List of Ferris wheels

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List of Ferris wheels whose construction has been completed and which have opened to the public.

Fixed Ferris wheels[edit]

Fixed Ferris wheels are usually intended for permanent installation, as opposed to transportable wheels which are designed to be operated at multiple locations. Occasionally however, fixed wheels are also sometimes dismantled and relocated. Larger examples include the original Ferris Wheel, which operated at two sites in Chicago, Illinois, and a third in St. Louis, Missouri; Technocosmos/Technostar, which moved to Expoland, Osaka, after Expo '85, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, for which it was built, ended; and Cosmo Clock 21, which added 5 metres (16 ft) onto its original 107.5-metre (353 ft) height when erected for the second time at Minato Mirai 21, Yokohama, in 1999.

Name
 
Height
   m (ft)  
Completed
 
Country
 
Location
 
Coordinates
 
Remarks
 
High Roller
167.6 (550)
2014
 US Las Vegas, Nevada 36°07′04″N 115°10′05″W / 36.117698°N 115.16815°W / 36.117698; -115.16815 (High Roller) World's tallest since 2014
Singapore Flyer
165 (541)
2008
 Singapore Marina Centre, Downtown Core 1°17′22″N 103°51′48″E / 1.289397°N 103.863231°E / 1.289397; 103.863231 (Singapore Flyer) World's tallest 2008-2014
Star of Nanchang
160 (525)
2006
 China Nanchang, Jiangxi 28°39′34″N 115°50′44″E / 28.659332°N 115.845568°E / 28.659332; 115.845568 (Star of Nanchang) World's tallest 2006-2008
Bailang River Bridge Ferris Wheel
145 (476)
2017
 China Weifang, Shandong 37°06′31″N 119°10′46″E / 37.108717°N 119.179345°E / 37.108717; 119.179345 (Bailang River Bridge Ferris Wheel) Centreless non-rotating wheel
London Eye
135 (443)
2000
 UK South Bank, Lambeth, London 51°30′12″N 0°07′11″W / 51.50334°N 0.1197821°W / 51.50334; -0.1197821 (London Eye) World's tallest 2000-2006
Orlando Eye
122 (400)
2015
 US Orlando, Florida 28°26′36″N 81°28′06″W / 28.443198°N 81.468296°W / 28.443198; -81.468296 (Orlando Eye)
Suzhou Ferris Wheel
120 (394)
2009
 China Suzhou, Jiangsu 31°18′59″N 120°42′30″E / 31.3162939°N 120.7084501°E / 31.3162939; 120.7084501 (Suzhou Ferris Wheel)
Melbourne Star
120 (394)
2008
 Australia Docklands, Melbourne 37°48′40″S 144°56′13″E / 37.8110723°S 144.9368763°E / -37.8110723; 144.9368763 (Southern Star)
Tianjin Eye
120 (394)
2008
 China Yongle Bridge, Tianjin 39°09′12″N 117°10′49″E / 39.1533636°N 117.1802616°E / 39.1533636; 117.1802616 (Tianjin Eye)
Changsha Ferris Wheel
120 (394)
2004
 China Changsha, Hunan 28°10′56″N 112°58′48″E / 28.1821772°N 112.9800886°E / 28.1821772; 112.9800886 (Changsha Ferris Wheel)
Zhengzhou Ferris Wheel
120 (394)
2003
 China Century Amusement Park, Henan 34°43′58″N 113°43′07″E / 34.732871°N 113.718739°E / 34.732871; 113.718739 (Zhengzhou Ferris Wheel)
Sky Dream Fukuoka
120 (394)
2002
 Japan Evergreen Marinoa, Fukuoka, Kyūshū 33°35′44″N 130°19′21″E / 33.5956845°N 130.3225279°E / 33.5956845; 130.3225279 (Sky Dream Fukuoka) Closed September 2009
Diamond and Flower Ferris Wheel
117 (384)
2001
 Japan Kasai Rinkai Park, Tokyo, Honshū 35°38′38″N 139°51′26″E / 35.6439052°N 139.8572257°E / 35.6439052; 139.8572257 (Diamond and Flower Ferris Wheel)
Sun Wheel[1]
115 (377)
2014
 Vietnam Da Nang 16°02′24″N 108°13′35″E / 16.040070°N 108.226492°E / 16.040070; 108.226492 (Sun Wheel)
Star of Lake Tai
115 (377)
2008
 China Lake Tai, Wuxi, Jiangsu 31°31′15″N 120°15′39″E / 31.5208296°N 120.260945°E / 31.5208296; 120.260945 (Star of Lake Tai) Picture
Daikanransha
115 (377)
1999
 Japan Palette Town, Odaiba, Honshū 35°37′35″N 139°46′56″E / 35.6263915°N 139.7822902°E / 35.6263915; 139.7822902 (Daikanransha) World's tallest 1999-2000
Cosmo Clock 21 (2nd installation)
112.5 (369)
1999
 Japan Minato Mirai 21, Yokohama, Honshū 35°27′19″N 139°38′12″E / 35.4553872°N 139.6367347°E / 35.4553872; 139.6367347 (Cosmo Clock 21 (2nd installation))
Tempozan Ferris Wheel
112.5 (369)
1997
 Japan Osaka, Honshū 34°39′22″N 135°25′52″E / 34.6561657°N 135.431031°E / 34.6561657; 135.431031 (Tempozan Ferris Wheel) World's tallest 1997-1999
Harbin Ferris Wheel
110 (361)
2003
 China Harbin, Heilongjiang 45°46′40″N 126°39′48″E / 45.7776481°N 126.6634637°E / 45.7776481; 126.6634637 (Harbin Ferris Wheel)
Shanghai Ferris Wheel
108 (354)
2002
 China Jinjiang Action Park, Shanghai 31°08′24″N 121°24′11″E / 31.1401286°N 121.4030752°E / 31.1401286; 121.4030752 (Shanghai Ferris Wheel)
Cosmo Clock 21 (1st installation)
107.5 (353)
1989
 Japan Minato Mirai 21, Yokohama, Honshū
?
World's tallest 1989-1997
Space Eye
100 (328)
?
 Japan Space World, Kitakyūshū, Kyūshū 33°52′18″N 130°48′36″E / 33.8716939°N 130.8099014°E / 33.8716939; 130.8099014 (Space Eye) Picture
Grande Roue de Paris
100 (328)
1900
 France Champ de Mars, Paris 48°51′08″N 2°17′57″E / 48.852222°N 2.299167°E / 48.852222; 2.299167 (Grande Roue de Paris (demolished 1920)) World's tallest 1900-1920
Great Wheel 094
94 (308)
1895
 UK Earls Court, London 51°29′18″N 0°11′56″W / 51.48835°N 0.19889°W / 51.48835; -0.19889 (Great Wheel (demolished 1907)) World's tallest 1895-1900
Eurowheel 090
90 (295)
1999
 Italy Mirabilandia, Ravenna 44°20′21″N 12°15′44″E / 44.3392161°N 12.2622228°E / 44.3392161; 12.2622228 (Eurowheel) Tallest extant in Europe 1999
Aurora Wheel 090
90 (295)
?
 Japan Nagashima Spa Land, Mie, Honshū 35°01′47″N 136°44′01″E / 35.0298207°N 136.7336351°E / 35.0298207; 136.7336351 (Aurora Wheel) Picture
Sky Wheel 088
88 (289)
?
 Taiwan Janfusun Fancyworld, Gukeng 23°37′13″N 120°34′35″E / 23.6202611°N 120.5763352°E / 23.6202611; 120.5763352 (Sky Wheel)
Technostar
Technocosmos
085
85 (279)
1985
?
1985
 Japan Expoland, Osaka, Honshū (?-2009)
Expo '85, Tsukuba, Honshū (1985-?)
34°48′14″N 135°32′09″E / 34.803772°N 135.535916°E / 34.803772; 135.535916 (Technostar)
36°03′40″N 140°04′23″E / 36.061203°N 140.073055°E / 36.061203; 140.073055 (Technocosmos)
World's tallest extant 1985-1989Technocosmos renamed/relocated
World's tallest extant 1985-1989
The original Ferris Wheel 080.40
80.4 (264)
1893
 US Chicago (1893-1903); St.Louis (1904-06)
see article
World's tallest 1893-1894
Sochi Ferris wheel[2][3] 080
80 (262)
2004
 Russia Lazarevskoe Gorky Park, Sochi, Krasnodar Krai 43°54′22″N 39°19′42″E / 43.905990°N 39.328335°E / 43.905990; 39.328335 (Lazarevskoe Gorky Park)
Tbilisi Ferris Wheel 080
80 (262)
2010
 Georgia Mtatsminda Park, Tbilisi 41°41′44″N 44°46′52″E / 41.6955592°N 44.7812337°E / 41.6955592; 44.7812337 (Tbilisi Ferris Wheel) Video
E-DA Ferris Wheel[4][5] 080
80 (262)
2010
 Taiwan E-DA Outlet Mall, Dashu, Kaohsiung 22°43′50″N 120°24′06″E / 22.730525°N 120.401612°E / 22.730525; 120.401612 (E-DA Outlet Mall) Rooftop wheel - combined height 120 m[6]
Fun Fair[7] 080
80 (262)
?
 Iran Mellat Amusement Park, Mashhad 36°19′13″N 59°32′05″E / 36.3202774°N 59.5348263°E / 36.3202774; 59.5348263 (Mashhad Ferris Wheel) Picture
HEP Five Wheel 075
75 (246)
1998
 Japan HEP Five building, Osaka, Honshū 34°42′15″N 135°30′01″E / 34.7040469°N 135.5001676°E / 34.7040469; 135.5001676 (HEP Five Wheel) Rooftop wheel - combined height 106 m
Moscow-850 073
73 (240)
1997
 Russia VVC, Moscow 55°49′40″N 37°38′25″E / 55.82786°N 37.64020°E / 55.82786; 37.64020 (Moscow-850) Tallest extant in Europe 1997-99
Polaris Tower 072
72 (236)
1993
 S.Korea Kumdori Land, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 36°22′49″N 127°23′03″E / 36.3803416°N 127.3841143°E / 36.3803416; 127.3841143 (Polaris Tower) Picture Kumdori Land closed in 2012[8]
Miramar Ferris Wheel 070
70 (230)
2002
 Taiwan Miramar Entertainment Park, Taipei 25°04′58″N 121°33′28″E / 25.0828393°N 121.5576911°E / 25.0828393; 121.5576911 (Miramar Ferris Wheel) Rooftop wheel - combined height 100 m
J-Sky[9] 069
69 (226)
2017
 Indonesia Jakarta Garden City, Jakarta 6°08′36″N 106°56′50″E / 6.143313°N 106.947265°E / 6.143313; 106.947265 (J-Sky)
Astana Ferris wheel[10] 065
65 (213)
2017
 Kazakhstan Duman Entertainment Centre, Astana
?
Pampanga Eye[11] 065
65 (213)
2014
 Philippines SM City Pampanga, San Fernando, Pampanga 15°03′14″N 120°41′48″E / 15.05385°N 120.69676°E / 15.05385; 120.69676 (Pampanga Eye)
Wiener Riesenrad 064.75
64.75 (212)
1897
 Austria Prater, Leopoldstadt, Vienna 48°13′00″N 16°23′45″E / 48.2166505°N 16.3959494°E / 48.2166505; 16.3959494 (Wiener Riesenrad) World's tallest extant 1920-1985
Texas Star 064.6
64.6 (212)
1985
 US Fair Park, Dallas, Texas 32°46′36″N 96°45′33″W / 32.776738°N 96.759269°W / 32.776738; -96.759269 (Texas Star)
Sky Eye[12] 063
63 (207)
2013
 Philippines Sky Fun, Tagaytay, Cavite 14°05′42″N 120°56′16″E / 14.095125°N 120.937807°E / 14.095125; 120.937807 (Sky Fun)
Yomiuriland Ferris wheel[13] 061.4
61.4 (201)
?
 Japan Yomiuriland, Inagi, Tokyo 35°37′32″N 139°30′58″E / 35.6254628°N 139.5161533°E / 35.6254628; 139.5161533 (Yomiuriland Ferris wheel)
Great Smoky Mountain Wheel[14] 061
61 (200)
2013
 US Pigeon Forge, Tennessee 35°48′14″N 83°34′18″W / 35.8037785°N 83.5715937°W / 35.8037785; -83.5715937 (Great Smoky Mountain Wheel)
Iremel[15] 060
60 (197)
2015
 Russia Ufa, Bashkortostan 54°42′49″N 55°59′44″E / 54.713639°N 55.995694°E / 54.713639; 55.995694 (Iremel Ferris Wheel) Picture
Hong Kong Observation Wheel 060
60 (197)
2014
 Hong Kong Central, Hong Kong 22°17′07″N 114°09′42″E / 22.2852466°N 114.1617635°E / 22.2852466; 114.1617635 (Hong Kong Observation Wheel)
Baku Ferris Wheel 060
60 (197)
2014
 Azerbaijan Baku Boulevard, Baku 40°21′17″N 49°50′15″E / 40.354717°N 49.837584°E / 40.354717; 49.837584 (Baku Ferris Wheel)
Big O 060
60 (197)
?
 Japan Tokyo Dome City, Tokyo 35°42′22″N 139°45′14″E / 35.7060722°N 139.7539139°E / 35.7060722; 139.7539139 (Big O) Centerless non-rotating wheel
Eye of the Emirates[16][17] 060
60 (197)
2005
 UAE Al Qasba, Sharjah 25°19′19″N 55°22′30″E / 25.3220621°N 55.3748703°E / 25.3220621; 55.3748703 (Eye of the Emirates)
Amuran 060
60 (197)
2004
 Japan Kagoshima, Kyushu 31°35′04″N 130°32′34″E / 31.5844443°N 130.5428821°E / 31.5844443; 130.5428821 (Amuran) Rooftop wheel - combined height 91 m
Đầm Sen Park Ferris wheel[18] 060
60 (197)
?
 Vietnam Đầm Sen Park, Ho Chi Minh City 10°45′53″N 106°38′16″E / 10.7646666°N 106.6376889°E / 10.7646666; 106.6376889 (Dam Sen Ferris wheel)
Myrtle Beach SkyWheel 057
57 (187)
2011
 US Myrtle Beach, South Carolina 33°41′31″N 78°52′46″W / 33.692035°N 78.87954°W / 33.692035; -78.87954 (SkyWheel)
Mall of Asia Eye 055
55 (180)
2011
 Philippines SM Mall of Asia, Pasay, Metro Manila 14°31′59″N 120°58′45″E / 14.532923°N 120.979147°E / 14.532923; 120.979147 (MOA Eye)
Al Zawra’a Dream Park Ferris wheel[19] 055
55 (180)
2011
 Iraq Al Zawra’a Dream Park, Baghdad 33°18′46″N 44°22′15″E / 33.312670°N 44.370809°E / 33.312670; 44.370809 (Al Zawra’a Dream Park) Picture
Kyrlay Amusement Park Ferris wheel[20] 055
55 (180)
?
 Russia Kyrlay Amusement Park, Kazan, Tatarstan 55°48′36″N 49°05′57″E / 55.809867°N 49.099126°E / 55.809867; 49.099126 (Qirlay Observation Wheel) Picture
Kharkiv Ferris wheel[21] 055
55 (180)
?
 Ukraine Park of Maxim Gorky, Kharkiv 50°01′13″N 36°14′46″E / 50.020314°N 36.246171°E / 50.020314; 36.246171 (Park of Maxim Gorky)
Colossus 054.9
54.9 (180)
1984
 US Six Flags St. Louis, Eureka, Missouri 38°30′53″N 90°40′35″W / 38.5146403°N 90.6763834°W / 38.5146403; -90.6763834 (Colossus)
Gorky Park Ferris wheel[22] 054.0
54.0 (177)
2003
 Belarus Gorky Park, Minsk 53°54′12″N 27°34′28″E / 53.9033268°N 27.5745142°E / 53.9033268; 27.5745142 (Minsk Gorky Park Ferris wheel)
Capital Wheel 053.3
53.3 (175)
2014
 US National Harbor, Maryland 38°47′8.2″N 77°1′8.9″W / 38.785611°N 77.019139°W / 38.785611; -77.019139 (Capital Wheel)
Seattle Great Wheel 053.3
53.3 (175)
2012
 US Pier 57, Seattle, Washington 47°36′22″N 122°20′33″W / 47.606139°N 122.342528°W / 47.606139; -122.342528 (Seattle Great Wheel)
Niagara SkyWheel 053.3
53.3 (175)
2006
 Canada Clifton Hill, Niagara Falls, Ontario 43°05′27″N 79°04′33″W / 43.090916°N 79.075921°W / 43.090916; -79.075921 (Niagara SkyWheel)
Kaohsiung Eye 050
50 (164)
2002
 Taiwan Dream Mall, Kaohsiung 22°35′42″N 120°18′25″E / 22.595°N 120.306944°E / 22.595; 120.306944 (Kaohsiung Eye) Rooftop wheel - combined height 102.5 m
Shining Flower[23] 050
50 (164)
?
 Japan Fuji-Q Highland, Fujiyoshida, Honshū 35°29′12″N 138°46′50″E / 35.486681°N 138.780434°E / 35.486681; 138.780434 (Fuji Q Highland)
Giant Wheel 050
50 (164)
1982
1982
1983
 US 1982 World's Fair, Knoxville, Tennessee[24]
Darien Lake, Darien Center, New York
35°57′43″N 83°55′28″W / 35.962064°N 83.924389°W / 35.962064; -83.924389
42°55′43″N 78°23′06″W / 42.92851°N 78.38488°W / 42.92851; -78.38488
Largest wheel in US when constructed.[25]
Mickey's Fun Wheel 048.8
48.8 (160)
2001
 US Disney California Adventure Park 33°48′19″N 117°55′20″W / 33.8051785°N 117.9221848°W / 33.8051785; -117.9221848 (Mickey's Fun Wheel) Eccentric Ferris wheel
Cakra Manggilingan Ferris Wheel[26] 048
48 (157)
?
 Indonesia Sindu Kusuma Edupark, Sleman 7°46′02″S 110°21′20″E / 7.767283°S 110.355570°E / -7.767283; 110.355570
Seventh Heaven[27][28] 048
48 (157)
2014
 Russia Gafuri Park, Ufa, Bashkortostan 54°46′13″N 56°01′18″E / 54.770248°N 56.021667°E / 54.770248; 56.021667 (Seventh Heaven Ferris Wheel) Picture
Alem 047.6
47.6 (156)
2012
 Turkmenistan Alem Cultural and Entertainment Center, Ashgabat 37°53′56″N 58°17′57″E / 37.898908°N 58.299183°E / 37.898908; 58.299183 (Alem) World's tallest in an enclosed space
Giant Wheel 047.5
47.5 (156)
1985
 US Morey's Piers, Wildwood, New Jersey 38°59′07″N 74°48′33″W / 38.98525°N 74.80925°W / 38.98525; -74.80925 (Giant Wheel (Morey's Piers))
Navy Pier Ferris Wheel

Branson Ferris Wheel

045.7
45.7 (150)
1995

2016

 US Pier Park, Navy Pier, Chicago The Track Family Fun Parks, Hwy 76, Branson, Missouri 41°53′30″N 87°36′27″W / 41.89178333°N 87.60745°W / 41.89178333; -87.60745 (Navy Pier Ferris Wheel) 36.6395442,-93.2877514,16 Originally Navy Pier Ferris Wheel (1995-2015)

Renamed, relocated to Branson, Missouri (2016)

Sky Scraper[29] 045.7
45.7 (150)
1991
 US Lagoon Amusement Park, Utah 40°59′15″N 111°53′40″W / 40.9874323°N 111.8945745°W / 40.9874323; -111.8945745 (Sky Scraper)
Wonder Wheel 045.7
45.7 (150)
1920
 US Deno's Wonder Wheel Amusement Park, New York City 40°34′26″N 73°58′44″W / 40.574°N 73.97891667°W / 40.574; -73.97891667 (Wonder Wheel) Eccentric Ferris wheel
Dream Land Ferris wheel[30] 045
45 (148)
?
 Cambodia Dream Land, Phnom Penh 11°33′28″N 104°56′12″E / 11.557720°N 104.936720°E / 11.557720; 104.936720 (Dream Land)
Giant Wheel 041.5
41.5 (136)
1972
 US Cedar Point, Sandusky, Ohio 41°28′54″N 82°40′47″W / 41.481551°N 82.679849°W / 41.481551; -82.679849 (Giant Wheel)
Wheel of Fate 040
40 (131)
?
 Philippines Enchanted Kingdom, Santa Rosa, Laguna 14°16′57″N 121°05′42″E / 14.282423°N 121.0950369°E / 14.282423; 121.0950369 (Wheel of Fate)
Ferris wheel of Santorini Park[31] 040
40 (131)
2012
 Thailand Cha-Am, Phetchaburi 12°47′59″N 99°58′01″E / 12.799722°N 99.966944°E / 12.799722; 99.966944 (Santorini Park)
I-X Center Ferris wheel[32] 038
38 (125)
?
 US I-X Center, Cleveland, Ohio 41°23′56″N 81°51′13″W / 41.39895°N 81.853516°W / 41.39895; -81.853516 (Ocean Park)
Revolver[33] 030.5
30.5 (100)
?
 US Fun Spot America, Orlando, Florida 28°27′51″N 81°27′19″W / 28.464242°N 81.455307°W / 28.464242; -81.455307 (Ocean Park)
Ocean Park Ferris wheel[34] 027
27 (89)
?
 Hong Kong Ocean Park, Aberdeen 22°14′00″N 114°10′12″E / 22.233205°N 114.169879°E / 22.233205; 114.169879 (Ocean Park)
Eclipse / Peeking Heights 025
25 (82)
see articles
 UK see articles
see articles
Giant Star Wheel 0
see article
?
 Philippines Star City, Pasay, Metro Manila 14°33′21″N 120°59′09″E / 14.555957°N 120.985914°E / 14.555957; 120.985914 (Star City)
Pacific Wheel[35] 0
see article
?
 US Pacific Park, Santa Monica, California 34°00′30″N 118°29′52″W / 34.0082°N 118.4978°W / 34.0082; -118.4978 (Pacific Wheel) World's only solar-powered
Uniroyal Giant Tire 0
see article
1964
 US 1964 New York World's Fair, New York City
see article
Now a static display in Allen Park, Michigan
Batumi Technical University Tower Ferris wheel 0
?
?
 Georgia Batumi, Adjara 41°39′14″N 41°38′14″E / 41.653938°N 41.637087°E / 41.653938; 41.637087 (Batumi Technical University Tower) World's first skyscraper-mounted[36]
Wheel is 170 m up the 200 m tower[37]

Transportable Ferris wheels[edit]

Transportable Ferris wheels are designed to be operated at multiple locations, as opposed to fixed wheels which are usually intended for permanent installation. Small transportable designs may be permanently mounted on trailers, and can be moved intact. Larger transportable wheels are designed to be repeatedly dismantled and rebuilt, some using water ballast instead of the permanent foundations of their fixed counterparts.

Name
 
Height
   m (ft)  
Inaugurated
 
Operator
 
Manufacturer
 
Remarks
 
Giant Wheel
disputed[38][39]
?
World Carnival Ronald Bussink
Roue de Paris[40][41]
60 (197)
1999
Ronald Bussink
Steiger Ferris Wheel[42]
60 (197)
1980
Steiger / Bad Oeynhausen Kocks World's tallest transportable wheel at time of inauguration
Europa-Rad[43]
53 (174)
1992
Kipp & Sohn Nauta-Bussink
Jupiter[44]
42 (138)
1995
Kipp & Barth Nauta-Bussink
Royal Bavarian Wheel[45]
42 (138)
1992
Jost / Worms Nauta-Bussink

References[edit]

  1. ^ Colossal observation wheel debuts in Da Nang
  2. ^ "Sochi gets Russia's tallest Ferris wheel". Voice of Russia. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  3. ^ Pax Company - Sochi, Lazarevskoe, 80m
  4. ^ E-DA Outlet Mall - E-DA Ferris Wheel
  5. ^ FC FABBRl PARK s.r.l.
  6. ^ Giant Wheels - News
  7. ^ Mellat Amusement Park - Fun Fair
  8. ^ Rcdb.com - Kumdori Land
  9. ^ "Kincir Angin Raksasa Setinggi 69 Meter Ini Akan Segera Beroperasi di Jakarta Garden City". TribunNews. Retrieved 2 October 2017. 
  10. ^ Kazakhstan’s largest Ferris wheel unveiled in Astana
  11. ^ "Sky Ranch opens with PH's biggest 'wheel'". SunStar. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  12. ^ Felix, Andrei (1 March 2013). "'Sky Eye' is Tagaytay's newest attraction" (Video and Article). Umagang Kay Ganda (in Filipino and English). Tagaytay, Cavite: ABS-CBN. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "Ferris wheel - Attraction" (in Japanese). Yomiuriland. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  14. ^ Play - The Island Pigeon Forge
  15. ^ The tallest Ferris Wheel in the Volga Federal District will be opened in Ufa
  16. ^ Eye of the Emirates rises on Sharjah skyline as Qanat Al Qasba nears completion Archived 2013-03-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Etisalat Eye of the Emirates - Al Qasba
  18. ^ "Đu quay đứng" (in Vietnamese). Đầm Sen Park. Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  19. ^ New Ferris wheel attracts leisure-starved Iraqis
  20. ^ Kyrlay Amusement Park - Official Website
  21. ^ Ferris wheel - the highest in Ukraine
  22. ^ Парк Горького в Минске
  23. ^ "Shining Flower (Ferris wheel) | Attractions | Fuji-Q Highland" (in Japanese). Fuji-Q Highland. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  24. ^ Martha Rose Woodward (2009). Knoxville's 1982 World's Fair. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 79–80. ISBN 978-0-7385-6835-5. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  25. ^ Press Photo, June 1983, United Press International, 1983 
  26. ^ "Kusuma Edupark | by Kusuma Agrowisata Group". www.kusuma-edupark.com. Retrieved 2016-12-07. 
  27. ^ Observation wheel of 48 m height to be launched in Ufa
  28. ^ The Ferris wheel "Seventh heaven" Archived 2016-02-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ Lagoon - It's what fun is!
  30. ^ Dream Land - Attractions - Ferris wheel Archived 2014-01-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ Santorini Park
  32. ^ Facility Advantages & Services | I-X Center
  33. ^ Florida Amusement Parks - Fun Spot Action Park
  34. ^ Ferris Wheel | Ocean Park Hong Kong
  35. ^ Pacific Park
  36. ^ The world’s first Ferris-wheel skyscraper
  37. ^ News GE
  38. ^ Deaths shut The Eye
  39. ^ 5 die in fall from Ferris wheel in South Korea
  40. ^ Technical Information
  41. ^ The history of La grande Roue de Paris
  42. ^ Das Rad - Steiger Riesenrad Archived 2011-08-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  43. ^ Kipp & Sohn KG - The Europa Wheel Archived 2010-12-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  44. ^ Kipp & Barth GmbH & Co. KG - Ferris wheel Jupiter I Archived 2010-12-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  45. ^ Royal Bavarian Wheel

External links[edit]