List of Formula One World Championship points scoring systems
This is a list of points scoring systems used to determine the outcome of the FIA Formula One World Drivers' Championships since 1950 and World Constructors' Championships since 1958 (when the Constructors' Cup was inaugurated). The championships are awarded each year to the driver and constructor who accumulate the most championship points over the course of the championship season.
In most seasons until 1990, only a certain number of a driver's best results were counted towards the World Championship. This made a difference to the outcome in 1988, when McLaren drivers Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost finished first and second respectively. Prost finished 14 races in either first or second, retiring from the other two, while Senna won 8 races to Prost's 7, meaning that he only needed 3 further 2nd places to secure the championship irrespective of Prost's other results. Senna succeeded in doing this and became champion, although Prost would have scored more points had all the races counted. In 1964 John Surtees became champion ahead of Graham Hill for the similar reason.
When the Constructors' Championship was introduced in 1958, points were only awarded to each constructor for its single best-finishing driver in a points-scoring position. This was the case until the change introduced before the 1979 season saw a constructor's points total now being the accumulation of all points scored by the constructor's drivers: by this time, constructors were mostly running two-car teams (the final occasion on which a team had a one-car entry in a championship season was when Coloni fielded one car in 1991) and privateer entries had almost disappeared (the last time a privateer raced a customer car officially was in the season-ending 1980 United States Grand Prix with Rupert Keegan finishing 9th in a RAM-run Williams FW07, as the privateer entries were outlawed for the 1981 season).
A new system counting the points from all races was introduced in 1991, along with an extra point being awarded to the winner of a race (10 points versus the previously awarded 9 points), for the total of 26 points awarded per race.
In 2003, the FIA inflated the points system by 50%: to distribute 39 points per race between the first eight places instead of 24–26 points between the first five or six places along with a point for an occasional fastest lap, as had been the case since the inception of the championship. The FIA changed the scoring system again in 2010, this time inflating the points system by more than 150%, and extending it to the first ten places. 101 points are currently being distributed every race, with 25 being awarded to the race winner. In 2014, double points were awarded for the final race of the season to make it less likely that one dominant manufacturer or driver would build up an unassailable lead with several races still left, as had happened the year before. Double points have not been used again since.
The most dominant Drivers' Champion in terms of points scored is Jim Clark, who scored the maximum of 54 points (6 wins) in both 1963 and 1965. In recent times, Michael Schumacher finished on the podium in every race of the 2002 season to score 144 of a maximum 170 points. The most dominant Constructors' Champion in recent times was McLaren in 1988, scoring 199 of a maximum 240 points and finishing 134 points ahead of its nearest rival. In 2002, Ferrari scored 221 points, as many as all the other teams combined.
Throughout history, bonus points have never been awarded for (most) led laps or pole positions, as it was common in other racing series like IndyCar or most Touring Car championships.
Points scoring systems
|Seasons||1st||2nd||3rd||4th||5th||6th||7th||8th||9th||10th||Fastest lap||Best results counted towards
|Best results counted towards
|1967||9||6||4||3||2||1||9 (5 from first 6, 4 from last 5)|||
|1968||9||6||4||3||2||1||10 (5 from first 6, 5 from last 6)|||
|1969||9||6||4||3||2||1||9 (5 from first 6, 4 from last 5)|||
|1970||9||6||4||3||2||1||11 (6 from first 7, 5 from last 6)|||
|1971||9||6||4||3||2||1||9 (5 from first 6, 4 from last 5)|||
|1972||9||6||4||3||2||1||10 (5 from first 6, 5 from last 6)|||
|1973–1974||9||6||4||3||2||1||13 (7 from first 8, 6 from last 7)|||
|1975||9||6||4||3||2||1||12 (6 from first 7, 6 from last 7)|||
|1976||9||6||4||3||2||1||14 (7 from first 8, 7 from last 8)|||
|1977||9||6||4||3||2||1||15 (8 from first 9, 7 from last 8)|||
|1978||9||6||4||3||2||1||14 (7 from first 8, 7 from last 8)|||
|1979||9||6||4||3||2||1||8 (4 from first 7, 4 from last 8)||All|||
|1980||9||6||4||3||2||1||10 (5 from first 7, 5 from last 7)||All|||
- Overview and comparison of Formula 1 driver points over time and across different points systems: "Formula 1 real points comparison – All time". Retrieved 2014-10-13.
- List of American Championship car racing points scoring systems
- List of NASCAR points scoring systems
- List of FIM World Championship points scoring systems
- "Double points for season finale among 2014 changes". Formula1.com. 9 December 2013.
- "F1's final race double points in GPs scrapped after only one season". Guardian. 3 December 2014.
- The World Constructors' Championship was not awarded from 1950 to 1957.
- Points were shared equally between drivers who set the same fastest lap time (an extreme example of which happened in the 1954 British Grand Prix where seven drivers set the same fastest lap time, and each received 1/7 of a point).
- Formula 2 cars raced with Formula One cars in the following Grands Prix, but were ineligible for World Championship points:
- Points were no longer awarded for shared race drives (e.g. 1958 Italian Grand Prix, 1960 Argentine Grand Prix).
- Only the points of the highest-scoring driver for each constructor at each race (including privateer entries) were counted towards the Constructors' Championship.
- The point for fastest lap was only awarded to drivers, not constructors.
- The points in Indianapolis 500 race were only awarded to drivers, not constructors.
- Points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis for the 1961 Drivers' title, and on an 8–6–4–3–2–1 basis for the 1961 Constructors' title as indicated in Automobile Year, 1961–1962, p. 116.
- Drivers who were not classified (i.e. did not complete a specified amount of race distance) did not score points, even if they finished in the top 6.
- Half points were awarded for races stopped before three-quarter-distance was completed.
- Second drivers of teams that officially entered only one car were not eligible for points. This affected Jo Gartner (Osella) and Gerhard Berger (ATS) who finished fifth and sixth at the 1984 Italian Grand Prix, and Yannick Dalmas (Larrousse) who finished fifth at the 1987 Australian Grand Prix. Their points were not redistributed.
- In 2014, double points were awarded in the last race of that season.
- The point for fastest lap is only awarded if the driver is classified in the top 10 in the race.
- "Formula 1.com – Results archive". Retrieved 2006-12-16.
- David Hayhoe (1989). Grand Prix Data Book. p. 8.