List of Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launches
This is a list of missions, historic and planned, for the SpaceX Falcon 9 family of launch vehicles. The four versions of the rocket are the Falcon 9 v1.0 (now retired), Falcon 9 v1.1 (now retired), Falcon 9 v1.1 Full Thrust, and the in-development Falcon Heavy.
The Falcon 9 maiden launch occurred on June 4, 2010 and was deemed a success, placing the test payload within 1 percent of the intended orbit. The second stage engine performed a short second burn to demonstrate its multiple firing capability.
The rocket experienced, "a little bit of roll at liftoff" as Ken Bowersox from SpaceX put it. This roll had stopped prior to the craft reaching the top of the tower. The second stage began to slowly roll near the end of its burn which was not expected.
COTS Demo Flight 1
The next launch attempt for Falcon 9 was COTS Demo Flight 1, with an operational Dragon module. The launch took place on December 8, 2010. The flight placed the Dragon capsule in a roughly 300-kilometer (190 mi) orbit. After two orbits, the capsule re-entered the atmosphere to be recovered off the coast of Mexico. This flight tested the pressure vessel integrity, attitude control using the Draco engines, telemetry, guidance, navigation, control systems, the PICA-X heat shield, and parachutes at speed. The test payload for this flight was a wheel of cheese. The flight was a success on first attempt.
COTS Demo Flight 2
This flight was the first fully commercially developed launcher to deliver a payload to the International Space Station. This launch combined COTS 2 and 3 missions that included berthing with ISS. It was also the first night launch of Falcon 9.
The first launch attempt, on 19 May 2012 resulted in a countdown abort on the pad at T−00:00:00.5. Chamber pressure on one of the engines was observed by onboard computers as being outside nominal parameters; therefore the launch was automatically aborted after main engine ignition, but before liftoff. Following the countdown abort, representatives stated that the next attempt was scheduled for May 22, 2012 at 03:44 EDT (07:44 GMT) or May 23, 2012 at 03:22 EDT (07:22 GMT). The second attempt was successful.
The first operational cargo resupply mission to ISS was launched on October 7, 2012 at 8:35 PM EST. At 76 seconds after liftoff, engine 1 of the first stage suffered a loss of pressure which caused an automatic shutdown of that engine. The remaining eight first-stage engines continued to burn and the Dragon capsule reached orbit successfully. Due to safety regulations required by NASA, the secondary Orbcomm-2 satellite payload was released into a lower-than-intended orbit, and subsequently declared a total loss.
Engine anomaly on one of the nine engines on the Falcon 9 first stage during the ascent after 1 min 19 sec flight resulted in automatic engine shutdown and a longer first-stage burn on the remaining eight engines to complete orbital insertion. This was the first demonstration of SpaceX Falcon 9 "engine out" capability in flight. NASA requires a greater-than-99% estimated probability that the stage of any secondary payload on a similar orbital inclination to the Station will reach it's orbital goal above the station. Due to the original engine failure, the Falcon 9 used more fuel than intended, bringing this estimate down to around 95%. Because of this, the second stage did not attempt another burn, and Orbcomm-G2 was deployed into a rapidly decaying orbit and burned up in Earth's atmosphere within 4 days after the launch. The mission continued to rendezvous and berth the Dragon capsule with the ISS where the ISS crew unloaded its payload and reloaded it with cargo for return to Earth.
First flight of Falcon 9 v1.1
SpaceX launched the maiden flight of the Falcon 9 v1.1—an essentially new launch vehicle, much larger and with greater thrust than Falcon 9 v1.0—on September 29, 2013, a demonstration launch. Although the rocket carried CASSIOPE as a primary payload, CASSIOPE had a payload mass that is very small relative to the rocket's capability, and it did so at a discounted rate—approximately 20% of the normal published price for SpaceX Falcon 9 LEO missions—because the flight was a technology demonstration mission for SpaceX.
After the second stage separated from the booster stage, SpaceX conducted a novel flight test, wherein the booster attempted to reenter the lower atmosphere in a controlled manner and decelerate to a simulated over-water landing. The test was successful, but the booster stage was not recovered. This was the first high-altitude, high-velocity Falcon 9 booster landing tests.
First version 1.1 FT and first successful landing
On December 21, 2015, the Falcon 9 successfully launched a constellation of 11 Orbcomm-OG2 second-generation satellites. This was the 20th launch of the Falcon 9. Flight 20 was also the first flight of the upgraded Falcon 9 v1.1 full thrust. The first stage successfully landed at SpaceX Landing Zone 1 at Cape Canaveral, the first successful recovery of a rocket first stage that launched a payload to orbit.
|Flight №||Date and time (UTC)||Type||Launch Complex||Payload||Orbit||Customer||Outcome|
|1||June 4, 2010, 18:45||v1.0||CC LC40||Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit||LEO||SpaceX||Success|
|1st flight of Falcon 9 v1.0|
|2||December 8, 2010, 15:43||v1.0||CC LC40||NASA COTS – Demo 1, 2 Cubesats||LEO||NASA Commercial Orbital Transportation Services, National Reconnaissance Office||Success|
|Maiden flight of Dragon Capsule; 3 hours, testing of maneuvering thrusters and reentry|
|3||May 22, 2012, 07:44||v1.0||CC LC40||NASA COTS – Demo C2+||LEO||NASA Commercial Orbital Transportation Services||Success|
|Launch was scrubbed on first attempt, second launch attempt was successful.|
|4||October 8, 2012, 00:34||v1.0||CC LC40||Primary payload: SpaceX CRS-1||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Success|
|Secondary payload: Orbcomm-OG2||LEO||Orbcomm||Failure|
|CRS-1 successful, but the secondary payload was inserted into abnormally low orbit and lost due to Falcon 9 boost stage engine failure, ISS visiting vehicle safety rules, and the primary payload owner's contractual right to decline a second ignition of the second stage under some conditions.|
|5||March 1, 2013, 15:10||v1.0||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-2||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Success|
|Final scheduled flight of Falcon 9 v1.0 vehicle.|
|6||September 29, 2013, 16:00||v1.1||VAFB SLC-4E||CASSIOPE||Polar orbit||MDA Corp||Success|
|Commercial mission and first Falcon 9 v1.1 flight, with improved 13 tonne to LEO capacity. Following second-stage separation from the first stage, SpaceX attempted to perform a propulsive-return over-water test and simulated landing of the discarded booster vehicle. The test provided good test data on the experiment—its primary objective—but as the booster neared the ocean, aerodynamic forces caused an uncontrollable roll. The center engine, depleted of fuel by centrifugal force, shut down resulting in the impact and destruction of the vehicle.|
|7||December 3, 2013, 22:41||v1.1||CC LC40||SES-8||GTO||SES||Success|
|First GTO launch for Falcon 9.|
|8||January 6, 2014, 22:06||v1.1||CC LC40||Thaicom 6||GTO||Thaicom||Success|
|Second GTO launch for Falcon 9.
The USAF later evaluated launch data from this flight as part of a separate certification program for SpaceX to qualify to fly US military payloads and found that the Thaicom 6 launch had "unacceptable fuel reserves at engine cutoff of the stage 2 second burnoff".
|9||April 18, 2014, 19:25||v1.1||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-3||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Success|
|Following second-stage separation, SpaceX conducted a second controlled-descent test of the discarded booster vehicle and achieved the first successful controlled ocean soft touchdown of a liquid-rocket-engine orbital booster.
This was the first Falcon 9 booster to fly with the extensible landing legs, and the first Dragon mission with the Falcon 9 v1.1 launch vehicle.
|10||July 14, 2014, 15:15||v1.1||CC LC40||OG2 Mission 1
6 OG2 satellites
|Second Falcon 9 booster with landing legs. Following second-stage separation, SpaceX conducted a controlled-descent test of the discarded booster vehicle. In the event, the first stage successfully decelerated from hypersonic velocity in the upper atmosphere, made a successful reentry, landing burn, deployment of its landing legs and touched down on the ocean surface. The first stage was not recovered however, as the hull integrity breached when the rocket tipped over as intended following the soft-landing.|
|11||August 5, 2014, 08:00||v1.1||CC LC40||AsiaSat 8||GTO||AsiaSat||Success|
|12||September 7, 2014, 05:00||v1.1||CC LC40||AsiaSat 6||GTO||AsiaSat||Success|
|13||September 21, 2014, 05:52||v1.1||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-4||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Success|
|14||January 10, 2015, 09:47||v1.1||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-5||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Success|
Following second stage separation, SpaceX did a test flight and attempted to return the first stage of the Falcon 9 through the atmosphere and land it on an approximately 90-by-50-meter (300 ft × 160 ft) floating platform—called the autonomous spaceport drone ship. Many of the test objectives were achieved, including precision control of the rocket's descent to land on the platform at a specific point in the Atlantic ocean, and a large amount of test data was obtained from the first use of grid fin control surfaces used for more precise reentry positioning. The grid fin control system ran out of hydraulic fluid a minute before landing and the landing itself resulted in a crash.
|15||February 11, 2015, 23:03||v1.1||CC LC40||DSCOVR||L1||U.S. Air Force/NASA/NOAA||Success|
|First launch under USAF's OSP 3 launch contract. First SpaceX launch to put a satellite to an orbit with an orbital altitude many times the distance to the Moon: Sun-Earth libration point L1. The first stage made a test flight descent to an over-ocean landing within 10 m (33 ft) of its intended target.
|16||March 2, 2015, 03:50||v1.1||CC LC40||ABS-3A, Eutelsat 115 West B (ex-Satmex 7)||GTO||Asia Broadcast Satellite, Eutelsat (Satmex)||Success|
|The launch was Boeing's first-ever conjoined launch of a lighter-weight dual-commsat stack that was specifically designed to take advantage of the lower-cost SpaceX Falcon 9 launch vehicle. Per satellite, launch costs were less than $30 million. The ABS satellite reached its final destination ahead of schedule and started operations on September 10.|
|17||April 14, 2015, 20:10||v1.1||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-6||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Success|
|Following the first-stage boost, SpaceX attempted a controlled-descent test of the first stage. The first stage contacted the ship, but soon tipped over due to excess lateral velocity caused by a stuck throttle valve resulting in a later-than-designed downthrottle.|
|18||April 27, 2015, 23:03||v1.1||CC LC40||TurkmenAlem52E/MonacoSAT ||GTO||Turkmenistan National Space Agency||Success|
|19||June 28, 2015, 14:21||v1.1||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-7||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Failure|
|Performance was nominal until T+140 seconds into launch when a cloud of white vapor appeared, followed by rapid loss of 2nd stage LOX tank pressure. The booster continued on its trajectory until complete vehicle breakup at T+150 seconds. The Dragon CRS-7 capsule was ejected from the disintegrating launch vehicle and deflagration and continued transmitting data until impact with the ocean. SpaceX officials stated that the capsule could have been recovered if the parachutes had deployed; however, the software in the capsule did not include any provisions for parachute deployment in this situation. Subsequent investigation traced the accident to the failure of a strut which secured a helium bottle inside the 2nd stage LOX tank. With the helium pressurization system integrity breached, excess helium quickly flooded the LOX tank, causing it to overpressurize and burst. (Video).
After the first stage was used for the ascent, SpaceX had planned to conduct another controlled-descent and landing test of the booster, but the main mission never got to the point where the booster test was to commence.
The International Docking Adapter (IDA)-1 was a large piece of cargo on SpaceX CRS-7.
|20||December 22, 2015, 01:29||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||OG-2 Mission 2
11 OG2 satellites
|First launch of the upgraded Falcon 9 v1.1 launch vehicle (internally known as Falcon 9 v1.1 Full Thrust), with a 30 percent power increase. Orbcomm had originally agreed to be the third flight of the enhanced-thrust rocket, but the change to the maiden flight position was announced in October 2015. SpaceX applied to the FAA for permission to land the booster on solid ground at Cape Canaveral; this landing attempt was successful.|
|21||January 17, 2016, 18:42||v1.1||VAFB SLC-4E||Jason-3||LEO||NASA/NOAA/CNES||Success|
|First launch of NASA and NOAA joint science mission under the NLS II launch contract (not related to NASA CRS or USAF OSP3 contracts). Last launch of the original Falcon 9 v1.1 rocket. The Jason-3 satellite was successfully deployed to target orbit. SpaceX again attempted a recovery of the first stage booster by landing on an autonomous drone ship; this time located in the Pacific Ocean. The first stage did achieve a soft-landing on the ship, but a lockout on one of the landing legs failed to latch and it fell over and exploded. |
Future missions are listed in order of launch when firm launch planning dates are in place, and reliably sourced. The order of the later launches is much less certain, as the official SpaceX manifest does not include a schedule. Tentative launch dates are picked from a compilation not derived from Wikipedia or from individual sources for each launch.
SpaceX has indicated it has "well over a dozen" launches planned for 2016, and that, after February, expects a high flight rate. Company president and COO Gwynne Shotwell said "You should see us fly every two to three weeks."
|Flight №||Date and time (UTC)||Type||Launch Complex||Payload||Orbit||Customer||Status|
|22||NET late February||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SES-9||GTO||SES|
|Second launch of the enhanced Falcon 9 v1.1 launch vehicle.|
|23?||NET March 20, 2016, 04:33||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-8||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services|
|Dragon will carry the inflatable Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) to the ISS for two years of in-orbit tests.|
|NET April 2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||ABS-2A, Eutelsat 117 West B (ex-Satmex 9)||GTO||Asia Broadcast Satellite, Eutelsat (Satmex)|
|One year after pioneering this technique on flight 16, Falcon will again launch two Boeing 702SP electric-propulsion satellites in a dual-stack configuration, with the same customers sharing the rocket and mission costs.|
|Early 2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||JCSAT-14||GTO||JSAT Corporation|
|May 2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||Amos-6||GTO||Spacecom|
|2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-9||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services|
|Among other cargo, an International Docking Adapter (IDA-2) will be carried to the ISS, IDA-1 was lost with CRS-7 and will be replaced by IDA-3.|
|June 10, 2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-10||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services|
|2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||Thaicom 8||GTO||Thaicom|
|2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||BulgariaSat-1||GTO||Bulsatcom|
|2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||JCSAT-16||GTO||JSAT Corporation|
|2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||KoreaSat 5A||GTO||KT Corporation|
|2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||Es’hail 2||GTO||Es’hailSat|
|August 15, 2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-11||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services|
|August 2016||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||Iridium NEXT 3-12||LEO||Iridium Communications|
|After the first two qualification units riding a Dnepr rocket in April, each Falcon mission will carry 10 Iridium NEXT satellites, with a goal to complete deployment of the 72-satellite constellation by the end of 2017.|
|2016||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||FORMOSAT 5||SSO||NSPO, Taiwan|
|2016||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||SAOCOM 1A||SSO||CONAE|
|October 2016||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||Iridium NEXT 13-22||LEO||Iridium Communications|
|Q4, 2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SES-10||GTO||SES|
|Q4, 2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SES-11||GTO||SES|
|End of 2016||Heavy||KSC LC39A||Falcon Heavy Demo||TBD||SpaceX|
|Will be the first launch of the Falcon Heavy.|
|2016||Heavy||KSC LC39A||DSX, FORMOSAT 7A/B/C/D/E/F, LightSail-B||LEO/MEO||U.S. Air Force|
|USAF Space Test Program Flight 2 (STP-2)|
|2016?||Heavy||KSC LC39A||EuropaSat/HellasSat 3||GTO||Inmarsat|
|2016?||Heavy||KSC LC39A||Inmarsat 5-F4||GTO||Inmarsat|
|2016[dated info]||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||DragonLab Mission 1||SpaceX|
|Late 2016||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||Iridium NEXT 23-32||LEO||Iridium Communications|
|December 15, 2016||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-12||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services|
|2017 ||v1.1 FT||KSC LC39A||SpX-DM1||LEO||NASA|
|Demonstration mission to ISS for NASA with an uncrewed Dragon V2 capsule.|
|Early 2017||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||Iridium NEXT 33-42||LEO||Iridium Communications|
|Early 2017||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||Iridium NEXT 43-52||LEO||Iridium Communications|
|Early 2017||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-13||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services|
|April 2017||v1.1 FT||KSC LC39A||SpX-DM2||LEO||NASA|
|Dragon V2 for a NASA-contracted mission—planned to be the first NASA astronauts to ISS on a US spacecraft since STS-135 in 2011.|
|Q2, 2017||v1.1 FT||Boca Chica
|SES-16 / GovSat-1||GTO||SES|
|2017||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-14||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services|
|Among other cargo, a second International Docking Adapter (IDA-3) will be carried to the ISS, replacing the lost one from CRS-7.|
|2017||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-15||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services|
|2017||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite||HEO||NASA|
|2017||v1.1 FT||CC LC40 (TBC)||PSN-6 / co-payload TBA||GTO||PSN/ TBA|
|2017||v1.1 FT||CC LC40 (TBC)||ABS-8||GTO||Asia Broadcast Satellite|
|2017||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||SAOCOM 1B||SSO||CONAE|
|Q4, 2017||v1.1 FT||Boca Chica
|Late 2017||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||Iridium NEXT 53-62||LEO||Iridium Communications|
|Late 2017||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||Iridium NEXT 63-72||LEO||Iridium Communications|
|Late 2017||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||Hispasat 1F or Amazonas 5||GTO||Hispasat|
|Late 2017||v1.1 FT||?||Google Lunar X Prize / SpaceIL lander and a dozen small satellites to be announced||SSO + TLI||Spaceflight Industries|
|A Falcon 9 booked by Spaceflight Industries will deliver a 500-kg Moon lander built by Israeli project SpaceIL. This is the first launch contract officially verified by Google Lunar X Prize, allowing the competition to continue until the end of 2017. The launch customer plans to share the mission with a dozen other payloads from 50 to 575 kg.|
|2018||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||RCM 1/2/3||SSO||CSA|
|2018[dated info]||v1.1 FT||CC LC40||DragonLab Mission 2||SpaceX|
|2018||Heavy||KSC LC39A||ArabSat 6A||GTO||ArabSat|
|2019||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||SARah 1||SSO||Bundeswehr|
|2019||v1.1 FT||VAFB SLC-4E||SARah 2/3||SSO||Bundeswehr|
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...the first ever night launch of a Falcon 9 rocket.
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Orbcomm requested that SpaceX carry one of their small satellites (weighing a few hundred pounds, vs. Dragon at over 12,000 pounds)... The higher the orbit, the more test data [Orbcomm] can gather, so they requested that we attempt to restart and raise altitude. NASA agreed to allow that, but only on condition that there be substantial propellant reserves, since the orbit would be close to the space station. It is important to appreciate that Orbcomm understood from the beginning that the orbit-raising maneuver was tentative. They accepted that there was a high risk of their satellite remaining at the Dragon insertion orbit. SpaceX would not have agreed to fly their satellite otherwise, since this was not part of the core mission and there was a known, material risk of no altitude raise.
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But the Falcon 9 is not just changing the way launch-vehicle providers do business; its reach has gone further, prompting satellite makers and commercial fleet operators to retool business plans in response to the low-cost rocket. In March 2012, Boeing announced the start of a new line of all-electric telecommunications spacecraft, the 702SP, which are designed to launch in pairs on a Falcon 9 v1.1. Anchor customers Asia Broadcast Satellite (ABS) of Hong Kong and Mexico's SatMex plan to loft the first two of four such spacecraft on a Falcon 9. […] Using electric rather than chemical propulsion will mean the satellites take months, rather than weeks, to reach their final orbital destination. But because all-electric spacecraft are about 40% lighter than their conventional counterparts, the cost to launch them is considerably less than that for a chemically propelled satellite.
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SpaceX plans to launch SES-9 'in the next couple of weeks.' The company then plans to maintain a high flight rate. 'You should see us fly every two to three weeks,' [according to Gwynne Shotwell]
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Satellite - Region - Application - Launch Date
SES-9 - Asia-Pacific - Video, Enterprise, Mobility - Q2/Q3 2015
SES-10 - Latin America - Video, Enterprise - Q4 2016
SES-11 - North America - Video - Q4 2016
SES-12 - Asia-Pacific - Video, Enterprise, Mobility - Q4 2017
SES-14 - Latin America - Video, Enterprise, Mobility - Q4 2017
SES-15 - North America - Enterprise, Mobility, Government - Q2 2017
SES-16/GovSat1 - Europe/MENA - Government - Q2 2017
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