List of French Open women's singles champions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
French Open Women's Singles Champions
Location Paris
France
Venue Stade Roland Garros
Governing body French Tennis Federation
Created 1897 (established)
Surface Clay (red) (1897–Present)
Sand (between 1897–1908 when held at Île de Puteaux)
Prize money 2,100,000 (2017)
Trophy Coupe Suzanne Lenglen
Website www.rolandgarros.com/en_FR/about/history/winners.html
Most titles
Amateur era 5: Adine Masson
(club members)
4: Helen Wills Moody (Internationals)
Open era 7: Chris Evert
Most consecutive titles
Amateur era 4: Jeanne Matthey
Suzanne Lenglen
(club members)
3: Helen Wills Moody
3: Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling
(Internationals)
Open era 3: Monica Seles
3: Justine Henin
Current champion
Simona Halep
(first title)

The French Open,[a][b] known originally as the Internationaux de France,[1] is an annual tennis tournament created in 1891 and played on outdoor red clay courts at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France.[2] The women's singles event began in 1897.[3]

History[edit]

The French Open is played during two weeks in late May and early June, and has been chronologically the second of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987. The event was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of World War I, and after a one-year lapse in 1940, was unofficially held from 1941 to 1945 because of World War II.[4] The national body that organizes this event is the French Tennis Federation (FFT).

The Racing Club de France and the Stade Français of Paris alternated hosting the event before the competition was moved in 1928 to the newly built Stade Roland Garros, where it has been played since. The tournament was reserved for members of French tennis clubs until the first edition open to international players took place in 1925.[5] From 1941 to 1944, the Vichy regime requisitioned the site and held a Tournoi de France, for French players only, won two times by Alice Weiwers and once by Simone Iribarne Lafargue, and Raymonde Jones Veber. Those editions are not counted by the FFT in the tournament's history.[4] In 1945, under the Provisional Government of the French Republic, the champion was Lolette Payot. Even if it was organised by the French Lawn Tennis Federation, the 1945 event is also not counted by the FFT in the tournament's history.

The women's singles rules have undergone several changes since the first edition. The event has always been contested in a knockout format. Records show that matches have always been played as the best-of-three sets format. The lingering death best-of-twelve points tie-break was introduced in 1973 for the first two sets.[6]

The champion receives a miniature replica of the Coupe Suzanne Lenglen (Suzanne Lenglen Cup), named after Suzanne Lenglen. In 2010, the winner received prize money of 1,120,000.[7]

In the French National Championship, which was when the tournament was reserved to members of French tennis clubs and French nationals, Adine Masson (1897–1899, 1902–1903) holds the record for most titles in women's singles with five victories. The record for most consecutive titles is four by Jeanne Matthey (1909–1912) and Lenglen (1920–1923), all of whose titles came during the club-members-only era.

In the French International Championships, that came after the tournament opened to international competitors but before the open era, Helen Wills Moody (1928–1930, 1932) holds the record for most titles at four. The record for most consecutive titles during this period is three by Wills Moody (1928–1930) and Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling (1935–1937).[4][6]

During the French Open, since the inclusion of the professional tennis players, the record for most titles is held by Chris Evert with seven (1974–1975, 1979–1980, 1983, 1985–1986). The record for most consecutive titles during the Open Era is three by Monica Seles (1990–1992) and Justine Henin (2005–2007).[4][6]

This event has been won without losing a set in the Open Era by Evonne Goolagong in 1971, Billie Jean King in 1972, Evert in 1974, Steffi Graf in 1988, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in 1994, and Henin in 2006 and 2007.

Champions[edit]

Regular competition
†  French club members only event, which was called the French National Championship 
††  Disputed Champions: Not considered a champion by the grand slam. See Tournoi de France [f][8]

French Championships[edit]

A woman standing straight on at the camera angle with a colored sweater on with all white attire and a tennis racket in right hand, which this picture is a black and white
Jeanne Matthey is a four-time champion
A woman looking at the camera with a colored bandanna on and a white shirt, which this picture is black and white
Suzanne Lenglen is a six-time champion
A woman looking away from the camera with a tennis racket in her right hand and a colored sweater on and all white clothing, which this picture is a black and white
Helen Wills Moody is a four-time champion
Year[c] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[4][9]
1897  FRA Adine Masson †  FRA P. Girod 6–3, 6–1
1898  FRA Adine Masson †  FRA Only entrant (no final)[d]
1899  FRA Adine Masson †  FRA Only entrant (no final)
1900  FRA Hélène Prévost †  FRA Only entrant (no final)
1901  FRA P. Girod †  FRA Leroux 6–1, 6–1
1902  FRA Adine Masson †  FRA P. Girod 6–0, 6–1
1903  FRA Adine Masson †  FRA Kate Gillou 6–0, 6–8, 6–0
1904  FRA Kate Gillou †  FRA Adine Masson Unknown
1905  FRA Kate Gillou †  FRA Yvonne de Pfeffel 6–0, 11–9
1906  FRA Kate Gillou-Fenwick †  FRA Virginia MacVeagh Unknown
1907  FRA Comtesse de Kermel †  FRA Catherine d'Aliney d'Elva 6–1, retired
1908  FRA Kate Gillou-Fenwick †  FRA Pean 6–2, 6–2
1909  FRA Jeanne Matthey †  FRA Abeille Villard Gallay 10–8, 6–4
1910  FRA Jeanne Matthey †[10]  FRA Germaine Régnier 1–6, 6–1, 9–7
1911  FRA Jeanne Matthey †  FRA Marguerite Broquedis 6–2, 7–5
1912  FRA Jeanne Matthey †  FRA Marie Danet 6–2, 7–5
1913  FRA Marguerite Broquedis †  FRA Jeanne Matthey 6–3, 6–3
1914  FRA Marguerite Broquedis †  FRA Suzanne Lenglen 5–7, 6–4, 6–3
1915 None[e]
1916 None
1917 None
1918 None
1919 None
1920  FRA Suzanne Lenglen †  FRA Marguerite Broquedis 6–1, 7–5
1921  FRA Suzanne Lenglen †  FRA Germaine Golding Walkover
1922  FRA Suzanne Lenglen †  FRA Germaine Golding 6–4, 6–2
1923  FRA Suzanne Lenglen †  FRA Germaine Golding 6–1, 6–4
1924  FRA Julie Vlasto †  FRA Jeanne Vaussard 6–2, 6–3
1925  FRA Suzanne Lenglen  GBR[i] Kitty McKane Godfree 6–1, 6–2
1926  FRA Suzanne Lenglen  USA Mary Browne 6–1, 6–0
1927  NED Kea Bouman  ZAF Irene Bowder Peacock 6–2, 6–4
1928  USA Helen Wills Moody  GBR Eileen Bennett Whittingstall 6–1, 6–2
1929  USA Helen Wills Moody  FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–3, 6–4
1930  USA Helen Wills Moody  USA Helen Jacobs 6–2, 6–1
1931  GER Cilly Aussem  GBR Betty Nuthall 8–6, 6–1
1932  USA Helen Wills Moody  FRA Simonne Mathieu 7–5, 6–1
1933  GBR[i] Margaret Scriven Vivian  FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–2, 4–6, 6–4
1934  GBR Margaret Scriven Vivian  USA Helen Jacobs 7–5, 4–6, 6–1
1935  GER[11] Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling  FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–2, 6–1
1936  GER[12] Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling  FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–3, 6–4
1937  GER[13] Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling  FRA Simonne Mathieu 6–2, 6–4
1938  FRA Simonne Mathieu  FRA Nelly Adamson Landry 6–0, 6–3
1939  FRA Simonne Mathieu  POL Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6–3, 8–6
1940 None[f]
1941  LUX Alice Weiwers ††  FRA Anne-Marie Seghers 6–3, 6–0
1942  LUX Alice Weiwers ††   SUI Lolette Payot 6–4, 6–4
1943  FRA Simone Iribarne Lafargue ††  LUX Alice Weiwers 6–1, 7–5
1944  FRA Raymonde Jones Veber ††  FRA Jacqueline Patorni 6–4, 9–7
1945   SUI Lolette Payot ††  FRA Simone Iribarne Lafargue 6–3, 6–4
1946  USA Margaret Osborne duPont  USA Pauline Betz Addie 1–6, 8–6, 7–5
1947  USA Patricia Canning Todd  USA Doris Hart 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
1948  FRA Nelly Adamson Landry  USA Shirley Fry 6–2, 0–6, 6–0
1949  USA Margaret Osborne duPont  FRA Nelly Adamson Landry 7–5, 6–2
1950  USA Doris Hart  USA Patricia Canning Todd 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
1951  USA Shirley Fry  USA Doris Hart 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
1952  USA Doris Hart  USA Shirley Fry 6–4, 6–4
1953  USA Maureen Connolly  USA Doris Hart 6–2, 6–4
1954  USA Maureen Connolly  FRA Ginette Bucaille 6–4, 6–1
1955  GBR Angela Mortimer  USA Dorothy Head Knode 2–6, 7–5, 10–8
1956  USA Althea Gibson  GBR Angela Mortimer 6–0, 12–10
1957  GBR Shirley Bloomer  USA Dorothy Head Knode 6–1, 6–3
1958  HUN Zsuzsa Körmöczy  GBR Shirley Bloomer Brasher 6–4, 1–6, 6–2
1959  GBR Christine Truman  HUN Zsuzsa Körmöczy 6–4, 7–5
1960  USA Darlene Hard  MEX Yola Ramírez 6–3, 6–4
1961  GBR Ann Haydon  MEX Yola Ramírez 6–2, 6–1
1962  AUS Margaret Court  AUS Lesley Turner 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
1963  AUS Lesley Turner  GBR Ann Haydon Jones 2–6, 6–3, 7–5
1964  AUS Margaret Court  BRA Maria Bueno 5–7, 6–1, 6–2
1965  AUS Lesley Turner  AUS Margaret Court 6–3, 6–4
1966  GBR Ann Haydon Jones  USA Nancy Richey 6–3, 6–1
1967  FRA Françoise Dürr  AUS Lesley Turner 4–6, 6–3, 6–4

French Open[edit]

A blonde-haired female tennis player with multi-colored shorts and a black shirt, with the tennis racket out in front of her
Chris Evert won an Open Era record seven titles over a 13-year period.
A blond-haired women wearing a white shirt
Steffi Graf is a six-time champion.
A blond-haired women is wearing a neon-pink shirt and white skirt, and is reaching to hit a one handed backhand
Justine Henin is a four-time champion and won three times consecutively.
Simona Halep is the most recent champion.
Year[c] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[4][9]
1968  USA Nancy Richey  GBR Ann Haydon Jones 5–7, 6–4, 6–1
1969  AUS Margaret Court  GBR Ann Haydon Jones 6–1, 4–6, 6–3
1970  AUS Margaret Court  FRG[k] Helga Niessen 6–2, 6–4
1971  AUS Evonne Goolagong[l]  AUS Helen Gourlay 6–3, 7–5
1972  USA Billie Jean King  AUS Evonne Goolagong 6–3, 6–3
1973  AUS Margaret Court  USA Chris Evert 6–7(5–7)[g], 7–6(8–6), 6–4
1974  USA Chris Evert  URS Olga Morozova 6–1, 6–2
1975  USA Chris Evert  TCH[h] Martina Navratilova[j] 2–6, 6–2, 6–1
1976  GBR Sue Barker  TCH Renáta Tomanová 6–2, 0–6, 6–2
1977  YUG Mima Jaušovec  ROU Florența Mihai 6–2, 6–7(5–7), 6–1
1978  ROU Virginia Ruzici  YUG Mima Jaušovec 6–2, 6–2
1979  USA Chris Evert  AUS Wendy Turnbull 6–2, 6–0
1980  USA Chris Evert  ROU Virginia Ruzici 6–0, 6–3
1981  TCH[h] Hana Mandlíková  FRG Sylvia Hanika 6–2, 6–4
1982  USA Martina Navratilova[j]  USA Andrea Jaeger 7–6(8–6), 6–1
1983  USA Chris Evert  YUG Mima Jaušovec 6–1, 6–2
1984  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert 6–3, 6–1
1985  USA Chris Evert  USA Martina Navratilova 6–3, 6–7(4–7), 7–5
1986  USA Chris Evert  USA Martina Navratilova 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
1987  FRG[k] Steffi Graf  USA Martina Navratilova 6–4, 4–6, 8–6
1988  FRG Steffi Graf  URS Natasha Zvereva 6–0, 6–0
1989  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario  FRG Steffi Graf 7–6(8–6), 3–6, 7–5
1990  YUG Monica Seles  FRG Steffi Graf 7–6(8–6), 6–4
1991  YUG Monica Seles  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 6–4
1992  YUG Monica Seles  GER Steffi Graf 6–2, 3–6, 10–8
1993  GER Steffi Graf  USA Mary Joe Fernández 4–6, 6–2, 6–4
1994  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario  FRA Mary Pierce 6–4, 6–4
1995  GER Steffi Graf  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 7–5, 4–6, 6–0
1996  GER Steffi Graf  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 6–7(4–7), 10–8
1997  CRO Iva Majoli   SUI Martina Hingis 6–4, 6–2
1998  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario  USA Monica Seles 7–6(7–5), 0–6, 6–2
1999  GER Steffi Graf   SUI Martina Hingis 4–6, 7–5, 6–2
2000  FRA Mary Pierce  ESP Conchita Martínez 6–2, 7–5
2001  USA Jennifer Capriati  BEL Kim Clijsters 1–6, 6–4, 12–10
2002  USA Serena Williams  USA Venus Williams 7–5, 6–3
2003  BEL Justine Henin  BEL Kim Clijsters 6–0, 6–4
2004  RUS Anastasia Myskina  RUS Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–2
2005  BEL Justine Henin  FRA Mary Pierce 6–1, 6–1
2006  BEL Justine Henin  RUS Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–4, 6–4
2007  BEL Justine Henin  SRB Ana Ivanovic 6–1, 6–2
2008  SRB Ana Ivanovic  RUS Dinara Safina 6–4, 6–3
2009  RUS Svetlana Kuznetsova  RUS Dinara Safina 6–4, 6–2
2010  ITA Francesca Schiavone  AUS Samantha Stosur 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
2011  CHN Li Na  ITA Francesca Schiavone 6–4, 7–6(7–0)
2012  RUS Maria Sharapova  ITA Sara Errani 6–3, 6–2
2013  USA Serena Williams  RUS Maria Sharapova 6–4, 6–4
2014  RUS Maria Sharapova  ROU Simona Halep 6–4, 6–7(5–7), 6–4
2015  USA Serena Williams  CZE Lucie Šafářová 6–3, 6–7(2–7), 6–2
2016  ESP Garbiñe Muguruza  USA Serena Williams 7–5, 6–4
2017  LAT Jeļena Ostapenko  ROU Simona Halep 4–6, 6–4, 6–3
2018  ROU Simona Halep  USA Sloane Stephens 3–6, 6–4, 6–1

Statistics[edit]

Multiple champions[edit]

Competitions prior to 1925 opened only to French tennis club members and French nationals
Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
 Chris Evert (USA) 0 7 7 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1986
 Suzanne Lenglen (FRA) 6 0 6 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926
 Steffi Graf (GER)[k] 0 6 6 1987, 1988, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999
 Françoise Masson (FRA) 5 0 5 1897, 1898, 1899, 1902, 1903
 Margaret Court (AUS) 2 3 5 1962, 1964, 1969, 1970, 1973
 Kate Gillou (FRA) 4 0 4 1904, 1905, 1906, 1908
 Jeanne Matthey (FRA) 4 0 4 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912
 Helen Wills (USA) 4 0 4 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932
 Justine Henin (BEL) 0 4 4 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007
 Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling (GER) 3 0 3 1935, 1936, 1937
 Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (ESP) 0 3 3 1989, 1994, 1998
 Monica Seles (YUG) 0 3 3 1990, 1991, 1992
 Serena Williams (USA) 0 3 3 2002, 2013, 2015
 Margaret Scriven Vivian (GBR) 2 0 2 1933, 1934
 Simonne Mathieu (FRA) 2 0 2 1938, 1939
 Margaret Osborne duPont (USA) 2 0 2 1946, 1949
 Doris Hart (USA) 2 0 2 1950, 1952
 Maureen Connolly (USA) 2 0 2 1953, 1954
 Ann Haydon Jones (GBR) 2 0 2 1961, 1966
 Lesley Turner Bowrey (AUS) 2 0 2 1963, 1965
 Martina Navratilova (USA)[j] 0 2 2 1982, 1984
 Maria Sharapova (RUS) 0 2 2 2012, 2014

Champions by country[edit]

¤  Former country
Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
 France (FRA) 29 1 30 1897 2000
 United States (USA) 14 15 29 1928 2015
 Great Britain (GBR) 7 1 8 1933 1976
 Australia (AUS) 4 4 8 1962 1973
 Germany (GER)[l] 1 4 5 1931 1999
 Russia (RUS) 0 4 4 2004 2014
 Yugoslavia (YUG) ¤ 0 4 4 1977 1992
 Belgium (BEL) 0 4 4 2003 2007
 Spain (ESP) 0 4 4 1989 2016
 Germany (GER) 3 0 3 1935 1937
 West Germany (FRG) ¤[k] 0 2 2 1987 1988
 Romania (ROU) 0 2 2 1978 2018
 Netherlands (NED) 1 0 1 1927 1927
 Hungary (HUN) 1 0 1 1958 1958
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) ¤[h] 0 1 1 1981 1981
 Croatia (CRO) 0 1 1 1997 1997
 Serbia (SRB) 0 1 1 2008 2008
 Italy (ITA) 0 1 1 2010 2010
 China (CHN) 0 1 1 2011 2011
 Latvia (LAT) 0 1 1 2017 2017

Notes[edit]

  • a Known as the Les Championnats de France (1891–1924) then Les Championnats internationaux de France (1925–1967) during the Amateur Era.[3]
  • b The tournament entered the Open Era with the 1968 edition, allowing professional players to compete alongside amateurs.[4]
  • c Each year is linked to an article about that particular years draw, with the exception of pre-1925 years.
  • d Unchallenged champion (only entrant into the final challenge round, thus declared a champion without a contest).
  • e The tournament was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of World War I.[3]
  • f The tournament was not officially held from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II.[3][4] The champions listed are disputed, but are listed by a few sources, which means they are not included in the statistics charts because the grand slam does not consider them champions. They are listed here as a historical note.
  • g Set score in parentheses indicates a tiebreaker score.
  • h Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992), does not include the totals of Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
  • i No wins by a player from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922), plus many wins by a player(s) from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present).
  • j Martina Navratilova was born in Czechoslovakia, but she competed as an American after the US Open in 1975 because she sought asylum in the United States, which made her have to relinquish her Czechoslovakian citizenship.
  • k FRG is West Germany, but after reunification with East Germany became Germany (GER) in 1990.
  • l Evonne Goolagong became Evonne Goolagong Cawley after her marriage to Roger Cawley in 1975, however at the time of her winning the 1971 French Open she was single.

See also[edit]

French Open other competitions

Grand Slam women's doubles

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "The Origins of the Tournament". roland-garros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Tournament profile – Roland Garros". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour. Retrieved 2016-03-05. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Past Winners and Draws". fft.fr. Fédération Française de Tennis. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2009-07-02. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Event Guide / History / Past Winners 1891 – 2011". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05. 
  5. ^ Lewis, Gabrielle (2002-05-23). "French Open history". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  6. ^ a b c "Record Breakers". roland-garros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05. 
  7. ^ "Event Guide / Prize Money". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Archived from the original on June 30, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  8. ^ The Encyclopedia Of Tennis: 100 Years Of Great Players And Events; by Max Robertson and Jack Kramer. 1974 edition, page 376. Source for finalists and scores
  9. ^ a b "French Open – Women's Singles". www.grandslamhistory.com. Retrieved 2010-02-05. 
  10. ^ "Les Championnats de France 1910". Organe du lawn-tennis en France (in French). Vol. 1 no. 10. 3 July 1910. pp. 73–74 – via Gallica. 
  11. ^ "Official 1935 French Championship draw" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "Official 1936 French Championship draw" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "Official 1937 French Championship draw" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 

External links[edit]