List of English words of Afrikaans origin

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Words of Afrikaans origin have entered other languages. British English has absorbed Afrikaans words primarily via British soldiers who served in the Boer Wars. Many more words have entered common usage in South African English due to the parallel nature of the English and Afrikaner cultures in South Africa. Afrikaans words have unusual spelling patterns.

Most of these words describe the African flora, fauna or landscape.

Internationally common[edit]

  • Afrikaans (literally "african", noun: name of language) derivative: Afrikaner (person who speaks Afrikaans as their native tongue), plural: Afrikaners
  • apartheid (literally "separate-ness"): also the name of a period of segregation in the country between 1948-1994
  • Bakkie (literally ''a small container/bowl''): word is also universally applied to a pick-up truck.
  • bergwind (warm dry wind blowing from the plateau to the coast)
  • biltong (literally "rump tongue/strip"): dried cured red-meat, similar to Jerky. Has a boerewors equivalent known as Droëwors
  • Boer (literally "farmer"): due to the large number of Afrikaans-speaking farmers, the term is exclusively used among Afrikaners for displaying national pride.
  • boerewors (literally "farmer's sausage"): a juicy mixed-spice and mixed-meat sausage
  • Highveld: a raised plateau stretching from the eastern side of the Free State (province) up north including the provinces of Gauteng and North West. Due to its location in Gauteng, the city of Johannesburg is the highest urban settlement by elevation
  • ja (literally "yes")
  • kloof (literally "cleft", a steep-sided valley)
  • kraal (African village within a stockade, from Portuguese curral)
  • Koeksister (literally ''Cake-sister''): a sweet pastry dessert.
  • kommando (originally a mounted infantry unit raised to retrieve stolen livestock)[1][2]
  • kop, or koppie (literally "head" or "cup", an African monadnock): Koppie can also refer to a small hill.
  • laager (a collection of vehicles in a circle, meant for protection)
  • rand (literally "edge" or "rim"): also the name of the South African Currency, named after the Witwatersrand (White waters' ridge)
  • rooibos (literally "red bush"): lent its name to a popular flavor of tea that is exclusive to South Africa
  • rondavel (literally "round hovel"): also known as a Lapa
  • sjambok (an ox-hide whip): effectively used by the South African Police Service for riot control. Was also an effective disciplinary tool towards misbehaving school children, now banned from schools
  • spoor (literally "tracks" or "footprints"): the Afrikaans ''spoorwee'' refers specifically to the National Train Route, often indirectly as the train-tracks as well.
  • trek (literally "draw",[3] or "haul"): derived from the name ''Die Groot Trek'' (The Great Trek)
  • veld (literally "field" or natural African bush vegetation)[4][5]
  • ystervarkies (literally ''iron pigs''; translates as porcupine/hedgehog): Known to the rest of the world as Lamingtons

Common names[edit]

Afrikaans (or Cape Dutch) common names for plants and animals often entered the English vernacular:

  • aardvark (literally "earth pig"): Also known as an Anteater
  • aardwolf (literally "earth wolf")
  • boomslang (literally "tree snake"): A highly venomous bright green tree snake
  • blesbok (literally "blaze buck/antelope")
  • bontebok (literally "mottled antelope")
  • dassie (from Dutch, meaning "badger", see also dassie rat)
  • duiker (literally "ducker", or "diver")
  • eland (from Dutch, meaning "elk"): The largest known species of antelope
  • grysbok (literally "grey antelope")
  • klipspringer (literally "rock pouncer/jumper")
  • korhaan (from Dutch, meaning "black grouse")
  • leguan / leguaan (corruption of "likkewaan")[6]
  • meerkat (literally "lake cat")
  • padloper (literally "path walker")
  • platanna (from Dutch "plathander", meaning "flat handed creature")
  • rinkhals (literally "ring throat"): also known as the ring-necked spitting cobra
  • skaapsteker (literally "sheep pricker")
  • springbok (literally "jumping antelope"): The National Animal of South African
  • white, in "white rhinoceros", possibly from wyd meaning "wide" (describing the animal's mouth) Modern Afrikaans also say "Wit Renoster", meaning White Rhinoceros.

Cape Dutch[edit]

There are also several English words derived from Cape Dutch, a forerunner of Afrikaans:

  • hartebeest (modern Afrikaans equivalent is hartebees)
  • scoff/skoff[7] (as in scoffing food): from Cape Dutch schoff, the word did not find its way into modern Afrikaans
  • veldt borrowed again by English in the modern form veld
  • wildebeest (modern Afrikaans equivalent is wildebees)

Common in South African English[edit]

There are almost innumerable borrowings from Afrikaans in South African English.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Resistance To Colonial Expansion, The Resistance Of The San, The Commando". New History. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  2. ^ James, Wilmot G. and Mary Simons (ed.) (January 9, 2009). Class, Caste and Color: A Social and Economic History of the South African Western Cape. Transaction Publishers. pp. 13–15. ISBN 1412808650. 
  3. ^ Hamer, Mary. "“Chant-Pagan”: Notes". Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  4. ^ McKenna, Amy (2011). The History of Southern Africa. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-61530-312-0. Veld, meaning field in Afrikaans, is the name given to various types of open country in Southern Africa that is used for pasturage and farmland. To most South African farmers today the 'veld' refers to the land they work, much of which has long since ceased to be 'natural.' 
  5. ^ Meyer, Deon (2011). Trackers. Grove/Atlantic, Incorporated. p. 476. ISBN 978-0-8021-9513-5. Veld: Afrikaans for natural African bush vegetation, usually savanna grass and thorn trees, can also refer to grazing, field, or hunting ground. 
  6. ^ Greaves, Nic. The magic fish bones and other tales from Africa. p. 121. 
  7. ^ Hamer, Mary. "“The Parting of the Columns”: Notes". Retrieved 23 April 2012. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]