List of French supercentenarians

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Marie Brémont (1886–2001) was the third oldest Frenchwoman ever, and the world's oldest person from November 2000 to June 2001.[1][2] Pictured in 1910, aged 23–24.

French supercentenarians are citizens, residents or emigrants from France who have attained or surpassed 110 years of age. As of January 2015, the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) had validated the longevity claims of 161 French supercentenarians.[3] France was home to the oldest human being ever whose longevity was well documented, Jeanne Calment, who lived in Arles and remembered meeting Vincent Van Gogh when she was a teenager; she lived for 122 years and 164 days.[4] However, a November 2018 study advanced the hypothesis that Calment's daughter Yvonne (born 19 January 1898) assumed her identity in 1934 upon Jeanne's death; in this scenario, Yvonne would have died in 1997 aged 99, still posing as Jeanne aged 122.[5]

The oldest undisputed French person ever, and oldest currently alive, is Lucile Randon, born 11 February 1904, aged 115 years, 156 days as of 17 July 2019.[6] Randon is also the second oldest living person in the world.[6] The verified oldest French man ever was Maurice Floquet, a veteran of World War I who lived 111 years and 320 days across three centuries (1894–2006).[7]

100 oldest French people ever[edit]

  Deceased   Living   Disputed

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age Département, region or country of birth Département, region or country of death or residence
01 Jeanne Calment[a][8][9] F 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days[a] Bouches-du-Rhône[9] Bouches-du-Rhône[9]
02 Lucile Randon[6], a.k.a. Sœur André[10] F 11 February 1904 Living[11] 115 years, 156 days Gard[10] Var[10]
03 Marie Brémont[12] (née Mésange)[2] F 25 April 1886 6 June 2001 115 years, 42 days Maine-et-Loire[12] Loire-Atlantique[2]
04 Eudoxie Baboul[6][13] F 1 October 1901 1 July 2016 114 years, 274 days French Guiana[13] French Guiana[13]
05 Eugénie Blanchard,[14] a.k.a. Sœur Cyria Costa[15] F 16 February 1896 4 November 2010 114 years, 261 days Saint Barthélemy[15] Saint Barthélemy[15]
06 Jeanne Bot[6][16] F 14 January 1905 Living[16] 114 years, 184 days Pyrénées-Orientales[16] Pyrénées-Orientales[16]
07 Lydie Vellard[8] (née Hudebine) F 18 March 1875 17 September 1989 114 years, 183 days Loiret Loiret
08 Gabrielle Valentine des Robert[6][17] F 4 June 1904 3 December 2018 114 years, 182 days Ardennes[18] Loire-Atlantique[17][18]
09 Camille Loiseau[19][20] F 13 February 1892 12 August 2006 114 years, 180 days Paris[20] Val-de-Marne[20]
10 Anne Primout[21] (née Dupont)[22] F 5 October 1890 26 March 2005 114 years, 172 days French Algeria Pyrénées-Orientales[22]
11 Honorine Rondello[6] (née Cadoret)[23] F 28 July 1903 19 October 2017 114 years, 83 days Côtes-du-Nord[23] Var[23]
12 Marie Liguinen (née Brudieux)[24] F 26 March 1901 2 April 2015 114 years, 7 days Corrèze[24] Essonne[24]
13 Marie-Thérèse Bardet[25] (née Jégat)[26] F 2 June 1898 8 June 2012 114 years, 6 days Morbihan[26] Loire-Atlantique[26]
14 Olympe Amaury[6] F 19 June 1901 12 May 2015 113 years, 327 days Nièvre[24] Loiret[24]
15 Luce Maced[8] F 2 May 1886 25 February 2000 113 years, 299 days Guadeloupe Martinique
16 Marcelle Narbonne[25] F 25 March 1898 1 January 2012 113 years, 282 days French Algeria[27] Pyrénées-Orientales[27]
17 Clémentine Solignac[28][29] F 7 September 1894 25 May 2008 113 years, 261 days Haute-Loire[29] Haute-Loire[29]
18 Huguette Masson[6] (née Bouteloup)[30] F 27 June 1904 5 March 2018 113 years, 251 days Sarthe[30] Sarthe
19 Marie-Isabelle Diaz[31] (née Rodriguès)[32] F 22 February 1898 29 October 2011 113 years, 249 days French Algeria[27][32] Réunion[32]
20 Germaine Haye[8] (a.k.a. Anne Moranget)[33] F 10 October 1888 18 April 2002 113 years, 190 days Orne[33] Orne[33]
21 Marie-Simone Capony[34][35] F 14 March 1894 15 September 2007 113 years, 185 days Loire[35] Alpes-Maritimes[35]
22 Mathilde Aussant[31] (née Gaudet)[36] F 27 February 1898 23 July 2011 113 years, 146 days Loire-Atlantique[36] Loir-et-Cher[27]
23 Julie Montabord[6][37] F 17 April 1906 Living[37] 113 years, 91 days Martinique[37] Martinique[37]
24 Julia Sinédia (née Cazour)[21][38] F 12 July 1892 6 October 2005 113 years, 86 days Réunion[38] Réunion[38]
25 Élisabeth Collot[6] (née Benoist)[39] F 21 June 1903 4 September 2016 113 years, 75 days Haute-Marne[39] Isère[39]
26 Marie-Louise Taterode[40] F 17 July 1906 Living[41] 113 years, 0 days Corrèze[40] Puy-de-Dôme[40]
27 Mathilde Lartigue[6][42] F 24 March 1905 24 March 2018 113 years, 0 days Hérault[42] Hérault[42]
28 Pauline Chabanny[8] F 20 August 1881 13 August 1994 112 years, 358 days Centre Auvergne
29 Thérèse Ladigue[6][43] F 15 February 1903 5 February 2016 112 years, 355 days Rhône[43] Rhône[43]
30 Jeanne Dumaine[8][44] F 19 March 1886 3 January 1999 112 years, 290 days Paris[44] Essonne[44]
31 Marie Mornet[34] (née Robin)[45] F 4 April 1894 5 January 2007 112 years, 276 days Vienne[45] Vienne[45]
32 Valentine Ligny[6][46] F 22 October 1906 Living[46] 112 years, 268 days Pas-de-Calais[46] Somme[46]
33 Henriette Bœuf[6] (née Chambrette)[47] F 4 November 1903 23 July 2016 112 years, 262 days Marne[47] Marne[47]
34 Joséphine Choquet[8] F 6 June 1878 14 February 1991 112 years, 253 days Brittany Picardy
35 Lucie Péré-Pucheu[19] F 13 August 1893 6 April 2006 112 years, 236 days Aquitaine Aquitaine
36 Mélanie Leblais[6] (née Jans)[48] F 4 September 1903 3 April 2016 112 years, 212 days Loire-Atlantique[48] Sarthe[48]
37 Irénise Moulonguet[3][49] F 6 November 1900 28 May 2013 112 years, 203 days Martinique[49] Martinique[49]
38 Ilse Weiszfeld[6] (née Russ)[50] F 16 October 1904 22 April 2017 112 years, 188 days Austria[50] Paris[50]
39 Marie-Louise L'Huillier[34] F 26 June 1895 28 December 2007 112 years, 185 days New Caledonia New Caledonia
40 Marguerite Petit[8] F 3 July 1883 21 December 1995 112 years, 171 days Lorraine[b] Lorraine
41 Eugénie Roux[8] F 24 January 1874 20 June 1986 112 years, 147 days Franche-Comté Rhône-Alpes
42 Yvonne Bory[8] F 14 March 1891 7 August 2003 112 years, 146 days Aquitaine Centre
43 Jeanne Colas[8] F 9 June 1886 15 October 1998 112 years, 128 days ? ?
44 Suzanne Burrier[3] F 14 March 1901 14 July 2013 112 years, 122 days Allier[51] Allier[52]
Marie-Antoinette Radix[6] F 7 December 1904 8 April 2017 Rhône[53] Rhône[53]
46 Agnès Fagoo[34] (née Coudeville)[54] F 19 December 1894 12 April 2007 112 years, 114 days Nord[54] Nord[54]
47 Constance Cariou[34] (née Jouin)[55] F 8 May 1895[55] 29 August 2007[56] 112 years, 113 days Loire-Inférieure[55] Alpes-Maritimes[56]
48 Mathilde Dupray[6] F 31 October 1903 18 February 2016 112 years, 110 days Seine-Inférieure[57] Côtes-d'Armor[57]
49 Henriette Roques (née Sales)[58] F 8 September 1905 20 December 2017 112 years, 103 days Hérault Hérault
50 Marguerite Bailly[59] (née Debail)[60] F 6 March 1907[61] 12 June 2019[60] 112 years, 98 days Aisne[59] Vosges[61]
51 Célestine Colombeau[8] F 17 February 1884 9 May 1996 112 years, 82 days ? ?
52 Marie-Louise Jeancard[8] F 5 September 1876 25 November 1988 112 years, 81 days Alpes-Maritimes[62] Alpes-Maritimes
53 Elisabeth Frénoy[6] F 7 February 1907 20 April 2019 112 years, 72 days Marne Marne [63]
54 Augustine Teissier[8] F 2 January 1869 8 March 1981 112 years, 65 days ? Languedoc-Roussillon
55 Paule Bronzini[25][64] F 7 July 1900 29 August 2012 112 years, 53 days Bouches-du-Rhône[64] Vaucluse[64]
56 Mathilde Octavie Tafna[34] F 16 March 1895 1 May 2007 112 years, 46 days Guadeloupe Guadeloupe
57 Eugénie Dauzat[3] F 6 December 1900 12 January 2013 112 years, 37 days Puy-de-Dôme[65] Puy-de-Dôme[65]
58 Olympe Pidancet[66] F 24 January 1897 19 February 2009 112 years, 26 days Burgundy Rhône-Alpes
59 Irène Lepetit[67] F 26 June 1907 Living[67] 112 years, 21 days Landes[67] Hautes-Pyrénées[67]
60 Fanny Bruel[21] F 18 March 1893 29 March 2005 112 years, 11 days ? Île-de-France
61 Blanche Marie Grosdidier[8] F 3 October 1889 10 October 2001 112 years, 7 days ? Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Isabelle Boizeau (née Billaud)[68] F 18 November 1905[69] 25 November 2017[68] Yonne[69] Loiret[68]
63 Marie-Hélène Chanteperdrix[8] (née Paccou) F 5 March 1886 9 March 1998 112 years, 4 days ? Nord-Pas-de-Calais
64 Louise Fleury (née Mallet)[8] F 8 March 1888 9 March 2000 112 years, 1 day ? ?
65 Clothilde Roy[8] F 23 October 1889 13 October 2001 111 years, 355 days ? ?
66 Marie-Louise Berthelot[70] F 29 July 1907 Living 111 years, 353 days Maine-et-Loire[70] Mayenne[70]
67 Madeleine Mièze[3] F 28 April 1901 14 April 2013 111 years, 351 days Nord-Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais
68 Marie Combéléran[8] F 8 June 1889 23 May 2001 111 years, 349 days ? ?
Marguerite Duperray[71] F 12 February 1906 27 January 2018 Rhône[72] Rhône[72]
70 Jeanne Bournat[3] F 22 January 1903 20 December 2014 111 years, 332 days Auvergne Auvergne
71 Jeannette Gayraud[8] F 12 May 1892 31 March 2004 111 years, 324 days ? Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
72 Zoé Vérot[8] F 15 February 1884 4 January 1996 111 years, 323 days Yonne[73] Yonne[73]
73 Germaine Stadler[21] F 29 March 1893 14 February 2005 111 years, 322 days Nord-Pas-de-Calais ?
74 Maurice Floquet[7][19] M 25 December 1894 10 November 2006 111 years, 320 days Haute-Marne[74] Var[7]
75 Maria Richard[25] F 28 November 1900[75] 11 October 2012[76] 111 years, 318 days Belgium[75] Hérault[76]
76 Marguerite Conrad[3] F 15 March 1902 26 January 2014 111 years, 317 days Île-de-France Île-de-France
77 Maria Zaccaria (née Nicastro)[77] F 24 November 1905 2 October 2017 111 years, 312 days Italy Hérault
78 Andrée Roy (née Puzenat)[78] F 23 February 1906 26 December 2017 111 years, 306 days Vosges Hauts-de-Seine
79 Félicité Jandia[8] F 12 February 1881 7 December 1992 111 years, 299 days Guadeloupe Guadeloupe
80 Marcelle Adda[79] (née Samuel dit Albert)[80] F 3 June 1905[79] 22 March 2017[80] 111 years, 292 days Paris[79] Yvelines[80]
81 Mathilde Gauchou[8] F 19 March 1879 30 December 1990 111 years, 286 days ? ?
82 Pauline Sevaille[8] F 20 November 1890 29 August 2002 111 years, 282 days ? ?
83 Jeanne Bonnot[81] F 18 October 1907[82] Living[81] 111 years, 272 days Doubs[81] Doubs[81]
84 Marie-Virginie Duhem[8] F 2 August 1866 25 April 1978 111 years, 266 days Nord-Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais
85 Georgette Léveillé[6] F 28 June 1903 14 March 2015 111 years, 259 days Île-de-France Île-de-France
86 Maryse Lancioni[83] F 8 November 1907 Living[83] 111 years, 251 days Corsica[83] Alpes-Maritimes[83]
87 Adma Tura (née Messen)[84][85] F 25 December 1906 1 September 2018 111 years, 250 days Lebanon[84] Pyrénées-Orientales[84]
88 Marie-Louise Bernède[21] F 6 April 1894 11 December 2005 111 years, 249 days ? ?
89 Marie-Louise Lambert[8] F 9 April 1888 11 December 1999 111 years, 246 days ? ?
90 Madeleine Bréhamel[6] F 31 August 1903 3 May 2015 111 years, 245 days Île-de-France Île-de-France
91 Juliette Trimaille[6] F 21 August 1903 17 April 2015 111 years, 239 days Franche-Comté Franche-Comté
92 Catherine Trompeter[19] (née Weiss) F 26 March 1895 18 November 2006 111 years, 237 days Alsace[b] Alsace
93 Marie Le Barillier[86] F 13 May 1906 12 December 2017 111 years, 213 days Manche[86] Manche[86]
94 Olive Deschamps[25] F 22 February 1901 18 September 2012 111 years, 209 days Centre Centre
95 Léa Revault[6] F 7 August 1903 1 March 2015 111 years, 206 days Centre Centre
96 Henriette Mégévand[8] F 24 June 1887 7 January 1999 111 years, 197 days ? ?
97 Catherine Soiron[31] F 31 July 1899 31 January 2011 111 years, 184 days ? Picardy
98 Maria Bigue[8] F 10 September 1886 12 March 1998 111 years, 183 days ? ?
99 Marie Ferracci[87] F 11 February 1908 Living[88] 111 years, 156 days Corsica[87] Corsica[87]
100 Eugénie Peyrieux[6] F 1 December 1903 4 May 2015 111 years, 154 days ? ?

Biographies[edit]

Marie Brémont[edit]

Marie Marthe Augustine Lemaitre Brémont (née Mésange; 25 April 1886 – 6 June 2001)[2] was the oldest recognized person in the world from November 2000 until her death at age 115 years 42 days.[1] She was born in Noëllet, Maine-et-Loire, on April 25, 1886.[12] Her first husband, railroad worker Constant Lemaître, died from consequences of his wounds shortly after the First World War.[2] She married again to a taxi driver, Florentin Brémont, who died in 1967.[2] She had no children.[89] Over the course of her life, she worked as a farmer, a nanny, a seamstress, and in a pharmaceutical factory.[2] At 103, she was hit by a car and broke her arm as a result.[90] She died at her retirement home in Candé, Maine-et-Loire.[89]

Germaine Haye[edit]

Germaine Haye (née Germain; 10 October 1888 – 18 April 2002)[91] was France's oldest living person for about a year, following the death of Marie Brémont on 6 June 2001 until her own death at age 113 years 190 days.[92] She was also the oldest living person in Europe and 4th oldest in the world.[93]

Haye lived in the town of Mortagne-au-Perche in Orne, Normandy, western France, since she was 19 years old. She worked as a babysitter and teacher until her three daughters grew up and left home. She then devoted herself to literature, publishing poems under the pseudonym Anne Moranget.[33] In 2000, following a femoral fracture, she became a full-time wheelchair user, and went to live in the Mortagne-au-Perche retirement home for the last two years of her life. She died in her sleep.[91][92]

Camille Loiseau[edit]

Camille Blanche Loiseau (13 February 1892 – 12 August 2006) was the oldest living person in France until her death aged 114 years 180 days. Loiseau was ranked fifth oldest in the world in the 2007 edition of Guinness World Records. She was the oldest person ever to share a birthday with another living person, Japanese supercentenarian Toyo Endo.[94]

Loiseau was born in Paris, the youngest of nine children, four boys and five girls. On 13 August 1910 she married René Frédéric Chadal, but divorced 15 days later. She never married again, had no children of her own, but helped raise her nephews. She worked as an accountant until 1957.[95]

She was hospitalized in 1998 due to a fall, and moved permanently to the Hôpital Paul-Brousse in Villejuif, Val-de-Marne, in January 1999. In 2002 she was taken on a trip to see her native Paris again. She died in the hospital, six months after her 114th birthday, which she had celebrated "with a little champagne".[95]

Marie-Simone Capony[edit]

Marie-Simone Capony (14 March 1894 – 15 September 2007) was, at age 113, the oldest living person in France.[96] She became the French doyenne following the death of 114-year-old Camille Loiseau in August 2006. At the time of her death, aged 113 years and 185 days, due to heart failure, she ranked as the fifth-oldest person in the world. Capony was born in Charlieu (Loire), and lived in a retirement facility in Cannes. She never married (her fiancé was killed in action at the beginning of the First World War in 1914).[96] Capony was not able to walk since she turned 100, following surgery on a broken femur, but she still remained in fairly good health considering her age.[96]

Marie-Isabelle Diaz [edit]

Marie-Isabelle Diaz (née Rodriguez, 22 February 1898 – 29 October 2011) was posthumously recognized as the oldest living French person from the death of Eugénie Blanchard on 4 November 2010, until her own death a year later.[32] She is also the oldest person ever from the French possession of Réunion. She was born in Sidi Bel Abbès, Algeria, then an overseas territory of France. She was married and had three children. Her husband died at 60. After its independence she left the country in 1962. She then settled in Spain with one of her sons. Then she lived a few years in Rouen. She lived in Réunion from 1983 until her death. She was 113 years 249 days old when she died.[32][97]

Mathilde Aussant[edit]

Mathilde Aussant (née Gaudet, 27 February 1898 – 23 July 2011) was, at the time of her death, believed to be the oldest verified person in France.[6][98] However, she was later deemed the second oldest, when Marie-Isabelle Diaz was verified to have been born a few days earlier than her, on 22 February 1898.

Aussant was born in Donges, France,[99] the fifth of eleven children born to François Gaudet and Hélène Halgand. Following the death of her mother, she left Donges for Paris in 1923. She worked as a housekeeper and babysitter. She married a railroad worker from Gare Saint-Lazare, who died in 1936. In 1946, she married another railroad worker, René Aussant, who died in 1961. Their only daughter died in 2007, leaving Aussant without any immediate family.[100] In 1999, she moved to a retirement home. In 2008 she was awarded the Medal of the city of Donges. She died at a hospital in Vendôme on Saturday, 23 July 2011, aged 113 years, 146 days.

Lucile Randon[edit]

Lucile Randon was born in Alès, on 11 February 1904. She worked as a gouvernante in various families, and became a religious sister at age 41. She worked in a hospital in Vichy for 31 years, then moved to a nursing home in Haute-Savoie for 30 years, and finally to Toulon since 2009. Known by her religious name Sœur André, she is confined to a wheelchair.[10] As of 17 July 2019, aged 115 years, 156 days, she is the second oldest person alive, and the oldest living French person since the death of 114-year-old Honorine Rondello on 19 October 2017.[6] Randon had three brothers, and a twin sister who died as an infant. On her birthday she commented "115 years is enough, I hope the Good Lord takes me this year". The mayor of Toulon, Hubert Falco, presented her with the city's honorary citizenship. She also met Didier Borione, 90, whom she had taken care of when he was two years old, and who located her thanks to the Internet.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "115-Year-Old French Woman Dies". Associated Press. 6 June 2001. Retrieved 18 May 2019. Bremont celebrated her 115th birthday on April 25. She is considered the world’s oldest person since the death of Eva Morris of Britain in November, just four days before her 115th birthday.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Marie Brémont, doyenne de l'humanité, est morte" [Marie Brémont, the world's oldest woman, has died]. Le Nouvel Observateur (in French). 7 June 2001. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Wikkerink, Marco; Kroczek, Waclaw Jan (1 January 2015). "GRG Database by Nation". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
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  7. ^ a b c "Le doyen des poilus de la Grande Guerre s'éteint à l'âge de 111 ans" [The oldest poilu of the Great War passes away aged 111]. Le Monde (in French). AFP. 10 November 2006. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
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  24. ^ a b c d e "Décès de Marie Brudieux, la doyenne des Français, à 114 ans" [Death of Marie Brudieux, France's oldest woman, at 114]. La Dépêche du Midi (in French). AFP. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
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  30. ^ a b "Nécrologie – Huguette Masson, la doyenne des Sarthois est décédée à 113 ans" [Necrology – Huguette Masson, Sarthe's oldest woman, has died aged 113]. Le Maine libre (in French). 7 March 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  31. ^ a b c "Deaths for 2011 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
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  37. ^ a b c d "Julie Montabord, super centenaire de 113 ans !" [Julie Montabord, 113-year-old supercentenarian!]. France-Antilles Martinique (in French). 20 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  38. ^ a b c "Réactions – Décès de Mme Sinédia" [Reactions – Death of Mrs. Sinédia]. Témoignages [fr] (in French). 7 October 2005. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Disputed: a November 2018 study advanced the hypothesis that Calment's daughter Yvonne usurped her identity in 1934. Yvonne was born on 19 January 1898, which would have made her 99 years old upon her death in 1997.[5]
  2. ^ a b Lorraine and Alsace were at that time parts of the German Empire. They are now in France.