List of Elm species

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Ulmus subgenera and sectional classification[edit]

Classification of Ulmus based on Wiegrefe et al 1994.[1]

Incertae sedis[edit]

Extinct Elms[edit]

  • "Fossil elms"
    • Ulmus affinis Lesquereux (syn= Ulmus californica Lesquereux)
    • Ulmus braunii Heer
    • Ulmus brownellii Lesquereux
    • Ulmus carpinoides (Goeppert) emd Menzel
    • Ulmus chaneyi Tanai & Wolfe
    • Ulmus chuchuanus (Berry) LaMotte
    • Ulmus fushunensis Wang, Manchester, Li, & Geng
    • Ulmus minima Ward
    • Ulmus minoensis Huzioka
    • Ulmus miopumila Hu & Chaney
    • Ulmus moorei Chaney & Elias
    • Ulmus moragensis Axelrod nom. dubium
    • Ulmus newberryi Knowlton
    • Ulmus okanagenensis Denk & Dillhoff (subgenus Ulmus)
    • Ulmus owyheensis Smith
    • Ulmus paucidentata Smith
    • Ulmus protojaponica Tanai & Onoe
    • Ulmus pseudo-americana Lesquereux
    • Ulmus pseudolongifolia Oishi & Huz
    • Ulmus pyramidalis Goeppert
    • Ulmus pseudopyramidalis Kvaček & Hably
    • Ulmus rhamnifolia Ward
    • Ulmus speciosa Newberry (syn= Ulmus tanneri Chaney)
    • Ulmus stuchlikii Kohlman-Adamska, Ziembińska-Tworzydło, & Zastawniak
    • Ulmus subparvifolia Nathorst
    • Ulmus tenuiservis Lesquereux (syn= Ulmus montanensis Becker)

Ulmus eolaciniata was moved from Ulmus to the new combination Rubus eolaciniata by Tanai and Wolfe in 1977.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wiegrefe, S. J.; Sytsma, K. J.; Guries, R. P. (1994). "Phylogeny of elms (Ulmus, Ulmaceae): molecular evidence for a sectional classification" (PDF). Systematic Botany. 19 (4): 590–612. 
  2. ^ Tanai, T.; Wolfe, J. A. (1977). "Revisions of Ulmus and Zelkova in the middle and late Tertiary of western North America" (PDF). US Govt. Print. Off. 1026. 
  • Armstrong, J. V.; Sell, P. D. (1996). "A revision of the British elms (Ulmus L., Ulmaceae): the historical background". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 120: 39–50. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1996.tb00478.x. 
  • Bean, W. J. (1981). Trees and shrubs hardy in Great Britain, 7th edition. Murray, London.
  • Brasier, C. M. (1996). New horizons in Dutch elm disease control. Pages 20–28 in: Report on Forest Research, 1996. Forestry Commission. HMSO, London, UK.[1]
  • Brookes, A. H. (2015). Disease-resistant elms, Butterfly Conservation trials report, 2015 Butterfly Conservation, Hants & IoW Branch, England. [2]
  • Burdekin, D. A. & Rushforth, K. D. (Revised by Webber J. F. 1996). Elms resistant to Dutch elm disease. Arboricultural Research Note 2/96. Arboricultural Advisory and Information Service, Alice Holt, Farnham, UK.
  • Collin, E. (2001). Elm. In Teissier du Cros (Ed.) (2001) Forest Genetic Resources Management and Conservation. France as a case study. Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Bureau of Genetic Resources. INRA DIC. France.
  • Elwes, H. J. & Henry, A. (1913). The Trees of Great Britain & Ireland. Vol. VII. pp 1848–1929. Private publication [3]
  • Fu, L., Xin, Y. & Whittemore, A. (2002). Ulmaceae, in Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds), (2003). Flora of China, Vol. 5 (Ulmaceae through Basellaceae). Science Press, Beijing, and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, USA. [4]
  • Melville, R. & Heybroek, H. (1971). Elms of the Himalaya. Kew Bulletin, Vol. 26 (1). Kew, London.
  • Richens, R. H. (1983). Elm. Cambridge University Press.
  • Ware, G. (1995). Little-known elms from China: landscape tree possibilities. Journal of Arboriculture, (Nov. 1995). International Society of Arboriculture, Champaign, Illinois, USA. [5].