List of Freemasons (E–Z)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of Freemasons (E - Z))
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of notable Freemasons. Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that exists in a number of forms worldwide. Throughout history some members of the fraternity have made no secret of their involvement, while others have not made their membership public. In some cases, membership can only be proven by searching through the fraternity's records. Such records are most often kept at the individual lodge level, and may be lost due to fire, flood, deterioration, or simple carelessness. Grand Lodge governance may have shifted or reorganized, resulting in further loss of records on the member or the name, number, location or even existence of the lodge in question. In areas of the world where Masonry has been suppressed by governments, records of entire grand lodges have been destroyed. Because of this, masonic membership can sometimes be difficult to verify.

Standards of "proof" for those on this list may vary widely; some figures with no verified lodge affiliation are claimed as Masons if reliable sources give anecdotal evidence suggesting they were familiar with the "secret" signs and passes, but other figures are rejected over technical questions of regularity in the lodge that initiated them. Where available, specific lodge membership information is provided; where serious questions of verification have been noted by other sources, this is also indicated.

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

  • Edward Augustus Inglefield (1820–1894), English admiral and Arctic explorer[145]
  • Sir Henry Irving (1838–1905), English actor, and first actor to receive a knighthood; initiated in 1882 in Jerusalem Lodge No 197, London,[146] and a founder of Savage Club Lodge No 2190.[147]
  • James Irwin (1930–1991), American pilot and astronaut, first motor vehicle passenger on the moon; a member of Tejon Lodge No. 104, Colorado.[148][149]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

8 revolutionary, Mayor of Bucharest.[66]

an politician[442]

ns]], Sixth US Vice President and governor of New York (1774-1825). First Sovereign Grand Commander of the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction, 1813-1825[444]

U[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

X[edit]

  • Madame de Xaintrailles, (? – ?), Republican heroine of the French Revolution. While wearing the uniform of a major of cavalry, she presented an aide-de-camp's commission to the lodge of Les Freres Aristes. It was resolved that the first degree (not of Adoptive Masonry but of real Masonry) should be conferred on a lady who had displayed the courage and virtues of a man.[1]
  • Emmanuil Xanthos (1772 – 28 November 1852) was a founder of the Filiki Eteria.[496][497]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb Denslow, William R. (1957). 10,000 Famous Freemasons. Columbia, Missouri, USA: Missouri Lodge of Research. (digital document by phoenixmasonry: vol. 1, 2, 3, 4)
  2. ^ "ETOSHA LODGE 7148 EC". Etoshalodge7148.de.to. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  3. ^ Edward L. King. "Famous Masons A-L". Masonicinfo.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  4. ^ a b c d e John Hamill and Robert Gilert (Eds.), Freemasonry, A Celebration Of The Craft p. 231 (J.G. Press, 1998) ISBN 0-9516355-2-2
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Famous Canadian Freemasons". Retrieved 4 January 2008.[unreliable source?]
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "El Poder De Los Masones". Semana.com. 1997-11-08. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  7. ^ See his biographical entry at the UGLE website Archived 17 September 2012 at Archive.is for details.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab UGLE's "Famous masons" page
  9. ^ a b "A few famous freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  10. ^ Roe, Michael. "Biography - Sir William Grey Macartney - Australian Dictionary of Biography". Adb.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Paul M. Bessel's Supreme Court page
  12. ^ Bio of John Elway, hosted on Knightstemplar.org, the website of the Grand Encampment of the Knights Templar, York Rite
  13. ^ Evidence of colleague Pete Towshend.
  14. ^ The Who website.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "The Royal Masonic Cyclopaedia - Kenneth Robert Henderson Mackenzie - Google Books". Books.google.com. 2009-07-24. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "AASR hall of fame". Srmason-sj.org. Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Gray, David (2012). The History of the Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio F&AM 1971–2011: The Fabric of Freemasonry. Columbus, Ohio: Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio F&AM. p. 414. ISBN 978-0615632957.
  18. ^ a b Google Books
  19. ^ Grandlodge-nc.org Archived 23 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ Article on Richard Eve in Masonic Quarterly Issue 9, April 2004
  21. ^ a b c d "Freemasons and the Royal Society". Gila Valley Lodge No 9. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  22. ^ It's No Secret, Real Men Wear Aprons. Published by Masonic Care Ltd Australia 2009. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-646-52446-7.
  23. ^ "The History of our Worshipful Lodge". Beverly Hills Masonic Center Lodge No. 528. Archived from the original on 16 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  24. ^ "Famous Fremasons". Groove Masonic Lodge. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h "Famous Free Masons: Athletes". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Velika Masonska Loža Srbije (Grand Lodge of Serbia)
  27. ^ a b c d e f g "List of Grand Masters at the Grand Lodge of New Zealand website". Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  28. ^ "Freemason and the Royal Society". Gila Valley Lodge # 9, Exhibit at Freemasons Hall, London. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  29. ^ a b Albert G. Mackey, ed. (September 1873). "Fichte as a Freemason". Mackey's National Freemason: 430. ISBN 978-0-7661-5717-0.
  30. ^ a b c d e f "Masonic Actors, Musicians and Screen Writers". Phoenixmasonry.org. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  31. ^ The Memoirs of Charles G. Finney, The Complete Restored Text, Garth Rosell and Richard Dupuis, eds, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan (1989). Page 629.
  32. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "Freemasons, politicians, New York, E-F". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Grand Lodge of British Columbia & Yukon's "A few famous freemasons" page
  34. ^ Scottish Rite (Masonic order). Supreme Council for the Southern Jurisdiction, "Gives $1,000,000 to Crippled Children", The New Age Magazine 36 (Supreme Council, 33, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry of the Southern Jurisdiction, U.S.A., 1928):56.
  35. ^ Morris, Robert (Summer 2000). "Alexander Fleming, Mason And Discoverer of Penicillin". The Scottish Rite Journal. Scottish Rite S.J. USA. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 16 July 2007.
  36. ^ Pegasus Archive. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  37. ^ [Annual] Reports, December, 1904. Mecca Temple, New York, N.Y.
  38. ^ George Thornburgh (2003). Freemasonry When, Where, and How?. Kessinger Publishing. p. 146.
  39. ^ di GoiStampa (2013-01-24). "Gran Loggia 2017. La Giordano Bruno oro alla memoria ad Arnoldo Foà ed Enzo Maiorca, due massoni contemporanei - Grande Oriente d'Italia - Sito Ufficiale". Grandeoriente.it. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  40. ^ G. W. Speth (ed), Quatuor Coronatorum Antigrapha, Vol. 10, 1913, Minutes of the Grand Lodge of Freemasons of England, p.58
  41. ^ Pietre-Stones Alain Bernheim, My Approach to Masonic History (address, Manchester 2011). Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  42. ^ "Famous Freemasons Masonic Presidents". Calodges.org. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  43. ^ a b "Masonic Actors, Musicians and Screen Writers". Phoenixmasonry.org. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  44. ^ a b c "A few famous freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  45. ^ Grand Lodge of Minnesota.
  46. ^ Steven Defoe's website masonicdictionary.com
  47. ^ Thomas Everard Johnson DFC, "The First 100 Years, 1892-1992", published 1992 in London by the Royal Somerset House & Inverness Chapter of Royal Arch Freemasons, pages 4-5.
  48. ^ a b c d Papenheim, Martin (2012). "Suche nach dem Grund allen Seins [The Search for the Reason of all Life]". Damals (in German). No. 5. pp. 24–31.
  49. ^ Revd. Neville Barker Cryer, York Mysteries Revealed, Ian Allan, 2006, pp. 295-296
  50. ^ Boyd C. Fugate, State of Tennessee, retrieved 12 March 2014
  51. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 June 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Royal Arch Mason Magazine, Spring, 1981, p. 271
  53. ^ Masonic Year Book, published by United Grand Lodge of England (annually), see for example 2014-2015 edition, page 162.
  54. ^ Los hermanos de ‘Homero’
  55. ^ Documental sobre García Lorca en Marruecos presentarán en noviembre
  56. ^ "Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania's presidents pages". Pagrandlodge.org. 30 October 1937. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  57. ^ Garibaldi — the mason Translated from Giuseppe Garibaldi Massone by the Grand Orient of Italy
  58. ^ [1][dead link]
  59. ^ "A History of masonry in Indianapolis". Webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  60. ^ 5. What was the P2 Lodge?, Anti-masonry Frequently Asked Questions, Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon
  61. ^ a b c "Famous Scottish Freemasons". Lodge76.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  62. ^ Masonic Record, Membership Book 4-3, p. 226. The Masonic Library and Museum of Pennsylvania.
  63. ^ "Ocean City Guests Like Boat Racing [Mr. and Mrs. F. Geyer at Masonic Rally]". Philadelphia Inquirer. August 30, 1914. p. 4.
  64. ^ "Knight Templars on Way to Pray for Peace [Geyer photo]". Evening Ledger. September 19, 1914. p. 4.
  65. ^ "Frank Geyer Obituary". Philadelphia Inquirer. October 6, 1918. p. 13.
  66. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Stoica, Stan (coordinator). Dicţionar de Istorie a României, p. 153-5. Bucharest: Editura Merona, 2007.
  67. ^ "MALTA. (Hansard, 25 June 1930)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. 1930-06-25. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  68. ^ A Century of Union. Published by The United Grand Lodge of Victoria 1989. pp. 73–74. ISBN 0-7316-5791-8.
  69. ^ a b Beresiner, Yasha. "Musical Masons". MQ Magazine, Issue 8 (January 2004). Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  70. ^ "A Few Famous Freemasons". Srjarchives.tripod.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  71. ^ Eure, Thad (1948). Biennial Reports of the Secretary of State of North Carolina. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Department of State. p. 10. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
  72. ^ Grand Lodge of North Carolina (20 July 2010). "Officer of the Grand Lodge A.F. & A. M. of North Carolina". Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
  73. ^ Davidson, Theodore F. (1889). Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of North Carolina (Google eBook). Josephus Daniels, State Printer and Binder. p. 476. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
  74. ^ "Johann Wolfgang von Goethe". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 19 March 2001. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  75. ^ dragonkeypress.com Archived 17 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Sources disagree as to whether he was or wasn't: a member listserv.tcu.edu
  76. ^ a b "Union". Bessel.org. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  77. ^ "Masons At The Battle Of Gettysburg". Themasonictrowel.com. 2014-03-22. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  78. ^ Lazar,, Peter (Edited). It's No Secret, Real Men Wear Aprons. Masonic Care Ltd Australia 2009. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-646-52446-7.
  79. ^ "FAQ". Grand Lodge of South Australia and Northern Territory. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  80. ^ "Australia's Prime Ministers, Fast facts: John Gorton". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  81. ^ "UNVEILED: THE MASONIC MYSTERY". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 August 1988. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  82. ^ "Masonic Prime Ministers Of Australia". The Lectern. he W.H.J. Mayers Memorial Lodge Of Research Holden Under The Charter Of Gregory Lodge No. 50h Uglq. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  83. ^ Hudson, D. "Large List of Notable and Famous Australian Freemasons". Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  84. ^ W.H. Rylands and W.J. Songhurst, Obituary for Robert Freke Gould in Ars Quatuor Coronatorum - the Transactions of Quatuor Coronati Lodge Vol XXVIII Part 1 - Google Books pg111
  85. ^ Konrad Fuchs (1994). "Schaffgotsch, Philipp Gotthard, Graf von". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 8. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 1568–1569. ISBN 3-88309-053-0.
  86. ^ Congressional Directory, 2009–2010, 111th Congress (Google eBook). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-16-083727-2. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  87. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
  88. ^ McDonough, Jimmy (2017). Soul Survivor: A Biography of Al Green. Da Capo Press. p. 225. ISBN 9780306822674.
  89. ^ "Famous Freemasons". Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Illinois. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  90. ^ a b c d "The Beautiful Game" Archived 11 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. by Patrick Kidd and Matthew Scanlan, published in "Freemasonry Today", Issue 53, Summer 2010
  91. ^ a b c Wauthier, Claude. Africa's Freemasons – A strange inheritance, Le Monde Diplomatique, September 1997. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  92. ^ "Americas Astronauts FDCs". Phoenixmasonry.org. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  93. ^ rgls.org Archived 9 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  94. ^ Dictionnaire universelle de la Franc-Maçonnerie, page 352 (Marc de Jode, Monique Cara and Jean-Marc Cara, ed. Larousse, 2011)
  95. ^ Hunt, Lyall. "Biography - Sir John Winthrop Hackett - Australian Dictionary of Biography". Adb.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  96. ^ "St. Cecile Lodge #568: the Lodge of the Arts". Stcecile.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  97. ^ [2][dead link]
  98. ^ a b c d e f http://freemasonry.london.museum/it/wp-content/resources/frs_freemasons_complete_jan2010.pdf
  99. ^ Lodge Earl Haig
  100. ^ Obituary, The Times, 14 February 1927
  101. ^ "Officers of the Provincial Grand Lodge". PGL MMM of Hertfordshire. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  102. ^ "Sir Thomas Frederick Halsey". Royston Lodge. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  103. ^ "Freemasonry and the First World War". Provincial Grand Lodge of Leicestershire & Rutland. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  104. ^ a b c d Savage Club Lodge website.
  105. ^ Cox, Joseph (2002). Great Black Men of Masonry. iUniverse. p. 176. ISBN 0-595-22729-5.
  106. ^ "What Are the Facts About National Treasure? - Beliefnet.com". Beliefnet.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  107. ^ "Bro. And Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock". Pennsylvania Freemason Magazine. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. May 2003. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  108. ^ a b c d e f Horsley (The Rev'd Canon), JW (1906). "Notes on the Grand Chaplains of England". Ars Quatuor Coronatorum. 19. London: Quatuor Coronati Correspondence Circle Ltd. p. 195.
  109. ^ Roll Card filed at NC Grand Lodge
  110. ^ "A long-lost bell goes home". News and Observer. 19 November 2008. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  111. ^ "1923 Agromeck-Square and Compass". NCSU. 1923. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  112. ^ See "distinguished members" at Lodge website.
  113. ^ "The Tracing Boards of John Harris: A Masonic Legacy". Universal Freemasonry. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  114. ^ Yasha, Beresiner. "The Masonic Museum In Brighton". Freemasonry Today. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  115. ^ Oregon Masonic News, Vol XXIX No. 1, September 2011, p. 11
  116. ^ a b Akama, Go. フリーメーソンの秘密 世界最大の結社の真実. San-ichi Publishing, Tokyo, Japan (1983). p. 79.
  117. ^ "1945-1976". Grand Lodge of Japan. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014.
  118. ^ Tim Wangelin. "Freemasonry and Modern Japanese History". Freemasonry in Japan. Far East Lodge No. 1. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  119. ^ "New Master Mason". Toledo Blade. 26 March 1955. Retrieved 16 January 2017. TOKYO, 26 March (AP)—Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyama became a master mason today.
  120. ^ Who's Who in Canada 1936-37 Including The British Possessions in the Western Hemisphere" Edited by E.M. Greene, Twenty-Fifth year of Issue, Published by International Press Limited, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1937
  121. ^ Silber, Gordon. Eighteenth-Century Studies Vol. 15, No. 4, In Search of Helvetius' Early Career as a Freemason. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 421–4.
  122. ^ Peart-Binns, John (2013). Herbert Hensley Henson: A Biography (First ed.). Lutterworth Press. ISBN 9780718841973.
  123. ^ "Cantilupe Lodge - No 4083". Provincial Grand Lodge of Herefordshire. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  124. ^ a b c d e "Pro Grand Master". Encyclopedia of Freemasonry: A Complete Masonic Information Resource. 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  125. ^ Official website Archived 3 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Norfolk, with details and photograph.
  126. ^ "United Grand Lodges of Serbia". Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  127. ^ a b "Confederate". Bessel.org. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  128. ^ List of signers of the Declaration of Independence who were Masons on the Grand Lodge of BC&Y website
  129. ^ Headlam, Maurice (1945). Bishop and Friend, the Life of Nugent Hicks, Bishop of Lincoln (First ed.). London: Macdonald & Co. pp. 86–87.
  130. ^ Professor Andrew Prescott (Kings College, London). "International Conference on the History of Freemasonry 2011". Paper 4a: General MacArthur and the Grand Lodge of Japan (Pauline Chakmakjian, UK.). Scribd. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  131. ^ 1 June 2010
  132. ^ "Past Masters | Broad Ripple Lodge #643". Brlodge.org. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  133. ^ J. Edgar, Hoover. "Masonic Biographes". Masonic Research. freemasonry.bcy.ca. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  134. ^ a b c d e "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 April 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
  135. ^ Frankreedhorton.org
  136. ^ "Masonic Magicians". Mill-valley.freemasonry.biz. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  137. ^ Denslow, William R., 10,000 Famous Freemasons, MacMacoy Publishing, Richmond, Virginia, I957
  138. ^ "Smallest Shriner". Aurora Daily Star. 8 January 1923.
  139. ^ Powell, Arthur Cecil; Littleton, Joseph (1910). A History of Freemasonry in Bristol (First ed.). Bristol: Bennett Brothers.
  140. ^ See also the Freemasons' Review, June 1844 edition – Howley's masonry was a well known contemporary fact.
  141. ^ See also the Freemasons' Quarterly Review, first quarter, 1835 – a survey of the Archbishop's masonic career.
  142. ^ Masonic Province of South Wales: Eastern Division website "Worthy Mason of yesteryear: Edward John Hutchins Provincial Grand Master of South Wales (1848–56)" by Peter M Davies Archived 21 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  143. ^ Amy Lotven (17 March 2005). "Masons Seek New Members As Elder Brothers Pass On". Queens Chronicle Newspaper. Archived from the original on 8 April 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  144. ^ a b c d e Famous Masons, Grand Orient of Belgium website
  145. ^ http://freemasonry.london.museum/it/wp-content/resources/frs_freemasons_complete_jan2012.pdf
  146. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 August 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2010. Prescott, Andrew ‘Brother Irving: Sir Henry Irving and Freemasonry’ The Irving Society website
  147. ^ "Distinguished members" section, Savage Club Lodge website.
  148. ^ "Masonic Astronauts". Freemason Information. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  149. ^ "Freemasons in Space". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  150. ^ Famous British Freemasons, United Grand Lodge of England
  151. ^ "Masonic Presidents, Andrew Jackson". Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  152. ^ "Famous Prince Hall Freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon.
  153. ^ "Famous Filipino Mason – Graciano Lopez Jaena". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  154. ^ "Meet the New Governor General" (PDF). Freemason. 35 (August 2003): 10. ISSN 1039-6977. Retrieved 18 April 2012.[permanent dead link]
  155. ^ "Who are some well known Australian Freemasons?". Grand Lodge of South Australia and Northern Territory. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  156. ^ "September Communication of Grand Lodge" (PDF). Freemason. Freemasons NSW & ACT. 36 (5): 15. October 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2010.
  157. ^ Hudson, D. "Large List of Notable and Famous Australian Freemasons". Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  158. ^ "Freemasonry in cinema : Tombstone 02". Freemasonry.bcy.ca. 2006-09-01. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  159. ^ Pagrandlodge.org
  160. ^ Bisset, Jennie (November 2013). "Samuel Johnson c.1830-1900: A Life from the Grave". The Irving Society.
  161. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
  162. ^ rgls.org Archived 25 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  163. ^ rgls.org Archived 25 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  164. ^ Ambrus Miskolczy - Kazinczy Ferenc szabadkőműves kátéja
  165. ^ "Grand Lodge of Arizona, F&AM". Retrieved 7 February 2010.
  166. ^ R.W. Bro. Vic Lewis. "Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia A.F. & A.M". Grandlodgens.org. Retrieved 12 January 2010.[permanent dead link]
  167. ^ [3][dead link]
  168. ^ Biography and photograph of Middlesex official provincial website.
  169. ^ Referenced on the Middlesex Mark website.
  170. ^ "A few famous freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  171. ^ Ewans, Martin (2002). Afghanistan. Harper Perennial. p. 114. ISBN 0-06-050508-7.
  172. ^ "Rudyard Kipling". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  173. ^ "Grand Officers Alphabetically Arranged". United Grand Lodge of England: Masonic Year Book (edition 2011-2012) (2011-2012 ed.). London: UGLE. 2011.
  174. ^ Pollock 2001, p54
  175. ^ Dorothe Sommer, Freemasonry in the Ottoman Empire, I. B. Tauris, Londra-New-York, 2015, p. 80.
  176. ^ a b Chelsea-lodge.org.uk
  177. ^ a b "A Bavarian Illuminati primer". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  178. ^ "Emessay Notes February 2010". The Masonic Service Association of NA. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  179. ^ "Mirabeau B. Lamar, Texas Masonry and Public Education". Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  180. ^ a b Possart, Eleanor, ed. (1818–2005). "Catalogue of the Papers of the Apollo University Lodge, 1818-2005". Bodleian Library, University of Oxford. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  181. ^ Google Books Frank S. Land entry in 10,000 Famous Freemasons
  182. ^ Cooper, A. A. 1986. The Freemasons of South Africa. p178. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau
  183. ^ Grand Lodge of South Africa Archived 31 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  184. ^ "Famous Filipino Mason – Jose Laurel". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  185. ^ Nickerson, Sereno Dwight; Titus, Charles H. (1875). The New England Freemason. Frank Wood. ISBN 1-157-39032-3. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  186. ^ Stillson, Henry Leonard; Hughan, William James (1891). History of the Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons. The Fraternity Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-7661-2661-9. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  187. ^ Horsley (The Rev'd Canon), JW (1906). "Notes on the Grand Chaplains of England". Ars Quatuor Coronatorum. 19. London: Quatuor Coronati Correspondence Circle Ltd. p. 198.
  188. ^ a b Horsley (The Rev'd Canon), JW (1906). "Notes on the Grand Chaplains of England". Ars Quatuor Coronatorum. 19. London: Quatuor Coronati Correspondence Circle Ltd. p. 196.
  189. ^ History of John A. Lejeune Lodge No. 350 AF & AM, Quantico, VA Archived 21 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  190. ^ Thread of Gold: The History of Freemasonry in the Province of Cornwall 1752–2002 (2001) ISBN 0954085000
  191. ^ "Gotthold Ephraim Lessing". Freemasonry.bcy.ca. 2005-02-22. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  192. ^ "Lady Lever Art Gallery, Masonic Lodge Apron". Liverpool Museum. 2011. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  193. ^ "About Phoenix Lodge 3236". Phoenix Lodge 3236. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  194. ^ "About St Hilary Lodge". St Hilary Lodge. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  195. ^ "Mersey Lodge 5434". Mersey Lodge 5434. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  196. ^ HAMILL, John. Oxford Journals, Humanities, Journal of the History of Collections, Volume4, Issue2. Oxford Press. pp. 285–295. ISBN 0-9516355-2-2. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  197. ^ "Illus. Brother Emmanuel Lewis". freemasonsfordummies.blogspot.co.il.
  198. ^ "Pa Freemason 3 May – Treasures of the Temple". Pagrandlodge.org. Archived from the original on 11 June 2003. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  199. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "Freemasons in Rhode Island". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  200. ^ "Ossipee Valley Masonic Lodge". nhmasons.org. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  201. ^ "Scottish Rite Journel-Charles Lindbergh". Scottish Rite. Archived from the original on 3 December 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  202. ^ District Grand Lodge of Jamaica Archived 31 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine. report.
  203. ^ Ancient & Accepted Rite for England & Wales, "Rules, Regulations, & List of Members 1992" page 377.
  204. ^ a b c d e f g Randel, Don Michael, ed. (2003). "Freemasonry and Music". The Harvard Dictionary of Music (Google eBook) (Fourth ed.). pp. 333–334. ISBN 0-674-01163-5. Retrieved 31 August 2012. Other composer-masons include Spohr, Meyerbeer, Mendelssohn, Liszt, Puccini, John Philip Sousa, and Irving Berlin
  205. ^ Nettl, Paul (1970). "Masonic music after Mozart". MOZART and MASONRY. Da Capo Press. p. 128. (Full text of MOZART and MASONRY)
  206. ^ Huneker, James (1911). "Liszt as a freemason". Franz Liszt. Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 389–390. (Search inside of Huneker's Franz Liszt)
  207. ^ Bro. George Kenning (1878). "The Freemason: A Weekly Journal of Freemasonry, Literature, Science, and Art". 11. London: 201.
  208. ^ "Harold LLoyd" Archived 22 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. "In 1949, Harold's face graced the cover of TIME Magazine as the Imperial Potentate of the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, their highest-ranking position. He devoted an entire year to visiting 130 temples across the country giving speeches for over 700,000 Shriners. The last twenty years of his life he worked tirelessly for the twenty-two Shriner Hospitals for Children and in the 1960s, he was named President and Chairman of the Board.
  209. ^ "Home - Freemasonry in South Wales | Freemasonry in South Wales". Southwalesmason.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  210. ^ Stevens, Th (1994). Vrijmetselarij en samenleving in Nederlands-Indië en Indonesië 1764-1962. Uitgeverij Verloren. pp. 305, 319, 350–353. ISBN 9065503781.
  211. ^ "Film "The King's Speech"". Mastermason.com Forums. 18 February 2011. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
  212. ^ nt&id=505:kings-speech-therapist-a-freemason "King's Speech Therapist a Freemason" Check |url= value (help). Grand Lodge of Scotland. May 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  213. ^ El Pais "Lorca murdered after “confessing,” says Franco-era police report" [4]
  214. ^ Obituary: Lawrence Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough, K. G., P. C., G. C. S. I., G. C. I. E., G. C. V. O., 27 July 1896-29 June 1969", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 32, No. 3 (1969) p. 687
  215. ^ "Famous Filipino Masons – Juan Luna". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  216. ^ a b c Jordan, Christopher, ed. (2015). WWI Remembered - Memories of and by Club Members (First ed.). London: Oxford and Cambridge Club.
  217. ^ a b c "WWI Remembered - Memories of and by Club Members" (PDF). London: Oxford and Cambridge Club. 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  218. ^ "Famous Filipino Masons – Apolinario Mabini". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 13 May 1903. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  219. ^ a b c d e "Notable Members - Ionic Lodge No. 25". Sites.google.com. 2017-12-06. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  220. ^ Denslow, William (1957). 10,000 Famous Freemasons from K to Z Part 2. p. 411. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  221. ^ "Freemason Albert Mackey | Masonic Dictionary". www.masonicdictionary.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  222. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc. ... with a supplementary volume devoted to selected personal history and reminiscence (Public domain ed.). Standard publishing company. pp. 482–. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  223. ^ history of Macoy Masonic Publishing house Archived 9 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  224. ^ di GoiStampa (2013-01-24). "Gran Loggia 2017. Massoneria: trecento anni di modernità. In mostra i massoni famosi protagonisti del Novecento - Grande Oriente d'Italia - Sito Ufficiale". Grandeoriente.it. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  225. ^ Martin, Georges. "La Droit Humain". Co-Masonry. International Co-Masonry Org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  226. ^ The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Virginia Historical Society. 1901. Retrieved 5 August 2010. A Biographical Sketch of General Joseph Martin
  227. ^ José de San Martín (1778–1850) – Southern Cone Historical Manuscripts
  228. ^ "mastermason.com". mastermason.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  229. ^ "English – Veliká Lóže České Republiky | Grand Lodge Of The Czech Republic". Vlcr.cz. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  230. ^ Mabberley, D. J. (1985) William Theobald (1829–1908): Unwitting Reformer of Botanical Nomenclature? Taxon 34(1):152–156.
  231. ^ Bio article from the Grand Lodge BC&Y website
  232. ^ England, United Grand Lodge of England Freemason Membership Registers, 1751-1921 for Tito Eduardo Achille Mattei, United Grand Lodge of England 1910-1921 Membership Registers: London G 1681-1922 to London H 1924-2202 - Ancestry.com (subscription required)
  233. ^ Bythell, Duncan (May 2006). "Mawdsley, James (1848–1902)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34951. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
  234. ^ H. Paul Jeffers. 'The Freemasons in America' page 113. Citadel Press. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  235. ^ "Winter 2011". Freemasonrytoday.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  236. ^ Voice of Freemasonry, Volume 24, Number 2, 2007, Pg 9 DC Lodge newsletter Archived 14 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  237. ^ 10,000 Famous Freemasons from K to Z Part Two By William R. Denslow, Contributor Harry S. Truman (available via google book search)
  238. ^ Dream of the Rarebit Fiend, Ulrech Merkyl,2007
  239. ^ a b "History". Web.archive.org. 15 April 2007. Archived from the original on 15 April 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  240. ^ It's No Secret, Real Men Wear Aprons. Published by Masonic Care Ltd Australia 2009. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-646-52446-7.
  241. ^ It's No Secret, Real Men Wear Aprons. Published by Masonic Care Ltd Australia 2009. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-646-52446-7.
  242. ^ Ullrich, Dieter C. "Ned Ray McWherter (1930– )." Special Collections and Archive. Paul Meek Library. University of Tennessee at Martin. 3 April 2000. Archived 19 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  243. ^ Biography of Mendizábal (in Spanish)
  244. ^ a b "Freemasons NSW & ACT". Uglnsw.freemasonry.org.au. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  245. ^ "Fast Fact; Robert Menzies". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  246. ^ Loge Fidélité & Prudence (Geneva) Les Maçons Célèbres, retrieved 11 April 2013
  247. ^ "Famous Prince Hall Freemasons, Grand Lodge BC&Y website". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 16 May 2003. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  248. ^ "Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania". Princehall-pa.org. Archived from the original on 19 November 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  249. ^ Foreman, Grant. Jesse Bartley Milam. Chronicles of Oklahoma.'.' Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  250. ^ Pat Miletich on GSP/Diaz, politics, Fallon Fox and more
  251. ^ "He and his cocommentator, former Ultimate Fighting Championship world champion Pat Miletich, also a Master Mason, attend various lodges together while on the road." http://www.freemasonsvic.net.au/membership/member-profiles/[permanent dead link]
  252. ^ "Episode 158 – Conduct In and Out of Lodge – The Masonic Roundtable". Themasonicroundtable.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  253. ^ rgls.org Archived 25 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  254. ^ Denslow, William R. (1957). 10,000 Famous Freemasons. Volume III: K-P. Missouri Lodge of Research. pp. 209–210.
  255. ^ "America's Astronaughts Masonic First Day Covers". Phoenix, Arizona: Phoenix Masonry Masonic Museum and Library. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  256. ^ rgls.org Archived 25 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  257. ^ George Day Cedar Lodge. "Famous Freemasons from around the world". Durham.net. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  258. ^ a b "MQ magazine on-line". Mqmagazine.co.uk. 1 May 1903. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  259. ^ "Masonic US Presidents". Pagrandlodge.org. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  260. ^ Freemasonry Today. "Freemasonry Today on-line". Freemasonrytoday.com. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  261. ^ a b "Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 28 January 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  262. ^ "M.D. Moody Succumbs to Heart Attack". Florida Times-Union. 28 July 1949.
  263. ^ F. Ferrari, La Massoneria verso il futuro (una conversazione con Michele Moramarco) (Bastogi, Foggia 2008)
  264. ^ Rose, Gerry (29 November 1993). "How The Venetian Takeover of England and Its Creation of Freemasonry, Conference Address by Gerald Rose, Schiller Institute Conference, September, 1993". The New Federalist, 5 September 1993. The American Almanac.
  265. ^ Smith, Dwight L. Goodly Heritage (Grand Lodge of Indiana, 1968) pg.124
  266. ^ "Cantinflas". Freemasonry.bcy.ca. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  267. ^ Diario MasĂłnico (2017-05-20). "Solicitud de ingreso en la masonerĂ­a de Mario Moreno "Cantinflas" - Diario MasĂłnico". Diariomasonico.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30. soft hyphen character in |title= at position 36 (help)
  268. ^ Morita, Pat. "Morocco Shriner". Our Kids. MoroccoShrine.org. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15.
  269. ^ Morita, Pat. "Shriner News" (PDF). Shriner International Headquarters News. NAPSA. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  270. ^ "Famous Freemasons, M through Z". Retrieved 1 August 2007.
  271. ^ New Jersey Freemason.net Archived 13 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  272. ^ Mozart bio Article at the Grand Lodge BC&Y website
  273. ^ Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Masonic Biographies, retrieved 11 April 2013
  274. ^ "James Naismith". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  275. ^ Anne Pimlott Baker, ‘Nicols, Daniel Nicolas (1833–1897)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, May 2005; online edn, January 2008 Retrieved 13 December 2016
  276. ^ Noye's tangled web of corruption Archived 18 July 2012 at Archive.is, Independent on Sunday, 14 April 2000
  277. ^ rgls.org Archived 25 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  278. ^ Hamill, John; Gilert, Robert, Eds. (1998). Freemasonry, A Celebration Of The Craft. J.G. Press. p. 230. ISBN 0-9516355-2-2.
  279. ^ "The Danish Order of Freemasons". Den Store Danske (in Danish). Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  280. ^ O'Higgins, Bernardo, Encyclopædia Britannica, Guide to Hispanic Heritage
  281. ^ "Freemasons remember their Harry Oppenheimer". IOL news. 23 August 2000. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  282. ^ Christopher Hoddap, Freemasons for Dummies Blog. 12 June 2011
  283. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 June 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  284. ^ "Famous Filipino Mason – Sen. Camilo Osias". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 20 May 1976. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  285. ^ Rivista storica italiana, Volume 115, Parti 1-2, Edizioni scientifiche italiane, 2003, p.114
  286. ^ It's No Secret, Real Men Wear Aprons. Published by Masonic Care Ltd Australia 2009. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-646-52446-7.
  287. ^ Denslow, William R.; Truman, Harry S. (2004). 10,000 Famous Freemasons from K to Z. Kessenger Publishing LLC. ISBN 1-4179-7579-2. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  288. ^ "Scottish Rite Goes a Little Country". Scottishrite.org. 28 October 2006. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  289. ^ "Famous Filipino Mason – Rafael Palma". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  290. ^ "Famous Filipino Mason – Quintin Paredes". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 30 January 1973. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  291. ^ The Masonic Trowel
  292. ^ "Richard Parsons 1st Earl of Rosse". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 23 April 2004. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  293. ^ "Grand Lodge of India – Some Very Well Known Indian Freemasons". Masonindia.in. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  294. ^ "History of the Chapter, Royal Somerset House & Inverness Chapter No 4". Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  295. ^ "Grand Officers Alphabetically Arranged". United Grand Lodge of England: Masonic Year Book (edition 1989-1990) (1989-1990 ed.). London: UGLE. 1989.
  296. ^ A Century of Union. Published by The United Grand Lodge of Victoria 1989. pp. 51–52. ISBN 0-7316-5791-8.
  297. ^ Kent Henderson, The Masonic Grand Masters of Australia, Ian Drakeford Publishing, Bayswater, 1988, pp.162-164
  298. ^ "GOB 195 Anos Jantar de Gala | Grande Oriente do Brasil | Gob Potência Maçônica brasileira". Gob.org.br. 2017-05-22. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  299. ^ "Wasatch Lodge webpage". Wasatchlodge.org. 20 June 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2010.[unreliable source?]
  300. ^ a b Bicentennial Commemorative Volume of Holland Lodge No. 8, Published by the Lodge, New York, 1988
  301. ^ Hamill, John et al.. Freemasonry: A Celebration of the Craft. JG Press 1998. ISBN 1-57215-267-2
  302. ^ Royalinsight.gov.uk[permanent dead link]
  303. ^ "Orelans, Duke of", Letter O, Encyclopedia of Freemasonry and its kindres sciences, by Albert C. Mackey M. D.
  304. ^ The Times Saturday 16 November 1985 Issue 62,297 Page 10 Col G
  305. ^ Edward L. King. "Famous Freemasons M-Z". Masonicinfo.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  306. ^ "PA GL". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 23 March 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  307. ^ "Famous Filipino Mason – Marcelo H Del Pilar". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  308. ^ Trevor W. McKeown (22 October 2002). "Famous Prince Hall Freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
  309. ^ "Augustus Le Plongeon (photograph)". Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  310. ^ "COMMITTEE. [Progress 30th April.] (Hansard, 3 May 1875)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  311. ^ "Master's Message," Alexandria-Washington Lodge No.22 Trestleboard (September 2008)
  312. ^ "Poinsett – A revolutionary diplomat". Freemasons-freemasonry.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  313. ^ Grand Lodge AF & AM of North Carolina (1998). "Officers of the Grand Lodge, A.F. & A.M. of North Carolina, the first 100 years". Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: Grand Lodge of North Carolina. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  314. ^ *McFarland, Daniel M. (1979). Powell, William S., ed. Dictionary of North Carolina Biography (Google eBook). Volume 5 (P-S) (1 ed.). Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2100-4. Retrieved 17 February 2011.
  315. ^ "Past Masters of Phalanx Lodge No. 31 AF&AM Charlotte". Charlotte, North Carolina: Phalanx Lodge No. 31. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
  316. ^ "Famous Filipino Masons – Mariano Ponce". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 23 May 1918. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  317. ^ a b (2000) The Cambridge Biographical Encyclopedia Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521630991
  318. ^ Ridley, Jasper. The Freemasons: A History of the World's Most Powerful Secret Society. p. 46.
  319. ^ PROPOSITIONS : Revealing the silent minority, Chris Mullin, The Independent, 23 February 1995
  320. ^ Lodge of Assistance List of Masters.
  321. ^ L'Estrange, Timothy (2002). The History of the Lodge of Assistance (First ed.). Privately published.
  322. ^ MasonicGenealogy.com
  323. ^ "Preston Illust. Masonry". Freemasons-freemasonry.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  324. ^ Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Masonic Biographies, retrieved 11 April 2013
  325. ^ mb.com.ph/, Hail to the Chief Archived 22 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  326. ^ "hiramlodge88.org, Hiram Lodge # 88". Hiramlodge88.org. Archived from the original on 23 January 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  327. ^ "jacquesdemolay305.org, Charter Members". jacquesdemolay305.org. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  328. ^ rgls.org Archived 25 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  329. ^ freemason.com Archived 30 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  330. ^ "Famous Masons – Manuel L. Quezon". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  331. ^ "Well Known Freemasons". Mastermason.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  332. ^ Eamon Javers. "In search of the Hill's Freemasons". Politico. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  333. ^ Biography of Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay, Grand Lodge BC&Y website.
  334. ^ "freemasonry.org". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 7 January 2006. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  335. ^ list of Grand Masters of the Grand Lodge of Virginia – Grand Lodge website.
  336. ^ Meri, Veijo (1996). Suurta olla pieni kansa: itsenäinen Suomi 1920–1940. Otava. p. 40. ISBN 9511143972.
  337. ^ Denis Larionov & Alexander Zhulin. "Read the eBook Courts and lawyers of Illinois (Volume v.2) by Frederic B Crossley online for free (page 25 of 50)". Ebooksread.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  338. ^ Beevor, R. J. (1931). Hastings of Hastings. Printed for Private Circulation. p. 59.
  339. ^ Produced by Cheryl Mettendorf (24 April 2008). "Video about Philly Freemason". Abclocal.go.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  340. ^ GL of BC&Y article on Reuss
  341. ^ "Famous Mason – Isabelo delos Reyes". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 12 October 1938. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  342. ^ Flower City Lodge No. 689 GRC Archived 18 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  343. ^ "The Scottish Rite Journal". Srmason-sj.org. Archived from the original on 22 September 2003. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  344. ^ AASR-SJ article 2 Archived 18 August 2003 at the Wayback Machine.
  345. ^ "Well Known Freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013.
  346. ^ Don Rickles bio article on Grand Lodge of BC&Y website
  347. ^ See the Lodge's official website.
  348. ^ Report of actor's son, Nicolas Ridley, discussing his father.
  349. ^ Report in UGLE magazine MQ.
  350. ^ Masonry in Spain. II. 1808–1868 Archived 7 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  351. ^ "Riley, Charles Owen Leaver (1854–1929)". Adb.online.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  352. ^ "Ritch, William Gillett". Political Graveyard. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  353. ^ Christopher Hodapp, Freemasons for Dummies (2005, Wiley), pg. 291.
  354. ^ "Famous Filipino Masons – Jose Rizal". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 31 December 2001. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  355. ^ [5][dead link]
  356. ^ "Well Known Freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia A.F. & A. M. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  357. ^ "A few famous freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon A.F. & A.M. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  358. ^ "Scottish Rite Journal". Srjarchives.tripod.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  359. ^ a b c [6][dead link]
  360. ^ "Robert Farnon Society". Rfsoc.org.uk. Archived from the original on 26 January 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  361. ^ A Century of Union. Published by The United Grand Lodge of Victoria 1989. p. 101. ISBN 0-7316-5791-8.
  362. ^ Leo Damrosch, Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Restless Genius (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005) p. 492-493.
  363. ^ "Famous Filipino Mason – Pres. Manuel Roxas". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  364. ^ Rumford, William Byron (1973). "Legislator for fair employment, fair housing and public health : oral history transcript" (Interview). Interviewed by Joyce Henderson; Amelia R. Fry; Edward France. Berkeley: Bancroft Library. Regional Oral History Office. p. 3. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
  365. ^ Glens Falls Post Star August, 1956
  366. ^ Anonymous (2003). Representative British Freemasons. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-0-7661-3589-5.
  367. ^ Skyttä, Kyösti (1971). Ei muuta kunniaa: Risto Rytin kujanjuoksu 1939–1945. Kirjayhtymä. ISBN 9512633183.
  368. ^ New York Times, 18 October 1887.
  369. ^ Referenced at this webpage.
  370. ^ Denslow, William R.; Truman, Harry S. (2004). 10,000 Famous Freemasons from K to Z. Kessenger Publishing LLC. ISBN 1-4179-7579-2. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  371. ^ GL of BC and YT
  372. ^ Biographical Notes Archived 31 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine., sandino.org
  373. ^ "History of the Chapter". Royal Somerset House & Inverness Chapter. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  374. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 September 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
  375. ^ Ridley, Jasper, The Freemasons: A History of the World's Most Powerful Secret Society, p. 202-203
  376. ^ Santa Anna's Masonic Membership Confirmed, Christopher Hodapp, Freemasonry for Dummies blog
  377. ^ Thomas J Williford, Political Dissemination of the Judeo-Masonic conspiracy theory and the outbreak of la violencia in Colombia, 1920-1946, note 10, p 124, in ed. Esther Webman, The Global Impact of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion: A Century-Old Myth, Routledge 2011
  378. ^ "At twenty-six he joined the Grand Orient Masonic Lodge at Leiria." Opposition to Fatima (Part I), The Fatima Crusader, Issue 7 Page 12, Spring 1981
  379. ^ "Famous Filipino Masons – Lope K. Santos". Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 1 May 1963. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  380. ^ "Masonry Argentina, as every year, pays its heartfelt homage to MRH. Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, in his mausoleum located in the Recoleta Cemetery" (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Argentina: Gran Logia de la Argentina de Libres y Aceptados Masones (Grand Lodge of Argentina). 9 November 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  381. ^ MMA Interview with Mike "TheVoice" Schiavello
  382. ^ "Freemasons Victoria | Member Profiles". Freemasonsvic.net.au. 5 January 1994. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  383. ^ Jeffers, H. Paul (2005). Freemasons: Inside the World's Oldest Secret Society (Google eBook). New York New York: Citadel Press Books. p. 75. ISBN 0-8065-2662-9. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  384. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/109/000026031/
  385. ^ John Hamill and Robert Gilbert (eds), Freemasonry, a Celebration of the Craft, Angus Books, 2004
  386. ^ Seddon, Richard John An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966 edited by A. H. McLintock
  387. ^ Mr. Seddon as Most Worshipful Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of New Zealand photograph
  388. ^ Sentelle, David (September–October 2004). "Freemasonry: Would you do it again?". Scottish Rite Journal Online. Washington, DC: Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction USA. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  389. ^ "Robert W. Service," Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon, Web. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
  390. ^ Weiblichkeitsentwürfe und Frauen im Werk Lessings: Aufklärung und Gegenaufklärung bis 1800 : 35. und 36. Kamenzer Lessing-Tage 1996 und 1997, Lessing-Museum, 1997
  391. ^ "Sir Ernest Shackleton". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  392. ^ The North Carolina Mason, Volume 133, Number 3, 2008.
  393. ^ "Congressman Heath Shuler to be raised!". Wnctrestleboard.blogspot.com. 8 April 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  394. ^ The Working Tools Masonic Magazine Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. 30 March 2008
  395. ^ "Jean Sibelius". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  396. ^ Baynard, Samuel Harrison (June 2003). History of the Supreme Council of the 33rd Degree of Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. Books.google.com. ISBN 978-0-7661-6549-6. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  397. ^ Horsley (The Rev'd Canon), JW (1906). "Notes on the Grand Chaplains of England". Ars Quatuor Coronatorum. 19. London: Quatuor Coronati Correspondence Circle Ltd. p. 194.
  398. ^ "Congressional medal of honor recipients". MT. HOLLIS LODGE. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  399. ^ "Famous Or Well Known Masons". John Warren Lodge. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  400. ^ "Vincennes University Dedicates Red Skelton Performing Arts Theatre". The Supreme Council, 33°, A.A. & S.R. of Freemasonry, S.J., USA. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  401. ^ a b "James Wilson and James Sloan, who along with 'Diamond' Dan Winter, issued the first Orange lodge warrants from Sloan's Loughgall inn, were masons." The Men of no Popery, The Origins Of The Orange Order, by Jim Smyth, from History Ireland Vol 3 No 3 Autumn 1995
  402. ^ "What Does Freemasonry Accomplish?" (PDF).
  403. ^ "TRESTLEBOARD Amity Lodge No.442, F.&A.M" (PDF). p. 6.
  404. ^ "Carl Smyth of Madness Talks to ZANI". Zani.co.uk. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  405. ^ Cornwall Masonic Yearbook 2012/13 (2012) Truro: Province of Cornwall
  406. ^ a b "The Morman Church and Freemasonry". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  407. ^ Thompson, John E. (February 1985), "The Mormon Baptism of William Morgan", Philalethes: The Review of Masonic Research and Letters, 38 (1): 8–11
  408. ^ "Angelo Soliman 1721–1796". Archived from the original on 9 December 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  409. ^ "Meet the Chiefs" (PDF). The Scout Information Centre. October 2004. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 October 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2007.
  410. ^ A Century of Union. Published by The United Grand Lodge of Victoria 1989. p. 115. ISBN 0-7316-5791-8.
  411. ^ Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough. "Churchill Freemason". Churchills who were Freemasons. freemasons-freemasonry/com. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  412. ^ rgls.org Archived 9 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  413. ^ Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Freemasons in Space, retrieved 12 April 2013
  414. ^ Bio on Grand Lodge BC&Y website
  415. ^ "Our Lodge". Luvs.cz. 2016-01-11. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  416. ^ "Grand Lodge of Scotland". Grandlodgescotland.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  417. ^ Cooper, Robert L D, Ed. 2010. Famous Scottish Freemasons, pp 178-179. ISBN 978-0-9560933-8-7
  418. ^ Jack, Kenneth C., "John Steinbeck and Freemasonry." The Square, December 2014, pp. 33-34
  419. ^ John Steinbeck page on Grand Lodge BC&Y website
  420. ^ "Wolnomularz Polski". Wolnomularz.pl. Archived from the original on 25 January 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  421. ^ "Civil Service Lodge, No. 148 GRC, Ottawa 1865–present" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 October 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2009.
  422. ^ Grand Lodge of Ancient Free Masons of South Carolina Archived 7 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  423. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Stone, William Leete". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
  424. ^ A Concise History of Freemasonry Archived 18 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Old Epsomian Lodge
  425. ^ "La Franc-Maçonnerie allemande et la Grande Loge Mère " Aux trois Globes "" (PDF) (in French). Masonic museum of Grande Loge Nationale Française. p. 5. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  426. ^ "William Stukeley". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 28 May 2002. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  427. ^ Beresiner, Yasha. Gilbert and Sullivan: Musical Masons
  428. ^ List of Past Masters of Las Palmas-Ponderosa Lodge No. 366[permanent dead link], hosted on the lodge's website
  429. ^ Denslow, William R.; Truman, Harry S. (2004). [https://books.google.com/books?id=ZvBjhJr9Ev0C&pg=PA77&lpg=PA77&dq=rabindranath+tagore+frershyjnygjsjsj emason&source=bl&ots=CpqgSnd7EZ&sig=BGhJQKPGl1I3rIS268LWtyynhJs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Sv8dT7irJaizsAL8mqjHDg&ved=0CE4Q6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=rabindranath%20tagore%20freemason&f=false 10,000 Famous Freemasons from A to J] Check |url= value (help). Kessenger Publishing LLC. ISBN 1-4179-7579-2. Retrieved 23 January 2012. line feed character in |url= at position 104 (help)
  430. ^ "The Hystory Of Freemasonry In Turkey". Freemasons-freemasonry.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  431. ^ "The History jhkl., of Freemasonry in Turkey". Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010. line feed character in |title= at position 19 (help)
  432. ^ http://www.grandlodgeofvirginia.org/officers/Virginia_GM_1778-2011.pdf[permanent dead link]
  433. ^ "HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION 531: A RESOLUTION to congratulate the members and leadership of Hess Lodge #93 Free and Accepted Masons of Dyersburg on the celebration of their 160th anniversary on 8 October 2000" (PDF). Nashville, Tennessee: Tennessee State General Assembly. 16 June 2000. p. 2. Retrieved 27 June 2012. WHEREAS, several Dyersburg Masons have distinguished themselves as men of stature in our great state and nation, including the Honorable John S. Tanner, U.S. Congressman for Tennessee's 8th Congressional District;
  434. ^ Congressional Directory, 2009–2010, 111th Congress (Google eBook). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 246. ISBN 978-0-16-083727-2. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  435. ^ "Thirty-third Degree Conferred on Congressman John S. Tanner". Washington, DC: Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction. May–June 2004. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  436. ^ "Officers of the Grand Lodge, A.F. & A.M. of North Carolina, the first 100 years". Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: Grand Lodge of North Carolina. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
  437. ^ See 'History of the Lodge of Assistance 1899–2002', page 24.
  438. ^ Report of Proceedings of the Grand Imperial Council, 2013. Published by Lewis Masonic (Ian Allan Publishing Ltd), 2013. ISBN 978 0 85318 435 5. Page 180.
  439. ^ Congressional Directory, 2009–2010, 111th Congress (Google eBook). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-16-083727-2. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  440. ^ "Gizeh Shriners of British Columbia and the Yukon". Shriners.bc.ca. Archived from the original on 15 January 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  441. ^ On Senate confirmation of Men and Masons
  442. ^ "History of Jackson Lodge". Jacksonlodge146.org. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  443. ^ Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Masonic Biographies. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  444. ^ "Scottish Rite Masonic Museum & Library". Scottish Rite Masonic Museum & Library. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  445. ^ a b Wauther, Claude (1 September 1997). "Africa's Freemasons: A strange inheritance". Le Monda Diplomatique (English Edition).
  446. ^ Crook, Joe Mordaunt; Daniel, James W. (2019). Oxford Freemasons: A Social History of the Apollo University Lodge (First ed.). Oxford: Bodleian Library. ISBN 9781851244676.
  447. ^ "Oxford Freemasons". Bodleian Libraries Shop. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  448. ^ [7][dead link]
  449. ^ "Harry S Truman". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  450. ^ "Australian Dictionary of Biography".
  451. ^ "Be a Shriner Now" [Famous Shriners]. Tampa, Florida, USA: Shriners International. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  452. ^ Beverly, Steve & Chris Tufts. "First-Ever Central Character On "To Tell The Truth" Dies At 86". Daily Game Show Fix.
  453. ^ rgls.org Archived 25 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  454. ^ "The Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina". Raleigh, North Carolina: The Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons of North Carolina.
  455. ^ a b Klein, Walter; Howard, Joseph (6 July 1905). "Beloved Zeb". The Scottish Rite Journal. Washington, DC: Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction). Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  456. ^ "Three Hundred years of Freemasonry: What is the history of Albanian masonic lodges?". Masonet e Kosoves. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  457. ^ "Grand Lodge of India". Masonindia.org. Archived from the original on 19 January 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  458. ^ Grand Lodge of British Columbia & Yukon's "La Loge des Neufs Soeurs" page
  459. ^ Robert Wadlow "worlds tallest man, worlds tallest mason" Illinois Freemasonry Magazine, Vol. 15, No. 1, Winter 2009 p.5
  460. ^ History of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley, Ohio, Volume 1 By Joseph Green Butler, pg. 390
  461. ^ Wainwright, Jonathan. "Famous Freemasons". Pinal Lodge No. 30. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  462. ^ Stephen J. Kapp 32˚; Source, Denslo. "Jonathan M. Wainwright: Hero of Bataan". 1989–90 Masonic Research. srjarchives.tripod.com. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  463. ^ Gilbert, R. A. "The Masonic Career of A. E. Waite". Ars Quatuor Coronatorum. QCCC Correspondence Circle Limited. Archived from the original on 5 September 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
  464. ^ Denslow, William R.; Truman, Harry S. (2004). 10,000 Famous Freemasons from K to Z. Kessenger Publishing LLC. ISBN 1-4179-7579-2. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  465. ^ a b c "Newsletter September - 2013: September Meetings" (PDF). C.H. Harley Lodge No 281 U.G.L.Q. September 2013. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  466. ^ Hodapp, Christopher (2011). Freemasons For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 292.
  467. ^ "Sir Charles Warren". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  468. ^ MWsite.org
  469. ^ "Booker T. Washington". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon A.F. & A. M. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  470. ^ "George Washington Masonic Memoria". Gwmemorial.org. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  471. ^ "Sitter: Very Rev. Reginald Waterfield (1867-1967)". V&A Lanayette Negative Archive. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  472. ^ Directory of Lodges and Chapters (2012 ed.). United Grand Lodge of England. 2012.
  473. ^ Bill Maurer, Elkanah Watson: A Tale of Freemasonry and Revolution, Washington's Headquarters (website), retrieved 29 November 2016
  474. ^ "Gl Bc&Y". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  475. ^ Biography of Thomas Smith Webb, on the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon website
  476. ^ Snow, Richard D. From Out of the Wilderness: A 200 Year History of New England Lodge No. 4, F. & A.M. of Ohio 1803–2003. New England Lodge No. 4. pp. 47–60.
  477. ^ Horsley (The Rev'd Canon), JW (1906). "Notes on the Grand Chaplains of England". Ars Quatuor Coronatorum. 19. London: Quatuor Coronati Correspondence Circle Ltd. p. 197.
  478. ^ "Dr. Charles H. Wesley". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon A.F. & A. M. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  479. ^ "Charles Harris Wesley,". Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  480. ^ Philip, Duke of Wharton,
  481. ^ "The Wilde Oxford Freemason". Web.archive.org. 2 August 2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  482. ^ John Wilkes Archived 11 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Freemasonry Today
  483. ^ "Scottish Rite Journal – Notes from "The Northern Light"". March 2010. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  484. ^ Dixon, HR (1974). "Provincial Grand Lodge from 1855". The History of Freemasonry in Sussex. Brighton: Provincial Grand Lodge of Sussex. p. 115.
  485. ^ Australian Dictionary of Biography – Wimble
  486. ^ "Jeff Winter". Mqmagazine.co.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  487. ^ Mackey's Encyclopedia of Freemasonry Entry for Woodford
  488. ^ Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon website
  489. ^ Leaders of the Canadian Church, Part IX.
  490. ^ "Sir Christopher Wren". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  491. ^ "Sir Christopher Wren adoption". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 15 March 2001. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  492. ^ Brownell, Charles E. (1992). The Making of Virginia Architecture. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. p. 360. ISBN 0-917046-34-X.
  493. ^ "Ed Wynn". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  494. ^ "The Famous Masons Series". The Waller Masonic Lodge #808 AF & AM E-Newsletter September 2007. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  495. ^ "Vincennes University Dedicates Red Skelton Performing Arts Theatre". The Supreme Council Ancietn and Accepted Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction USA. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  496. ^ A Short History of Modern Greece. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1979. p. 48. Emmanuel Xanthos, A Freemason
  497. ^ Pagden, Anthony (2008). Worlds at War: The 2,500 - Year Struggle Between East and West. Oxford, Great Brittan: Oxford University Press. p. 368. …the freemason Emmanuel Xanthos
  498. ^ GL of BC&Y
  499. ^ Mormon founders page at the Grand Lodge of BC&Y
  500. ^ Braatz, George (Summer 2011). "Ohio Mason Still Dominates Baseball Statistics". 18 (3): 7.
  501. ^ "A few famous freemasons". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 19 April 2012.

External links[edit]