List of Eurovision Song Contest winners

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Left: Ralph Siegel, the winning songwriter in 1982 for Germany and composer of twenty-three other entries between 1974 and 2017. Centre: Rolf Løvland, the winning songwriter in 1985 and 1995 for Norway, with Fionnuala Sherry, winning performer in 1995. Right: Luísa Sobral, winning songwriter in 2017 for Portugal.
Left: Lys Assia, the first Eurovision winner (1956), and Dima Bilan, winner in 2008. Centre: Johnny Logan, the winning artist in 1980, winning artist and composer in 1987 and the winning composer in 1992. Right: Loreen celebrating her victory in 2012.

69 songs written by 139 songwriters have won the Eurovision Song Contest, an annual competition organised by member countries of the European Broadcasting Union. The contest, which has been broadcast every year since its debut in 1956 (with the exception of 2020), is one of the longest-running television programmes in the world. The contest's winner has been determined using numerous voting techniques throughout its history; centre to these have been the awarding of points to countries by juries or televoters. The country awarded the most points is declared the winner.[1] The first Eurovision Song Contest was not won on points, but by votes (two per country), and only the winner was announced.[2]

There have been 66 contests, with one winner each year except the tied 1969 contest, which had four. Twenty-seven countries have won the contest. Switzerland won the first contest in 1956. The country with the highest number of wins is Ireland, with seven. The only person to have won more than once as performer is Ireland's Johnny Logan, who performed "What's Another Year" in 1980 and "Hold Me Now" in 1987. Logan is also one of only five songwriters to have written more than one winning entry ("Hold Me Now" in 1987 and "Why Me?" in 1992, performed by Linda Martin).[3] This makes Logan the only person to have three Eurovision victories to their credit, as either singer, songwriter or both. The other four songwriters with more than one winning entry to their credit are Willy van Hemert (Netherlands, 1957 and 1959), Yves Dessca (Monaco, 1971 and Luxembourg, 1972), Rolf Løvland (Norway, 1985 and 1995) and Brendan Graham (Ireland, 1994 and 1996).

Relatively few winners of the Eurovision Song Contest have gone on to achieve major success in the music industry. The most notable winners who have gone on to become international stars are ABBA, who won the 1974 contest for Sweden with their song "Waterloo",[4] and Céline Dion, who won the 1988 contest for Switzerland with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi".[5] More recently, Duncan Laurence, who won the 2019 contest for the Netherlands with "Arcade", experienced worldwide streaming success with the song as a sleeper hit throughout 2020 and 2021,[6] while Måneskin, winners of the 2021 contest for Italy with "Zitti e buoni", subsequently achieved worldwide popularity in the months following their victory.[7]

Since 2008, the winner has been awarded an official winner's trophy of the Eurovision Song Contest. The trophy is a handmade piece of sandblasted glass in the shape of a 1950s microphone.[8] The songwriters and composers of the winning entry receive smaller versions of the trophy. The original design was created by Kjell Engman of Kosta Boda, who specialises in glass art.[9]

Winners by year[edit]

Winners of the Eurovision Song Contest
Year Country Song Artist Songwriter(s) Ref.
1956   Switzerland "Refrain" Lys Assia [10]
1957  Netherlands "Net als toen" Corry Brokken [11]
1958  France "Dors, mon amour" André Claveau [12]
1959  Netherlands "Een beetje" Teddy Scholten
[13]
1960  France "Tom Pillibi" Jacqueline Boyer [14]
1961  Luxembourg "Nous les amoureux" Jean-Claude Pascal [15]
1962  France "Un premier amour" Isabelle Aubret [16]
1963  Denmark "Dansevise" Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann [17]
1964  Italy "Non ho l'età" Gigliola Cinquetti [18]
1965  Luxembourg "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" France Gall Serge Gainsbourg [19]
1966  Austria "Merci, Chérie" Udo Jürgens [20]
1967  United Kingdom "Puppet on a String" Sandie Shaw [21]
1968  Spain "La, la, la" Massiel
[22]
1969  Spain "Vivo cantando" Salomé [23]
 United Kingdom "Boom Bang-a-Bang" Lulu [24]
 Netherlands "De troubadour" Lenny Kuhr [25]
 France "Un jour, un enfant" Frida Boccara [26]
1970  Ireland "All Kinds of Everything" Dana [27]
1971  Monaco "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" Séverine [28]
1972  Luxembourg "Après toi" Vicky Leandros [29]
1973  Luxembourg "Tu te reconnaîtras" Anne-Marie David [30]
1974  Sweden "Waterloo" ABBA [31]
1975  Netherlands "Ding-a-dong" Teach-In [32]
1976  United Kingdom "Save Your Kisses for Me" Brotherhood of Man [33]
1977  France "L'oiseau et l'enfant" Marie Myriam [34]
1978  Israel "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" (א-ב-ני-בי) Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta [35]
1979  Israel "Hallelujah" (הללויה) Milk and Honey [36]
1980  Ireland "What's Another Year" Johnny Logan Shay Healy [37]
1981  United Kingdom "Making Your Mind Up" Bucks Fizz [38]
1982  Germany "Ein bißchen Frieden" Nicole [39]
1983  Luxembourg "Si la vie est cadeau" Corinne Hermès [40]
1984  Sweden "Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley" Herreys [41]
1985  Norway "La det swinge" Bobbysocks! Rolf Løvland [42]
1986  Belgium "J'aime la vie" Sandra Kim [43]
1987  Ireland "Hold Me Now" Johnny Logan Johnny Logan [44]
1988   Switzerland "Ne partez pas sans moi" Céline Dion [45]
1989  Yugoslavia "Rock Me" Riva [46]
1990  Italy "Insieme: 1992" Toto Cutugno Toto Cutugno [47]
1991  Sweden "Fångad av en stormvind" Carola Stephan Berg [48]
1992  Ireland "Why Me?" Linda Martin Johnny Logan [49]
1993  Ireland "In Your Eyes" Niamh Kavanagh Jimmy Walsh [50]
1994  Ireland "Rock 'n' Roll Kids" Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan Brendan Graham [51]
1995  Norway "Nocturne" Secret Garden
[52]
1996  Ireland "The Voice" Eimear Quinn Brendan Graham [53]
1997  United Kingdom "Love Shine a Light" Katrina and the Waves Kimberley Rew [54]
1998  Israel "Diva" (דיווה) Dana International [55]
1999  Sweden "Take Me to Your Heaven" Charlotte Nilsson [56]
2000  Denmark "Fly on the Wings of Love" Olsen Brothers Jørgen Olsen [57]
2001  Estonia "Everybody" Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL [58]
2002  Latvia "I Wanna" Marie N
[59]
2003  Turkey "Everyway That I Can" Sertab Erener
[60]
2004  Ukraine "Wild Dances" Ruslana [61]
2005  Greece "My Number One" Helena Paparizou [62]
2006  Finland "Hard Rock Hallelujah" Lordi Mr Lordi [63]
2007  Serbia "Molitva" (Молитва) Marija Šerifović
[64]
2008  Russia "Believe" Dima Bilan [65]
2009  Norway "Fairytale" Alexander Rybak Alexander Rybak [66]
2010  Germany "Satellite" Lena [67]
2011  Azerbaijan "Running Scared" Ell and Nikki [68]
2012  Sweden "Euphoria" Loreen [69]
2013  Denmark "Only Teardrops" Emmelie de Forest [70]
2014  Austria "Rise Like a Phoenix" Conchita Wurst [71]
2015  Sweden "Heroes" Måns Zelmerlöw [72]
2016  Ukraine "1944" Jamala Jamala [73]
2017  Portugal "Amar pelos dois" Salvador Sobral Luísa Sobral [74]
2018  Israel "Toy" Netta [75]
2019  Netherlands "Arcade" Duncan Laurence
[76]
2020 Contest cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic [77]
2021  Italy "Zitti e buoni" Måneskin
[78]
2022  Ukraine "Stefania" (Стефанія) Kalush Orchestra
  • Ihor Didenchuk
  • Ivan Klymenko
  • Oleh Psiuk
  • Tymofii Muzychuk
  • Vitalii Duzhyk
[79]

Performers and songwriters with multiple wins[edit]

The following individuals have won the Eurovision Song Contest as a performer or songwriter more than once.

Individuals with multiple Eurovision Song Contest wins
Wins Name Wins as performer Wins as songwriter
3 Johnny Logan 1980, 1987 1987, 1992
2 Willy van Hemert 1957, 1959
Yves Dessca 1971, 1972
Rolf Løvland 1995 1985, 1995
Brendan Graham 1994, 1996

Observations[edit]

Eleven Eurovision winners (alongside three non-winners) featured at the Congratulations concert in 2005, in which ABBA's "Waterloo" was voted the most popular song of the contest's first fifty years.[80]

Ireland has finished first seven times, more than any other country. Ireland also won the contest for three consecutive years (1992, 1993, 1994), the only country to ever do so. Three countries have won twice in a row: Spain (1968 and 1969), Luxembourg (1972 and 1973) and Israel (1978 and 1979). Serbia is the only country to win with its debut entry (in 2007), although Serbia had competed previously as part of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro. By contrast, Portugal holds the record for waiting the longest to achieve their first win, doing so in 2017; 53 years after their first appearance in the contest. Austria holds the record for longest wait in between wins, having won for the first time in 1966 and a second time in 2014. Under the voting system used between 1975 and 2015, the winner of the contest was decided by the final voting nation on eleven occasions.[N 1]

Changes to the voting system, including a steady growth in the number of countries participating and voting, means that the points earned are not comparable across the decades. Portugal's Salvador Sobral holds the record of the highest number of points in the contest's history, earning 758 with the song "Amar pelos dois". Norway's Alexander Rybak holds the largest margin of victory in absolute points, a 169-point cushion over second place in 2009. Italy's Gigliola Cinquetti holds the record for largest victory by percentage, scoring almost three times as many as second place (49 points compared with 17 by the runner-up) in the 1964 contest. The lowest winning score is the 18 points (of the 160 total votes cast by 16 countries) scored by each of the four winning countries in 1969.

Under the voting system used from 1975 until 2015, in which each country gives maximum points to its first place choice, Sweden's Loreen won the 2012 contest with the most ever first place votes earned, receiving first place votes from 18 of 41 countries (excluding themselves). The 1976 United Kingdom entrant, Brotherhood of Man with the song "Save Your Kisses For Me" holds the record of the highest average score per participating country, with an average of 9.65 points received per country. 2011 Azerbaijani winners Ell & Nikki hold the lowest average score for a winning song under that system, receiving 5.14 points per country.

In 2016, Jamala's "1944", representing Ukraine, became the first winning entry since the jury vote was re-introduced alongside the televote in 2009 to place first in neither area, coming second in the jury vote behind Australia and second in the televote behind Russia. Duncan Laurence's "Arcade", representing the Netherlands, became the second such winner in the 2019 contest, having placed third behind North Macedonia and Sweden in the jury vote, and second behind Norway in the televote.

Winning entries by jury and televote placement
Year Country Jury place Televote place Ref.
2009  Norway 1st 1st [81]
2010  Germany 1st 1st [82]
2011  Azerbaijan 2nd 1st [83]
2012  Sweden 1st 1st [84]
2013  Denmark 1st 1st [85]
2014  Austria 1st 1st [86]
2015  Sweden 1st 3rd [87]
2016  Ukraine 2nd 2nd [88]
2017  Portugal 1st 1st [89]
2018  Israel 3rd 1st [90]
2019  Netherlands 3rd 2nd [91]
2021  Italy 4th 1st [92]
2022  Ukraine 4th 1st [93]

Around two thirds of the winning songs were performed in the second half of the final. According to the official statistics, until 2019, only 34.3% of the winning songs were performed in the first half, including 3 of the 4 winners in 1969. The only song to win without being clearly in one half or the other was the Israeli entry "Hallelujah" in 1979, which was drawn 10th out of 19 songs. Between 2005 to 2013, all the winning songs were performed in the second half of the final’s running order.[94]

The United Kingdom has finished second sixteen times at Eurovision (most recently in 2022), more than any other country. France has finished third and fourth seven times at Eurovision (most recently respectively in 1981 and in 2001), and Sweden has finished fifth nine times at Eurovision (most recently in 2019). The country with the most top three places that has never won the contest is Malta, having finished second in 2002 and 2005 and third in 1992 and 1998. Another island nation Iceland has also finished second twice, in 1999 and 2009. With Portugal achieving its first win in 2017, Malta now also holds the record for longest wait for a first win, having first shown up in the contest in 1971 (although Cyprus has more winless appearances, with 36 since debuting in 1981, due to Malta taking a break from 1976 through 1990). Spain holds the current record for longest drought by a winning country, having last won in 1969. They are followed by France (1977) and Belgium (1986).

There is no official runner-up for two of the contests – 1956 and 1969. In 1956 only the winner, Switzerland, was announced, whilst there were speculative reports that Germany ended up in second place with "Im Wartesaal zum großen Glück" by Walter Andreas Schwarz,[citation needed] given that Germany was chosen to host the 1957 contest. In 1969, four songs shared first place by achieving the same number of points; fifth place was achieved by Switzerland, which is not considered an official runner-up, because of the draw for first place.

Winners by country[edit]

Map showing each country's number of Eurovision wins up to and including 2022.[N 2]

The first repeat winner was the Netherlands, completed in 1959. France was the first country to win three times (completed in 1962), four times (completed in 1969), and five times (completed in 1977). Ireland was the first country to win six times (completed in 1994) and seven times (completed in 1996). The first country to win two consecutive contests was Spain, from 1968 to 1969. The first country to win three consecutive contests was Ireland, from 1992 to 1994.

Table key
Inactive – countries which participated in the past but did not appear in the most recent contest, or will not appear in the upcoming contest
Ineligible – countries whose broadcasters are no longer part of the EBU and are therefore ineligible to participate
Former – countries which previously participated but no longer exist
Eurovision Song Contest wins by country
Wins Country Years Ref.
7  Ireland 1970, 1980, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996 [95]
6  Sweden 1974, 1984, 1991, 1999, 2012, 2015 [96]
5  France 1958, 1960, 1962, 1969, 1977 [97]
 Luxembourg 1961, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1983 [98]
 United Kingdom 1967, 1969, 1976, 1981, 1997 [99]
 Netherlands 1957, 1959, 1969, 1975, 2019 [100]
4  Israel 1978, 1979, 1998, 2018 [101]
3  Norway 1985, 1995, 2009 [102]
 Denmark 1963, 2000, 2013 [103]
 Italy 1964, 1990, 2021 [104]
 Ukraine 2004, 2016, 2022 [105]
2  Spain 1968, 1969 [106]
  Switzerland 1956, 1988 [107]
 Germany 1982, 2010 [108]
 Austria 1966, 2014 [109]
1  Monaco 1971 [110]
 Belgium 1986 [111]
 Yugoslavia 1989 [112]
 Estonia 2001 [113]
 Latvia 2002 [114]
 Turkey 2003 [115]
 Greece 2005 [116]
 Finland 2006 [117]
 Serbia 2007 [118]
 Russia 2008 [119]
 Azerbaijan 2011 [120]
 Portugal 2017 [121]

The year 1969 is in italics to indicate the joint (four-way) win.

Gallery[edit]

Performers[edit]

Songwriters[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Those occasions were in 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1998, 2002 and 2003.
  2. ^ Yugoslavia's 1989 victory is shown in the lower inset.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest: Rules". ebu.ch. European Broadcasting Union. 12 January 2017. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Eurovision 1956". Eurovision.tv. Archived from the original on 28 May 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
  3. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy (2007). The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3.
  4. ^ "ABBA's Bjorn says no to reunion". BBC News. 6 December 2005. Retrieved 15 March 2008.
  5. ^ Dillon, Brian (11 May 2022). "The moment a young Celine Dion was launched from Dublin stage to global stardom". DublinLive. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  6. ^ "Duncan Laurence Has 'No Idea' How His Breakthrough Single 'Arcade' Keeps Going Viral". Billboard. 10 June 2021. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  7. ^ Shaw, Lucas. "Maneskin Is Italy's First Rock Band to Rule the Charts". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Eurovision Crystal Trophy". Kosta Boda. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Trophy". Eurovision.tv. EBU. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Lugano 1956 / Participants – Lys Assia – Refrain". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 8 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  11. ^ "Frankfurt 1957 / Participants – Corry Brokken – Net Als Toen". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  12. ^ "Hilversum 1958 / Participants – André Claveau – Dors Mon Amour". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  13. ^ "Cannes 1959 / Participants – Teddy Scholten – Een Beetje". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 27 December 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  14. ^ "London 1960 / Participants – Jacqueline Boyer – Tom Pillibi". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 24 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  15. ^ "Cannes 1961 / Participants – Jean-Claude Pascal – Nous Les Amoureux". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 25 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  16. ^ "Luxembourg 1962 / Participants – Isabelle Aubret – Un Premier Amour". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  17. ^ "London 1963 / Participants – Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann – Dansevise". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  18. ^ "Copenhagen 1964 / Participants – Gigliola Cinquetti – Non Ho L'étà". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 10 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  19. ^ "Naples 1965 / Participants – France Gall – Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  20. ^ "Luxembourg 1966 / Participants – Udo Jürgens – Merci Chérie". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  21. ^ "Vienna 1967 / Participants – Sandie Shaw – Puppet On A String". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 23 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  22. ^ "London 1968 / Participants – Massiel – La, La, La..." European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 30 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  23. ^ "Madrid 1969 / Participants – Salomé – Vivo Cantando". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 8 October 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  24. ^ "Madrid 1969 / Participants – Lulu – Boom Bang-a-bang". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  25. ^ "Madrid 1969 / Participants – Lenny Kuhr – De Troubadour". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  26. ^ "Madrid 1969 / Participants – Frida Boccara – Un Jour, Un Enfant". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  27. ^ "Amsterdam 1970 / Participants – Dana – All Kinds Of Everything". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  28. ^ "Dublin 1971 / Participants – Séverine – Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 30 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  29. ^ "Edinburgh 1972 / Participants – Vicky Leandros – Après Toi". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  30. ^ "Luxembourg 1973 / Participants – Anne-Marie David – Tu Te Reconnaîtras". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 11 December 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  31. ^ "Brighton 1974 / Participants – ABBA – Waterloo". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  32. ^ "Stockholm 1975 / Participants – Teach-In – Ding-A-Dong". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  33. ^ "The Hague 1976 / Participants – Brotherhood of Man – Save Your Kisses For Me". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  34. ^ "London 1977 / Participants – Marie Myriam – L'oiseau Et L'enfant". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  35. ^ "Paris 1978 / Participants – Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta – Abanibi". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 18 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  36. ^ "Jerusalem 1979 / Participants – Milk and Honey – Hallelujah". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  37. ^ "The Hague 1980 / Participants – Johnny Logan – What's Another Year". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  38. ^ "Dublin 1981 / Participants – Bucks Fizz – Making Your Mind Up". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 18 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  39. ^ "Harrogate 1982 / Participants – Nicole – Ein Bißchen Frieden". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 30 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  40. ^ "Munich 1983 / Participants – Corinne Hermès – Si La Vie Est Cadeau". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  41. ^ "Luxembourg 1984 / Participants – Herrey's – Diggi-loo Diggy-ley". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 24 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  42. ^ "Gothenburg 1985 / Participants – Bobbysocks – La Det Swinge". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  43. ^ "Bergen 1986 / Participants – Sandra Kim – J'aime La Vie". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  44. ^ "Brussels 1987 / Participants – Johnny Logan – Hold Me Now". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 6 June 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  45. ^ "Dublin 1988 / Participants – Céline Dion – Ne Partez Pas Sans Moi". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 12 February 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  46. ^ "Lausanne 1989 / Participants – Riva – Rock Me". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 11 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  47. ^ "Zagreb 1990 / Participants – Toto Cutugno – Insieme: 1992". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  48. ^ "Rome 1991 / Participants – Carola – Fångad Av En Stormvind". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  49. ^ "Malmö 1992 / Participants – Linda Martin – Why Me". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  50. ^ "Millstreet 1993 / Participants – Niamh Kavanagh – In Your Eyes". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  51. ^ "Dublin 1994 / Participants – Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan – Rock 'n' Roll Kids". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 11 December 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  52. ^ "Dublin 1995 / Participants – Secret Garden – Nocturne". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 12 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  53. ^ "Oslo 1996 / Participants – Eimear Quinn – The Voice". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 9 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  54. ^ "Dublin 1997 / Participants – Katrina and The Waves – Love Shine A Light". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 29 June 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  55. ^ "Birmingham 1998 / Participants – Dana International – Diva". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 17 June 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  56. ^ "Jerusalem 1999 / Participants – Charlotte Nilsson – Take Me To Your Heaven". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 5 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  57. ^ "Stockholm 2000 / Participants – Olsen brothers – Fly On The Wings Of Love". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 8 October 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  58. ^ "Copenhagen 2001 / Participants – Tanel Padar, Dave Benton & 2XL – Everybody". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  59. ^ "Tallinn 2002 / Participants – Marie N – I Wanna". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  60. ^ "Riga 2003 / Participants – Sertab Erener – Everyway That I Can". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 9 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  61. ^ "Istanbul 2004 / Participants – Ruslana – Wild Dances". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  62. ^ "Kyiv 2005 / Participants – Helena Paparizou – My Number One". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  63. ^ "Athens 2006 / Participants – Lordi – Hard Rock Hallelujah". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 14 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  64. ^ "Helsinki 2007 / Participants – Marija Šerifović – Molitva". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  65. ^ "Belgrade 2008 / Participants – Dima Bilan – Believe". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  66. ^ "Moscow 2009 / Participants – Alexander Rybak – Fairytale". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 26 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  67. ^ "Oslo 2010 / Participants – Lena – Satellite". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 22 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  68. ^ "Düsseldorf 2011 / Participants – Ell/Nikki – Running Scared". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  69. ^ "Baku 2012 / Participants – Loreen – Euphoria". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 12 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  70. ^ "Malmö 2013 / Participants – Emmelie de Forest – Only Teardrops". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  71. ^ "Copenhagen 2014 / Participants – Conchita Wurst – Rise Like a Phoenix". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 14 April 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  72. ^ "Vienna 2015 / Participants – Måns Zelmerlöw – Heroes". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  73. ^ "Stockholm 2016 / Participants – Jamala – 1944". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 3 March 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  74. ^ "Kyiv 2017 / Participants – Salvador Sobral – Amar Pelos Dois". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 16 June 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  75. ^ "Lisbon 2018 / Participants – Netta – TOY". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  76. ^ "Tel Aviv 2019 / Participants – Duncan Laurence – Arcade". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  77. ^ "Rotterdam 2020". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 31 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  78. ^ "Rotterdam 2021 / Participants – Måneskin – Zitti E Buoni". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 23 May 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  79. ^ "Turin 2022 / Participants – Kalush Orchestra – Stefania". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  80. ^ "ABBA win 'Eurovision 50th' vote". BBC News. 23 October 2005. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
  81. ^ "Eurovision 2009: Complete Results Released". wiwibloggs. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  82. ^ "EBU reveals split voting outcome, surprising results". eurovision.tv. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  83. ^ Shegrikyan, Zaven (26 May 2011). "Eurovision Televoting and jury results revealed - ESCToday.com". Eurovision News, Polls and Information by ESCToday. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  84. ^ Hondal, Victor (18 June 2012). "Eurovision Split jury and televoting results announced - ESCToday.com". Eurovision News, Polls and Information by ESCToday. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  85. ^ "Split results of Eurovision 2013 revealed". eurovision.tv. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  86. ^ Granger, Anthony (11 May 2014). "ESC'14: Split Final Results". Eurovoix. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  87. ^ DJ (12 August 2021). "2015: Split Eurovision Results All In One Place!". ESC Essence. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  88. ^ "Eurovision 2016 Results: Voting & Points". Eurovisionworld. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  89. ^ "Eurovision 2017 Results: Voting & Points". Eurovisionworld. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  90. ^ "Eurovision 2018 Results: Voting & Points". Eurovisionworld. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  91. ^ "Eurovision 2019 Results: Voting & Points". Eurovisionworld. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  92. ^ "Eurovision 2021 Results: Voting & Points". Eurovisionworld. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  93. ^ "Eurovision 2022 Results: Voting & Points". Eurovisionworld. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  94. ^ "The winner always comes from the second half?". Eurovision.tv. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  95. ^ "Countries – Ireland". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  96. ^ "Countries – Sweden". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  97. ^ "Countries – France". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  98. ^ "Countries – Luxembourg". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 31 May 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  99. ^ "Countries – United Kingdom". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 19 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  100. ^ "Countries – Netherlands". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  101. ^ "Countries – Israel". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  102. ^ "Countries – Norway". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  103. ^ "Countries – Denmark". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 15 May 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  104. ^ "Countries – Italy". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  105. ^ "Countries – Ukraine". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 1 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  106. ^ "Countries – Spain". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  107. ^ "Countries – Switzerland". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  108. ^ "Countries – Germany". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 8 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  109. ^ "Countries – Austria". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  110. ^ "Countries – Monaco". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 23 November 2021. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  111. ^ "Countries – Belgium". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 15 May 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  112. ^ "Countries – Yugoslavia". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  113. ^ "Countries – Estonia". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  114. ^ "Countries – Latvia". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  115. ^ "Countries – Türkiye". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 26 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  116. ^ "Countries – Greece". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 18 May 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  117. ^ "Countries – Finland". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  118. ^ "Countries – Serbia". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 12 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  119. ^ "Countries – Russia". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 20 May 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  120. ^ "Countries – Azerbaijan". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  121. ^ "Countries – Portugal". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.

Bibliography[edit]