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List of English prepositions

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This is a list of English prepositions. Many English prepositions are compounds of bare roots and affixes such as a-, be-, -side, and -st, giving English a relatively high number of morphemically distinct prepositions. However, these processes are no longer productive, and many of these prepositions have fallen out of use or become limited to a certain dialect. English prepositions generally remain a closed class.

Single words[edit]

  1. a, an (meaning "per")
  2. aboard
  3. about
  4. above
  5. abreast
  6. abroad
  7. absent (law)
  8. across
  9. adjacent (US, rare)
  10. after
  11. against
  12. along
  13. alongside
  14. amid
  15. among
  16. apropos (rare for apropos of)
  17. apud (formal)
  18. around
  19. as
  20. astride
  21. at
    • @ (abbreviation)
  22. atop, ontop
  23. bar
  24. before
  25. behind
    • ahind (dialectal or archaic)
  26. below
  27. beneath
  28. beside
  29. besides
  30. between
    • atween (dialectal or archaic)
  31. beyond
    • ayond (dialectal or archaic)
  32. but
  33. by
  34. chez (rare)
  35. circa
    • c., ca. (abbreviations)
  36. come
  37. despite
  38. down
  39. during
  40. except
  41. for
    • 4 (abbreviation)
  42. from
  43. in
  44. inside
  45. into
  46. less
  47. like
  48. minus
  49. near
  50. notwithstanding (also postpositional)
  51. of
    • o' (poetic or eye-dialect)
  52. off
  53. on
  54. onto
  55. opposite
  56. out
    • outen (archaic or dialectal)
  57. outside
  58. over
  59. pace (formal)
  60. past
  61. per
  62. post (often hyphenated)
  63. pre (often hyphenated)
  64. pro (often hyphenated)
  65. qua (formal)
  66. re (often used with colon)
  67. sans (formal)
  68. save
  69. short
  70. since
  71. than
  72. through
    • thru (abbreviation)
  73. throughout
  74. to
    • 2 (abbreviation)
  75. toward, towards
  76. under
  77. underneath
  78. unlike
  79. until
  80. up
  81. upon
  82. upside
  83. versus
    • vs., v. (abbreviations)
  84. via
  85. vice (formal)
  86. vis-à-vis (formal)
  87. with
    • w/, (abbreviations)
  88. within
    • w/i (abbreviation)
  89. without
    • w/o (abbreviation)
  90. worth

Multiple words[edit]

Two words[edit]

Three words[edit]

  1. as far as is one example of the many expressions which can be analyzed as as+adjective+as rather than a multiword preposition
  2. as opposed to
  3. as soon as
  4. as well as

Preposition + (article) + noun + preposition[edit]

English has many idiomatic expressions that act as prepositions that can be analyzed as a preposition followed by a noun (sometimes preceded by the definite or, occasionally, indefinite article) followed by another preposition.[1] Common examples include:

Archaic or dialectal[edit]

See also archaic forms of modern prepositions listed above.

  1. abaft (nautical or archaic)
  2. abeam (nautical)
  3. aboon, abun, abune (dialectal)
  4. afront (dialectal or archaic)
  5. ajax (Polari)
  6. alongst
  7. aloof
  8. anenst, anent (rare, U.K. dialectal)
  9. athwart (nautical or archaic)
  10. atop, ontop
  11. behither
  12. ben (dialectal)
  13. betwixt, atwix (dialectal or archaic)
  14. bewest (dialectal or archaic)
  15. benorth (dialectal or archaic)
  16. emforth
  17. ere (poetic or archaic)
  18. forby (dialectal or archaic)
  19. foreanent, forenenst (dialectal or archaic)
  20. foregain, foregainst (dialectal or archaic)
  21. forth
  22. fromward, froward, fromwards
  23. furth (Scotland)
  24. gainward
  25. imell (dialectal or archaic)
  26. inmid, inmiddes
  27. mang (Devon)
  28. mauger, maugre
  29. nearhand (archaic or dialectal)
  30. next (archaic for next to; originally superlative of nigh)
  31. nigh, anigh, anighst (poetic or archaic)
  32. outwith (dialectal)
  33. overthwart (archaic or dialectal)
  34. quoad (formal)
  35. umbe, umb, um (archaic or dialectal)
  36. unto (archaic or poetic)
  37. uptill

Postpositions[edit]

  1. ago
  2. apart
  3. aside
  4. away
  5. hence
  6. notwithstanding (also prepositional)
  7. on
  8. short (also prepositional)
  9. through
  10. withal (archaic)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum; et al. (2002). "chapter 7 §3.1". The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 618–620. ISBN 0-521-43146-8. 

External links[edit]