List of FIFA World Cup penalty shoot-outs

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This is a list of all penalty shoot-outs that have occurred in the Finals tournament of the FIFA World Cup.[1] Penalty shoot-outs were introduced as tie-breakers in the 1978 World Cup but did not occur before 1982. The first time a World Cup title was won by penalty shoot-out was in 1994.[2] The only other time was in 2006.[3] By the end of the 2014 edition, 26 shoot-outs have taken place in the World Cup. Of these, only two reached the sudden death stage after still being tied at the end of "best of five kicks".

By team[edit]

Records[edit]

Most played
  • 5 -  Argentina (1990, 1990, 1998, 2006, 2014)
  • 4 -  Germany1 (1982, 1986, 1990, 2006)
  • 4 -  France (1982, 1986, 1998, 2006)
  • 4 -  Italy (1990, 1994, 1998, 2006*)
  • 4 -  Brazil (1986, 1994*, 1998, 2014)
Most played in one tournament
Most won
  • 4 -  Germany1 (1982, 1986, 1990, 2006)
  • 4 -  Argentina (1990, 1990, 1998, 2014)
  • 3 -  Brazil (1994*, 1998, 2014)
Most lost
  • 3 -  England (1990, 1998, 2006)
  • 3 -  Italy (1990, 1994, 1998)

For teams that played two or more penalty shootouts

  • Won World Cup on shootout.
Team Played Win Loss % Win Win Year Loss Year
 Germany1 4 4 0 100% 1982, 1986, 1990, 2006 -
 Argentina 5 4 1 80% 1990, 1990, 1998, 2014 2006
 Brazil 4 3 1 75% 1994, 1998, 2014 1986
 France 4 2 2 50% 1986, 1998 1982, 2006
 Republic of Ireland 2 1 1 50% 1990 2002
 Costa Rica 2 1 1 50% 2014 2014
 Netherlands 3 1 2 33% 2014 1998, 2014
 Spain 3 1 2 33% 2002 1986, 2002
 Italy 4 1 3 25% 2006 1990, 1994, 1998
 Mexico 2 0 2 0% - 1986, 1994
 Romania 2 0 2 0% - 1990, 1994
 England 3 0 3 0% - 1990, 1998, 2006
Notes

For teams that played one penalty shootout

Team Played Win Loss % Win Win Year Loss Year
 Belgium 1 1 0 100% 1986 -
 Bulgaria 1 1 0 100% 1994 -
 Sweden 1 1 0 100% 1994 -
 South Korea 1 1 0 100% 2002 -
 Portugal 1 1 0 100% 2006 -
 Ukraine 1 1 0 100% 2006 -
 Uruguay 1 1 0 100% 2010 -
 Paraguay 1 1 0 100% 2010 -
 Yugoslavia 1 0 1 0% - 1990
  Switzerland 1 0 1 0% - 2006
 Ghana 1 0 1 0% - 2010
 Japan 1 0 1 0% - 2010
 Chile 1 0 1 0% - 2014
 Greece 1 0 1 0% - 2014

Championship year in bold

By year[edit]

Before the introduction of penalty shoot-outs in 1978:

  • Of the 35 knock-out matches from 1930 to 1938, 31 were decided within at most 120 minutes, the remaining 4 matches – one in 1934 and three in 1938 – were decided by replays.
  • There were no knock-out matches in 1950.
  • All 42 knock-out matches from 1954 to 1974 were decided within at most 120 minutes, so no replays or drawing of lots were needed.[clarification needed]
Year Teams Knock-out
matches
Matches with
extra time
Penalty
shoot-outs
Percentage of
extra time
matches
Percentage of
knock-out
matches
Penalty
scored
Penalty
attempts
Percentage
1978 16 2 1 0 0% 0.0% - - -
1982 24 4 1 1 100% 25.0% 9 12 75.0%
1986 24 16 5 3 60% 18.8% 21 27 77.8%
1990 24 16 8 4 50% 25.0% 28 38 73.7%
1994 24 16 4 3 75% 18.8% 18 29 62.1%
1998 32 16 4 3 75% 18.8% 20 28 71.4%
2002 32 16 5 2 40% 12.5% 13 19 68.4%
2006 32 16 6 4 66.7% 25.0% 21 33 63.6%
2010 32 16 4 2 50% 12.5% 14 18 77.8%
2014 32 16 8 4 50% 25.0% 26 36 72.2%
Total 134 46 26 56.5% 19.4% 170 240 70.8%

Highest values in bold.

Complete list[edit]

Key
  • Penalty scored = scored penalty
  • golden background = scored penalty which ended the shoot-out
  • Penalty missed = missed penalty
  • red background = missed penalty which ended the shoot-out
  • grey background = the first penalty in the shoot-out
  • horizontal line within a list of takers = beginning of the sudden death stage
Penalty shoot-outs in the FIFA World Cup
# Winner F Loser Penalties Winning team Losing team Year Round Date
S M T GK Takers Takers GK
1.  West Germany 3–3  France 5–4 1–2 6–6 Schumacher Kaltz Penalty scored
Breitner Penalty scored
Stielike Penalty missed
Littbarski Penalty scored
Rummenigge Penalty scored

Hrubesch Penalty scored

Penalty scored Giresse
Penalty scored Amoros
Penalty scored Rocheteau
Penalty missed Six
Penalty scored Platini

Penalty missed Bossis

Ettori 1982, Spain   Semi-finals 8 July 1982
2.  France 1–1  Brazil 4–3 1–2 5–5 Bats Stopyra Penalty scored
Amoros Penalty scored
Bellone Penalty scored
Platini Penalty missed
Fernández Penalty scored
Penalty missed Sócrates
Penalty scored Alemão
Penalty scored Zico
Penalty scored Branco
Penalty missed Júlio César
Carlos 1986, Mexico   Quarter-finals 21 June 1986
3.  West Germany 0–0  Mexico 4–1 0–2 4–3 Schumacher Allofs Penalty scored
Brehme Penalty scored
Matthäus Penalty scored
Littbarski Penalty scored
Penalty scored Negrete
Penalty missed Quirarte
Penalty missed Servín
Larios
4.  Belgium 1–1  Spain 5–4 0–1 5–5 Pfaff Claesen Penalty scored
Scifo Penalty scored
Broos Penalty scored
Vervoort Penalty scored
L. Van der Elst Penalty scored
Penalty scored Señor
Penalty missed Eloy
Penalty scored Chendo
Penalty scored Butragueño
Penalty scored Víctor
Zubizarreta 22 June 1986
5.  Republic of Ireland 0–0  Romania 5–4 0–1 5–5 Bonner Sheedy Penalty scored
Houghton Penalty scored
Townsend Penalty scored
Cascarino Penalty scored
O'Leary Penalty scored
Penalty scored Hagi
Penalty scored Lupu
Penalty scored Rotariu
Penalty scored Lupescu
Penalty missed Timofte
Lung 1990, Italy   Second round 25 June 1990
6.  Argentina 0–0  Yugoslavia 3–2 2–3 5–5 Goycochea Serrizuela Penalty scored
Burruchaga Penalty scored
Maradona Penalty missed
Troglio Penalty missed
Dezotti Penalty scored
Penalty missed Stojković
Penalty scored Prosinečki
Penalty scored Savićević
Penalty missed Brnović
Penalty missed Hadžibegić
Ivković   Quarter-finals 30 June 1990
7.  Argentina 1–1  Italy 4–3 0–2 4–5 Goycochea Serrizuela Penalty scored
Burruchaga Penalty scored
Olarticoechea Penalty scored
Maradona Penalty scored
Penalty scored Baresi
Penalty scored Baggio
Penalty scored De Agostini
Penalty missed Donadoni
Penalty missed Serena
Zenga   Semi-finals 3 July 1990
8.  West Germany 1–1  England 4–3 0–2 4–5 Illgner Brehme Penalty scored
Matthäus Penalty scored
Riedle Penalty scored
Thon Penalty scored
Penalty scored Lineker
Penalty scored Beardsley
Penalty scored Platt
Penalty missed Pearce
Penalty missed Waddle
Shilton 4 July 1990
9.  Bulgaria 1–1  Mexico 3–1 1–3 4–4 Mihaylov Balakov Penalty missed
Genchev Penalty scored
Borimirov Penalty scored
Lechkov Penalty scored
Penalty missed García Aspe
Penalty missed Bernal
Penalty missed Rodríguez
Penalty scored Suárez
Campos 1994, USA   Second round 5 July 1994
10.  Sweden 2–2  Romania 5–4 1–2 6–6 Ravelli Mild Penalty missed
K. Andersson Penalty scored
Brolin Penalty scored
Ingesson Penalty scored
R. Nilsson Penalty scored

Larsson Penalty scored

Penalty scored Răducioiu
Penalty scored Hagi
Penalty scored Lupescu
Penalty missed Petrescu
Penalty scored Dumitrescu

Penalty missed Belodedici

Prunea   Quarter-finals 10 July 1994
11.  Brazil 0–0  Italy 3–2 1–3 4–5 Taffarel Santos Penalty missed
Romário Penalty scored
Branco Penalty scored
Dunga Penalty scored
Penalty missed Baresi
Penalty scored Albertini
Penalty scored Evani
Penalty missed Massaro
Penalty missed R. Baggio
Pagliuca   Final 17 July 1994
12.  Argentina 2–2  England 4–3 1–2 5–5 Roa Berti Penalty scored
Crespo Penalty missed
Verón Penalty scored
Gallardo Penalty scored
Ayala Penalty scored
Penalty scored Shearer
Penalty missed Ince
Penalty scored Merson
Penalty scored Owen
Penalty missed Batty
Seaman 1998, France   Second round 30 June 1998
13.  France 0–0  Italy 4–3 1–2 5–5 Barthez Zidane Penalty scored
Lizarazu Penalty missed
Trezeguet Penalty scored
Henry Penalty scored
Blanc Penalty scored
Penalty scored R. Baggio
Penalty missed Albertini
Penalty scored Costacurta
Penalty scored Vieri
Penalty missed Di Biagio
Pagliuca   Quarter-finals 3 July 1998
14.  Brazil 1–1  Netherlands 4–2 0–2 4–4 Taffarel Ronaldo Penalty scored
Rivaldo Penalty scored
Emerson Penalty scored
Dunga Penalty scored
Penalty scored F. de Boer
Penalty scored Bergkamp
Penalty missed Cocu
Penalty missed R. de Boer
Van der Sar   Semi-finals 7 July 1998
15.  Spain 1–1  Republic of Ireland 3–2 2–3 5–5 Casillas Hierro Penalty scored
Baraja Penalty scored
Juanfran Penalty missed
Valerón Penalty missed
Mendieta Penalty scored
Penalty scored Robbie Keane
Penalty missed Holland
Penalty missed Connolly
Penalty missed Kilbane
Penalty scored Finnan
Given 2002, Korea/Japan   Second round 16 June 2002
16.  South Korea 0–0  Spain 5–3 0–1 5–4 Lee Woon-jae Hwang Sun-hong Penalty scored
Park Ji-sung Penalty scored
Seol Ki-hyeon Penalty scored
Ahn Jung-hwan Penalty scored
Hong Myung-bo Penalty scored
Penalty scored Hierro
Penalty scored Baraja
Penalty scored Xavi
Penalty missed Joaquín
Casillas   Quarter-finals 22 June 2002
17.  Ukraine 0–0   Switzerland 3–0 1–3 4–3 Shovkovskiy Shevchenko Penalty missed
Milevskiy Penalty scored
Rebrov Penalty scored
Husyev Penalty scored
Penalty missed Streller
Penalty missed Barnetta
Penalty missed Cabanas
Zuberbühler 2006, Germany   Second round 26 June 2006
18.  Germany 1–1  Argentina 4–2 0–2 4–4 Lehmann Neuville Penalty scored
Ballack Penalty scored
Podolski Penalty scored
Borowski Penalty scored
Penalty scored Cruz
Penalty missed Ayala
Penalty scored Rodríguez
Penalty missed Cambiasso
Franco   Quarter-finals 30 June 2006
19.  Portugal 0–0  England 3–1 2–3 5–4 Ricardo Simão Penalty scored
Viana Penalty missed
Petit Penalty missed
Postiga Penalty scored
Ronaldo Penalty scored
Penalty missed Lampard
Penalty scored Hargreaves
Penalty missed Gerrard
Penalty missed Carragher
Robinson 1 July 2006
20.  Italy 1–1  France 5–3 0–1 5–4 Buffon Pirlo Penalty scored
Materazzi Penalty scored
De Rossi Penalty scored
Del Piero Penalty scored
Grosso Penalty scored
Penalty scored Wiltord
Penalty missed Trezeguet
Penalty scored Abidal
Penalty scored Sagnol
Barthez   Final 9 July 2006
21.  Paraguay 0–0  Japan 5–3 0–1 5–4 Villar Barreto Penalty scored
Barrios Penalty scored
Riveros Penalty scored
Valdez Penalty scored
Cardozo Penalty scored
Penalty scored Endō
Penalty scored Hasebe
Penalty missed Komano
Penalty scored Honda
Kawashima 2010, South Africa   Second round 29 June 2010
22.  Uruguay 1–1  Ghana 4–2 1–2 5–4 Muslera Forlán Penalty scored
Victorino Penalty scored
Scotti Penalty scored
M. Pereira Penalty missed
Abreu Penalty scored
Penalty scored Gyan
Penalty scored Appiah
Penalty missed Mensah
Penalty missed Adiyiah
Kingson   Quarter-finals 2 July 2010
23.  Brazil 1–1  Chile 3–2 2–3 5–5 Júlio César David Luiz Penalty scored
Willian Penalty missed
Marcelo Penalty scored
Hulk Penalty missed
Neymar Penalty scored
Penalty missed Pinilla
Penalty missed Sánchez
Penalty scored Aránguiz
Penalty scored Díaz
Penalty missed Jara
Bravo 2014, Brazil   Second round 28 June 2014
24.  Costa Rica 1–1  Greece 5–3 0–1 5–4 Navas Borges Penalty scored
Ruiz Penalty scored
González Penalty scored
Campbell Penalty scored
Umaña Penalty scored
Penalty scored Mitroglou
Penalty scored Christodoulopoulos
Penalty scored Holebas
Penalty missed Gekas
Karnezis 29 June 2014
25.  Netherlands 0–0  Costa Rica 4–3 0–2 4–5 Krul Van Persie Penalty scored
Robben Penalty scored
Sneijder Penalty scored
Kuyt Penalty scored
Penalty scored Borges
Penalty missed Ruiz
Penalty scored González
Penalty scored Bolaños
Penalty missed Umaña
Navas   Quarter-finals 5 July 2014
26.  Argentina 0–0  Netherlands 4–2 0–2 4–4 Romero Messi Penalty scored
Garay Penalty scored
Agüero Penalty scored
Rodríguez Penalty scored
Penalty missed Vlaar
Penalty scored Robben
Penalty missed Sneijder
Penalty scored Kuyt
Cillessen   Semi-finals 9 July 2014

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.fifa.com
  2. ^ "FIFA world cup penalty kicks continue as part of soccers history". Guardian. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  3. ^ McCarra, Kevin (2006-07-10). "Italy strike gold as Zidane sees red". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-06-28. 

Further reading[edit]