List of English words of Korean origin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of words of Korean origin which have entered into English usage.

General[edit]

Word Korean word Explanation Merriam-webster Oxford Remarks
Chaebol jaebeol
재벌
(財閥)
a large, usually family-owned, business group in South Korea (cognate with Japanese "Zaibatsu") ✓[1] ✓[2]
Hangul hangeul
한글
Korean alphabet ✓[3] ✗
Jeonse jeonse
전세
(傳貰)
a long-held renting arrangement where tenants pay lump-sum deposit for usually two years ✗ ✗
Korea Goryeo
고려
(高麗)
a historic dynasty of Korea (see Names of Korea) ✓[4] ✓[5]
Won won

(圓)
the basic monetary unit of North and South Korea ✓[6] ✓[7]

Culture and martial arts[edit]

Word Korean word Explanation Merriam-webster Oxford Remarks
Hapkido hapgido
합기도
(合氣道)
a Korean martial art ✓[8] ✓[9]
Kisaeng gisaeng
기생
(妓生)
(archaic) a female entertainer who pours drinks to guests and entertain them with songs and dances ✓[10] ✗
Manhwa manhwa
만화
(漫畫)
a style of Korean comic books, cartoons and animated cartoons (cognate with Japanese manga) ✗ ✗
Mukbang meokbang
먹방
an online broadcast in which a host eats food while interacting with the audience ✗ ✗
Ondol ondol
온돌
(溫突/溫堗)
a system of underfloor heating ✗ ✓[11]
Sijo sijo
시조
(時調)
an unrhymed three-verse poetry (usually in 6 shorter lines in English translations) ✓[12] ✗
Taekwondo taegwondo
태권도
(跆拳道)
a Korean martial art ✓[13] ✓[14]

Food[edit]

Word Korean word Explanation Merriam-webster Oxford Remarks
Bibimbap bibimbap
비빔밥
a dish of rice topped with sautéed vegetables, meat, egg, and chilli paste ✓[15] ✓[16]
Bulgogi bulgogi
불고기
a dish of thin beef slices marinated and grilled on a barbecue ✓[17] ✓[18]
Galbi galbi
갈비
a dish of beef or pork ribs marinated and grilled on a barbecue ✗ ✗
Kimchi gimchi
김치
a vegetable pickle that is the national dish of Korea ✓[19] ✓[20]
Makkoli makgeolli
막걸리
an alcoholic drink made from fermented rice ✗ ✓[21]
Soju soju
소주
(燒酒)
a distilled liquor, usually made from rice or sweet potatoes ✓[22] ✓[23]

Clothing[edit]

Word Korean word Explanation Merriam-webster Oxford Remarks
Hanbok hanbok
한복
(韓服)
traditional Korean clothes ✗ ✗

Ideology and religion[edit]

Word Korean word Explanation Merriam-webster Oxford Remarks
Moonie Mun Seonmyeong
문선명
(文鮮明)
a member of the Unification Church, founded by Sun Myung Moon ✓[24] ✓[25]
Juche juche sasang
주체사상
(主體思想)
a political thesis formed by the former North Korean leader Kim Il-sung which states that the Korean masses are the masters of the country's development ✗ ✗

Other[edit]

Word Korean word Explanation Merriam-webster Oxford Remarks
Chobo chobo
초보
(初步)
a novice ✗ ✗
Gosu gosu
고수
(高手)
a person with great skill ✗ ✗
Hantaan virus Hantan-gang
한탄강
(漢灘江)
a virus species transmitted by rodents (The rodents carrying the virus were collected near Hantan River.) ✓[26] ✓[27]
Hantavirus Hantan-gang
한탄강
(漢灘江)
a genus of viruses transmitted by rodents (The rodents carrying the virus were collected near Hantan River.) ✓[28] ✓[29]
Hwabyeong hwabyeong
화병
(火病)
a mental illness occurring when anger builds up in mind without being vented ✗ ✗
Minjung minjung
민중
(民衆)
the mass of the people (See also: minjung theology and minjung art) ✗ ✗

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "chaebol". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "chaebeol". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "hangul". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "Korea". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Korea". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "3won". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "won2". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "hapkido". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "hapkido". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "kisaeng". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "ondol". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  12. ^ "sijo". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "tae kwon do". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "tae kwon do". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "bibimbap". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "bibimbap". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "bulgogi". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "bulgogi". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "kimchi". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "kimchi". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "makkoli". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  22. ^ "soju". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  23. ^ "soju". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "Moonie". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  25. ^ "Moonie". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "Hantaan virus". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  27. ^ "Hantaan virus". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "hantavirus". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  29. ^ "hantavirus". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 January 2017.