List of Filipino generals in the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine–American War

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This is a list of the Filipino generals who fought during the Philippine Revolution and the Filipino-American War.

General officers[edit]

Filipino Generals in the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and the Filipino-American War of 1899
Name Grade Affiliationa Provinceb
Baldomero Aguinaldo Lieutenant General (President, Magdalo Council) Magdalo Cavite
Crispulo Aguinaldo Major General Magdalo Cavite
Emilio Aguinaldo Field Marshal/General and Commander-in-chief of the "Philippine Republican Army" (President of the "Malolos Republic")[1] Magdalo Cavite
Jose Alejandrino Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Bulacan
Mariano Álvarez Lieutenant General (President, Magdiwang Council)[2] Magdiwang Cavite
Santiago Alvarez Brigadier General (Captain General, Magdiwang Army) Magdiwang Cavite
Pascual Alvarez Brigadier General[3] Magdiwang Cavite
Vicente Alvarez Lieutenant General Neutral Zamboanga
Juan Araneta Brigadier General Neutral Negros
Pablo S. Araneta Brigadier General ? Iloilo
Marcelino Aure Brigadier General Magdiwang Cavite
Ramón Avanceña Brigadier General ? Iloilo
Hermogenes Bautista Brigadier General[4] Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Vito Belarmino Major General[5] Magdalo Cavite
Pantaleon Belmonte Brigadier General Neutral Nueva Ecija
Ramon Bernardo Brigadier General[6] Pro-Andrés Bonifacio ?
Andrés Bonifacio Field Marshal/Commander-in-Chief of the Katipunan (Katagalugan) Army, (President of the Tagalog Republic) Neutral/Magdiwang Manila
Ciriaco Bonifacio Brigadier General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Procopio Bonifacio Brigadier General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Juan Cailles Major General[7] Neutral Batangas
Nicolas Capistrano Brigadier General Neutral Bulacan
Cardenas Brigadier General ? ?
Arsenio Climaco Brigadier General ? ?
Juan Climaco Brigadier General Neutral Cebu
Venancio Concepcion Major General Pro-Antonio Luna Iloilo
Esteban Contreras Brigadier General Neutral Panay
Gregorio Coronel Brigadier General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio ?
Angel Corteza Brigadier General Neutral Iloilo
Martin Delgado Lieutenant General Neutral Iloilo
Mariano Riego de Dios Brigadier General[8] Magdalo Cavite
Tiburcio De Leon Major General Magdiwang Bulacan
Francisco del Castillo Brigadier General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Aklan
Gregorio del Pilar Brigadier General[9] Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Bulacan
Pío del Pilar Brigadier General[10] Matagumpay
Pro-Aguinaldo
Makati
Aguedo del Rosario Major General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio ?
Valentín Díaz Major General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Ilocos Norte
Ananais Diokno Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Batangas
Salvador Estrella Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo
Edilberto Evangelista Lieutenant General Magdalo Cavite
Cornelio Felizardo Brigadier General[11] Magdalo Cavite
Vicente Fernández Brigadier General[12] Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo ?
Ambrosio Flores Major General Assistant Director of War, Malolos Republic Pro-Antonio Luna ?
Luis Flores Brigadier General ? ?
Leandro Fullon Brigadier General ? ?
Florencio Garcia Brigadier General ? ?
Pantaleon Garcia Brigadier General Magdalo Cavite
Licerio Gerónimo Major General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Morong
Nicolas Gonzales Brigadier General
Gregorio Aglipay Vicar General / General (founded a group called as Liwanag, an auxiliary of the Katipunan) Liwanag Victoria, Tarlac
Simon Gonzales Brigadier General ? ?
Adriano Hernandez Brigadier General ? ?
Emilio Jacinto Major General, Chief of the Army North of Manila - Katipunan Army (after Nakpil) Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Maximo Hizon Brigadier General Neutral Pampanga
Agueda Kahabagan Brigadier General Neutral Laguna
Aniceto Lacson Major General Neutral Negros
Urbano Lacuna Brigadier General[13] Neutral Nueva Ecija
Mariano Llanera Major General Neutral Nueva Ecija
Roque Lopez Lieutenant General Neutral Iloilo
Payat Lucino Brigadier General[14] Pro-Andrés Bonifacio ?
Mateo Luga Brigadier General Neutral Cebu
Vicente Lukbán Brigadier General[15] Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Camarines
Antonio Luna Captain General (Director of War, Malolos Republic)[16] Neutral Manila (Ilocos Norte)
Elias Magbanua Brigadier General Neutral Iloilo
Pascual Magbanua Brigadier General Neutral Iloilo
Teresa Magbanua[17] Brigadier General (disputed) Neutral Iloilo
Francisco Macabulos Major General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Tarlac
Miguel Malvar Major General[18] Neutral Batangas
Eleuterio Marasigan Brigadier General[19] Magdiwang Batangas
Guillermo Masangkay Brigadier General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Tomás Mascardo Brigadier General Magdalo Cavite
Arcadio Maxilom Brigadier General Neutral Cebu
Alejo Nazareno Miñosa Brigadier General Neutral Cebu
Diego Mojica Brigadier General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Antonio Montenegro Brigadier General Magdalo Cavite
Gregoria Montoya Brigadier General (posthumous)[20][21] Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Cavite
Julio Nakpil Major General, Chief of the Army North of Manila - Katipunan Army (before Jacinto) Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Benito Natividad Brigadier General Pro-Antonio Luna Nueva Ecija
Jose Salvador Natividad Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Nueva Ecija
Mamerto Natividad Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Nueva Ecija
Mariano Noriel Brigadier General[22]
Simeón Ola Brigadier General Neutral Albay
Jose Ignacio Paua Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Manila
Perfecto Poblador Major General Neutral Iloilo
Nicolas Portilla Brigadier General Magdiwang Cavite
Artemio Ricarte Lieutenant General[23] (Captain General from 1897 to 1898)[24] Magdiwang (Mapagtiis) Cavite (Batac, Ilocos Norte)
Ruperto Rios Viceroy, General[25][26][27] Exterior Municipal Government-Religious Revolutionary Movement Tayabas, Quezon
Fermin Rivas Brigadier General Neutral Iloilo
Claro Rivera Brigadier General Neutral Samar
Paciano Rizal Major General[28] Neutral Laguna
Eusebio Roque Brigadier General Neutral Bulacan
Macario Sakay Major General[29] (Later President of the Tagalog Republic). Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Benito Santa Ana Brigadier General ? ?
Julian Santos Brigadier General ? ?
Nocon Santos Brigadier General Magdiwang Cavite
Luciano San Miguel Brigadier General[30] Magdiwang Cavite
Sinforoso San Pedro Brigadier General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Manila
Pedro Sason Brigadier General ? ?
Severino Taíno Brigadier General Neutral Laguna
Pablo Tecson Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Bulacan
Trinidad Tecson Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Bulacan
Manuel Tinio Brigadier General[31] Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Nueva Ecija
Candido Tirona Major General Magdalo Cavite
Daniel Tirona Brigadier General Magdalo Cavite
Lazaro Toledo Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo ?
Glicerio Topacio Brigadier General Magdalo Cavite
Isidro Torres Brigadier General[32] Bulacan
Mariano Trías Lieutenant General[33] Magdiwang to Magdalo Cavite
Pío Valenzuela Brigadier General Pro-Andrés Bonifacio Bulacan
Miguel Valmoria Brigadier General Neutral Bohol
Pantaleon Villegas Brigadier General Pro-Emilio Aguinaldo Cebu
Saturnino Echavez Teves General ? Cebu
Flaviano Yengko Brigadier General Magdalo Manila

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Affiliation here refers to support of political fractions or individuals in the Katipunan movement.
  2. ^ Province here refers to provinces within the individual's areas of operational responsibilities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaide & Zaide 1999, pp. 239, 247.
  2. ^ Alvarez 1992, pp. 7, 127 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  3. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 116 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  4. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 149 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  5. ^ Linn 2000, p. 97.
  6. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 20 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  7. ^ Linn 2000, pp. 145, 220 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  8. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 59 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  9. ^ Halili 2004, p. 178 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  10. ^ Halili 2004, p. 149 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  11. ^ U.S. Government Printing Office 1907, p. 240
  12. ^ name=alvarezp20>Alvarez 1992, p. 20 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  13. ^ Linn 2000, pp. 64, 196 (notes 16, 17, 20, 21 & 24).
  14. ^ Halili 2004, p. 144 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  15. ^ Halili 2004, p. 181 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  16. ^ Nakpil 2002, p. 140.
  17. ^ Bernard A. Cook. Women and War: A Historical Encyclopedia from Antiquity to the Present. ABC-CLIO. p. 465. ISBN 978-1-85109-770-8. 
  18. ^ Halili 2004, p. 151 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  19. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 54 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  20. ^ Alvarez, Santiago V. The Katipunan and the Revolution: Memoirs of a General. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1992.
  21. ^ Soriano, Rafaelita. Women in the Revolution. Quezon City: Printon Press, 1995. NHI Publication, Unsung Heroes
  22. ^ Halili 2004, p. 150 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  23. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 42.
  24. ^ Zaide & Zaide 1999, p. 247.
  25. ^ Rios 1992[citation not found], ‘King of the Philippines’, Philippine Daily Inquirer, October 21, 2016.
  26. ^ 1904 Annual Report of the Secretary of War: Volume 7 United States War Dept, p. 38, at Google Books
  27. ^ Hurley, Vic (2011). Jungle Patrol, the Story of the Philippine Constabulary (1901-1936). Cerberus Books. pp. 125–127, 156. ISBN 978-0-9834756-2-0. 
  28. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 204 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  29. ^ Halili 2004, p. 184 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  30. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 101 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  31. ^ Linn 2000, p. 182.
  32. ^ Alvarez 1992, p. 190 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).
  33. ^ Halili 2004, p. 162 (confirms General Officer status, but not specific grade).

Works cited in footnotes[edit]

General references[edit]