List of Formula One circuits

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A map of the world showing the locations of the circuits that hosted or are scheduled to host a Grand Prix
Locations of the circuits that hosted or are scheduled to host a Grand Prix. Nations on the current year's schedule are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked in black. Former host nations are shown in dark grey. Former host circuits are marked with a white dot. De facto status of territories is shown.

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is currently the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform.[2] The Formula One World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets.[3] The results of each race are combined to determine two annual championships, one for drivers (World Drivers' Championship), and one for constructors (World Constructors' Championship).[4]

This list is for the circuits that hosted World Championship races from 1950 until now. The terms "Formula One race" and "World Championship race" were not always synonymous throughout history – see Formula One § Distinction between Formula One and World Championship races for a detailed explanation.

History[edit]

The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 76 circuits in total have hosted a Grand Prix. A lot of classic (older) circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations throughout their history: Nürburgring, Spa-Francorchamps, Monza, etc. Taking Nürburgring as an example, the first World Championship race there used the 22.835 km (14.189 mi) configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit.[5] Formula One circuits were predominantly in Europe during the early years of the championship; as the sport has expanded, so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.[6] The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most World Championship races; the only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari.[7] The Miami International Autodrome became the 76th circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the Miami Grand Prix in 2022; this is the latest addition to this list. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix: the 25.800 km (16.031 mi) long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race, and in 1957 it was the only time that this race was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.[8] The Las Vegas Street Circuit is due to host its first Grand Prix in 2023, with the Las Vegas Grand Prix.[9]

As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.

Circuits[edit]

Key
Current circuits (for the 2023 season) * Future and returning circuits (for the 2024 season)
  • The "Circuit" column uses the name contemporary to the last time the circuit was used in Formula One.
  • The "Map" column shows a diagram of the latest configuration on current tracks and the last configuration used on past tracks.
  • The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit: "street" is a circuit held on closed city streets, "road" refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track, and "race" is a permanent facility.
  • The "Last length used" shows the track length for the configuration that was used last time the Formula One race was held on a given track.
  • The "Direction" column shows the direction for the configuration that was used last time the Formula One race was held on a given track.
Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Country Last length used Grands Prix Season(s) Grands Prix held
Adelaide Street Circuit Adelaide (long route).svg Street circuit Clockwise Adelaide Australia Australia 3.780 km (2.349 mi) Australian Grand Prix 19851995 11
Ain-Diab Circuit Ain-Diab.svg Road circuit Clockwise Casablanca Morocco Morocco 7.618 km (4.734 mi) Moroccan Grand Prix 1958 1
Aintree Motor Racing Circuit Circuit Aintree.svg Road circuit Clockwise Aintree United Kingdom United Kingdom 4.828 km (3.000 mi) British Grand Prix 1955, 1957, 1959, 19611962 5
Albert Park Circuit Albert Park Street circuit Clockwise Melbourne Australia Australia 5.278 km (3.280 mi) Australian Grand Prix 19962019, 2022 25
Algarve International Circuit Algarve Race circuit Clockwise Portimão Portugal Portugal 4.653 km (2.891 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 20202021 2
Autódromo do Estoril Estoril Race circuit Clockwise Estoril Portugal Portugal 4.360 km (2.709 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 19841996 13
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari Imola 2009.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Imola Italy Italy 4.909 km (3.050 mi) Italian Grand Prix,
San Marino Grand Prix,
Emilia Romagna Grand Prix
19802006, 20202022 30
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez 2015.svg Race circuit Clockwise Mexico City Mexico Mexico 4.304 km (2.674 mi) Mexican Grand Prix,
Mexico City Grand Prix
19631970, 19861992, 20152019, 20212022 22
Autódromo Internacional do Rio de Janeiro Autódromo de Jacarepaguá 1978-1995.png Race circuit Anti-clockwise Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil 5.031 km (3.126 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix 1978, 19811989 10
Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello Mugello Racing Circuit track map 15 turns.svg Race circuit Clockwise Scarperia e San Piero Italy Italy 5.245 km (3.259 mi) Tuscan Grand Prix 2020 1
Autodromo José Carlos Pace Autódromo José Carlos Pace (AKA Interlagos) track map.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise São Paulo Brazil Brazil 4.309 km (2.677 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix,
São Paulo Grand Prix
19731977, 19791980, 19902019, 20212022 39
Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez Autódromo Oscar y Juan Gálvez Circuito N° 6 por Senna.svg Race circuit Clockwise Buenos Aires Argentina Argentina 4.259 km (2.646 mi) Argentine Grand Prix 19531958, 1960, 19721975, 19771981, 19951998 20
Autodromo Nazionale di Monza Monza track map.svg Race circuit Clockwise Monza Italy Italy 5.793 km (3.600 mi) Italian Grand Prix 19501979, 19812022 72
AVUS Circuit AVUS.svg Road circuit Anti-clockwise Berlin Germany Germany 8.300 km (5.157 mi) German Grand Prix 1959 1
Bahrain International Circuit Bahrain Race circuit Clockwise Sakhir Bahrain Bahrain 5.412 km (3.363 mi) Bahrain Grand Prix,
Sakhir Grand Prix
20042010, 20122022[a] 19
Baku City Circuit Baku Formula One circuit map.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Baku AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 6.003 km (3.730 mi) European Grand Prix,
Azerbaijan Grand Prix
20162019, 20212022 6
Brands Hatch Circuit Brands Hatch 1976-1987.svg Race circuit Clockwise West Kingsdown United Kingdom United Kingdom 3.703 km (2.301 mi) British Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix
1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 19821986 14
Buddh International Circuit Buddh Circuit 1.svg Race circuit Clockwise Greater Noida India India 5.141 km (3.194 mi) Indian Grand Prix 20112013 3
Bugatti Au Mans Bugatti Race circuit Clockwise Le Mans France France 4.430 km (2.753 mi) French Grand Prix 1967 1
Caesars Palace Grand Prix Circuit Circuit Caesars Palace.png Street circuit Anti-clockwise Paradise United States United States 3.650 km (2.268 mi) Caesars Palace Grand Prix 19811982 2
Charade Circuit Circuit Charade 1958 1988.png Road circuit Clockwise Saint-Genès-Champanelle France France 8.055 km (5.005 mi) French Grand Prix 1965, 19691970, 1972 4
Circuit Bremgarten Circuit Bremgarten.svg Road circuit Clockwise Bern Switzerland Switzerland 7.208 km (4.479 mi) Swiss Grand Prix 19501954 5
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya Formula1 Circuit Catalunya 2021.svg Race circuit Clockwise Montmeló Spain Spain 4.675 km (2.905 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 19912022 32
Circuit de Monaco Monte Carlo Formula 1 track map.svg Street circuit Clockwise Monte Carlo Monaco Monaco 3.337 km (2.074 mi) Monaco Grand Prix 1950, 19552019, 20212022 68
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours.svg Race circuit Clockwise Magny-Cours France France 4.411 km (2.741 mi) French Grand Prix 19912008 18
Circuit de Pedralbes Circuit Pedralbes.png Street circuit Clockwise Barcelona Spain Spain 6.316 km (3.925 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1951, 1954 2
Circuit de Reims-Gueux Circuit-Reims-1954.png Road circuit Clockwise Gueux France France 8.302 km (5.159 mi) French Grand Prix 19501951, 19531954, 1956, 19581961, 1963, 1966 11
Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps Spa-Francorchamps of Belgium.svg Race circuit Clockwise Stavelot Belgium Belgium 7.004 km (4.352 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 19501956, 1958, 19601968, 1970, 1983, 19852002, 20042005, 20072022 55
Circuit Dijon-Prenois Dijon-Prenois Circuit.svg Race circuit Clockwise Prenois France France 3.886 km (2.415 mi) French Grand Prix,
Swiss Grand Prix
1974, 1977, 1979, 19811982, 1984 6
Circuit Gilles-Villeneuve Île Notre-Dame (Circuit Gilles Villeneuve).svg Street circuit Clockwise Montreal Canada Canada 4.361 km (2.710 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 19781986, 19882008, 20102019, 2022 41
Circuit Mont-Tremblant Circuit Mont Tremblant.png Race circuit Clockwise Mont-Tremblant Canada Canada 4.265 km (2.650 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1968, 1970 2
Circuit of the Americas Austin circuit.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Austin United States United States 5.513 km (3.426 mi) United States Grand Prix 20122019, 20212022 10
Circuit Paul Ricard Le Castellet circuit map Formula One 2019 and 2021 with corner names English 19 07 2021.svg Race circuit Clockwise Le Castellet France France 5.842 km (3.630 mi) French Grand Prix 1971, 1973, 19751976, 1978, 1980, 19821983, 19851990, 20182019, 20212022 18
Circuit Zandvoort Zandvoort Circuit.png Race circuit Clockwise Zandvoort Netherlands Netherlands 4.259 km (2.646 mi) Dutch Grand Prix 19521953, 1955, 19581971, 19731985, 20212022 32
Circuit Zolder Circuit Zolder-1975-1985.svg Race circuit Clockwise Heusden-Zolder Belgium Belgium 4.262 km (2.648 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1973, 19751982, 1984 10
Circuito da Boavista Boavista (Oporto).svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Porto Portugal Portugal 7.775 km (4.831 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1958, 1960 2
Circuito de Monsanto Circuit Monsanto.png Street circuit Clockwise Lisbon Portugal Portugal 5.440 km (3.380 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1959 1
Circuito Permanente de Jerez Jerez Grand prix Circuit 1994-2003.svg Race circuit Clockwise Jerez de la Frontera Spain Spain 4.428 km (2.751 mi) Spanish Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix
19861990, 1994, 1997 7
Circuito Permanente del Jarama Circuito Permanente del Jarama 1980.svg Race circuit Clockwise San Sebastián de los Reyes Spain Spain 3.404 km (2.115 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 19761979, 1981 9
Complexe Européen de Nivelles-Baulers Circuit Nivelles-Baulers.png Race circuit Clockwise Nivelles Belgium Belgium 3.724 km (2.314 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1972, 1974 2
Dallas Fair Park Circuit Fair Park.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Dallas United States United States 3.901 km (2.424 mi) Dallas Grand Prix 1984 1
Detroit Street Circuit Downtown Detroit Street Circuit.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Detroit United States United States 4.168 km (2.590 mi) Detroit Grand Prix 19821988 7
Donington Park Donington Park Race circuit Clockwise Castle Donington United Kingdom United Kingdom 4.020 km (2.498 mi) European Grand Prix 1993 1
Fuji Speedway Fuji.svg Race circuit Clockwise Oyama Japan Japan 4.563 km (2.835 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 19761977, 20072008 4
Hockenheimring Hockenheim2012.svg Race circuit Clockwise Hockenheim Germany Germany 4.574 km (2.842 mi) German Grand Prix 1970, 19771984, 19862006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016, 20182019 37
Hungaroring Hungaroring.svg Race circuit Clockwise Mogyoród Hungary Hungary 4.381 km (2.722 mi) Hungarian Grand Prix 19862022 37
Indianapolis Motor Speedway Indianapolis Motor Speedway - road course.svg Race circuit Clockwise Speedway United States United States 4.192 km (2.605 mi) Indianapolis 500,[b]
United States Grand Prix
19501960, 20002007 19
Intercity Istanbul Park Istanbul park.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Istanbul Turkey Turkey 5.338 km (3.317 mi) Turkish Grand Prix 20052011, 20202021 9
Jeddah Corniche Circuit Jeddah Street Circuit 2021.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Jeddah Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 6.174 km (3.836 mi) Saudi Arabian Grand Prix 20212022 2
Korea International Circuit Korea international circuit v3.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Yeongam South Korea South Korea 5.615 km (3.489 mi) Korean Grand Prix 20102013 4
Kyalami Grand Prix Circuit Kyalami 1992 Layout.png Race circuit Anti-clockwise Midrand South Africa South Africa 4.261 km (2.648 mi) South African Grand Prix 19671980, 19821985, 19921993 20
Las Vegas Street Circuit Las Vegas street circuit.png Street circuit Anti-clockwise Paradise United States United States 6.120 km (3.803 mi) Las Vegas Grand Prix 2023[11] 0
Long Beach Street Circuit Long Beach 1983.jpg Street circuit Clockwise Long Beach United States United States 3.275 km (2.035 mi) United States Grand Prix West 19761983 8
Losail International Circuit Losail.svg Race circuit Clockwise Lusail Qatar Qatar 5.380 km (3.343 mi) Qatar Grand Prix 2021 1
Marina Bay Street Circuit Marina bay circuit.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Marina Bay Singapore Singapore 5.063 km (3.146 mi) Singapore Grand Prix 20082019, 2022 13
Miami International Autodrome Hard Rock Stadium Circuit 2022.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Miami Gardens United States United States 5.412 km (3.363 mi) Miami Grand Prix 2022 1
Montjuïc circuit Montjuïc circuit.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Barcelona Spain Spain 3.791 km (2.356 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975 4
Mosport International Raceway Mosport.svg Race circuit Clockwise Bowmanville Canada Canada 3.957 km (2.459 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1967, 1969, 19711974, 19761977 8
Nürburgring Nürburgring - Grand-Prix-Strecke.svg Race circuit Clockwise Nürburg Germany Germany 5.148 km (3.199 mi) German Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix,
Luxembourg Grand Prix,
Eifel Grand Prix
19511954, 19561958, 19611969, 19711976, 19841985, 19952007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2020 41
Pescara Circuit Circuit Pescara.svg Road circuit Clockwise Pescara Italy Italy 25.800 km (16.031 mi) Pescara Grand Prix 1957 1
Phoenix Street Circuit Phoenix Grand Prix Route - 1991.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Phoenix United States United States 3.720 km (2.312 mi) United States Grand Prix 19891991 3
Prince George Circuit Prince George Circuit.svg Race circuit Clockwise East London South Africa South Africa 3.920 km (2.436 mi) South African Grand Prix 19621963, 1965 3
Red Bull Ring Spielberg bare map numbers contextless 2021 corner names.svg Race circuit Clockwise Spielberg Austria Austria 4.318 km (2.683 mi) Austrian Grand Prix,
Styrian Grand Prix
19701987, 19972003, 20142022[c] 36
Riverside International Raceway Riverside International Raceway 1967.svg Race circuit Clockwise Moreno Valley United States United States 5.271 km (3.275 mi) United States Grand Prix 1960 1
Rouen-Les-Essarts Rouen track layout 1955-1971.gif Road circuit Clockwise Orival France France 6.542 km (4.065 mi) French Grand Prix 1952, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1968 5
Scandinavian Raceway Scandinavian Raceway 1978.svg Race circuit Clockwise Anderstorp Sweden Sweden 4.031 km (2.505 mi) Swedish Grand Prix 19731978 6
Sebring Raceway Sebring International Raceway Road circuit Clockwise Sebring United States United States 8.356 km (5.192 mi) United States Grand Prix 1959 1
Sepang International Circuit Sepang.svg Race circuit Clockwise Sepang Malaysia Malaysia 5.543 km (3.444 mi) Malaysian Grand Prix 19992017 19
Shanghai International Circuit * Shanghai International Racing Circuit track map.svg Race circuit Clockwise Shanghai China China 5.451 km (3.387 mi) Chinese Grand Prix 20042019 16
Silverstone Circuit Silverstone Circuit vector map.png Race circuit Clockwise Silverstone United Kingdom United Kingdom 5.891 km (3.660 mi) British Grand Prix,
70th Anniversary Grand Prix
19501954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 19872022[a] 57
Sochi Autodrom Circuit Sochi.svg Race circuit Clockwise Sochi Russia Russia 5.848 km (3.634 mi) Russian Grand Prix 20142021 8
Suzuka International Racing Course Suzuka circuit map--2005.svg Race circuit Part clockwise and part anti-clockwise (figure eight) Suzuka Japan Japan 5.807 km (3.608 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 19872006, 20092019, 2022 32
TI Circuit Aida Tanaka International Circuit Race circuit Clockwise Mimasaka Japan Japan 3.703 km (2.301 mi) Pacific Grand Prix 19941995 2
Valencia Street Circuit Circuit Valensia street.svg Street circuit Clockwise Valencia Spain Spain 5.419 km (3.367 mi) European Grand Prix 20082012 5
Watkins Glen International Watkins Glen 1975-1983.png Race circuit Clockwise Watkins Glen United States United States 5.430 km (3.374 mi) United States Grand Prix 19611980 20
Yas Marina Circuit Yas Marina Circuit.png Race circuit Anti-clockwise Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 5.281 km (3.281 mi) Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 20092022 14
Zeltweg Airfield Circuit Zeltweg.png Road circuit Clockwise Zeltweg Austria Austria 3.186 km (1.980 mi) Austrian Grand Prix 1964 1

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Silverstone Circuit and Bahrain International Circuit held two races each in 2020.
  2. ^ From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the World Championship.[10]
  3. ^ The Red Bull Ring held two races per season in both 2020 and 2021.

References[edit]

General

  • Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70–93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8.
  • "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 17 June 2012.

Specific

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
  2. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A brief history of Formula One". ESPN. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  3. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, pp. 82–83
  4. ^ "2020 Formula One Sporting Regulations" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). 7 April 2020. pp. 3–4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 April 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  5. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, p. 76
  6. ^ Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Facts and figures – Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  9. ^ Barretto, Lawrence (18 April 2021). "Miami GP: Everything you need to know about F1's newest race - including how the track was designed". Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  10. ^ "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  11. ^ proposed

External links[edit]