List of European ultra-prominent peaks

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This is a list of all the mountains in Europe with ultra-prominent peaks with topographic prominence greater than 1,500 metres or 4,900 feet. The column "Col" denotes the highest elevation to which one must descend from a peak in order to reach peaks with higher elevations; note that the elevation of any peak is the sum of its prominence and col.

European peaks by prominence[edit]

Mont Blanc from the TMB
No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Mount Elbrus  Russia 5,642 4,741 901
2 Mont Blanc  France/ Italy 4,810 4,697 113
3 Mount Etna  Italy (Sicily) 3,329 3,329 0
4 Mulhacén  Spain 3,479 3,285 194
5 Aneto  Spain 3,404 2,812 592
6 Monte Cinto  France (Corsica) 2,706 2,706 0
7 Corno Grande  Italy 2,912 2,476 436
8 Musala  Bulgaria 2,925 2,473 432
9 Mount Ida  Greece (Crete) 2,456 2,456 0
10 Grossglockner  Austria 3,798 2,423 1375

The above European Top 10 list excludes peaks on lands and islands, that are part of European countries, but are outside or on the limits of the European subcontinent and its tectonic and geographic boundaries, like Teide (with prominence of 3718m), Tenerife Island, Spain, Belukha peak of the Altai Mountains in Russia (with prominence of 3343m) and Piton des Neiges (with prominence of 3069m), Reunión, France.

For ease of reference, the complete list below is divided into sections. Islands in the Atlantic, like Azores and Iceland, the Arctic archipelagos of Jan Mayen, Svalbard, and Novaya Zemlya, Mediterranean Sicily, territories of European countries, have also been included as sections (with the exception of Greenland), and are taken into account for the Top 10 List, although being somehow on the European boundaries. Mount Etna active volcano is somehow on, or just outside the boundaries of the Eurasian Plate, resting on the subduction boundary where the African tectonic plate is being pushed under the Eurasian plate, but geographically is part of Europe, and is also included in the Top 10 list.

The sections include peaks on the African Plate, the Canary Islands and Madeira, and some peaks on or just outside the European boundaries located in the Caucasus Mountains (European Russia and the Caucasus states) and the Ural Mountains, both forming the geographic boundaries between the Europe and Asia, but those last mentioned aren’t included in the Top 10 List. Mount Narodnaya, the highest peak in the Ural Mountans, is on the main ridge and also on the limits of Europe and cannot be considered a strictly European mountain and peak. Mount Elbrus is a dormant stratovolcano, forming part of the Caucasus Mountains, and geographically it is laying entirely in Europe and Russia, 20 km (12 mi) north of the main ridge of the Greater Caucasus, considered as the one that is forming the limits of Europe, that also forms almost the whole length of the border between Russia and Georgia. Mount Bazardüzü, also in the Caucasus, has a prominence of 2454 meters, but is located on the limit between Europe and Asia, on the border between Russia and Azerbaijan, so it cannot be considered a strictly European Mountain and peak.

Alps[edit]

Apennines, Italian peninsula and neighbouring islands[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Mount Etna  Italy (Sicily) 3,329 3,329 0
2 Monte Cinto  France (Corsica) 2,706 2,706 0
3 Corno Grande  Italy 2,912 2,476 436
4 Punta La Marmora  Italy (Sardinia) 1,834 1,834 0
5 Monte Amaro  Italy 2,795 1,812 983
6 Monte Dolcedorme  Italy 2,267 1,715 552
7 Montalto  Italy 1,955 1,709 246
8 Monte Cimone  Italy 2,165 1,577 588

Arctic islands[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Beerenberg  Norway (Jan Mayen) 2,277 2,277 0
2 Newtontoppen  Norway (Svalbard) 1,717 1,717 0
3 Novaya Zemlya HP  Russia (Novaya Zemlya) 1,549 1,549 0

Atlantic islands[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Teide  Spain (Canaries) 3,718 3,718 0
2 Roque de los Muchachos  Spain (Canaries) 2,423 2,423 0
3 Mount Pico  Portugal (Azores) 2,351 2,351 0
4 Hvannadalshnúkur  Iceland 2,110 2,110 0
5 Pico de las Nieves  Spain (Canaries) 1,949 1,949 0
6 Pico Ruivo  Portugal (Madeira) 1,861 1,861 0
7 Pico de Malpaso  Spain (Canaries) 1,501 1,501 0

Balkan Peninsula[edit]

Radomir/Kalabak/Kerkini, Belasitsa, Bulgaria and Greece
No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Musala  Bulgaria 2,925 2,473 432
2 Mount Olympus (Mytikas)  Greece 2,917[1][2] 2,353[3] 564
3 Mount Taygetus  Greece 2,404 2,344 60
4 Mount Korab  Albania /  North Macedonia 2,764 2,169 595
5 Maja Jezercë  Albania 2,694 2,036 658
6 Mount Athos  Greece 2,030 2,012 18
7 Mount Ossa  Greece 1,978 1,854 124
8 Nemërçkë (Maja e Papingut)  Albania 2,482 1,792 690
9 Vihren  Bulgaria 2,914 1,784[4] 1131
10 Pangaion Hills  Greece 1,956 1,773 183
11 Kaimakchalan  Greece /  North Macedonia 2,528 1,758 770
12 Smolikas  Greece 2,637 1,736 901
13 Mount Giona  Greece 2,510 1,702 808
14 Jakupica  North Macedonia 2,540 1,666 874
15 Maja e Këndrevicës  Albania 2,121 1,666 455
16 Radomir  Bulgaria /  Greece 2,031 1,595 436
17 Mount Parnassus  Greece 2,457 1,590 867
18 Botev Peak  Bulgaria 2,376 1,567 809
19 Mali i Çikës  Albania 2,044 1,563 481
20 Maja e Valamarës  Albania 2,373 1,526 847
21 Pelister  North Macedonia 2,601 1,516 1085
22 Psili Koryfi  Greece 1,589 1,514 75

Carpathian Mountains[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Gerlachovský štít  Slovakia 2,655 2,356 300
2 Parângu Mare  Romania 2,519 2,103 416
3 Moldoveanu Peak  Romania 2,544 2,046 498
4 Peleaga  Romania 2,509 1,759 750
5 Pietrosul Rodnei[5]  Romania 2,303 1,565 738

Caucasus Mountains[edit]

Dykh-Tau, Russia, Europe
No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Mount Elbrus  Russia 5,642 4,741 901
2 Mount Bazarduzu  Russia /  Azerbaijan 4,466 2,454 2012
3 Mount Kazbek  Russia /  Georgia 5,034 2,353 2681
4 Tebulosmta  Russia /  Georgia 4,493 2,145 2348
5 Mount Aragats  Armenia 4,090 2,143 1947
6 Dykh-Tau  Russia 5,205 2,002 3203
7 Dyultydag  Russia 4,127 1,834 2293
8 Kapudzhukh Lerr  Armenia /  Azerbaijan 3,905 1,820 2085
9 Gora Addala Shukgelmezr  Russia 4,152 1,792 2360
10 Gora Shan  Russia /  Georgia 4,451 1,775 2676

The boundary between Europe and Asia is following the main ridge of the Caucasus Mountains, also forming most of the border between Russia and Georgia. From the above listed 10 peaks, four (Mount Elbrus, Dykh-Tau, Dyultydag, Gora Addala Shukgelmezr) are entirely in Europe, four more are on the border itself and so are both in Europe and Asia, and two peaks (Mount Aragats and Kapudzhukh Lerr) are in the Asian side of the main ridge of the Greater Caucasus.

Crimea[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Roman-Kosh  Ukraine controlled by  Russia 1,545 1,541 4

Greek islands, Peloponnese and Cyprus[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Mount Ida  Greece (Crete) 2,456 2,456 0
2 Taygetus  Greece 2,404 2,344 60
3 Lefka Ori  Greece (Crete) 2,453 2,038 415
4 Mount Olympus  Cyprus 1,952 1,952 0
5 Mount Kyllini  Greece 2,376 1,870 506
6 Dikti  Greece (Crete) 2,148 1,798 350
7 Dirfi  Greece (Euboea) 1,743 1,743 0
8 Mount Ainos  Greece (Kefalonia) 1,628 1,628 0
9 Fengari  Greece (Samothrace) 1,611 1,611 0

Iberian Peninsula[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Mulhacén  Spain 3,479 3,285 194
2 Aneto  Spain 3,404 2,812 592
3 Torre de Cerredo  Spain 2,648 1,931 717
4 Pico Almanzor  Spain 2,592 1,690 902

Massif Central[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Puy de Sancy  France 1,885 1,578 307

Scandinavia[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Galdhøpiggen  Norway 2,469 2,372 97
2 Kebnekaise  Sweden 2,099 1,740 359
3 Jiehkkevárri  Norway 1,834 1,741 93
4 Snøhetta  Norway 2,286 1,675 611
5 Store Lenangstind  Norway 1,624 1,576 48
6 Sarektjåhkkå  Sweden 2,089 1,519 570

Ural Mountains[edit]

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Mount Narodnaya  Russia 1,894 1,772 123
2 Mount Yamantau  Russia 1,640 1,330 310

Peaks over 1500 m elevation that miss the 1500-m cutoff[edit]

Midžor, Bulgaria and Serbia
Ruen peak, Osogovo, Bulgaria and North Macedonia
No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Taillefer  France 2,857 1,490 1367
2 Monte Amiata  Italy 1,738 1,490 248
3 Midžor  Bulgaria/ Serbia 2,169[6] 1,479 690
4 Curcubăta Mare  Romania 1,849 1,478 371
5 Bobotov Kuk  Montenegro 2,522 1,477 1045
6 Monte Togano  Italy 2,301 1,474 827
7 Pourianos Stavros (Pelion)  Greece (Thessaly) 1,610 1,473 137
8 Torrecilla  Spain (Andalucia) 1,919 1,472 447
9 Dammastock   Switzerland (Urner) 3,630 1,465 2,165
10 Monte Vettore  Italy (Apennines) 2,476 1,463 1013
11 Raucheck  Austria 2,430 1,463 967
12 Haldensteiner Calanda   Switzerland 2,806 1,461 1,345
13 Gjegnen  Norway 1,670 1,460 210
14 Ruen[7]  Bulgaria /  North Macedonia 2,251 1,416 835
15 Cherni Vrah[8]  Bulgaria 2,290 1,259 1031

Highest European ultra-prominent peaks[edit]

List of the highest European ultra-prominent peaks (elevation above 2,900 m and prominence above 1,500 m):

No Peak Country Elevation (m) Prominence (m) Col (m)
1 Mount Elbrus  Russia 5,642 4,741 901
2 Dykh-Tau  Russia 5,205 2,002 3203
3 Mont Blanc  France/ Italy 4,810 4,697 113
4 Dufourspitze
(Monte Rosa)
  Switzerland 4,634 2,165 2469
5 Grand Combin   Switzerland 4,314 1,517 2797
6 Finsteraarhorn   Switzerland 4,274 2,280 1994
7 Gora Addala Shukgelmezr  Russia 4,152 1,792 2360
8 Dyultydag  Russia 4,127 1,834 2293
9 Barre des Écrins  France 4,102 2,045 2057
10 Gran Paradiso  Italy 4,061 1,891 2170
11 Piz Bernina   Switzerland 4,049 2,234 1815
12 Ortler  Italy 3,905 1,953 1952
13 Monte Viso  Italy 3,841 2,062 1779
14 Grossglockner  Austria 3,798 2,423 1375
15 Wildspitze  Austria 3,768 2,261 1507
16 Tödi   Switzerland 3,614 1,570 2044
17 Presanella  Italy 3,558 1,676 1882
18 Mulhacén  Spain 3,479 3,285 194
19 Piz Kesch   Switzerland 3,418 1,502 1916
20 Aneto  Spain 3,404 2,812 592
21 Marmolada  Italy 3,343 2,131 1212
22 Mount Etna  Italy (Sicily) 3,329 3,329 0
23 Monte Antelao  Italy 3,264 1,735 1529
24 Dents du Midi   Switzerland 3,257 1,796 1461
25 Cima Tosa  Italy 3,173 1,521 1652
26 Pizzo di Coca  Italy 3,050 1,878 1172
27 Hoher Dachstein  Austria 2,995 2,136 859
28 Zugspitze  Germany/ Austria 2,962 1,746 1216
29 Hochkönig  Austria 2,941 2,181 760
30 Musala[9]  Bulgaria 2,925 2,473 432
31 Mount Olympus (Mytikas)  Greece 2,917[10][11] 2,353[12] 564
32 Vihren  Bulgaria 2,915 1,784[13] 1131
33 Corno Grande  Italy 2,912 2,476 436

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Sourced from peaklist.org;