List of English football champions

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Leicester City celebrate winning the Premier League in the 2015–16 season

The English football champions are the winners of the highest league in English football, which since 1992-1993 is the Premier League.

Following the legalisation of professional football by the Football Association in 1885,[1] the English Football League was established in 1888, after a series of meetings initiated by Aston Villa director William McGregor.[2] At the end of the 1888–89 season, Preston North End were the first club to be crowned champions after completing their fixtures unbeaten.[3]

The first fully professional football competition in the world, the League's early years were dominated by teams from the North and Midlands, where professionalism was embraced more readily than in the South.[4] Its status as the country's pre-eminent league was strengthened in 1892, when the rival Football Alliance was absorbed into the Football League.[5] Former Alliance clubs comprised the bulk of a new Second Division, from which promotion to the top level could be gained. It was not until 1931 that a Southern club were crowned champions, when Herbert Chapman's Arsenal secured the title. Arsenal scored 127 goals in the process, a record for a title-winning side (though runners-up Aston Villa ironically scored one goal more, a record for the top division).[6]

Rules stipulating a maximum wage for players were abolished in 1961. This resulted in a shift of power towards bigger clubs.[7] Financial considerations became an even bigger influence from 1992, when the teams then in the First Division defected to form the FA Premier League. This supplanted the Football League First Division as the highest level of football in England,[8] and due to a series of progressively larger television contracts, put wealth into the hands of top flight clubs in a hitherto unprecedented manner.[9] The first five champions in the Premier League era - Arsenal, Blackburn Rovers, Chelsea, Manchester City and Manchester United - had all won the title at least once prior to 1992. Leicester City were crowned champions for the first time in 2016, becoming the first and to date only team to win the Premier League without having previously won the First Division.

All the clubs which have ever been crowned champions are still in existence today and all take part in the top four tiers of the English football league system - the football pyramid. Sheffield Wednesday are the only club who have ever changed their name after winning a league title having been known as The Wednesday for the first three of their four titles.

Manchester United have won 20 titles, the most of any club.[10] United's rivals Liverpool are second with 18. Liverpool dominated during the 1970s and 1980s, while United dominated in the 1990s and 2000s under Sir Alex Ferguson. Arsenal are third; their 13 titles all came after 1930. Everton (nine) have enjoyed success throughout their history, and both Aston Villa (seven) and Sunderland (six) secured the majority of their titles before World War I. Huddersfield Town in 1924–26, Arsenal in 1933–35, Liverpool in 1982–84 and Manchester United in 1999–2001 and 2007–09 are the only sides to have won the League title in three consecutive seasons.[11]

List[edit]

Teams in bold are those who won the double of League Championship and FA Cup, or the European Double of League Championship and European Cup in that season.

Football League (1888–1892)[edit]

Year Champions
(number of titles)
Runners-up Third place Leading goalscorer Goals
1888–89 Preston North End[1] Aston Villa Wolverhampton Wanderers England John Goodall (Preston North End) 21
1889–90 Preston North End (2) Everton Blackburn Rovers Scotland Jimmy Ross (Preston North End) 24
1890–91 Everton Preston North End Notts County England Jack Southworth (Blackburn Rovers) 26
1891–92 Sunderland Preston North End Bolton Wanderers Scotland John Campbell (Sunderland) 32

Football League First Division (1892–1992)[edit]

Year Champions
(number of titles)
Runners-up Third place Leading goalscorer Goals
1892–93 Sunderland (2) Preston North End Everton Scotland John Campbell (Sunderland) 31
1893–94 Aston Villa Sunderland Derby County England Jack Southworth (Everton) 27
1894–95 Sunderland (3) Everton Aston Villa Scotland John Campbell (Sunderland) 22
1895–96 Aston Villa (2) Derby County Everton Scotland Johnny Campbell (Aston Villa)
England Steve Bloomer (Derby County)
20
1896–97 Aston Villa (3) Sheffield United Derby County England Steve Bloomer (Derby County) 22
1897–98 Sheffield United Sunderland Wolverhampton Wanderers England Fred Wheldon (Aston Villa) 21
1898–99 Aston Villa (4) Liverpool Burnley England Steve Bloomer (Derby County) 23
1899–1900 Aston Villa (5) Sheffield United Sunderland England Billy Garraty (Aston Villa) 27
1900–01 Liverpool Sunderland Notts County England Steve Bloomer (Derby County) 23
1901–02 Sunderland (4) Everton Newcastle United England Jimmy Settle (Everton) 18
1902–03 The Wednesday[8] Aston Villa Sunderland England Sam Raybould (Liverpool) 31
1903–04 The Wednesday[8] (2) Manchester City Everton England Steve Bloomer (Derby County) 20
1904–05 Newcastle United Everton Manchester City England Arthur Brown (Sheffield United) 22
1905–06 Liverpool (2) Preston North End The Wednesday England Albert Shepherd (Bolton Wanderers) 26
1906–07 Newcastle United (2) Bristol City Everton Scotland Alex Young (Everton) 30
1907–08 Manchester United Aston Villa Manchester City England Enoch West (Nottingham Forest) 27
1908–09 Newcastle United (3) Everton Sunderland England Bert Freeman (Everton) 38
1909–10 Aston Villa (6) Liverpool Blackburn Rovers England Jack Parkinson (Liverpool) 30
1910–11 Manchester United (2) Aston Villa Sunderland England Albert Shepherd (Newcastle United) 25
1911–12 Blackburn Rovers Everton Newcastle United England Harry Hampton (Aston Villa)
England George Holley (Sunderland)
Scotland David McLean (The Wednesday)
25
1912–13 Sunderland (5) Aston Villa The Wednesday Scotland David McLean (The Wednesday) 30
1913–14 Blackburn Rovers (2) Aston Villa Middlesbrough England George Elliot (Middlesbrough) 32
1914–15 Everton (2) Oldham Athletic Blackburn Rovers Scotland Bobby Parker (Everton) 35
1915/16–1918/19 League suspended due to the First World War
1919–20 West Bromwich Albion Burnley Chelsea England Fred Morris (West Bromwich Albion) 37
1920–21 Burnley Manchester City Bolton Wanderers England Joe Smith (Bolton Wanderers) 38
1921–22 Liverpool (3) Tottenham Hotspur Burnley Scotland Andy Wilson (Middlesbrough) 31
1922–23 Liverpool (4) Sunderland Huddersfield Town Scotland Charlie Buchan (Sunderland) 30
1923–24 Huddersfield Town Cardiff City Sunderland England Wilf Chadwick (Everton) 28
1924–25 Huddersfield Town (2) West Bromwich Albion Bolton Wanderers England Frank Roberts (Manchester City) 31
1925–26 Huddersfield Town (3) Arsenal Sunderland England Ted Harper (Blackburn Rovers) 43
1926–27 Newcastle United (4) Huddersfield Town Sunderland England Jimmy Trotter (The Wednesday) 37
1927–28 Everton (3) Huddersfield Town Leicester City England Dixie Dean (Everton) 60
1928–29 The Wednesday[8] (3) Leicester City Aston Villa Scotland Dave Halliday (Sunderland) 43
1929–30 Sheffield Wednesday (4) Derby County Manchester City England Vic Watson (West Ham United) 41
1930–31 Arsenal Aston Villa Sheffield Wednesday England Tom Waring (Aston Villa) 49
1931–32 Everton (4) Arsenal Sheffield Wednesday England Dixie Dean (Everton) 44
1932–33 Arsenal (2) Aston Villa Sheffield Wednesday England Jack Bowers (Derby County) 35
1933–34 Arsenal (3) Huddersfield Town Tottenham Hotspur England Jack Bowers (Derby County) 34
1934–35 Arsenal (4) Sunderland Sheffield Wednesday England Ted Drake (Arsenal) 42
1935–36 Sunderland (6) Derby County Huddersfield Town England W. G. Richardson (West Bromwich Albion) 39
1936–37 Manchester City Charlton Athletic Arsenal England Freddie Steele (Stoke City) 33
1937–38 Arsenal (5) Wolverhampton Wanderers Preston North End England Tommy Lawton (Everton) 28
1938–39 Everton (5) Wolverhampton Wanderers Charlton Athletic England Tommy Lawton (Everton) 35
1939–40 League suspended in September 1939 due to outbreak of the Second World War
1940/41–1945/46
1946–47 Liverpool (5) Manchester United Wolverhampton Wanderers England Dennis Westcott (Wolverhampton Wanderers) 37
1947–48 Arsenal (6) Manchester United Burnley England Ronnie Rooke (Arsenal) 33
1948–49 Portsmouth Manchester United Derby County Scotland Willie Moir (Bolton Wanderers) 25
1949–50 Portsmouth (2) Wolverhampton Wanderers Sunderland England Dickie Davis (Sunderland) 25
1950–51 Tottenham Hotspur Manchester United Blackpool England Stan Mortensen (Blackpool) 30
1951–52 Manchester United (3) Tottenham Hotspur Arsenal Chile George Robledo (Newcastle United) 33
1952–53 Arsenal (7) Preston North End Wolverhampton Wanderers England Charlie Wayman (Preston North End) 24
1953–54 Wolverhampton Wanderers West Bromwich Albion Huddersfield Town England Jimmy Glazzard (Huddersfield Town) 29
1954–55 Chelsea Wolverhampton Wanderers Portsmouth England Ronnie Allen (West Bromwich Albion) 27
1955–56 Manchester United (4) Blackpool Wolverhampton Wanderers England Nat Lofthouse (Bolton Wanderers) 33
1956–57 Manchester United (5) Tottenham Hotspur Preston North End Wales John Charles (Leeds United) 38
1957–58 Wolverhampton Wanderers (2) Preston North End Tottenham Hotspur England Bobby Smith (Tottenham Hotspur) 36
1958–59 Wolverhampton Wanderers (3) Manchester United Arsenal England Jimmy Greaves (Chelsea) 33
1959–60 Burnley (2) Wolverhampton Wanderers Tottenham Hotspur England Dennis Viollet (Manchester United) 32
1960–61 Tottenham Hotspur (2) Sheffield Wednesday Wolverhampton Wanderers England Jimmy Greaves (Chelsea) 41
1961–62 Ipswich Town Burnley Tottenham Hotspur England Ray Crawford (Ipswich Town)
England Derek Kevan (West Bromwich Albion)
33
1962–63 Everton (6) Tottenham Hotspur Burnley England Jimmy Greaves (Tottenham Hotspur) 37
1963–64 Liverpool (6) Manchester United Everton England Jimmy Greaves (Tottenham Hotspur) 35
1964–65 Manchester United (6) Leeds United Chelsea Republic of Ireland Andy McEvoy (Blackburn Rovers)
England Jimmy Greaves (Tottenham Hotspur)
29
1965–66 Liverpool (7) Leeds United Burnley Northern Ireland Willie Irvine (Burnley) 29
1966–67 Manchester United (7) Nottingham Forest Tottenham Hotspur Wales Ron Davies (Southampton) 37
1967–68 Manchester City (2) Manchester United Liverpool Northern Ireland George Best (Manchester United)
Wales Ron Davies (Southampton)
28
1968–69 Leeds United Liverpool Everton England Jimmy Greaves (Tottenham Hotspur) 27
1969–70 Everton (7) Leeds United Chelsea England Jeff Astle (West Bromwich Albion) 25
1970–71 Arsenal (8) Leeds United Tottenham Hotspur England Tony Brown (West Bromwich Albion) 28
1971–72 Derby County Leeds United Liverpool England Francis Lee (Manchester City) 33
1972–73 Liverpool[2] (8) Arsenal Leeds United England Pop Robson (West Ham United) 28
1973–74 Leeds United (2) Liverpool Derby County England Mick Channon (Southampton) 21
1974–75 Derby County (2) Liverpool Ipswich Town England Malcolm Macdonald (Newcastle United) 21
1975–76 Liverpool[2] (9) Queens Park Rangers Manchester United Scotland Ted MacDougall (Norwich City) 23
1976–77 Liverpool[4] (10) Manchester City Ipswich Town England Malcolm Macdonald (Arsenal)
Scotland Andy Gray (Aston Villa)
25
1977–78 Nottingham Forest[4] Liverpool Everton England Bob Latchford (Everton) 30
1978–79 Liverpool (11) Nottingham Forest West Bromwich Albion England Frank Worthington (Bolton Wanderers) 24
1979–80 Liverpool (12) Manchester United Ipswich Town England Phil Boyer (Southampton) 23
1980–81 Aston Villa (7) Ipswich Town Arsenal England Peter Withe (Aston Villa)
Scotland Steve Archibald (Tottenham Hotspur)
20
1981–82 [5] Liverpool[5](13) Ipswich Town Manchester United England Kevin Keegan (Southampton) 26
1982–83 Liverpool[4] (14) Watford Manchester United England Luther Blissett (Watford) 27
1983–84 Liverpool[3][4] (15) Southampton Nottingham Forest Wales Ian Rush (Liverpool) 32
1984–85 Everton[6] (8) Liverpool Tottenham Hotspur England Kerry Dixon (Chelsea)
England Gary Lineker (Leicester City)
24
1985–86 Liverpool (16) Everton West Ham United England Gary Lineker (Everton) 30
1986–87 Everton (9) Liverpool Tottenham Hotspur England Clive Allen (Tottenham Hotspur) 33
1987–88 Liverpool (17) Manchester United Nottingham Forest Republic of Ireland John Aldridge (Liverpool) 26
1988–89 Arsenal (9) Liverpool Nottingham Forest England Alan Smith (Arsenal) 23
1989–90 Liverpool (18) Aston Villa Tottenham Hotspur England Gary Lineker (Tottenham Hotspur) 24
1990–91 Arsenal (10) Liverpool Crystal Palace England Alan Smith (Arsenal) 22
1991–92 Leeds United (3) Manchester United Sheffield Wednesday England Ian Wright (Crystal Palace/Arsenal) 29

Premier League (1992–present)[edit]

Year Champions
(number of titles)
Points Runners-up Points Third place Points Top goalscorer Goals
1992–93 Manchester United (8)
84
Aston Villa
74
Norwich City
72
England Teddy Sheringham (Nottingham Forest/Tottenham) 22
1993–94 Manchester United (9)
92
Blackburn Rovers
84
Newcastle United
77
England Andrew Cole (Newcastle United) 34
1994–95 Blackburn Rovers (3)
89
Manchester United
88
Nottingham Forest
77
England Alan Shearer (Blackburn Rovers) 34
1995–96 Manchester United (10)
82
Newcastle United
78
Liverpool
71
England Alan Shearer (Blackburn Rovers) 31
1996–97 Manchester United (11)
75
Newcastle United
68
Arsenal
68
England Alan Shearer (Newcastle United) 25
1997–98 Arsenal (11)
78
Manchester United
77
Liverpool
65
England Chris Sutton (Blackburn Rovers)
England Dion Dublin (Coventry City)
England Michael Owen (Liverpool)
18
1998–99 Manchester United[7] (12)
79
Arsenal
78
Chelsea
75
Netherlands Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink (Leeds United)
England Michael Owen (Liverpool)
Trinidad and Tobago Dwight Yorke (Manchester United)
18
1999–2000 Manchester United (13)
91
Arsenal
73
Leeds United
69
England Kevin Phillips (Sunderland) 30
2000–01 Manchester United (14)
80
Arsenal
70
Liverpool
69
Netherlands Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink (Chelsea) 23
2001–02 Arsenal (12)
87
Liverpool
80
Manchester United
77
France Thierry Henry (Arsenal) 24
2002–03 Manchester United (15)
83
Arsenal
78
Newcastle United
69
Netherlands Ruud van Nistelrooy (Manchester United) 25
2003–04 Arsenal[1] (13)
90
Chelsea
79
Manchester United
75
France Thierry Henry (Arsenal) 30
2004–05 Chelsea[4] (2)
95
Arsenal
83
Manchester United
77
France Thierry Henry (Arsenal) 25
2005–06 Chelsea (3)
91
Manchester United
83
Liverpool
82
France Thierry Henry (Arsenal) 27
2006–07 Manchester United (16)
89
Chelsea
83
Liverpool
68
Ivory Coast Didier Drogba (Chelsea) 20
2007–08 Manchester United (17)
87
Chelsea
85
Arsenal
83
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo (Manchester United) 31
2008–09 Manchester United[4] (18)
90
Liverpool
86
Chelsea
83
France Nicolas Anelka (Chelsea) 19
2009–10 Chelsea (4)
86
Manchester United
85
Arsenal
75
Ivory Coast Didier Drogba (Chelsea) 29
2010–11 Manchester United (19)
80
Chelsea
71
Manchester City
71
Bulgaria Dimitar Berbatov (Manchester United)
Argentina Carlos Tevez (Manchester City)
20
2011–12 Manchester City (3)
89
Manchester United
89
Arsenal
70
Netherlands Robin van Persie (Arsenal) 30
2012–13 Manchester United (20)
89
Manchester City
78
Chelsea
75
Netherlands Robin van Persie (Manchester United) 26
2013–14 Manchester City[4] (4)
86
Liverpool
84
Chelsea
82
Uruguay Luis Suárez (Liverpool) 31
2014–15 Chelsea[4] (5)
87
Manchester City
79
Arsenal
75
Argentina Sergio Agüero (Manchester City) 26
2015–16 Leicester City
81
Arsenal
71
Tottenham Hotspur
70
England Harry Kane (Tottenham Hotspur) 25

Bold indicates Double winners – i.e. League and FA Cup winners OR League and European Cup winners

Bold Italic indicates Treble winners – i.e. League, FA Cup and European Cup winners

Total titles won[edit]

Teams in bold compete in the Premier League as of the 2016–17 season.

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons Seasons Runners-up
Manchester United
20
15
1907–08, 1910–11, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2012–13 1946-47, 1947-48, 1948-49, 1950-51, 1958-59, 1963-64, 1967-68, 1979-80, 1987-88, 1991-92, 1994-95, 1997-98, 2005-06, 2009-10, 2011-12
Liverpool
18
13
1900–01, 1905–06, 1921–22, 1922–23, 1946–47, 1963–64, 1965–66, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1989–90 1898-99, 1909-10, 1968-69, 1973-74, 1974-75, 1977-78, 1984-85, 1986-87, 1988-89, 1990-91, 2001-02, 2008-09, 2013-14
Arsenal
13
9
1930–31, 1932–33, 1933–34, 1934–35, 1937–38, 1947–48, 1952–53, 1970–71, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2003–04 1925-26, 1931-32, 1972-73, 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2000-01, 2002-03, 2004-05, 2015-16
Everton
9
7
1890–91, 1914–15, 1927–28, 1931–32, 1938–39, 1962–63, 1969–70, 1984–85, 1986–87 1889-90, 1894-95, 1901-02, 1904-05, 1908-09, 1911-12, 1985-86
Aston Villa
7
10
1893–94, 1895–96, 1896–97, 1898–99, 1899–1900, 1909–10, 1980–81 1888-89, 1902-03, 1907-08, 1910-11, 1912-13, 1913-14, 1930-31, 1932-33, 1989-90, 1992-93
Sunderland
6
5
1891–92, 1892–93, 1894–95, 1901–02, 1912–13, 1935–36 1893-94, 1897-98, 1900-01, 1922-23, 1934-35
Chelsea
5
4
1954–55, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2009–10, 2014–15 2003-04, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2010-11
Manchester City
4
5
1936–37, 1967–68, 2011–12, 2013–14 1903-04, 1920-21, 1976-77, 2012-13, 2014-15
Newcastle United
4
2
1904–05, 1906–07, 1908–09, 1926–27 1995-96, 1996-97
Sheffield Wednesday
4
1
1902–03, 1903–04, 1928–29, 1929–30 1960-61
Leeds United
3
5
1968–69, 1973–74, 1991–92 1964-65, 1965-66, 1969-70, 1970-71, 1971-72
Wolverhampton Wanderers
3
5
1953–54, 1957–58, 1958–59 1937-38, 1938-39, 1949-50, 1954-55, 1959-60
Huddersfield Town
3
3
1923–24, 1924–25, 1925–26 1926-27, 1927-28, 1933-34
Blackburn Rovers
3
1
1911–12, 1913–14, 1994–95 1993-94
Preston North End
2
6
1888–89, 1889–90 1890-91, 1891-92, 1892-93, 1905-06, 1952-53, 1957-58
Tottenham Hotspur
2
4
1950–51, 1960–61 1921-22, 1951-52, 1956-57, 1962-63
Derby County
2
3
1971–72, 1974–75 1895-96, 1929-30, 1935-36
Burnley
2
2
1920–21, 1959–60 1919-20, 1961-62
Portsmouth
2
0
1948–49, 1949–50
Ipswich Town
1
2
1961–62 1980-81, 1981-82
Nottingham Forest
1
2
1977–78 1966-67, 1978-79
Sheffield United
1
2
1897–98 1896-97, 1899-1900
West Bromwich Albion
1
2
1919–20 1924-25, 1953-54
Leicester City
1
1
2015–16 1928-29
Bristol City
0
1
1906-07
Oldham Athletic
0
1
1914-15
Cardiff City
0
1
1923-24
Charlton Athletic
0
1
1936-37
Blackpool
0
1
1955-56
Queen's Park Rangers
0
1
1975-76
Watford
0
1
1982-83
Southampton
0
1
1983-84

Total titles won by region[edit]

Region Number of titles Clubs
North West
58
Manchester United (20), Liverpool (18), Everton (9), Manchester City (4) Blackburn Rovers (3), Burnley (2), Preston North End (2)
London
20
Arsenal (13), Chelsea (5), Tottenham Hotspur (2)
Yorkshire and the Humber
11
Sheffield Wednesday (4), Huddersfield Town (3), Leeds United (3), Sheffield United (1)
West Midlands
11
Aston Villa (7), Wolverhampton Wanderers (3), West Bromwich Albion (1)
North East
10
Sunderland (6), Newcastle United (4)
East Midlands
4
Derby County (2), Leicester City (1), Nottingham Forest (1)
South East
2
Portsmouth (2)
East of England
1
Ipswich Town (1)
South West
Wales

By City / Town[edit]

City / Town Championships Clubs
Liverpool
27
Liverpool (18), Everton (9)
Manchester
24
Manchester United (20), Manchester City (4)
London
20
Arsenal (13), Chelsea (5), Tottenham Hotspur (2)
Birmingham
7
Aston Villa (7)
Sunderland
6
Sunderland (6)
Sheffield
5
Sheffield Wednesday (4), Sheffield United (1)
Newcastle
4
Newcastle United (4)
Blackburn
3
Blackburn Rovers (3)
Huddersfield
3
Huddersfield Town (3)
Leeds
3
Leeds United (3)
Wolverhampton
3
Wolverhampton Wanderers (3)
Burnley
2
Burnley (2)
Derby
2
Derby County (2)
Portsmouth
2
Portsmouth (2)
Preston
2
Preston North End (2)
Ipswich
1
Ipswich Town (1)
Leicester
1
Leicester City (1)
Nottingham
1
Nottingham Forest (1)
West Bromwich
1
West Bromwich Albion (1)

Multiple trophy wins[edit]

See The Double and The Treble.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. a b Completed the season unbeaten.
  2. a b Also won the UEFA Cup.
  3. a b Also won the European Cup.
  4. a b c d e f g Also won the League Cup.
  5. a From the 1981–82 season onwards three points were awarded for a win. Prior to this a win gave two points.
  6. a Also won the Cup Winners Cup.
  7. a In addition to the double of League and FA Cup, Manchester United also won the European Cup in 1999. This achievement is referred to as the Treble.
  8. a b c Sheffield Wednesday were known as The Wednesday until 1929.

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "The History of the Football League". Football League website. Archived from the original on 11 February 2007. Retrieved 15 February 2006. 
  2. ^ Inglis, Simon (1988). League Football and the Men Who Made It. Willow Books. pp. 6–8. ISBN 0-00-218242-4. 
  3. ^ Titford, Roger (November 2005). "Football League, 1888–89". When Saturday Comes. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  4. ^ Goldblatt, David (2007). The Ball is Round: A Global History of Football. London: Penguin. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-14-101582-8. 
  5. ^ Inglis, League Football and the Men Who Made It, p25
  6. ^ "Free-scoring Gunners clinch first title". Arsenal.com. Retrieved 15 June 2009. 
  7. ^ Dart, Tom (25 May 2009). "Burnley: little town, big traditions". The Times. London. Retrieved 15 June 2009. 
  8. ^ "A History of The Premier League". Premier League. Retrieved 7 June 2009. 
  9. ^ Harris, Nick (7 February 2009). "£1.78bn: Record Premier League TV deal defies economic slump". Independent. London. Retrieved 15 June 2009. 
  10. ^ Nurse, Howard (14 May 2011). "Blackburn 1 – 1 Man Utd". BBC Sport. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  11. ^ "Sideline". London: The Times. 16 May 2003. Retrieved 7 June 2009.