List of European countries by minimum wage

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The following list provides information relating to the minimum wages (gross) of countries in Europe.[1][2]

The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours),[3] San Marino (37.5 hours),[4] Belgium (38 hours),[5] United Kingdom (38.1 hours),[3] Ireland (39 hours),[3] Monaco (39 hours),[6] and Germany (39.1 hours).[3] Most minimum wages are fixed at a monthly rate, but some countries set their minimum wage at an hourly rate or annual rate.

Minimum wages by country[edit]

Net income[edit]

The maps below show monthly adult minimum (after tax, social charges & deductions) income; some countries have a lower rate for under-25-year-olds.

Purple above €1,000
Light blue €500 to €1,000
Yellow €250 to €499
Red below €250

Countries marked on the map in dark red do not have a minimum wage.

Gross income[edit]

The maps below show monthly (before tax, social charges & deductions) minimum adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under-25-year-olds.

Purple above €1500
Light blue €700 to €1500
Yellow €400 to €699
Red below €400

Countries marked on the map in dark red do not have a minimum wage. Main source: Eurostat[2]

The difference between the gross income and the net income ratio is given by the percentage of income taxes.

Minimum wages by country[edit]

Country Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Exchange rate to EUR Effective at
Net (EUR) Gross (EUR) Local currency (Local) (USD) (USD, PPP)[7]
 Albania 245[8][9] Increase 269[2] 32,000 Lek (salary less than L40,000 per month is not subject to income tax)[10] Month 182.73 Lek[11] 1.52[12] 4.56 0.0086[13] 1 January 2022
 Andorra 1,201[14] Increase 1,201[15] €1,201.2[15] Month €6.93[15] 6.79[16] 11.85 1 1 May 2022
 Belarus 141[17][18] Increase 162[19] Rbls 400.00[20] Month Rbls 2.31 0.91[21] 2.43 0.4039[22] 1 January 2021
 Belgium 1,262[23] Increase 1,842[2] €1,842.28[2][24] Month €11.19[24] 10.96[25] 14.80 1 1 May 2022
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 365 (FBiH)[26]

332 (RS)[27]

Increase 563 (FBiH)[28]

Increase 482 (RS)[29]

KM 717 (FBiH)[26]

KM 650 (RS)[27]

Month KM 6.28 (FBiH)

KM 5.34 (RS)

4.06 (FBiH)

3.69 (RS)

7.355 (avg) 1.9558 1 January 2022
 Bulgaria 282[30] Increase 363[2] 710 Lev[31] Month 4.10 Lev 2.05[32] 5.15 0.51[33] 1 April 2022
 Croatia 498[34][35] Decrease 622[2] 4,687.50 kn[34] Month 27.04 kn 3.51[36] 8.45 0.1329[37] 1 January 2022
 Cyprus 788/837[38] Increase 885/940[39] €885.00 (basic) / €940.00 (skilled) Month €5.10 4.90[40] 8.99 1 1 January 2023
 Czech Republic 585[41][42] Increase 655[2] 16,200 [43] Month 96.40 Kč[43] 3.74[44] 7.52 0.0405[45] 1 January 2022
 Estonia 604[46] Steady 654[2] €654.00[2] Month €3.77 3.65[47] 6.74 1 1 January 2022
 France 1,303[48] Increase 1,646[2] €1,645.58[2][48] Month €10.85[48] 10.66[49] 15.32 1 1 May 2022
 Germany 1,486[50] Increase 2,080[51] €2,080[51] (mini-job wage up to €520 is exempt fr. taxation & social sec. contr.)[52] Month €12.00[53] 11.66[54] 16.55 1 1 October 2022
 Greece 614[55] Increase 713/832 with benefits[2] €831.83[2][56] Month €4.8 4.7[57] 9.09 1 1 May 2022
 Hungary 314[58][59]
409, skilled[60]
Decrease 504[2]
615, skilled[61]
200,000 Ft (260,000 Ft for skilled emp.)[62] Month 1,154 Ft 2.67[63] 7.38 0.0024[64] 1 January 2022
 Ireland 1,622[65] Steady 1,774[2] €1,774.50[2] Month €10.50[66] 10.27[67] 14.52 1 1 January 2022
 Latvia 358[68] Steady 500[2] €500.00[2] Month €2.88 2.79[69] 5.63 1 1 January 2021
 Lithuania 550[70] Steady 730[2] €730.00[2] Month €4.21 4.08[71] 8.72 1 1 January 2022
 Luxembourg 1,891[72] Increase 2,313[2] €2,313.38[2][73] Month €13.37[73] 13.08[74] 15.71 1 1 April 2022
 Malta 708[75] Steady 792[2] €792.26[2][76] Month €4.57[76] 4.47[77] 8.42 1 1 January 2022
 Moldova 149[78][79] Increase 186[80] 3,500 Lei[81] Month 20.71 Lei[81] 1.07[82] 3.22 0.053[83] 1 April 2022
 Montenegro 450[84][85] Steady 532[2] €532.54[2] Month €3.07 2.95[86] 8.80 1 1 January 2022
 Netherlands 1,639[87] Increase 1,756[2] €1,756.20[2][88] Month €10.14[89] 9.92[90] 13.39 1 1 July 2022
 North Macedonia 294[91] Increase 453[92][93] 18,000 DEN[94][95]
(net)
Month 103.85 DEN
(net)
1.63[96] 5.40 0.016[97] 1 April 2022
 Poland 486[98][99] Increase 642[2] 3,010 [100] Month 19.70 zł[100] 3.97[101] 10.70 0.2059[102] 1 January 2022
 Portugal 649[103] Increase 822[2] €822.50[2][104] Month €4.745 4.62[105] 8.80 1 1 January 2022
 Romania 308[106][107] Increase 516[2] 2,550 Lei[108] Month 15.24 Lei[108] 3.02[109] 8.57 0.202[110] 1 January 2022
 Russia 225[111][112] Decrease 259[113] 15,279 [114] Month 88.15 ₽ 1.46[115] 2.57 0.0169[116] 1 June 2022
 San Marino 1,296[117] Steady 1,583 €1,582.75[118] Month €9.74[118] 9.36[119] 15.43 1 1 January 2014
 Serbia 256[120][121] Increase 402[2] 40,020 DIN[122] Month 230.00 DIN[122] 1.92[123] 5.49 0.0085[124] 1 January 2023
 Slovakia 526[125] Steady 646[2] €646.00[2][126] Month €3.713[126] 3.61[127] 7.46 1 1 January 2022
 Slovenia 742[128] Steady 1,074[2] €1,074.43[2] Month €6.2 6.06[129] 11.11 1 1 January 2022
 Spain 980[130] Increase 1,167[2] €1,166.67[2][131] Month €7.82[131] 7.65[132] 13.41 1 1 January 2022
 Ukraine 150[133][134] Decrease 187[135] 6,700[136] Month ₴40.46[136] 1.10[137] 4.39 0.0279[138] 1 October 2022
 United Kingdom 1,587[139][140] Increase 1,784[141] £1,568.45[142] Month £9.50[142] 10.59[143] 14.137 1.1374[144] 1 April 2022

Minimum wages by country (other countries)[edit]

Countries that have main territories in Asia with small or no territories in Europe

Country Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) Gross (EUR) (Local) (Local) (USD)
 Armenia 143[145][146] Increase 189[147] ֏75,000[148] ֏ 432.7 1.05[149] 0.0025[150] 1 January 2023
 Azerbaijan 184[151] Increase 184[152] 300[153] ₼ 1.73 1.02[154] 0.6139[155] 1 January 2022
 Georgia 5.88[156][157] Steady 7.35[158] 20.00[159] ₾ 0.12 0.04[160] 0.3678[161] 1 January 1999
 Kazakhstan 104[162][163] Increase 131[164] 60,000[165] ₸ 346.15 0.72[166] 0.0022[167] 1 January 2022
 Turkey 308[168] Increase 374[2] 5,500 (net)[169] ₺ 31.73 (net) 1.71[170] 0.0560[171] 1 July 2022

Minimum wages by country (other territories)[edit]

The following list includes states with limited recognition.

Country Monthly minimum wage net (EUR) Monthly minimum wage gross Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Exchange rate to EUR Effective at
 Kosovo 250[172] Increase €264.00[172] €1.5[172] 1.47[173] 1 2022
 TRNC 474[174][175] Increase €544[176] (9,885)[174] €3.14[177] (₺57.03) 3.08[178] 0.0551[179] 1 July 2022


Countries with no minimum wage[edit]

In some countries, minimum wage has been replaced with another system to provide an income.

See Guaranteed minimum income and Basic income.

For comparison[edit]

Country Net monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate (USD) Hourly rate (EUR) Exchange rate Effective at
 USA 1,142 avg.[181][182] Increase 1,209.85[2] $1,256.67[183]
(40-hour workweek)
7.25[183] 7.39[184] 1.0196[185] 24 July 2009

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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