List of Eurovision Song Contest winners

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Left: Lys Assia, the first Eurovision winner (1956), and Dima Bilan, winner in 2008. Centre: Johnny Logan, the winning artist in 1980, winning artist and composer in 1987 and the winning composer in 1992. Right: Ell & Nikki celebrating Eurovision Song Contest 2011 victory in Düsseldorf.

Sixty-seven songs have won the Eurovision Song Contest, an annual competition organised by member countries of the European Broadcasting Union. The contest, which has been broadcast every year since its debut in 1956, is one of the longest-running television programmes in the world. The contest's winner has been determined using numerous voting techniques throughout its history; centre to these have been the awarding of points to countries by juries or televoters. The country awarded the most points is declared the winner.[1] The first Eurovision Song Contest was not won on points, but by votes (two per country), and only the winner was announced.[2]

There have been 64 contests, with one winner each year except the tied 1969 contest, which had four. Twenty-seven countries have won the contest. Switzerland won the first contest in 1956. The country with the highest number of wins is Ireland, with seven. The only person to have won more than once as performer is Ireland's Johnny Logan, who performed "What's Another Year" in 1980 and "Hold Me Now" in 1987. Logan is also one of only five songwriters to have written more than one winning entry ("Hold Me Now" 1987 and "Why Me?" 1992, performed by Linda Martin).[3] This unique distinction makes Logan the only person to have three Eurovision victories to his/her credit, as either singer, songwriter or both. The other four songwriters with more than one winning entry to their credit are, Willy van Hemert (Netherlands, 1957 and 1959), Yves Dessca (Monaco, 1971 and Luxembourg, 1972), Rolf Løvland (Norway, 1985 and 1995) and Brendan Graham (Ireland, 1994 and 1996).

Winning the Eurovision Song Contest provides a unique opportunity for the winning artist(s) to capitalise on their success and surrounding publicity by launching or furthering their international career during their singing years. However, throughout the history of the contest, relatively few of these artists have gone on to be huge international stars. The most notable winning Eurovision artists whose career was directly launched into the spotlight following their win were the members of ABBA, who won the 1974 contest for Sweden with their song "Waterloo". ABBA went on to be one of the most successful bands of its time.[4] Another notable winner who subsequently achieved international fame and success was Céline Dion, who won the 1988 contest for Switzerland with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi".

Since 2008, the winner has been awarded an official winner's trophy of the Eurovision Song Contest. The trophy is a handmade piece of sandblasted glass in the shape of a 1950s microphone.[5][6] The song writers and composers of the winning entry receive smaller versions of the trophy.[5] The original design was created by Kjell Engman of Kosta Boda, who specialises in glass art.[5]

Winners by year[edit]

Year Date Host city Winner Song Performer Language Points Margin Runner-up
1956 24 May Switzerland Lugano   Switzerland "Refrain" Lys Assia French
Not announced
1957 3 March Germany Frankfurt  Netherlands "Net als toen" Corry Brokken Dutch 31 14  France
1958 12 March Netherlands Hilversum  France "Dors, mon amour" André Claveau French 27 3   Switzerland
1959 11 March France Cannes  Netherlands "'n Beetje" Teddy Scholten Dutch 21 5  United Kingdom
1960 29 March United Kingdom London  France "Tom Pillibi" Jacqueline Boyer French 32 7  United Kingdom
1961 18 March France Cannes  Luxembourg "Nous les amoureux" Jean-Claude Pascal French 31 7  United Kingdom
1962 18 March Luxembourg Luxembourg  France "Un premier amour" Isabelle Aubret French 26 13  Monaco
1963 23 March United Kingdom London  Denmark "Dansevise" Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann Danish 42 2   Switzerland
1964 21 March Denmark Copenhagen  Italy "Non ho l'età" Gigliola Cinquetti Italian 49 32  United Kingdom
1965 20 March Italy Naples  Luxembourg "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" France Gall French 32 6  United Kingdom
1966 5 March Luxembourg Luxembourg  Austria "Merci, Chérie" Udo Jürgens German 31 15  Sweden
1967 8 April Austria Vienna  United Kingdom "Puppet on a String" Sandie Shaw English 47 25  Ireland
1968 6 April United Kingdom London  Spain "La, la, la" Massiel Spanish 29 1  United Kingdom
1969 29 March Spain Madrid  Spain "Vivo cantando" Salomé Spanish 18
No runner-up
 United Kingdom "Boom Bang-a-Bang" Lulu English
 Netherlands "De troubadour" Lenny Kuhr Dutch
 France "Un jour, un enfant" Frida Boccara French
1970 21 March Netherlands Amsterdam  Ireland "All Kinds of Everything" Dana English 32 6  United Kingdom
1971 3 April Republic of Ireland Dublin  Monaco "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" Séverine French 128 12  Spain
1972 25 March United Kingdom Edinburgh  Luxembourg "Après toi" Vicky Leandros French 128 14  United Kingdom
1973 7 April  Luxembourg  Luxembourg "Tu te reconnaîtras" Anne-Marie David French 129 4  Spain
1974 6 April United Kingdom Brighton  Sweden "Waterloo" ABBA English 24 6  Italy
1975 22 March Sweden Stockholm  Netherlands "Ding-a-dong" Teach-In English 152 14  United Kingdom
1976 3 April Netherlands The Hague  United Kingdom "Save Your Kisses for Me" Brotherhood of Man English 164 17  France
1977 7 May United Kingdom London  France "L'oiseau et l'enfant" Marie Myriam French 136 15  United Kingdom
1978 22 April France Paris  Israel "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" (א-ב-ני-בי) Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta Hebrew 157 32  Belgium
1979 31 March Israel Jerusalem  Israel "Hallelujah" (הללויה) Milk and Honey Hebrew 125 9  Spain
1980 19 April Netherlands The Hague  Ireland "What's Another Year" Johnny Logan English 143 15  Germany
1981 4 April Republic of Ireland Dublin  United Kingdom "Making Your Mind Up" Bucks Fizz English 136 4  Germany
1982 24 April United Kingdom Harrogate  Germany "Ein bißchen Frieden" Nicole German 161 61  Israel
1983 23 April Germany Munich  Luxembourg "Si la vie est cadeau" Corinne Hermès French 142 6  Israel
1984 5 May Luxembourg Luxembourg  Sweden "Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley" Herreys Swedish 145 8  Ireland
1985 4 May Sweden Gothenburg  Norway "La det swinge" Bobbysocks! Norwegian 123 18  Germany
1986 3 May Norway Bergen  Belgium "J'aime la vie" Sandra Kim French 176 36   Switzerland
1987 9 May Belgium Brussels  Ireland "Hold Me Now" Johnny Logan English 172 31  Germany
1988 30 April Republic of Ireland Dublin   Switzerland "Ne partez pas sans moi" Céline Dion French 137 1  United Kingdom
1989 6 May Switzerland Lausanne  Yugoslavia "Rock Me" Riva Croatian 137 7  United Kingdom
1990 5 May Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zagreb  Italy "Insieme: 1992" Toto Cutugno Italian 149 17  Ireland
 France
1991 4 May Italy Rome  Sweden "Fångad av en stormvind" Carola Swedish 146 0  France
1992 9 May Sweden Malmö  Ireland "Why Me?" Linda Martin English 155 16  United Kingdom
1993 15 May Republic of Ireland Millstreet  Ireland "In Your Eyes" Niamh Kavanagh English 187 23  United Kingdom
1994 30 April Republic of Ireland Dublin  Ireland "Rock 'n' Roll Kids" Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan English 226 60  Poland
1995 13 May Republic of Ireland Dublin  Norway "Nocturne" Secret Garden Norwegian 148 29  Spain
1996 18 May Norway Oslo  Ireland "The Voice" Eimear Quinn English 162 48  Norway
1997 3 May Republic of Ireland Dublin  United Kingdom "Love Shine a Light" Katrina and the Waves English 227 70  Ireland
1998 9 May United Kingdom Birmingham  Israel "Diva" (דיווה) Dana International Hebrew 172 6  United Kingdom
1999 29 May Israel Jerusalem  Sweden "Take Me to Your Heaven" Charlotte Nilsson English 163 17  Iceland
2000 13 May Sweden Stockholm  Denmark "Fly on the Wings of Love" Olsen Brothers English 195 40  Russia
2001 12 May Denmark Copenhagen  Estonia "Everybody" Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL English 198 21  Denmark
2002 25 May Estonia Tallinn  Latvia "I Wanna" Marie N English 176 12  Malta
2003 24 May Latvia Riga  Turkey "Everyway That I Can" Sertab Erener English 167 2  Belgium
2004[N 1] 15 May Turkey Istanbul  Ukraine "Wild Dances" Ruslana English[N 2] 280 17  Serbia and Montenegro
2005 21 May Ukraine Kiev  Greece "My Number One" Helena Paparizou English 230 38  Malta
2006 20 May Greece Athens  Finland "Hard Rock Hallelujah" Lordi English 292 44  Russia
2007 12 May Finland Helsinki  Serbia "Molitva" (Молитва) Marija Šerifović Serbian 268 33  Ukraine
2008[N 3] 24 May Serbia Belgrade  Russia "Believe" Dima Bilan English 272 42  Ukraine
2009 16 May Russia Moscow  Norway "Fairytale" Alexander Rybak English 387 169  Iceland
2010 29 May Norway Oslo  Germany "Satellite" Lena English 246 76  Turkey
2011 14 May Germany Düsseldorf  Azerbaijan "Running Scared" Ell & Nikki English 221 32  Italy
2012 26 May Azerbaijan Baku  Sweden "Euphoria" Loreen English 372 113  Russia
2013 18 May Sweden Malmö  Denmark "Only Teardrops" Emmelie de Forest English 281 47  Azerbaijan
2014 10 May Denmark Copenhagen  Austria "Rise Like a Phoenix" Conchita Wurst English 290 52  Netherlands
2015 23 May Austria Vienna  Sweden "Heroes" Måns Zelmerlöw English 365 62  Russia
2016 14 May Sweden Stockholm  Ukraine "1944" Jamala English[N 4] 534 23  Australia
2017 13 May Ukraine Kiev  Portugal "Amar pelos dois" Salvador Sobral Portuguese 758 143  Bulgaria
2018 12 May Portugal Lisbon  Israel "Toy" Netta English[N 5] 529 93  Cyprus
2019 18 May Israel Tel Aviv  Netherlands "Arcade" Duncan Laurence English 498 26  Italy
2020 TBA Netherlands TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA

For information about the winning songwriters of each year, see List of Eurovision Song Contest winning songwriters.

Eleven Eurovision winners (alongside three non-winners) featured at the Congratulations concert in 2005, in which ABBA's "Waterloo" was voted the most popular song of the contest's first fifty years.[7]

Ireland has finished first seven times, more than any other country, Ireland also won the contest for three consecutive years (1992, 1993, 1994), more consecutive years than any other country. Three countries have won twice in a row, Spain (1968 and 1969), Luxembourg (1972 and 1973) and Israel (1978 and 1979). Serbia is the only country to win with its debut entry (in 2007), though Serbia had competed previously as part of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro. The country achieving the highest position on its first appearance in any form in the Contest is Poland, which came second in 1994 (even Switzerland in 1956 won with its second entry of the night). Under the voting system used between 1975 and 2015, the winner of the contest was decided by the final voting nation on eleven occasions.[N 6]

Changes to the voting system, including a steady growth in the number of countries participating and voting, means that the points earned are not comparable across the decades. Portugal's Salvador Sobral holds the record of the highest number of points in the contest's history, earning 758 with the song "Amar pelos dois". Norway's Alexander Rybak holds the largest margin of victory in absolute points, a 169-point cushion over second place in 2009. Italy's Gigliola Cinquetti holds the record for largest victory by percentage, scoring almost three times as many as second place (49 points compared with 17 by the runner-up) in the 1964 contest. Under the voting system used from 1975 until 2015, the lowest winning score was Norway's Bobbysocks! 123 points earned (of the 216 available from the 18 other countries) when winning Eurovision 1985, while the lowest winning total ever is the 18 points (of the 160 total votes cast by 16 countries) scored by each of the four winning countries in 1969.

Under the voting system used from 1975 until 2015, in which each country gives maximum points to its first place choice, Sweden's Loreen won Eurovision 2012 with the most ever first place votes earned, receiving first place votes from 18 of 41 countries (excluding themselves). The 1976 United Kingdom entrant, Brotherhood of Man with the song "Save Your Kisses For Me" holds the record of the highest average score per participating country, with an average of 9.65 points received per country. 2011 winner Azerbaijan Ell & Nikki, hold the lowest average score for a winning song under that system, receiving 5.14 points per country.

The United Kingdom has finished second fifteen times at Eurovision (most recently in 1998), more than any other country. The most successful country never to have won the Contest is Malta, having finished second in 2002 and 2005 and third in 1992 and 1998. Another island nation Iceland has also finished second twice, in 1999 and 2009.

There is no official runner-up for two of the contests – 1956 and 1969. In 1956 only the winner, Switzerland, was announced, whilst there were speculative reports that Germany ended up in second place with "Im Wartesaal zum großen Glück" by Walter Andreas Schwarz, given that Germany was chosen to host the 1957 contest. In 1969 four songs shared first place by achieving the same number of points; fifth place was achieved by Switzerland, which is not considered an official runner-up, because of the draw for first place.

Winners by country[edit]

Map showing each country's number of Eurovision wins up to and including 2019.[N 7]
Table key
  Former countries that have been dissolved.
Wins Country Years
7  Ireland 1970, 1980, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996
6  Sweden 1974, 1984, 1991, 1999, 2012, 2015
5  France 1958, 1960, 1962, 1969, 1977
 Luxembourg 1961, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1983
 United Kingdom 1967, 1969, 1976, 1981, 1997
 Netherlands 1957, 1959, 1969, 1975, 2019
4
 Israel 1978, 1979, 1998, 2018
3  Norway 1985, 1995, 2009
 Denmark 1963, 2000, 2013
2  Spain 1968, 1969
  Switzerland 1956, 1988
 Italy 1964, 1990
 Germany 1982, 2010
 Austria 1966, 2014
 Ukraine 2004, 2016
1  Monaco 1971
 Belgium 1986
 Yugoslavia 1989
 Estonia 2001
 Latvia 2002
 Turkey 2003
 Greece 2005
 Finland 2006
 Serbia 2007
 Russia 2008
 Azerbaijan 2011
 Portugal 2017

Year 1969 is in italics to indicate joint (4-way) win.

Ranking[edit]

Table key
  Former countries that have been dissolved.
Rank Country Winner Runner
up
Third
place
Next best placement
(frequency)
1  Ireland 7 4 1 4th (three times)
2  Sweden 6 1 6 4th (twice)
3  United Kingdom 5 15 3 4th (five times)
4  France 5 4 7 4th (seven times)
5  Netherlands 5 1 1 4th (twice)
6  Luxembourg 5 0 2 4th (five times)
7  Israel 4 2 1 4th (twice)
8  Denmark 3 1 3 4th (twice)
9  Norway 3 1 1 4th (three times)
10  Germany 2 4 5 4th (four times)
11  Spain 2 4 1 4th (twice)
12  Italy 2 3 5 4th (twice)
13   Switzerland 2 3 3 4th (six times)
14  Ukraine 2 2 1 4th (once)
15  Austria 2 0 1 4th (once)
16  Russia 1 4 4 5th (once)
17  Belgium 1 2 0 4th (four times)
18  Monaco 1 1 3 4th (four times)
19  Turkey 1 1 1 4th (three times)
20  Azerbaijan 1 1 1 4th (once)
21  Greece 1 0 3 5th (twice)
22  Estonia 1 0 1 4th (once)
23  Latvia 1 0 1 5th (once)
24  Serbia 1 0 1 6th (once)
25  Yugoslavia 1 0 0 4th (three times)
26  Finland 1 0 0 6th (once)[N 8]
27  Portugal 1 0 0 6th (once)[N 8]
28  Malta 0 2 2 5th (once)
29  Iceland 0 2 0 4th (once)
30  Bulgaria 0 1 0 4th (once)
31  Cyprus 0 1 0 5th (three times)
32  Australia 0 1 0 5th (once)
33  Poland 0 1 0 7th (once)[N 9]
34  Serbia and Montenegro 0 1 0 7th (once)[N 9]
35  Romania 0 0 2 4th (once)
36  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 1 6th (once)[N 10]
37  Moldova 0 0 1 6th (once)[N 10]
38  Croatia 0 0 0 4th (twice)[N 11]
39  Armenia 0 0 0 4th (twice)[N 11]
40  Hungary 0 0 0 4th (once)
41  Albania 0 0 0 5th (once)
42
 Lithuania 0 0 0 6th (once)[N 12]
43  Czech Republic 0 0 0 6th (once)[N 12]
44  Belarus 0 0 0 6th (once)[N 12]
45  Slovenia 0 0 0 7th (twice)
46  North Macedonia[N 13] 0 0 0 7th (once)
47  Georgia 0 0 0 9th (twice)
48  Montenegro 0 0 0 13th (once)
49  Slovakia 0 0 0 18th (once)[N 14]
50  Morocco 0 0 0 18th (once)[N 14]
51  San Marino 0 0 0 19th (once)
52  Andorra 0 0 0 12th (semifinal, once)

Best placement by non-winning countries[edit]

Table key
  Former countries that have been dissolved.
Best place Country Most recent
Artist Song Year
2nd (twice)  Iceland Yohanna Is It True? 2009
2nd (twice)  Malta Chiara Angel 2005
2nd  Cyprus Eleni Foureira Fuego 2018
2nd  Bulgaria Kristian Kostov Beautiful Mess 2017
2nd  Australia Dami Im "Sound of Silence" 2016
2nd  Serbia and Montenegro Željko Joksimović Lane moje” (Лане моје) 2004
2nd  Poland Edyta Górniak To nie ja! 1994
3rd (twice)  Romania Paula Seling & Ovi Playing with Fire 2010
3rd  Moldova SunStroke Project Hey, Mamma! 2017
3rd  Bosnia and Herzegovina Hari Mata Hari Lejla 2006
4th (twice)  Armenia Aram Mp3 Not Alone 2014
4th (twice)  Croatia Doris Dragović Marija Magdalena 1999
4th  Hungary Friderika Bayer Kinek mondjam el vétkeimet? 1994
5th  Albania Rona Nishliu Suus 2012
6th  Czech Republic Mikolas Josef Lie to Me 2018
6th  Belarus Koldun Work Your Magic 2007
6th  Lithuania LT United We Are the Winners 2006
7th (twice)  Slovenia Nuša Derenda Energy 2001
7th  North Macedonia[N 13] Tamara Todevska "Proud" 2019
9th (twice)  Georgia Eldrine One More Day 2011
13th  Montenegro Knez Adio 2015
18th  Slovakia Marcel Palonder Kým nás máš 1996
18th  Morocco Samira Said Bitaqat hub 1980
19th  San Marino Serhat "Say Na Na Na" 2019
SF 12th  Andorra Anonymous Salvem el món (Let's Save the World) 2007

By language[edit]

  English (46.42%)
  French (20.32%)
  Hebrew (5.82%)
  Dutch (4.32%)
  German (2.92%)
  Norwegian (2.92%)
  Swedish (2.92%)
  Italian (2.92%)
  Spanish (2.92%)
  Danish (1.42%)
  Ukrainian (1.42%)
  Croatian (1.42%)
  Serbian (1.42%)
  Crimean Tatar (1.42%)
  Portuguese (1.42%)

Between 1966 and 1973, and again between 1977 and 1998, countries were only permitted to perform in their own language; see the main Eurovision Song Contest article.

Wins Language Years Countries
33 English 1967, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,[N 15] 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016,[N 16] 2018, [N 5] 2019 United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Netherlands, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Turkey, Ukraine,[N 15][N 16] Greece, Finland, Russia, Norway, Germany, Azerbaijan, Austria, Israel
14 French 1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1988 Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Belgium
4 Hebrew 1978, 1979, 1998, 2018[N 5] Israel
3 Dutch 1957, 1959, 1969 Netherlands
2 Italian 1964, 1990 Italy
German 1966, 1982 Austria, Germany
Spanish 1968, 1969 Spain
Swedish 1984, 1991 Sweden
Norwegian 1985, 1995 Norway
1 Danish 1963 Denmark
Croatian[N 17] 1989 Yugoslavia
Ukrainian 2004[N 15] Ukraine[N 15]
Serbian[N 17] 2007 Serbia
Crimean Tatar 2016[N 16] Ukraine[N 16]
Portuguese 2017 Portugal

Photogallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Between 2004 and 2007, the contest included a single televised semi-final::— In 2004 the semi-final was held on the Wednesday before the final. Between 2005 and 2007 the semi-final was held on the Thursday of "Eurovision Week"
  2. ^ This song was partially sung in Ukrainian.
  3. ^ Since 2008 the contest has included two semi-finals, held on the Tuesday and Thursday before the final.
  4. ^ This song was partially sung in Crimean Tatar.
  5. ^ a b c This song was partially sung in Hebrew.
  6. ^ 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1998, 2002 and 2003.
  7. ^ Yugoslavia's 1989 victory is shown in the lower inset.
  8. ^ a b Tie breaker between Finland and Portugal: Finland's next best placement is four times in 7th place, whereas Portugal's next best placement is twice in 7th place.
  9. ^ a b Tie breaker between Poland and Serbia and Montenegro: Poland's next best placement is once in 8th place, whereas Serbia and Montenegro has no additional appearances.
  10. ^ a b Tie breaker between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Moldova: Bosnia and Herzegovina's next best placement is once in 7th place, whereas Moldova's next best placement is twice in 10th place.
  11. ^ a b Tie breaker between Croatia and Armenia: Croatia's next best placement is once in 5th place, whereas Armenia's next best placement is once in 7th place.
  12. ^ a b c Tie breaker between Lithuania, Belarus, and Czech Republic: Lithuania's next best placement is once in 9th place, the Czech Republic's next best placement is once in 11th place, whereas Belarus' next best placement is twice in 16th place.
  13. ^ a b The country used to participate under the name F.Y.R. Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) until it changed its name in February 2019.
  14. ^ a b Tie breaker between Solvakia and Morocco: Solvakia placed in 18th place out of 23 contestants, whereas Morocco placed in 18th place out of 19 contestants
  15. ^ a b c d This song was partially sung in Ukrainian.
  16. ^ a b c d This song was partially sung in Crimean Tatar.
  17. ^ a b Croatian (the language of the 1989 winning song) and Serbian (the language of the 2007 winning song) are fully mutually intelligible and often considered varieties of a single language, Serbo-Croatian. However, they are listed separately in Eurovision statistics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Extract from the rules for the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest. Eurovision.tv. Retrieved on 22 August 2007. Archived May 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Eurovision 1956. Eurovision.tv. Retrieved on 24 May 2008. Archived May 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  4. ^ BBC News (6 December 2005). ABBA's Bjorn says no to reunion. Retrieved on 15 March 2008.
  5. ^ a b c "Trophy". Eurovision Song Contest. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Eurovision Crystal Trophy". Kosta Boda. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  7. ^ ABBA win 'Eurovision 50th' vote. BBC News (23 October 2005). Retrieved on 22 August 2007.

Bibliography[edit]