDF). Phytoneuron. 44: 1–23. 
  • Armstrong, J. V.; Sell, P. D. (1996). "A revision of the British elms (Ulmus L., Ulmaceae): the historical background". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 120: 39–50. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1996.tb00478.x. 
  • Bean, W. J. (1981). Trees and shrubs hardy in Great Britain, 7th edition. Murray, London.
  • Brasier, C. M. (1996). New horizons in Dutch elm disease control. Pages 20–28 in: Report on Forest Research, 1996. Forestry Commission. HMSO, London, UK.[1]
  • Brookes, A. H. (2015). Disease-resistant elms, Butterfly Conservation trials report, 2015 Butterfly Conservation, Hants & IoW Branch, England. [2]
  • Burdekin, D. A. & Rushforth, K. D. (Revised by Webber J. F. 1996). Elms resistant to Dutch elm disease. Arboricultural Research Note 2/96. Arboricultural Advisory and Information Service, Alice Holt, Farnham, UK.
  • Cornell University: Elm hybrids (pdf file)
  • Elwes, H. J. & Henry, A. (1913). The Trees of Great Britain & Ireland. Vol. VII. pp 1848–1929. Private publication [3]
  • Green, Peter Shaw (1964). "Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus". Arnoldia. Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University. 24 (6–8): 41–80. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  • Northern Arizona University: Elm trials.
  • Richens, R. H. (1983). Elm. Cambridge University Press.
  • Santamour, J., Frank, S. & Bentz, S. (1995). Updated checklist of elm (Ulmus) cultivars for use in North America. Journal of Arboriculture, 21:3 (May 1995), 121-131. International Society of Arboriculture, Champaign, Illinois, USA.
  • Santini, A., Fagnani, A., Ferrini, F. & Mittempergher, L. (2002). 'San Zanobi' & 'Plinio' Elm Trees. HortScience, Vol. 37 (7) : 1139–1141. Dec. 2002.
  • Smalley, E. B. & Guries, R. P. (1993). Breeding Elms for Resistance to Dutch Elm Disease. Annual Review of Phytopathology Vol. 31 : 325-354. Palo Alto, California.
  • Ware, G. (1995). Little-known elms from China: landscape tree possibilities. Journal of Arboriculture, (Nov. 1995). International Society of Arboriculture, Champaign, Illinois, USA. [4].