List of GOES satellites

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SMS-derived GOES satellite

This is a list of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites. GOES spacecraft are operated by the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, with NASA responsible for research and development, and later procurement of spacecraft.

History[edit]

The first three GOES satellites used a Philco-Ford bus developed for NASA's Synchronous Meteorological Satellites, which preceded GOES.[1] Two SMS satellites had been launched; SMS-1 in May 1974, and SMS-2 in February 1975. The first GOES satellite, GOES-1, was launched in October 1975. Two more followed, launching almost two minutes short of a year apart, on 16 June 1977 and 1978 respectively. The SMS-derived satellites were spin stabilized spacecraft, which provided imagery through a Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer, or VISSR.

Following the three SMS GOES spacecraft, five satellites were procured from Hughes, which became the first generation GOES satellites. Four of these reached orbit, with GOES-G being lost in a launch failure.[2]

First generation GOES satellite

The next five GOES satellites were constructed by Space Systems/Loral, under contract to NASA.[3] The imager and sounder instruments were produced by ITT Aerospace/Communication Division. GOES-8 and -9 were designed to operate for three years, while -10, -11 and -12 have expected lifespans of five years. GOES-11 and -12 were launched carrying enough fuel for ten years of operation, in the event that they survived beyond their expected lifespan.

A contract to develop four third-generation GOES satellites was awarded to Hughes Corporation, with the satellites scheduled for launch on Delta III rockets between 2002 and 2010.[4] After a merger with Hughes, Boeing took over the development contracts, with launches transferred to the Delta IV, following the Delta III's retirement. The contract for the fourth satellite, GOES-Q, was later cancelled,[5] and that satellite will only be completed in the event that another third generation satellite is lost in a launch failure, or fails soon after launch. The first third generation satellite, GOES-13, was launched in May 2006, originally serving as an on-orbit backup.[6] However, in April 2010, GOES-12 was moved to South America coverage and GOES-13 was moved to the GOES-East role.[7] Third generation satellites have an expected lifespan of seven years, but will carry excess fuel to allow them to operate for longer if possible, as with the last two second generation satellites.

Operational Positions
Name Longitude Satellite
GOES-East 75°W GOES-16[8]
GOES-West 135°W GOES-15[9]
GOES-South 60°W Vacant

The fourth generation satellites, the GOES-R series,[10] are being built by Lockheed Martin using the A2100 satellite bus. The GOES-R series is a four-satellite program (GOES-R, -S, -T and -U) that will extend the availability of the operational GOES satellite system through 2036.[11] The first satellite of the series, the eponymous GOES-R, was launched on 19 November 2016.[10] It was renamed GOES-16 upon reaching orbit.

Imagery[edit]

Satellites[edit]

Designation Launch Date/Time (UTC) Rocket Launch Site Longitude First Image Status Retirement Remarks
Launch Operational

SMS-derived satellites[edit]

Manufactured by Ford Aerospace

GOES-A GOES-1 October 16, 1975, 22:40 Delta 2914 CCAFS LC-17A October 25, 1975 Retired March 7, 1985[12]
GOES-B GOES-2 June 16, 1977, 10:51 Delta 2914 CCAFS LC-17B 60°W Retired 1993[13] Reactivated as comsat in 1995,[13] finally deactivated in May 2001
GOES-C GOES-3 June 16, 1978, 10:49 Delta 2914 CCAFS LC-17B Retired 1993[14] Reactivated as comsat in 1995,[14] decommissioned 29 June 2016

First generation[edit]

Built on a Hughes Space and Communications HS-371 spacecraft bus

GOES-D GOES-4 September 9, 1980, 22:57 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 135°W Retired November 22, 1988[15]
GOES-E GOES-5 May 22, 1981, 22:29 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 75°W Retired July 18, 1990[16]
GOES-F GOES-6 April 28, 1983, 22:26 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 136°W[17] Retired January 21, 1989[17]
GOES-G N/A May 3, 1986, 22:18 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 135°W (planned) N/A Failed +71 seconds Launch failure[18]
GOES-H GOES-7 February 26, 1987, 23:05 Delta 3914 CCAFS LC-17A 75°W, 98°W, 112°W, 135°W, 95°W, 175°W Retired January 1996[19] Reactivated as comsat for Peacesat from 1999-2012, moved to graveyard orbit April 12, 2012.[20]

Second generation[edit]

Built on a Space Systems/Loral LS-1300 spacecraft bus

GOES-I GOES-8 April 13, 1994, 06:04 Atlas I CCAFS LC-36B 75°W May 9, 1994 Retired May 4, 2004[21] In graveyard orbit
GOES-J GOES-9 May 23, 1995, 05:52 Atlas I CCAFS LC-36B 135°W, 155°E June 19, 1995 Retired June 14, 2007[22] In graveyard orbit
GOES-K GOES-10 April 25, 1997, 05:49 Atlas I CCAFS LC-36B 135°W, 65°W May 13, 1997 Retired 1 December 2009[23] In graveyard orbit
GOES-L GOES-11 May 3, 2000, 07:07 Atlas IIA CCAFS SLC-36A 135°W May 17, 2000 Retired 16 December 2011[24] Retired, Drifting west
GOES-M GOES-12 July 23, 2001, 07:23 Atlas IIA CCAFS SLC-36A 60°W August 17, 2001 Retired August 16, 2013 Operated at GOES-South covering South America, and retained as spare, following replacement at GOES-East by GOES-13. Now in a graveyard orbit.

Third generation[edit]

Built on a Boeing BSS-601 spacecraft bus

GOES-N GOES-13 May 24, 2006, 22:11 Delta IV-M+(4,2) CCAFS SLC-37B 75°W June 22, 2006 Standby Replaced by GOES-16 at GOES-East on December 18, 2017. Instruments were shut off on January 2, 2018 and began a drift to a storage position at 60 degrees west longitude, where it may take over GOES-South duties.[25]
GOES-O GOES-14 June 27, 2009, 22:51 Delta IV-M+(4,2) CCAFS SLC-37B 105°W 27 July 2009 Standby On-orbit spare, was used to cover GOES-East imagery and moved into position following GOES-13 malfunction in 2012,[26] also activated to cover GOES-13 outage in mid-2013
GOES-P GOES-15 4 March 2010, 23:57 Delta IV-M+(4,2) CCAFS SLC-37B 89.5°W, 135°W 7 April 2010 Active[27] GOES-West
GOES-Q NA N/A Not built N/A Planned but not contracted[28]
Scheduled launches

Fourth generation (GOES-R Series)[edit]

Built on a Lockheed Martin A2100 spacecraft bus

GOES-R GOES-16 19 November 2016, 23:42[29] Atlas V 541 CCAFS SLC-41 89.5°W January 15, 2017 Active Replaced GOES-13 at GOES-East on December 18, 2017.[25][30]
GOES-S GOES-17 March 1, 2018[31] Atlas V 541 CCAFS SLC-41 90.5°W Active GOES-17 is scheduled to become the GOES-West operational satellite in late 2018[32]
GOES-T 2020[33] EELV CCAFS
GOES-U 2024[33] EELV CCAFS

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "SMS 1, 2 / GOES 1, 2, 3". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  2. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "GOES 4, 5, 6, G, 7". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "GOES 8, 9, 10, 11, 12". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  4. ^ "GOES-NO/PQ Status". NASA. 2006-06-13. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "GOES N, O, P, Q". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  6. ^ "GOES-NEWS". NASA. 2009-05-09. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  7. ^ "GOES-13 is America's New GOES-EAST Satellite". NASA. 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2011-09-12. 
  8. ^ "GOES-16 to GOES-East Drift Plan". Satellite Liaison Blog. 2017-09-28. Retrieved 2017-09-29. 
  9. ^ "GOES Spacecraft Status Main Page". NOAA. Archived from the original on 2011-12-27. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  10. ^ a b "GOES-R Mission Overview". GOES-R Program Office. Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  11. ^ "GOES Flyout Schedule". NOAA Satellite and Information Service. Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  12. ^ "GOES-1". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-05-12. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  13. ^ a b "GOES-2". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  14. ^ a b "GOES-3". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  15. ^ "GOES-4". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  16. ^ "GOES-5". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  17. ^ a b "GOES-6". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  18. ^ "GOES-G". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  19. ^ "GOES-7". ESE 40th Anniversary. NASA. 1999-04-22. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  20. ^ "NOAA retires GOES-7 after 25 years as a weather and communications satellite". NOAA News. NOAA. 2012-04-12. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
  21. ^ "GOES-8 STATUS". NASA. 2004-04-15. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  22. ^ "GOES-9 STATUS". NASA. 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  23. ^ "NOAA Deactivates GOES-10 after 12 Years of Tracking Storms". NOAA. 2009-12-02. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  24. ^ "GOES-11 Status Page". NOAA. Archived from the original on 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  25. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (20 December 2017). "NOAA's GOES-16 weather satellite declared operational". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 27 December 2017. 
  26. ^ Clark, Stephen (2 October 2012). "NOAA moves spare satellite in position over Atlantic". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  27. ^ "GOES-15 Status Page". NOAA. Archived from the original on 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  28. ^ Dennis Chesters (28 April 2016). "GOES News". The Daily Planet. NASA NOAA GOES Project. Retrieved 1 October 2016. 
  29. ^ "GOES-R". Countdown to GOES-R Launch. GOES-R Series Program Office. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  30. ^ Hille, Karl (2017-01-23). "GOES-16 Sends First Images to Earth". NASA. Retrieved 2018-01-10. 
  31. ^ "GOES-R Series Satellites: GOES-R (now GOES-16) and GOES-S! | NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)". www.nesdis.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2018-01-10. 
  32. ^ "GOES-R Series Fact Sheet" (PDF). December 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-10. 
  33. ^ a b Ray, Justin (24 October 2016). "GOES-R weather satellite's ride to space being stacked at Cape Canaveral". Spaceflight Now.