List of European countries by area

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Below is a list of all countries in Europe, in order of geographical area. Europe's total geographical area is 10,288,305 km².[citation needed]

* — Note: some countries are transcontinental, meaning, they are only partially located in Europe. Those are ranked according to the size of their parts within Europe only.

The list includes only sovereign states. Therefore, for example the United Kingdom is included in place of the four individual home nations.

Rank Country Area (km²) Notes
1 Russia* 3,972,400 17,098,242 including North Asia
2 Ukraine 603,628 This includes Crimea
3 France* 551,394 643,801 when the overseas departments are included
4 Spain* 498,468 505,992 when the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla are included
5 Sweden 449,964
6 Norway 385,178 This includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen[1]
7 Germany 357,168
8 Finland 338,145
9 Poland 312,685
10 Italy 301,338
11 United Kingdom 248,532 1,976,102 when the British Overseas Territories are included.
12 Romania 238,392
13 Belarus 207,600
14 Kazakhstan* 180,000 (est.) 2,724,902 including Asian part
15 Greece 131,940
16 Bulgaria 110,994
17 Iceland 102,775
18 Hungary 93,030
19 Portugal 91,568
20 Austria 83,858
21 Czech Republic 78,866
22 Serbia 77,453 This excludes Kosovo
23 Ireland 70,273
24 Lithuania 65,300
25 Latvia 64,589
26 Croatia 56,594
27 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129
28 Slovakia 49,036
29 Estonia 45,339
30 Denmark 44,493 This includes Faroe Islands; 2,210,579 including Greenland
31 Switzerland 41,290
32 Netherlands 41,198 Excluding Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten.
33 Moldova 33,846
34 Belgium 30,510
35 Armenia 29,743
36 Albania 28,748
37  Macedonia (Former Yugoslavian Republic) 25,713
38 Turkey* 23,507 783,562 including Asian part
39 Slovenia 20,273
40 Montenegro 13,812
41 Kosovo 10,908 Partially recognized state
42 Cyprus 9,251
43 Azerbaijan* 6,960 86,600 including Asian part
44 Luxembourg 2,586
45 Georgia* 2,428 69,700 including Asian part
46 Andorra 468
47 Malta 316
48 Liechtenstein 160
49 San Marino 61
50 Monaco 1.95
51 Vatican City 0.44
Total 10,141,183
±5,000
A bar graph with logarithmic scale, showing the sizes in three categories:
  • Purple = Russia,
  • Green = countries with European area bigger than 10,000 km²,
  • Red = countries with European area smaller than 10,000 km²

Definition[edit]

Europe and Asia are contiguous with each other and thus the exact boundary between them is not clearly defined, and often follows historical, political, and cultural definitions rather than geographical.

Clickable map of Europe, showing one of the most commonly used continental boundaries[2]
Key: blue: states which straddle the border between Europe and Asia; green: countries not geographically in Europe, but closely associated with the continent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Updated land cover figures". ssb.no. Retrieved 2015-11-21. 
  2. ^ The map shows one of the most commonly accepted delineations of the geographical boundaries of Europe, as used by National Geographic and Encyclopædia Britannica. Whether countries are considered in Europe or Asia can vary in sources, for example in the classification of the CIA World Factbook or that of the BBC. Note also that certain countries in Europe, such as France, have territories lying geographically outside Europe, but which are nevertheless considered integral parts of that country.