List of English words of Czech origin
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This is a list of words coming to English from or via Czech, or originating in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, often called Czech lands. Words and expressions derived from the Czech language are called Bohemisms.
- Absurdistan (in Czech Absurdistán) - word created by Eastern Bloc dissidents, passed into English mainly through works of Václav Havel.
- Dollar The word dollar is much older than the American unit of currency. It is an Anglicised form of "thaler", (pronounced taler, with a long "a"), the name given to coins marked on reverse with the Czech lion, first minted in 1519 from locally mined silver in Joachimsthal in the Kingdom of Bohemia.
- háček - a diacritical mark, literally "little hook", e.g. č is letter c having háček. Also known as "caron".
- howitzer - from houfnice, a 15th-century Hussite catapult; houf meaning crowd or band
- kolache – from koláč or koláček.
- koczwarism - Sexual asphyxiophilia in medical slang; after František Kočvara
- pistol - from píšťala, a 15th-century Hussite firearm (alternative sources have been suggested, see the article for details)
- polka - from Polák or polský, a Czech dance named in remembrance of the November Uprising of 1830; or from Půlka, in English half because of its tempo
- robot - from Czech robota (labour, drudgery), introduced in Karel Čapek's play R.U.R. from the 1920s.
- Semtex - a plastic explosive named after Semtín, part of the city of Pardubice, Czech Republic, location of its manufacturer.
- tunnelling - a colloquial term for financial fraud committed by a company's own management or major shareholders. It was used in the Czech Republic in the first half of the 1990s to describe the asset stripping during transition from planned economy to market economy.