List of Florida hurricanes (2000–present)

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Hurricane Charley hitting Florida near Port Charlotte as a Category 4 hurricane, the strongest hurricane to hit the United States since Hurricane Andrew

The list of Florida hurricanes from 2000 to the present has been marked by several devastating North Atlantic hurricanes; as of 2017, 79 tropical or subtropical cyclones have affected the U.S. state of Florida. Collectively, cyclones in Florida during the time period resulted in more than $123 billion in damage (2017 USD). Additionally, tropical cyclones in Florida were responsible for 145 direct fatalities and at least 92 indirect casualties during the period. Eight cyclones affected the state in both 2004 and 2005, which were the years with the most tropical cyclones affecting the state. Every year included at least one tropical cyclone affecting the state. During the 2004 season, more than one out of every five houses in the state received damage.[1] After Wilma in 2005, it would be 11 years until another hurricane would strike the state, and 12 years until another major hurricane would strike the state.

The strongest hurricane to hit the state during the time period was Hurricane Charley, which was the strongest hurricane to strike the United States since Hurricane Andrew. Additionally, hurricanes Ivan, Jeanne, Dennis, Wilma, and Irma made landfall on the state as major hurricanes.

2000[edit]

A forecast map of Hurricane Debby projecting its landfall in Florida
  • August 23, 2000 – The National Hurricane Center forecasts Hurricane Debby to pass through the Florida Keys as a Category 2 hurricane, with one computer model predicting a Category 4 hurricane in the area.[2] This results in officials declaring a mandatory evacuation for all non-residents in the keys, causing a significant loss of tourism revenue for Monroe County. Debby dissipates before hitting the area, though its remnants produce heavy rainfall across southern Florida.[3]
  • September 9, 2000 – Moisture from Tropical Depression Nine produce light rainfall in the western Florida Panhandle.[4]
  • September 18, 2000 – Tropical Storm Gordon makes landfall on Cedar Key, dropping up to 9.48 inches (240 mm) of rainfall in Mayo.[5] Hundreds of homes are damaged from floodwaters or fallen trees, and damage in the state amounts to at least $5.1 million (2000 USD, $7.2 million 2017 USD).[6] A surfer drowns in rough seas near Pensacola.[7]
  • September 22, 2000 – Tropical Storm Helene hits near Pensacola, damaging hundreds of homes from floodwaters. Monetary damage totals over $1 million (2000 USD, $1.5 million 2017 USD).[8]
  • October 3, 2000 – The precursor disturbance to Tropical Storm Leslie produces 10—20 inches (255–510 mm) of rainfall across southeastern Florida, flooding about 93,000 houses. The flooding causes $950 million in damage (2000 USD, $1.4 billion 2017 USD),[9] along with three indirect deaths.[10]

2001[edit]

Flood damage from Tropical Storm Gabrielle
  • June 12, 2001 – Subtropical Depression Allison moves through Alabama and Georgia, with its outer rainbands producing up to 10.1 inches (357 mm) of rain at the Tallahassee Regional Airport.[11] The rainfall destroys 10 homes and damages 599 others,[12] with monetary damage totaling $20 million (2001 USD, $27.3 million 2017 USD).[11] Eight people die in the state,[13] five of which due to rip currents.[14]
  • August 6, 2001 – After meandering for several days in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, Tropical Storm Barry makes landfall at Santa Rosa Beach, producing heavy rainfall across much of Florida which peaks at 11.7 inches (297 mm) in Stuart.[5] The storm kills two in the state and leaves $1.5 million in damage (2001 USD, $2.05 million 2017 USD).[15][16]
  • September 14, 2001 – Tropical Storm Gabrielle hits Venice, dropping moderate to heavy rainfall including a peak total of 15.1 inches (384 mm) in Parrish.[5] The combination of flooding from rainfall and gusty winds causes $230 million in damage (2001 USD) and one direct death, and high waves from the storm indirectly kills a person in the Florida Keys.[17]
  • November 5, 2001 – Hurricane Michelle passes to the south of the state, dropping up to 4.99 inches (127 mm) of rainfall.[5] The hurricane spawns two tornadoes, resulting in minor damage.[18]

2002[edit]

Tropical Storm Edouard seen by Hurricane Hunters

2003[edit]

Tropical Storm Henri shortly before landfall

2004[edit]

President George W. Bush, aboard Marine One, surveys hurricane damage from Hurricane Charley at a mobile home park in Fort Myers
  • August 12, 2004 – Tropical Storm Bonnie moves ashore on Saint Vincent Island, producing light rainfall and minor damage along its path.[36]
  • August 13, 2004 – Hurricane Charley makes landfall on Cayo Costa with winds of 150 mph (240 km/h) and hours later hits the mainland portion of the state at Punta Gorda, becoming the strongest hurricane to hit the United States since Hurricane Andrew in 1992. The winds damage or destroy thousands of homes, knock down tens of thousands of trees, and leave more than 2 million Floridians without power. Charley results in eight direct fatalities, 20 indirect casualties, and 792 reported injuries. Throughout the state, damage is estimated at $13.5 billion (2004 USD, $17.5 billion 2017 USD), at the time the second costliest hurricane in United States history; it has since dropped to sixth.[5][37][38]
  • September 5, 2004 – Hurricane Frances strikes the southern end of Hutchinson Island as a slow-moving Category 2 hurricane, producing heavy rainfall peaking at 15.84 inches (402 mm) at High Springs. The hurricane damages 15,000 homes and 2,400 businesses in Palm Beach County alone, with damage across the state totaling $8.32 billion (2004 USD, $10.8 billion 2017 USD). Hurricane Frances kills five people directly in the state and is indirectly responsible for 32 deaths.[39]
  • September 16, 2004 – Hurricane Ivan strikes Orange Beach, Alabama as a major hurricane, with its large and powerful circulation producing peak wind gusts of 107 mph (173 km/h) in Pensacola. The winds down more than 125,000 ft³ (3,540 m³) at a forest near Pensacola, while strong waves and a 10–15 foot (3—4.5 m) storm surge severely damages the Interstate 10 bridge in Pensacola. Throughout the state damage totals $8 billion (2004 USD, $10.3 billion 2017 USD), and 14 people die in the state from the hurricane. The remnants of Ivan later cross over the southern portion of the state on September 21 after looping southward, and ultimately reform in the Gulf of Mexico on September 23.[40]
  • September 25, 2004 – Hurricane Jeanne hits the southern portion of the state very near where Frances struck three weeks prior, producing moderate winds and rainfall reaching 11.97 inches (304 mm) at Kenansville. Jeanne produces hurricane-force winds across an area previously affected by one or two other hurricanes,[41] causing about $3.5 billion in damage (2004 USD, $4.5 billion 2017 USD).[42] The passage of Hurricane Jeanne results in three deaths; two due to winds and one from flooding.[41]
  • October 10, 2004 – Tropical Storm Matthew hits southern Louisiana, with its outer rainbands producing light rainfall across the western portion of Florida.[43]

2005[edit]

A beachfront home in Navarre Beach, Florida largely destroyed by Hurricane Dennis
  • June 11, 2005 – Tropical Storm Arlene strikes just west of Pensacola, bringing moderate precipitation throughout the state[44] and causing breaches on barrier islands on the Florida Panhandle. Damage totals over $3.5 million (2005 USD, $4.5 million 2017 USD),[45] and one person dies in Miami Beach from rip currents caused by the storm.[44]
  • July 6, 2005 – Hurricane Cindy hits south-central Louisiana, with its large circulation resulting in moderate beach erosion and fallen trees along the western Florida Panhandle; damage is minor.[46]
  • July 10, 2005 – Hurricane Dennis makes landfall just west of Navarre Beach as a major hurricane, producing moderate rainfall and 9 tornadoes throughout the state. 2 people drown in the Gulf of Mexico, and the hurricane was indirectly responsible for twelve other fatalities.[47] Damage in the state totals about $1.5 billion (2005 USD, $1.89 billion 2017 USD).[48]
  • August 25, 2005 – Hurricane Katrina, category 1 at the time, makes landfall near the Broward/Miami-Dade County border producing gusty winds and heavy rainfall peaking at 16.33 inches (415 mm) in Perrine. Damage amounts to $523 million (2005 USD, $656 million 2017 USD) in the southern portion of the state, and twelve people die in southern Florida; three from drowning, three from falling trees, and six from indirect causes.[49] Minor damage is reported along the Florida Panhandle from its landfall in Mississippi.[50]
  • September 12, 2005 – High surf from Hurricane Ophelia kills a surfer in Palm Beach County.[51]
  • September 20, 2005 – Hurricane Rita passes south of the Florida Keys, producing a 5-foot (1.5 m) storm surge which affects up to 200 residencies and severely injures a bicyclist.[52]
  • October 5, 2005 – Tropical Storm Tammy hits near Atlantic Beach, resulting in moderate rainfall and light damage.[53]
  • October 24, 2005 – Hurricane Wilma makes landfall near Cape Romano as a major hurricane, producing hurricane-force winds and moderate precipitation across much of southern portion of the state. The winds of the hurricane leave 98% of South Florida without power. The passage of Wilma results in hundreds of damaged or destroyed homes, with damage reaching $20.6 billion (2005 USD, $25.8 billion 2017 USD), the fourth costliest tropical cyclone in United States history. Five people die in the state as a result of the hurricane.[54]

2006[edit]

Storm surge flooding from Tropical Storm Alberto at Horseshoe Beach, Florida.

2007[edit]

  • May 9, 2007 – Subtropical Storm Andrea forms to the northeast of the state, and produces strong waves that cause severe beach erosion in some locations. Light rainfall, of up to 0.77 inches is reported in Jacksonville. Some coastal areas receive tropical storm force wind gusts.[57]
  • June 2, 2007 – Tropical Storm Barry makes landfall near Tampa Bay as a disorganized tropical cyclone, and drops moderate precipitation across the drought-ridden state that peaks at 6.99 inches (178 mm) in Palm Beach.[58] The rainfall causes slick roads, leading to two indirect traffic casualties. Damage in the state is minor.[59]
  • August 23, 2007 – Rip currents from Hurricane Dean kill one person at Siesta Key.[60]
  • September 8, 2007 - Rough surf from Tropical Storm Gabrielle drowned one surfer and forced the rescue of 200 swimmers.[61]
  • September 13, 2007 – The remnants of Hurricane Humberto drop light rainfall on the western Florida Panhandle.[62]
Beach erosion from Hurricane Noel

2008[edit]

2009[edit]

Conditions at Pensacola Beach, Florida on November 9, 2009 during the passage of Ida

2010[edit]

  • June 30, 2010 – Tropical Storm Alex passes through the area affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, causing tarballs from the spill as large as apples to wash onshore portions of the panhandle[81] from high storm tides created by the storm.[82]
  • July 23, 2010 – Tropical Storm Bonnie makes landfall near Cutler Bay, Florida as a minimal tropical storm, bringing light rainfall and winds to southern parts of the state.[83]
  • August 10, 2010 – Tropical Depression Five develops off the southwest coast, producing high surf that indirectly causes two drowning deaths along Anna Maria Island.[84]
  • August 31–September 4, 2010 – Hurricane Earl parallels the East Coast of the United States, resulting in rip currents and wave heights up to 10 ft (3 m) along the eastern coastline of Florida.[85] Three people are killed: a 61-year-old charter boat captain who suffered grave injuries after falling off his boat approaching Jupiter Inlet,[86] a 16-year-old teenager who was rescued by a bystander but later died at the hospital,[87] and a 57-year-old Swedish sailor whose boat was found but body was never recovered.[88]
  • September 29, 2010 – Tropical Storm Nicole passes offshore as an extratropical cyclone, producing 12.71 in (323 mm) of rainfall in North Key Largo and lighter totals elsewhere.[89] Street flooding was observed in the upper Florida Keys, where one residence was severely inundated, and throughout Miami Beach.[90]

2011[edit]

  • July 18–20, 2011 – Tropical Storm Bret generates wave heights of 3–5 ft (0.9–1.5 m) along the eastern coastline of Florida, injuring several beach-goers and prompting the rescue of dozens of others.[91][92]
  • August 25–26, 2011 – Hurricane Irene passes about 150–200 miles (240–320 km) to the east as a major hurricane, generating waves of 7–10 ft (2.1–3.0 m) around Jacksonville Beach and Atlantic Beach.[93] A large wave crashing onto the jetty at Boynton Inlet injuries eight people, and the Lake Worth Pier sustains $2,000 (2011 USD) worth of damage. Intermittent squalls produce sustained winds of 41 mph (66 km/h), with gusts to 53 mph (85 km/h), from Jupiter through Boynton Beach. A few trees were uprooted, tree branches are downed, and minor power outages are reported.[94] A 55-year-old local and a New Jersey tourist are drowned in rough surf.[95]
  • September 3–5, 2011 – Tropical Storm Lee passes north and west of Florida but delivers rainfall up to 7 in (178 mm) across the extreme western Panhandle.[96] Moderate beach erosion and prolonged rip currents affect the region. Four tornadoes result in modest damage, particularly in Perdido Key.[97]
  • October 28–31, 2011 – Moisture from Hurricane Rina combines with a stalled front and leads to moderate to heavy rainfall across South Florida. Accumulations peak at 15.79 in (401 mm) in Boca West, and many cities record their top-10-wettest October on record. Over 160 homes and buildings suffer water inundation, and numerous streets are closed, particularly in Broward County.[98]
  • November 9–10, 2011 – Long-distance swells generated by Tropical Storm Sean produce numerous strong rip currents along the eastern coastline, drowning a 34-year-old female and injuring two others.[99][100]

2012[edit]

Flooding in Doral, Florida on May 22, 2012 from the precursor to Tropical Storm Beryl
  • May 28–30 – Tropical Storm Beryl makes landfall near Jacksonville Beach, producing a maximum wind gust of 73 mph (117 km/h) on Buck Island,[101] and wielding a peak storm surge of 3.73 ft (1.14 m) at Fernandina Beach. Trees and power lines were damaged, while a few tornadoes result in modest damage.[102] A 19-year-old male drowns after being carried by waves and rip currents.[103]
  • June 23–27 - Tropical Storm Debby moves ashore as a weak yet sprawling storm, producing catastrophic flooding across northern and central Florida. Accumulations peak at 28.78 in (731 mm) near Curtis Mill, resulting in hundreds of damaged homes and record river flooding. The outer bands of the storm spawn 13 tornadoes, a majority rated EF0 on the Enhanced Fujita scale. Seven people are killed throughout the state.[104]
  • August 25–29 - Hurricane Isaac passed just to the SW of Key West, Florida on August 25 with winds of up to 65 mph. It produced heavy rains in the southern peninsula.
  • October 25–27 - Hurricane Sandy passed to the east of the state producing tropical storm force winds with heavy surf along the Atlantic coast and moderate rain in the peninsula.

2013[edit]

Flooding in northeastern Miami-Dade County, Florida
  • June 5–6 - Tropical Storm Andrea, with sustained winds of 60 miles per hour, brought heavy rains and wind gusts up to 48 miles per hour in the central part of the state, including the Tampa and Miami areas.[105] Andrea is believed to have produced at least one tornado in West Palm Beach.[106]

2014[edit]

  • July 2 - Hurricane Arthur passed just off the coast of Eastern Florida. Its outer rainbands caused strong straight line winds from thunderstorms, peaking at 83 mph, though these winds only caused $23,000 (2015 USD). About 2 inches of rain fell in the state as well. Strong rip currents and waves caused about a dozen swimmers to be rescued at Daytona Beach. Damage totaled to no more than $25,800 (2017 USD).[107]

2015[edit]

  • August 30–31 - Tropical Storm Erika threatened the eastern coast, as it was initially forecast to make landfall as a Category 1 hurricane, but instead was torn up by the mountains of Hispaniola. Its remnants passed towards the west coast and produced rain.
  • October 1–2 - Hurricane Joaquin caused swells on the eastern coast as it nearly stalled in the eastern Bahamas.

2016[edit]

  • June 6 - Tropical Storm Colin made landfall in the Big Bend of Florida at Apalachee Bay. Flooding and Tropical Storm Force Winds were felt across areas of North and Central Florida; South FL had some rain and breezy conditions for the most part. Tropical Storm Warnings were issued from the panhandle down to Fort Myers, FL on West Coast and from Jacksonville to Melbourne on East Coast of Florida. Colin was the earliest "C" Storm on record.
  • September 1 - Hurricane Hermine made landfall near the Big Bend of Florida, making it the first hurricane landfall to the state since Hurricane Wilma in 2005. Many counties received flooding up to nine feet due to river swelling.
  • September 14 - Tropical Storm Julia was the only named storm on record to form over Florida. Parts of eastern Florida are drenched by almost a foot of rain.
  • October 7 - Hurricane Matthew moved north along the east coast, previously hitting Cuba and Haiti, it moved into Florida as a much weaker hurricane than before. Matthew never made landfall, as the eye barely missed Cape Canaveral. Matthew killed twelve people in the state, and creates flooding, high winds, and knocks out power to 1.1 million people.

2017[edit]

Hurricane Irma shortly after landfall in the Florida Keys on September 10, 2017
  • June 21–22 - Tropical Storm Cindy brought floods in Florida Panhandle and a EF0 tornado was reported in Fort Walton Beach[108]
  • July 31 - Tropical Storm Emily made landfall in Florida with winds of 45 mph (75 km/h). Emily also brought heavy rain to the state[109]
  • September 10–11 - Hurricane Irma makes landfall on Cudjoe Key as a Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds of 130 mph (215 km/h), then makes a second landfall on Marco Island with winds of 115 mph (185 km/h). It is the strongest hurricane in terms of windspeed to hit the state since Charley in 2004, and the most intense in terms of pressure since Andrew in 1992. Irma killed at least 80 people in the state, and left behind at least $50 billion (2017 USD) in damage.[110]
  • October 29 – Tropical Storm Philippe makes landfall in the Everglades, causing minimal damage. Moderate rainfall was reported.

2018[edit]

Monthly statistics[edit]

Number of recorded storms affecting Florida
Month Number of storms
April
1
May
3
June
10
July
11
August
18
September
26
October
8
November
2
December
1

Deadly storms[edit]

The following is a list of hurricanes with known deaths in the state.

Name Year Number of deaths
Irma 2017 80
Ivan 2004 14
Matthew 2016 12
Charley 2004 8 (20 indirect)
Allison 2001 8
Alberto 2018 7 (2 indirect)
Katrina 2005 6 (6 indirect)
Frances 2004 5 (32 indirect)
Wilma 2005 5
Colin 2016 4
Gustav 2008 4
Hanna 2002 3
Jeanne 2004 3
Dennis 2005 2 (12 indirect)
Barry 2001 2
Ana 2003 2
Bill 2003 2
Claudette 2009 2
Fay 2008 1 (8 indirect)
Barry 2007 1 (2 indirect)
Gabrielle 2001 1 (1 indirect)
Gordon 2000 1
Bertha 2002 1
Isabel 2003 1
Arlene 2005 1
Ophelia 2005 1
Dean 2007 1
Dolly 2008 1
Bill 2009 1
Irene 2011 1
Hermine 2016 1
Leslie 2000 0 (3 indirect)
Hanna 2008 0 (3 indirect)
TD Five 2010 0 (2 indirect)
Claudette 2003 0 (1 indirect)
Beryl 2012 0 (1 indirect)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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