List of English words of Philippine origin

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This is a list of English words which have Tagalog (Filipino) origin (some words are from other Philippine languages):

  • abacá - a species of banana native to the Philippines. The plant is of major economical importance, being harvested for its fibre, called manila hemp, from abaka
  • balikbayan - a Filipino visiting or returning to the Philippines after a period of living in another country.[1]
  • balikbayan box - a carton shipped or brought to the Philippines from another country by a Filipino who has been living overseas, typically containing items such as food, clothing, toys, and household products.[1]
  • boondocks - a remote, usually brushy rural area, from the Tagalog bundok, which means "mountain" or the word bunduk (Visayan Bukid) meaning "hinterland", i.e., land area inland, away from the shore.
  • calamondin - a small evergreen citrus fruit tree, native to the Philippines, and used there for cooking and as a houseplant elsewhere, from kalamunding
  • capiz - decoration material, made of mother-of-pearl shells that have the same name
  • cooties - from Tagalog and Austronesian word kuto which literally means "head lice"
  • halo-halo - a dessert.[2]
  • Jeepney - public transportation in the Philippines.
  • lauan - the light yellow to reddish-brown or brown wood of any of various tropical southeast Asian trees, from lawaan
  • machin - a grayish brown long-tailed macaque (Macaca philippinensis), from matsing meaning monkey or ape
  • panguingue - a 19th-century gambling card game, from pangginggi
  • salacot - broad-brimmed hat woven from strips of cane or from palm leaves, from salakot
  • yo-yo - the toy, from Ilocano word yoyo[3]


  1. ^ a b Quismundo, Tarra. "LIST: 40 Filipino-coined words added in Oxford dictionary". Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  2. ^ Alberto-Masakayan, Thea (25 June 2016). "Halo-halo, atbp: Filipino words make it to Oxford Dictionary". Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "yo–yo". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary. Retrieved 31 October 2016. Origin and Etymology of yo–yo probably from Ilocano yóyo, or a cognate word in a language of the Philippines First Known Use: 1915 

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