List of English prepositions

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This is a list of English prepositions. Many English prepositions are compounds of bare roots and affixes such as a-, be-, -side, and -st, giving English a relatively high number of morphemically distinct prepositions. However, these processes are no longer productive, and many of these prepositions have fallen out of use or become limited to a certain dialect. English prepositions generally remain a closed class.

Single words[edit]

Prepositions

  1. aboard
  2. about
  3. above
  4. absent (law)
  5. across
  6. after
  7. against
  8. along
  9. alongside
  10. amid
  11. among
  12. apropos (rare for apropos of)
  13. apud (formal)
  14. around
  15. as
  16. astride
  17. at
    • @ (abbreviation)
  18. on
  19. atop, ontop
  20. bar
  21. before
  22. behind
    • ahind (dialectal or archaic)
  23. below
  24. beneath
  25. beside
  26. besides
  27. between
    • atween (dialectal or archaic)
  28. beyond
    • ayond (dialectal or archaic)
  29. but
  30. by
  31. chez (rare)
  32. circa
    • c., ca. (abbreviations)
  33. come
  34. despite
  35. down
  36. during
  37. except
  38. for
    • 4 (abbreviation)
  39. from
  40. in
  41. inside
  42. into
  43. less
  44. like
  45. minus
  46. near
  47. notwithstanding (also postpositional)
  48. of
  49. off
  50. on
  51. onto
  52. opposite
  53. out
    • outen (archaic or dialectal)
  54. outside
  55. over
  56. pace (formal)
  57. past
  58. per
  59. post (often hyphenated)
  60. pre (often hyphenated)
  61. pro (often hyphenated)
  62. qua (formal)
  63. re (often used with colon)
  64. sans (formal)
  65. save
  66. short
  67. since
  68. than
  69. through
    • thru (abbreviation)
  70. throughout
  71. to
    • 2 (abbreviation)
  72. toward, towards
  73. under
  74. underneath
  75. unlike
  76. until
  77. up
  78. upon
  79. upside
  80. versus
    • vs., v. (abbreviations)
  81. via
  82. vice (formal)
  83. vis-à-vis (formal)
  84. with
    • w/, (abbreviations)
  85. within
    • w/i (abbreviation)
  86. without
    • w/o (abbreviation)
  87. worth

Multiple words[edit]

Two words[edit]

Three words[edit]

  1. as far as is one example of the many expressions which can be analyzed as as+adjective+as rather than a multiword preposition
  2. as opposed to
  3. as soon as
  4. as well as

Preposition + (article) + noun + preposition[edit]

English has many idiomatic expressions that act as prepositions that can be analyzed as a preposition followed by a noun (sometimes preceded by the definite or, occasionally, indefinite article) followed by another preposition.[1] Common examples include:

Archaic or dialectal[edit]

See also archaic forms of modern prepositions listed above.

  1. abaft (nautical or archaic)
  2. abeam (nautical)
  3. aboon, abun, abune (dialectal)
  4. afront (dialectal or archaic)
  5. ajax (Polari)
  6. alongst
  7. aloof
  8. anenst, anent (rare, U.K. dialectal)
  9. athwart (nautical or archaic)
  10. atop, ontop
  11. behither
  12. ben (dialectal)
  13. betwixt, atwix (dialectal or archaic)
  14. bewest (dialectal or archaic)
  15. benorth (dialectal or archaic)
  16. emforth
  17. ere (poetic or archaic)
  18. forby (dialectal or archaic)
  19. foreanent, forenenst (dialectal or archaic)
  20. foregain, foregainst (dialectal or archaic)
  21. forth
  22. fromward, froward, fromwards
  23. furth (Scotland)
  24. gainward
  25. imell (dialectal or archaic)
  26. inmid, inmiddes
  27. mang (Devon)
  28. mauger, maugre
  29. nearhand (archaic or dialectal)
  30. next (archaic for next to; originally superlative of nigh)
  31. nigh, anigh, anighst (poetic or archaic)
  32. outwith (dialectal)
  33. overthwart (archaic or dialectal)
  34. quoad (formal)
  35. umbe, umb, um (archaic or dialectal)
  36. unto (archaic or poetic)
  37. uptill

Postpositions[edit]

  1. ago
  2. apart
  3. aside
  4. away
  5. hence
  6. notwithstanding (also prepositional)
  7. on
  8. short (also prepositional)
  9. through
  10. withal (archaic)

Song to remember the prepositions (Sung to the tune of Yankee Doodle)[edit]

Aboard About Above Across Against Along Around Amid Among After At Except For During Down Behind Below Beneath Beside Between Before Beyond By In From Off On Over Of Until Unto Upon Under Underneath Since Up Like Near Past Throughout Through With Within Without Instead Toward Inside Into To

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum; et al. (2002). "chapter 7 §3.1". The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 618–620. ISBN 0-521-43146-8. 

External links[edit]