List of GPS satellites

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Samples of three GPS satellites' orbits over a five-year period (2013 to 2018)
  USA-242 ·   USA-239 ·   USA-151 ·   Earth

As of August 2020, 75 Global Positioning System navigation satellites have been launched, 31 of which are operational, 9 in reserve, 3 being tested, 30 have been retired and 2 were lost at launch. The constellation requires a minimum of 24 operational satellites, and the official target count is 33. The GPS receiver needs 4 satellites to work out your position in 3-dimensions.[1]

SVNs are "space vehicle numbers" which are serial numbers assigned to each GPS satellite. PRNs are the "pseudo-random noise" sequences, or Gold codes, that each satellite transmits to differentiate itself from other satellites in the active constellation.

Satellites[edit]

Satellites by launch date[edit]

Satellite Launch (UTC) Carrier rocket Launch site Block SVN PRN Slot Status
Remarks
OPS 5111 22 February 1978
23:44
Atlas E/F SGS-1 VAFB, SLC-3E I 1[2] 01 04 Retired
17 July 1985[3]
OPS 5112 13 May 1978
10:34
Atlas E/F SGS-1 VAFB, SLC-3E I 2[4] 02 07 Retired
12 February 1988[3]
OPS 5113 7 October 1978
00:28
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3E I 3[5] 03 06 Retired
18 May 1992[3]
OPS 5114 11 December 1978
03:59
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3E I 4[6] 04 08 Retired
14 October 1989[3]
Used for testing between February 1990 and May 1990[3]
OPS 5117 9 February 1980
23:08
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3E I 5[7] 05 05 Retired
11 May 1984[3]
OPS 5118 26 April 1980
22:00
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3E I 6[8] 06 09 Retired
6 March 1991[3]
N/A
(Navstar 7)
19 December 1981
01:10
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3E I 7 07 10 N/A[3]
Failed to reach orbit
OPS 9794 14 July 1983
10:21
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3W I 8[9] 08 11 Retired
4 May 1993[3]
USA-1 13 June 1984
11:37
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3W I 9[10] 09 13 Retired
28 February 1994[3]
Used for testing between February 1994 and June 1994[3]
USA-5 8 September 1984
21:41
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3W I 10[11] 10 12 Retired
18 November 1995[3]
Used for testing between November 1995 and March 1996[3]
USA-10 9 October 1985
02:53
Atlas E/F VAFB, SLC-3W I 11[12] 11 03 Retired
13 April 1994[3]
N/A
(Block II prototype)
II 0 12 N/A
Qualification vehicle built by Rockwell International to secure Block II contract; never launched
USA-35 14 February 1989
18:30
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A[13] II 1[14] 14 14 Retired
26 March 2000[15]
USA-38 10 June 1989
22:30
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A[13] II 2[16] 13 02 B3 Retired
22 February 2004[15]
USA-42 18 August 1989
05:58
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A[13] II 3[17] 16 16 Retired
13 October 2000[15]
USA-47 21 October 1989
09:31
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A[13] II 4[18] 19 19 A5 Retired
16 March 2001[15]
USA-49 11 December 1989
18:10
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17B[13] II 5[19] 17 17 D3 Retired
23 February 2005[15]
USA-50 24 January 1990
22:55
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A[13] II 6[20] 18 18 Retired
18 August 2000[15]
USA-54 26 March 1990
02:45
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A[13] II 7[21] 20 20 Retired
21 May 1996[15]
Decommissioned after twice changing frequency without being commanded to.
USA-63 2 August 1990
05:39
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A[13] II 8[22] 21 21 E2 Retired
25 September 2002[15]
USA-64 1 October 1990
21:56
Delta II 6925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A[13] II 9[23] 15 15 D5 Retired
17 November 2006[15]
Used only for testing from November 2006 until March 2007[15]
USA-66 26 November 1990
21:39
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 1[24] 23 23
32
E5 Retired
25 January 2016[25]
Decommissioned from active service using PRN23 on 13 February 2004. Set usable with PRN32 on 26 February 2008.[15]
USA-71 4 July 1991
02:32
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 2[26] 24 24 D1 Retired
30 September 2011[27]
USA-79 23 February 1992
22:29
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 3[28] 25 25 A2 Retired
18 December 2009[29]
USA-80 10 April 1992
03:20
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17B IIA 4[30] 28 28 C2 Retired
4 November 1996[15]
Retired early, replaced by USA-117.
USA-83 7 July 1992
09:20
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17B IIA 5[31] 26 26 F5 Retired
6 January 2015[32]
USA-84 9 September 1992
08:57
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 6[33] 27 27 A6 Retired
10 August 2011[29]
[34]
Final command and disposal on 18 April 2017.
USA-85 22 November 1992
23:54
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 7[35] 32 31
01
30
NA
F4 17 March 2008[29]
In Reserve[34]
PRN changed from 32 to 01 in January 1993 due to receiver problems. Decommissioned 17 March 2008 and removed from slot F4. Briefly resumed L-band transmission in 2014 but signal unusable.[15][29]
USA-87 18 December 1992
22:16
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17B IIA 8[36] 29 29 F5 Retired
23 October 2007[37]
USA-88 3 February 1993
02:55
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 9[38] 22 22 B1 Retired
3 December 2002[15]
USA-90 30 March 1993
03:09
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 10[39] 31 31 C3 Retired
24 October 2005
USA-91 13 May 1993
00:07
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 11[40] 37 07
01
24
C4 Retired
March 2016[41]
Switched to PRN01 in October 2008 but was unusable.[15] Switched to PRN24 in April 2012 but was unusable.[42]
USA-92 26 June 1993
13:27
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 12[43] 39 09 A5 Retired
19 May 2014[29]
USA-94 30 August 1993
12:38
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17B IIA 13[44] 35 05
30
B5 28 March 2013[15]
In Reserve[34]
Decommissioned from active service using PRN05 in March 2009. Resumed activity using PRN30 in August 2011.[15]
USA-96 26 October 1993
17:04
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17B IIA 14[45] 34 04
18
D6 Retired
9 October 2019[46]
Decommissioned from active service using PRN04 in November 2015.[47] Reactivated in March 2018 using PRN18.[48] Decommissioned from active service using PRN18 in October 2019.[49]
USA-100 10 March 1994
03:40
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 15[50] 36 06
04[51]
C6 21 February 2014[29]
In Reserve[34]
USA-117 28 March 1996
00:21
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17B IIA 16[52] 33 03 C5 Retired
2 August 2014[53]
USA-126 16 July 1996
00:50
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 17[54] 40 10 E6 Retired
March 2016[55]
USA-128 12 September 1996
08:49
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 18[56] 30 30 B2 Retired
20 July 2011[29]
GPS IIR-1
(GPS IIR-1)
17 January 1997
16:28
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIR 1 42 12 N/A[29]
Failed to orbit.
USA-132 23 July 1997
03:43
Delta II 7925-9.5[57] CCAFS, LC-17A IIR 2 43 13 F6 Operational[29]
USA-135 6 November 1997
00:30
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, LC-17A IIA 19[58] 38 08 A3 30 October 2014[59]
In Reserve[34]
USA-145 7 October 1999
12:51
Delta II 7925-9.5[60] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIR 3 46 11 D5 Operational[29]
USA-150 11 May 2000
01:48
Delta II 7925-9.5[61] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIR 4 51 20 E4 Operational[29]
USA-151 16 July 2000
09:17
Delta II 7925-9.5[62] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIR 5 44 28 B3 Operational[29]
USA-154 10 November 2000
17:14
Delta II 7925-9.5[63] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIR 6 41 14 F5 Retired
9 July 2020[64]
USA-156 30 January 2001
07:55
Delta II 7925-9.5[65] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIR 7 54 18 E4 Retired
5 March 2018[66]
USA-166 29 January 2003
18:06
Delta II 7925-9.5[67] CCAFS, SLC-17B IIR 8 56 16 B1 Operational[29]
USA-168 31 March 2003
22:09
Delta II 7925-9.5[68] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIR 9 45 21 D3 Operational[29]
USA-175 21 December 2003
08:05
Delta II 7925-9.5[69] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIR 10 47 22 E6 Operational[29]
USA-177 20 March 2004
17:53
Delta II 7925-9.5[70] CCAFS, SLC-17B IIR 11 59 19 C5 Operational[29]
USA-178 23 June 2004
22:54
Delta II 7925-9.5[71] CCAFS, SLC-17B IIR 12 60 23 F4 Retired 2 March 2020[72][29]
USA-180 6 November 2004
05:39
Delta II 7925-9.5[73] CCAFS, SLC-17B IIR 13 61 02 D1 Operational[29]
USA-183 26 September 2005
03:37
Delta II 7925-9.5[74] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIRM 1 53 17 C4 Operational[29]
Also known as IIR-14; first to broadcast L2C signal.
USA-190 25 September 2006
18:50
Delta II 7925-9.5[75] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIRM 2 52 31 A2 Operational[29]
Also known as IIR-15; first satellite to complete a fully operational 32-satellite constellation.
USA-192 17 November 2006
19:12
Delta II 7925-9.5[76] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIRM 3 58 12 B4 Operational[29]
Also known as IIR-16.
USA-196 17 October 2007
12:23
Delta II 7925-9.5[77] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIRM 4 55 15 F2 Operational[29]
Also known as IIR-17.
USA-199 20 December 2007
20:04
Delta II 7925-9.5[78] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIRM 5 57 29 C1 Operational[29]
Also known as IIR-18.
USA-201 15 March 2008
06:10
Delta II 7925-9.5[79] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIRM 6 48 07 A4 Operational[29]
Also known as IIR-19.
USA-203 24 March 2009
08:34
Delta II 7925-9.5[80] CCAFS, SLC-17A IIRM 7 49 01
27
30
06
NA
B6 In Reserve
Also known as IIR-20; broadcasts demonstration L5 signal. Never entered service due to poor quality signal; decommissioned on 6 May 2011 but subsequently reactivated for testing. Broadcast PRN-01 before decommissioning, PRN-27 after reactivation. Shifted to PRN-30 as of 8 May 2013 and to PRN-06 as of 3 April 2014. Currently not assigned a PRN.[29]
USA-206 17 August 2009
10:35
Delta II 7925-9.5 CCAFS, SLC-17A IIRM 8 50 05 E3 Operational[29]
Originally scheduled for launch in 1999 as IIR-3 but damaged during processing.[81] Also known as IIR-21; L5 services disconnected from J2 port before launch. Final Delta II launch with a United States Air Force payload.[82] Final launch from SLC-17A, final Delta II 7925.
USA-213 28 May 2010
03:00
Delta IV M+ (4,2) CCAFS, SLC-37B IIF 1 62 25 B2 Operational[29]
First to broadcast operational L5 signal.
USA-232 16 July 2011
06:41
Delta IV M+(4,2) CCAFS, SLC-37B IIF 2 63 01 D2 Operational[29]
USA-239 4 October 2012
12:10
Delta IV M+(4,2) CCAFS, SLC-37B IIF 3 65 24 A1 Operational[29]
USA-242 15 May 2013
21:38
Atlas V 401 CCAFS, SLC-41 IIF 4 66 27 C2 Operational[29]
USA-248 21 February 2014
01:59
Delta IV M+ (4,2) CCAFS, SLC-37B IIF 5 64 30 A3 Operational[29]
USA-251 17 May 2014
00:03
Delta IV M+ (4,2) CCAFS, SLC-37B IIF 6 67 06 D4 Operational[29]
USA-256 2 August 2014
03:23
Atlas V 401 CCAFS, SLC-41 IIF 7 68 09 F3 Operational[29]
USA-258 29 October 2014
17:21
Atlas V 401 CCAFS, SLC-41 IIF 8 69 03 E1 Operational[29]
USA-260 25 March 2015
18:36
Delta IV M+ (4,2) CCAFS, SLC-37B IIF 9 71 26 B5 Operational[29]
USA-262 15 July 2015
15:36
Atlas V 401 CCAFS, SLC-41 IIF 10 72 08 C3 Operational[29]
USA-265 31 October 2015
16:13
Atlas V 401 CCAFS, SLC-41 IIF 11 73 10 E2 Operational[83]
USA-266 5 February 2016
13:38
Atlas V 401 CCAFS, SLC-41 IIF 12 70 32 F1 Operational[84]
USA-289
Vespucci[85]
23 December 2018
13:51
Falcon 9 Block 5 CCAFS, SLC-40 III 1 74 04 A6 Operational[86]
USA-293
Magellan
22 August 2019
13:06
Delta IV M+ (4,2) CCAFS, SLC-37B III 2 75 18 D3 Operational[87]
USA-304
Matthew Henson
30 June 2020
20:10:46
Falcon 9 Block 5 CCAFS, SLC-40 III 3 76 23 E4 Operational
The third GPS Block III satellite was initially nicknamed Columbus, but was renamed Matthew Henson before the launch but not widely announced.[88][89]

Satellites by block[edit]

Block Launched Operational Testing/
Reserve
Unhealthy Retired Launch
Failures
Manufacturer Remarks
Block I 11 0 0 0 10 1 Rockwell
Block II 9 0 0 0 9 0 Rockwell One prototype was never launched
Block IIA 19 0 6 0 13 0 Rockwell
Block IIR 13 9 0 0 3 1 Lockheed Martin
Block IIRM 8 7 1 0 0 0 Lockheed Martin
Block IIF 12 12 0 0 0 0 Boeing
Block III 3 3 0 0 0 0 Lockheed Martin
Block IIIF 0 0 0 0 0 0 Lockheed Martin
Total 75 31 7 0 35 2

Orbital slots (by SVN)[edit]

Refer to GPS Constellation Status for the most up-to-date information.

As of 17 April 2020
Slot Plane
A B C D E F
1 65 56 57 61 69 70
2 52 62 66 63 73 55
3 64 44 72 45 50 68
4 48 58 53 67 76
5 71 59 46
6 74 75 47 43

Numbers in parentheses refer to non-operational satellites.

Once launched, GPS satellites do not change their plane assignment but slot assignments are somewhat arbitrary and are subject to change.

Cross reference of PRNs to satellite blocks[edit]

The following table is for the purpose of making it possible to determine the block associated with a PRN by looking at one column in one table rather than having to search through all rows of three tables. Thus this table can be used to quickly and easily determine the number of satellites in orbit and health associated with each block.

Cross reference of PRNs to blocks
PRN 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 NA
IIA D D R (x8)
IIR H H H D H H H H H D H
IIR-M H H H H H H H R
IIF H H H H H H H H H H H H
III H H H

Legend:

  • H – In orbit and healthy
  • R – Placed in reserve
  • U – Unhealthy and unusable
  • D – Decommissioned
  • T – Launched and undergoing testing

PRN to SVN history[edit]

This section is for the purpose of making it possible to determine the PRN associated with a SVN at a particular epoch. For example, SVN 049 had been assigned PRNs 01, 24, 27, and 30 at different times of its lifespan, whereas PRN 01 had been assigned to SVNs 032, 037, 049, 035, and 063 at different epochs. This information can be found in the IGS ANTEX file, which uses the convention "GNN" and "GNNN" for PRNs and SVNs, respectively. For example, SVN 049 is described as:

BLOCK IIR-M         G01                 G049      2009-014A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2009     3    24     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          
  2011     5     6    23    59   59.9999999                 VALID UNTIL         
BLOCK IIR-M         G24                 G049      2009-014A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2012     2     2     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          
  2012     3    14    23    59   59.9999999                 VALID UNTIL         
BLOCK IIR-M         G24                 G049      2009-014A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2012     8     9     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          
  2012     8    22    23    59   59.9999999                 VALID UNTIL         
BLOCK IIR-M         G27                 G049      2009-014A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2012    10    18     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          
  2013     5     9    23    59   59.9999999                 VALID UNTIL         
BLOCK IIR-M         G30                 G049      2009-014A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2013     5    10     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          

whereas for PRN 01 the following excerpt is relevant:

BLOCK IIA           G01                 G032      1992-079A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  1992    11    22     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          
  2008    10    16    23    59   59.9999999                 VALID UNTIL         
BLOCK IIA           G01                 G037      1993-032A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2008    10    23     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          
  2009     1     6    23    59   59.9999999                 VALID UNTIL         
BLOCK IIR-M         G01                 G049      2009-014A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2009     3    24     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          
  2011     5     6    23    59   59.9999999                 VALID UNTIL         
BLOCK IIA           G01                 G035      1993-054A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2011     6     2     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          
  2011     7    12    23    59   59.9999999                 VALID UNTIL         
BLOCK IIF           G01                 G063      2011-036A TYPE / SERIAL NO    
  2011     7    16     0     0    0.0000000                 VALID FROM          

A table extracted out of the ANTEX file is made available by the Bernese GNSS Software.

Planned launches[edit]

Block III[edit]

Date Rocket Launch site Satellite SVN Remarks
4 November 2020, 23:28 UTC [90][91][92] Falcon 9 Block 5 CCAFS, SLC-40 GPS III SV04 Sacagawea 80 Space vehicle manufacturing contract awarded January 2012.[93] Undergoing thermal vacuum testing in December 2018.[94] The Request For Proposal (RFP) for launch services was published in June 2017, and proposals were due in August 2017.[95] Launch services for SV04 through SV06 were to be jointly awarded to the same winning bidder.[96][95] In March 2018, the Air Force announced it had awarded the contract to SpaceX (over another unnamed competing bidder).[97]
July 2021 [98] Falcon 9 Block 5 [99] CCAFS, SLC-40 GPS III SV05 Neil Armstrong 81 Space vehicle manufacturing contract awarded February 2013.[100] Core mating in progress in December 2018.[94] Launch services for SV04 through SV06 were jointly awarded.[96][95]
2021 [91] Falcon 9 Block 5 [99] CCAFS, SLC-40 or KSC, LC-39A [101] GPS III SV06 Amelia Earhart 82 Space vehicle manufacturing contract awarded February 2013.[100] In September 2018, the space vehicle was integrating harnesses.[102] Launch services for SV04 through SV06 were jointly awarded.[95]
CCAFS (TBD) GPS III SV07 Sally Ride 83 Space vehicle manufacturing contract awarded February 2013.[100] It was in assembly in December 2018.[94]
2022 [91] CCAFS (TBD) GPS III SV08 Katherine Johnson 84 Space vehicle manufacturing contract awarded February 2013.[100] The satellite was named "Katherine Johnson" in June 2020 following its successful core mate assembly.[103]
CCAFS (TBD) GPS III SV09 85 Space vehicle manufacturing contract awarded September 2016.[104]
2023[91] CCAFS (TBD) GPS III SV10 86 Space vehicle manufacturing contract awarded September 2016.[104]

Block IIIF[edit]

Projected Available For Launch ("AFL") Date Rocket Type Launch site Satellite SVN Remarks
FY2026[91] (TBD) (TBD) CCAFS (TBD) GPS IIIF SV01 Construction contract awarded in September 2018.
GPS IIIF SV02
GPS IIIF SV03
FY2027[91] GPS IIIF SV04
GPS IIIF SV05
GPS IIIF SV06
FY2028[91] GPS IIIF SV07 Technology Insertion Point
GPS IIIF SV08
GPS IIIF SV09
GPS IIIF SV10
FY2029[91] GPS IIIF SV11
GPS IIIF SV12
FY2030[91] GPS IIIF SV13 Technology Insertion Point
GPS IIIF SV14
FY2031[91] GPS IIIF SV15
GPS IIIF SV16
FY2032[91] GPS IIIF SV17
GPS IIIF SV18
FY2033[91] GPS IIIF SV19 Technology Insertion Point
GPS IIIF SV20
FY2034[91] GPS IIIF SV21
GPS IIIF SV22

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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