List of General Motors factories

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This is a list of General Motors factories that are being or have been used to produce automobiles and automobile components.[1] The factories are occasionally idled for re-tooling.

Current factories[edit]

VIN Name City/State Country Products Opened Idled Comments
  6th of October City 6th of October City Egypt N-Series 1985   Past models:Rodeo
R Arlington Assembly Arlington, Texas United States Cadillac Escalade/Escalade ESV
Chevrolet Suburban
Chevrolet Tahoe
GMC Yukon
GMC Yukon XL
1954   Past models: GM A platform (RWD), GM G platform, GM D platform, GM B platform, and GMT400 pickups. Expanded in 2018 with new building to the west to make body panels
  Bay City Powertrain Bay City, Michigan United States Engine components 1916    
  Bedford Powertrain Bedford, Indiana United States Transmission casings 1942    
  GM Colmotores Bogotá Colombia Products From GM do Brasil: Chevrolet Cobalt, Chevrolet Onix
Products form Isuzu: Chevrolet Bus LT-150, LT-500 and LT-750, Chevrolet N-Series
Products from Daewoo/GM Korea: Chevrolet Spark, Chevrolet Spark GT
Products from SAIC Wuling: Chevrolet Sail
1956   Past products from Chevrolet: Chevrolet C-10, Chevrolet C-30, Chevrolet Silverado S-10, Chevrolet Kodiak, Chevrolet TrailBlazer
Past products from GM do Brasil: Chevrolet Chevette
Past products from Isuzu: Chevrolet LUV
Past products from Suzuki: Chevrolet Sprint (not is the same name that the one that was sold in the U.S. and Canada in the 80's), Chevrolet Swift, Chevrolet Alto, Chevrolet Esteem, Chevrolet Jimny, Chevrolet Wagon R+, Chevrolet Vitara, Chevrolet Super Carry Van
Past products from Opel: Chevrolet Corsa, Chevrolet Zafira
Past products from Daewoo/GM Korea: Chevrolet Optra, Chevrolet Aveo
5 Bowling Green Assembly Plant Bowling Green, Kentucky United States Corvette 1981   Past models: XLR
6 CAMI Automotive Ingersoll, Ontario Canada Chevrolet Equinox 1988   Past models:GMC Terrain, Tracker, Sidekick, Asuna/Pontiac Sunrunner (Canada only), Suzuki Vitara, Chevrolet/Geo Metro, Pontiac Firefly (Canada only), Suzuki Swift, Suzuki XL-7, Pontiac Torrent.
  GM Korea Changwon, Gyeongsang South Korea Damas
Chevrolet Spark

Opel Karl

B GM Korea Bupyeong-gu, Incheon South Korea Chevrolet Aveo (Chevrolet Sonic)
Chevrolet Malibu
Chevrolet Trax

Opel Mokka

Buick Encore

Chevrolet Captiva

1962   Past models : Daewoo LeMans, Daewoo Ciero, Daewoo Magnus, Daewoo Tosca, Daewoo Kalos
  Defiance Foundry Defiance, Ohio United States Aluminum/iron engine blocks 1948   Iron pouring ended in 2017. The plant now pours only aluminum blocks and heads.
  Kokomo Operations[2] Kokomo, Indiana United States Automotive Electronics     Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999; 2011-Factories taken back under Delphi Corporation bankruptcy and renamed General Motors Components Holdings
U Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly Hamtramck, Michigan & Detroit, Michigan United States GMC Hummer EV
Cadillac Escalade EV
Cruise Origin AV
1985   aka "Poletown," "Factory ZERO"
Past models: Cadillac Deville, Cadillac Seville, Cadillac Eldorado, Cadillac DTS, Cadillac STS, Cadillac ELR, Cadillac CT6 / Oldsmobile Toronado / Buick Park Avenue, Buick LeSabre, Buick Lucerne / Pontiac Bonneville / Chevrolet Impala, Chevrolet Malibu, Chevrolet Volt
F Fairfax II Kansas City, Kansas United States Chevrolet Malibu, Cadillac XT4
1988   Past models: Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1995 & 1996), Pontiac Grand Prix (1988–2003), Saturn Aura, Oldsmobile Intrigue (1997-2002), Buick Lacrosse (1987-2016)
  Flint Engine South Flint, Michigan United States 3.6 High Feature engine, 1.4 (Cruze, Volt generator) 2000  
Past engines: Atlas I6
  Flint Metal Center Flint, Michigan United States   1954   Metal fabricating
  Flint Tool & Die Flint, Michigan United States   1967   Metal fabricating
F Flint Truck Assembly Flint, Michigan United States Chevrolet Silverado
GMC Sierra
1947   Past models: Kodiak/Topkick, Corvair Forward Control
Z Fort Wayne Assembly Roanoke, Indiana United States Chevrolet Silverado
GMC Sierra
Lansing Service Parts Operation Delta Township, Michigan United States   1959 SPO
J Lansing Delta Township Assembly Delta Township, Michigan United States Chevrolet Traverse
Buick Enclave
  Lansing Regional Stamping Delta Township, Michigan United States   2003 LRS
0 Lansing Grand River Assembly Lansing, Michigan United States Cadillac CT5 (2020)
Cadillac CT4 (2020)
Chevrolet Camaro
7 Lockport Components Lockport, NY United States Cheverolet, GMC, Cadillac, and Buick Components 1914   Thermal Products
  Marion Metal Center Marion, Indiana United States   1956   Metal fabricating
  GM-OBB Quito Ecuador Chevrolet Bus
Chevrolet D-Max 2011
Chevrolet/Suzuki Vitara SZ (2011)
Chevrolet Aveo GT 2011
Chevrolet Vitara
4 Orion Assembly Orion Township, Michigan United States Chevrolet Sonic
Chevrolet Bolt
1983 2009; reopened 2011 Past models: Malibu, G6, Buick Verano, Buick Riviera and Oldsmobile Aurora (1995-1999 models)
1/9 Oshawa Car Assembly Oshawa, Ontario Canada Cadillac XTS
Chevrolet Impala
1907   Past models: Chevrolet Monte Carlo, LaCrosse/Allure, Camaro, Corvair, A-body Cars, Buick Regal, Chevrolet Equinox

Vehicle production ended in 2019; plant will be transformed for stamping and production of subassemblies. Restart of vehicle production announced in Nov. 2020 - Truck production to start early 2022.

  Oshawa Metal Oshawa, Ontario Canada        
  Parma Metal Center Parma, Ohio United States   1948   Metal fabricating
  Pontiac Metal Center Pontiac, Michigan United States   1929   Metal fabricating
S Ramos Arizpe Assembly Ramos Arizpe Mexico Chevrolet Blazer
Chevrolet Equinox
1981   Past Models: Caballero, El Camino, Chevrolet Captiva, Chevrolet Sonic, Chevrolet Cruze, Cadillac SRX
  Romulus Engine Romulus, Michigan United States 4.3L V6
Gen IV V8

HFV6 Gen2 V6

1975   Engines
  Romulus Transmission Romulus, Michigan United States  GR10 Transmission 1995   Transmissions
  Rosario Rosario Argentina Cruze 1997   Past Models: Grand Blazer, Silverado, Chevrolet Corsa, Corsa Combo, Agile
Classic and Grand Vitara
  Saginaw Metal Casting Operations Saginaw, Michigan United States  HFV6 GEN2 V6 1919   Metal casting for powertrains. Engine Blocks. Crankshafts
  San Luis Potosí Assembly San Luis Potosí Mexico Chevrolet Equinox[3]
Chevrolet Onix
GMC Terrain
2008   Chevrolet Aveo
Chevrolet Trax
Pontiac G3
Pontiac Wave 
  São Caetano do Sul São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo Brazil Onix Joy
1930   Past Models: Astra, Vectra (both until 2011), Cruze, Corsa, Corsa Classic
  São José dos Campos São José dos Campos, São Paulo Brazil S-10


 1959   Past Models: Montana
Corsa C, Blazer, Meriva, Zafira and Corsa Sedan C (all until 2012)
G Silao Assembly Silao Mexico Chevrolet Silverado
GMC Sierra
1994   SUV production moved entirely to Arlington Assembly after the 2013 model year; Past production models: Escalade ESV, Escalade EXT, Avalanche, Suburban, Yukon XL
  Silao Engine Silao Mexico   2001    
  Silao Transmission Silao Mexico   2008    
Z/S Spring Hill Manufacturing Spring Hill, Tennessee United States GMC Acadia
Cadillac XT5
Cadillac XT6
Holden Acadia
Ecotec 2.0 Turbo
Ecotec 2.4
Components (Traverse)
1990 2009-2012 Vue production moved to Mexico for 2008 model year
Assembly idled in 2009. Past models: Ion, Vue, S-Series, Traverse. Reopened in 2012 to produce the Equinox.

As of 2018, produces GMC Acadia, Cadillac XT5, Cadillac XT6 and Holden Acadia for the non-North American market.[4]
  St. Catharines Engine Plant St. Catharines, Ontario Canada GM Vortec 1954    
  Toledo Transmission Toledo, Ohio United States 6L80 RWD 6-speed
1956   Future product: GF6 Gen3/ RWD 8-Speed
  Tonawanda Engine Tonawanda, New York United States LV1 4.3L V6

LV3 4.3L V6

L82 5.3L V8

L83 5.3L V8

L84 5.3L V8

L86 5.3L V8

L87 6.2L V8

LT1 6.2L V8

LT2 6.2L V8

L8T 6.6L V8

LSY 2.0T I4

LCV 2.5L I4

1937   Past engines:

Ecotec 2.2 (L850)

Ecotec 2.5L Gen III
Ecotec 2.4L Gen II
Vortec 2.9 I4
Vortec 3.7 I5
Corvair (all)
4.3L V6

High Value 3.9L V6
Chevrolet Big-Block V8

GenV LT4 6.2L Supercharged V8

Ecotec LTG 2.0T I-4

  Warren Transmission Warren, Michigan United States 6T70, 6T75 1941 2018 Past transmissions: Hydramatic 

Began production of Face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic[5]

1 Wentzville Assembly Wentzville, Missouri United States Express
1983   Past models: Buick Electra/Park Avenue, Oldsmobile 98, Pontiac Bonneville, (1992-93), Future Chevrolet Colorado announced

Sold/co-operated factories[edit]

VIN Name City/State Country Products Opened Idled Comments
  Opelwerk Kaiserslautern Kaiserslautern Germany components
engines: four-cylinder turbo diesel engines (2.0 liter)

four-cylindrer turbo petrol engines (2.0 liter)

1966 2017 Opel plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
  Batilly Batilly France Opel Movano B
Renault Master/Mascott
Nissan Interstar
    Renault-SOVAB plant
  Nissan Iberia Barcelona Spain Opel Vivaro A
Renault Trafic
Nissan Primastar
  2017 This plant was co-operated with Nissan, and their operations now has part of the PSA Group as the Opel brand has acquired by the French automaker in 2017.
  Opel Wien GmbH Aspern Austria Family 0 engines (1.0, 1.2, 1.4, 1.4 Turbo)
Transmissions (Easytronic, five-and six-speed)
1982 2017 Opel plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
  Opel Eisenach GmbH Eisenach Germany Opel Corsa E (3-door)
Opel Adam
1990 2017 Opel plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
  Vauxhall Ellesmere Port Ellesmere Port United Kingdom Opel/Vauxhall Astra K (5-door, Sports Tourer) 1962 2017 Vauxhall plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
  Adam Opel AG Werk Rüsselsheim Rüsselsheim Germany Opel/Vauxhall Insignia (saloon, hatchback, Sports Tourer)
Opel Zafira Tourer C
GM F40 transmission
1898 2017 Opel plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
  GM España S.L. Zaragoza Spain Opel Corsa E (5 door, van)
Opel Meriva B
1982 2017 Opel plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
7 Opel Szentgotthárd Szentgotthárd Hungary Opel Astra F 1991-1997, 80.835 units
Opel Vectra B1 and B2 1998-1999, 4.404 units
Opel Engines
Opel Automatic Transmissions
1991 2017 Opel plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
  Delco Products Kettering, Ohio United States Shock Absorbers, Struts, Impact Absorbers, Electric Motors, Windshield Wiper Assemblies   Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999. Sold to Tenneco Corporation in 2008
  Delco Remy Anderson, Indiana United States Starters, Generators, HEI Ignition, DIS Ignition, Switches 2006 Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999
  Delco Remy Muncie, Indiana United States Batteries     Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999.
  GM Manufacturing Poland Sp. z o.o. Gliwice Poland Opel Astra K (5-door)
Holden Astra 7 gen. (5-door)
Opel Astra J (GTC, sedan)
Holden Astra 6 gen. (GTC, VXR)
Opel Cascada
1998 2011 Opel plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
  GM Powertrain Poland Tychy Poland diesel engines 1996 2017 Opel plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
  IBC Vehicles[6] Luton United Kingdom Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro B 1905 2017 Vauxhall plant. Sold to PSA Group in 2017.
3 Trollhättan Assembly Trollhättan Sweden Saab 9-3
Saab 9-5
1947 2010 Saab Automobile sold to Spyker Cars in February, 2010.
Z Fremont Assembly Fremont, California United States Vibe
Prizm (1990-2002)
Nova (1985-88)
Toyota vehicles
1960 1982
1960-1982 as GM factory.
From 1984 as New United Motor Manufacturing Inc. (NUMMI), which assembled GM and Toyota vehicles.
Sold to Tesla Motors on July, 2009.[7]
  GM Vietnam Hanoi Vietnam Chevrolet Lacetti
Chevrolet Aveo
Chevrolet Spark
Chevrolet Captiva
Chevrolet Vivant
1993 2018 Past model: Cruze (2010-2016). Sold to VinFast in 2018.
  GM-AvtoVAZ Tolyatti Russia Niva
2002 2015 GM ceased operations in Russia back in 2015 and GM-AvtoVAZ joint venture dissolved shortly thereafter and AvtoVAZ is now being a part of Renault group since 2016.
  GM-Auto Saint-Petersburg Russia Chevrolet Cruze
Opel Astra
2007 2015 GM ceased operations in Russia back in 2015 and GM-Auto plant closed.
7 Fujisawa Fujisawa, Kanagawa Japan Chevrolet LUV     Isuzu manufacturing facility
  Gravatai Automotive Industrial Complex Gravatai, Rio Grande do Sul Brazil Chevrolet Onix
Chevrolet Prisma
2000   [8]
  Guide Headlamp Division Anderson, Indiana United States Headlamp, Taillamp assemblies     1998-sold to Palladium Equity Partners;
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant (Tecumseh, Michigan) Tecumseh, Michigan United States Seat Pads & Backs    
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant (Livonia, Michigan) Livonia, Michigan United States Seat Cushions, Seat Pads, Seat Backs, Door Panel Trim 1954     no longer a GM facility
4 Iwata Iwata, Shizuoka Japan        
3 Kawasaki Kawasaki, Kanagawa Japan        
K Kosai Assembly Kosai, Shizuoka Japan        
7 Magyar Suzuki Corporation Esztergom Hungary Opel Agila
Suzuki Splash
Suzuki Swift
Suzuki SX4
Fiat Sedici
1991   Suzuki plant
  Rayong Rayong Thailand Colorado
1999   Past Models: Zafira, Alfa Romeo 156 [2] Sold to Great Wall Motors in 2020.[9]
  Saginaw Transmission Saginaw, Michigan United States Manual Transmissions, Brakes     Originally made the "Saginaw" 3 and 4-Speed manual transmissions. The plant currently produces brake components. It was spun off as part of Delphi in 1999. The plant is currently owned by TRW Automotive.
  GM Strasbourg Strasbourg France 6L45/6L50 6-speed RWD automatic transmissions 1967   Past products: 5L40, 4L30 RWD automatic transmissions

Sold to Punch Powerglide in 2013.[10] Continues to make components for [ZF].

Closed factories[edit]

VIN Name City/State Country Products Opened Idled Comments
  GM Argentina Buenos Aires, San Martin Argentina Chevrolet (cars and trucks), Oakland, Oldsmobile 1925 1978 GM brands manufactured included GMC, Opel, and Vauxhall trucks along with Pontiac, Marquette, Buick, LaSalle, Cadillac, Opel, and Vauxhall passenger cars.[11]
  Baltimore Operation White Marsh, Maryland United States 1000 Series transmissions: Silverado, Sierra
Hybrid 2-mode transmissions: Tahoe, Escalade, Silverado, Sierra 
2000 2019 Originally part of Allison Transmission. Became a GM Powertrain facility in 2004. Name changed to Baltimore Operation in 2012 with the addition of the Electric Motor Plant built next to the existing Transmission Plant. Closed in 2019.[12]
  Delco Moraine NDH Moraine, Ohio (Wisconsin Blvd.) United States Engine Bearings/Master Cylinders/Brake Pads/Brake Calipers/ABS Assemblies    
  Delco Moraine NDH Dayton, Ohio (Needmore Rd.) United States Master Cylinders/Brake Pads/Brake Calipers/ABS Assemblies    
  AC Rochester Big City, Texas United States AC Air Filters 1972 2008 Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999. Closed by Delphi in 2008.
  AC Rochester Sioux City, Iowa United States Throttle Body Fuel Injection Systems 1981 1993 Formerly a Zenith Radio Factory.
  Acacia Ridge Acacia Ridge, Queensland Australia Holden 1967 1985  
  Osaka Assembly (Former Nippon Menka factory)[13] Osaka Japan Chevrolet, (Buick, Pontiac, Oldsmobile from CKD kits) 1927 1941 factory was seized by Imperial Japanese Government, see also General Motors Japan[14][15]
  Allison Transmission Indianapolis, Indiana United States Allison transmissions 1915 2007 Sold in 2007 to private equity firm.
  Antwerp Antwerp Belgium Opel Astra
Opel Astra TwinTop
1924 2010 Assembled Opel cars and American GM brands from CKD kits. The plant finally closed its doors on December 17, 2010, about two days after last Opel car rolled off the assembly line. 
Past models: Chevrolet Camaro (first generation from CKD kits)
  Arica Arica Chile LUV D-Max 1974 2008 Past models: Canadian C-10 and C-30 and Beaumont (1966-71 from CKD kits supplied by GM Oshawa and Willow Run), Brazilian Chevette, Japanese Aska and LUV
  GM Autoworld Indonesia Pondok Ungu, Bekasi Indonesia Chevrolet Spin 1995 2015 The assembly plant was closed in 2005-2011 and reopened in 2012. Closed again in June 2015.
  Azambuja Azambuja Portugal Opel Combo 1959 2006  
B Baltimore Assembly Baltimore, Maryland United States Astro
1935 2005 Truck and Bus assembly
  Opelwerk Bochum Bochum Germany Opel Astra H Classic (5-door, Caravan)
Opel Zafira Tourer C
Opel Zafira B Family
1962 2014 Closed 5 December 2014.
H Buick City Flint, Michigan United States   1904 1999 Past models: Bonneville, LeSabre
  Dandenong Victoria Australia Holden automobiles 1956 1996 Manufacturing ceased in 1988, minor assembly until 1996, now known as Holden Service Parts Operations (HSPO) which manages the distribution and marketing of Holden service parts and accessories for the Holden dealer network and international customers.
9 Detroit Assembly Detroit, Michigan United States Cadillacs 1921 1987 Redeveloped into Clark Street Technology Park in 1997.
9 Detroit Transmission Livonia, Michigan United States Hydramatic transmissions 1953 Salvaged equipment was taken to Willow Run; see Willow Run Transmission.
C Diesel Division London, Ontario Canada New Look (1961–1978)
1950 1979 Transit bus production moved to Saint-Eustache factory in 1979. Sold in 2005, renamed Electro-Motive Diesel bought by Caterpillar then shuttered in 2013 moved to Indiana.
M Diesel Division Saint-Eustache Saint-Eustache, Quebec Canada New Look
1979 1987 Manufactures transit buses. Sold to Motor Coach Industries, along with the designs for the bus models this factory produced, in 1987; currently owned by Nova Bus.
D Doraville Assembly Doraville, Georgia United States Terraza
1947 2008 Past models: Venture, Silhouette.
L Elizabeth Elizabeth, South Australia Australia Calais
Holden Ute
Vauxhall VXR8
Chevrolet SS
1960 2017 Holden manufacturing plant.

Cars produced before its final year before closure included the Pontiac G8, Holden Cruze, and the Chevrolet Caprice PPV.

X Fairfax Assembly Kansas City, Kansas United States   1947 1987 Production moved to new building on adjacent site 
  Flint East Flint, Michigan United States components   2013 Formerly part of Delphi Corporation, returned to GM in 2009
  Flint North Powertrain Flint, Michigan United States 3800 1905 2010
G Framingham Assembly Framingham, Massachusetts United States A-bodies 1947 1989
  GMPT Fredericksburg Fredericksburg, Virginia United States Torque converter clutches for automatic transmissions 1979 2010
  Grand Blanc Metal Center Grand Blanc, Michigan United States   1942 2013 Metal casting
  Grand Rapids Metal Center Grand Rapids, Michigan United States   1936 2009 Metal fabricating
7 Graz Graz Austria Saab 9-3 Convertible     Magna Steyr plant
  Halol Gujarat India Chevrolet Sail U-VA (hatchback)
Chevrolet Sail (sedan)
Chevrolet Cruze
Chevrolet Tavera
2017 Past models:

Chevrolet SRV (sports hatch), Chevrolet Forester, Chevrolet Optra, Opel Corsa(sedan), Opel Corsa Sail (hatchback), Opel Corsa Swing(station wagon), Opel Astra.

  Inland Plant Dayton & Vandalia, Ohio United States Engine Mounts
Transmission Mounts
Strut Mounts
Steering Wheels
Liteflex Springs
Brake Linings
Brake Hose
Brake Pads
Ball Joints
Ice Cube Trays
1921 2008 Factory was started as the Dayton Wright Brothers Aeroplane Company in 1912, Bought as the Inland Corporation by GM in 1923. Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999.
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant (New Jersey) Trenton, New Jersey United States door handles
seat adjusters
body moldings. Plant was known as the Turnstedt Plant
1938 1998 brief article about the plant's closing and displaced workers, 1993 Plant closing date delayed until Summer of 1998 : [3] Ternstedt Division
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant (Columbus, Ohio) Columbus, Ohio United States Door Panel Assemblies & Small Components 1946 2007 Originally opened as a plant for the Ternstedt Division of General Motors; Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant (Vandalia, Ohio) Vandalia, Ohio United States Door Panel Assemblies
Seat Pads
Instrument Panels
1941 2015 Originally a GM Aeroproducts facility, absorbed by Inland division in 1955, spun off to Inland Fisher Guide division in 1991, became part of Delphi in 1996 and transferred to Delphi Thermal Division in 2007. Sold in 2015 to Mahle
  Indianapolis Metal Center Indianapolis, Indiana United States   1930 2011 Metal fabricating
J Janesville Assembly Plant Janesville, Wisconsin United States Suburban
Isuzu N-Series
Yukon XL
1919 2009 Oldest GM assembly plant; largest under one roof in the U.S.; Idled Apr 23, 2009.
A Lakewood Assembly Lakewood Heights, Georgia United States GM A-body 1927-1990 Production ended with Chevrolet Caprice Classic, Buick Estate Wagon, and Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser
Lansing Engine Delta Township, Michigan United States   1981 2001 Built to produce experimental diesel engine; part of Ryder Logistics since 2005
  Lansing Car Assembly - Body Lansing, Michigan United States   1920 2005 Body
M Lansing Car Assembly - Chassis Lansing, Michigan United States   1902 2005 M
B Lansing Craft Centre Lansing, Michigan United States SSR 1987 2006 Past models: Reatta, EV1
  Lansing Metal Center Lansing, Michigan United States   1952 2006 Metal fabricating
K Leeds Assembly Kansas City, Missouri United States     1988 Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Firenza, Chevrolet Cavalier, Chevrolet Chevelle, Chevrolet El Camino
E Linden Assembly Linden, New Jersey United States   1937 2005 Chevrolet Blazer, GMC Jimmy, Buick Riviera, Oldsmobile Toronado, Cadillac Eldorado
  Livonia Engine Livonia, Michigan United States Premium V engine 1971 2010
  Vauxhall Luton Luton United Kingdom Opel/Vauxhall 1903 2002 Production ended in 2002 with the Vauxhall Vectra. The plant has now been demolished and the site is now being redeveloped for housing.[16]
  Lotus Cars RAF Hethel United Kingdom Speedster
Opel Omega A (Vauxhall Lotus Carlton) 1990-1992, 950 units
1986 1993  Speedster outsourced to Lotus 2000-2005
  Mansfield-Ontario Metal Center Mansfield, Ohio United States   1955 2010 Metal fabricating
  Massena Castings Plant Massena, New York United States   1959 2009 Cylinder heads, Engine Blocks
Closed May 1, 2009
2 Moraine Assembly Moraine, Ohio United States S-10 (also S-10 Blazer including 1995-05 GMT330 SUVs without the S-10 prefix)
S-15 (also S-15 Jimmy)
1951 2008 Closed on December 23, 2008. Formerly site of truck and bus production. Began in 1951 as the Frigidaire Division of General Motors Corporation producing household appliances. Sold to Fuyao Group in 2014; will begin production of automotive glass for GM and other automakers in 2015.
N Norwood Assembly Norwood, Ohio United States Bel Air
1923 1987  
  Oakland Assembly Oakland, California United States Chevrolet Series 490 1917 1964  
6 Oklahoma City Assembly Oklahoma City, Oklahoma United States TrailBlazer EXT
Envoy XL
1979 2006 Previously produced front wheel drive X platform and N platform vehicles. Idled February 20, 2006. 
  Oshawa Truck Assembly Oshawa, Ontario Canada Silverado
1965 2009
  Pagewood Pagewood, New South Wales Australia Holden 1939 1981  
  Petone Petone New Zealand   1926 1984
  Pittsburgh Metal Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania United States   1949 2007 Metal fabricating
V, 0 Pontiac West Assembly Pontiac, Michigan United States Engines, Trucks, Buses, GMC Motorhome 1904 1994 S / T truck
P Pontiac Assembly Pontiac, Michigan United States Fiero
1927 1988
V, E Pontiac East Assembly Pontiac, Michigan United States Medium Duty Trucks, Silverado/Sierra 1972 2009 Known as GMC Truck & Coach Division Plant 6 when built, also known as Pontiac Assembly Center
V Pontiac Central Assembly Pontiac, Michigan United States Medium Duty Trucks, Heavy Duty Trucks, Buses (GM New Look bus) 1928 1989 Headquarters of GMC Truck & Coach Division
  Port Melbourne (Fishermans Bend) Victoria Australia Holden 1936 2016 Headquarters of GM Holden Ltd.
Holden Engine Company. Sold to the Victorian state Government in 2016.
Regina Plant Regina, Saskatchewan Canada Buick, Chevrolet (Maple Leaf), Oldsmobile, Pontiac 1928 1941 Taken over by the Government of Canada to produce munitions for World War II.
  Saginaw Malleable Iron Saginaw, Michigan United States   1919 2007 Iron castings. HQ of Central Foundry Division.
  Saginaw Steering Gear - Plant 2 Saginaw, Michigan United States Steering Gears, pump hoses 1941 2001 Affectionately known as "The Gun Plant", it was built in 1941 when the division was contracted to build M1919 machine guns, and M1-Carbines for World War II. After the war, normal steering gear production continued until its closure in 2001. It has been demolished
  Saginaw Division Saginaw, Michigan United States Complete Hydraulic and Electric Power Steering Systems, Halfshafts, Intermediate Drive Shafts 1957 2010 Former Saginaw Steering Division of GM. The sprawling Five-Plant complex, division Headquarters and large engineering center, were spun off with Delphi in 1999. GM re-purchased the Steering division from bankrupt Delphi in 2009, and then sold the division to Pacific Century Motors in 2010. The former GM Division now operates as "Nexteer Automotive", an independent company headquartered at the Saginaw site.
General Motors Diesel Division Saint Laurent Bus Plant Saint Laurent, Quebec Canada GM New Look bus 1974 1979 Bus operations moved to Saint-Eustache, Quebec.
2 Sainte-Thérèse Assembly Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec Canada   1966 2002 Past models: Firebird, Camaro. Plant demolished and site re-developed as a commercial and residential site known as Faubourg Boisbriand and the Centre for Ice Excellence.
4 Scarborough Van Assembly Scarborough, Ontario Canada G-series vans
GMC Vandura
Chevy Sportvan
GMC Handi-Van
1963 1993 Operations moved to Flint Truck Assembly. Plant demolished and now site of Eglinton Town Centre.
8 Shreveport Operations Shreveport, Louisiana United States Colorado
Hummer H3
1981 2012 Past models: GMT325 and 330 pickup trucks (S and T-series), H3
T North Tarrytown Assembly Sleepy Hollow, New York United States Truck and Bus. Also home to these past models:
Buick Century
Pontiac Bonneville
Chevrolet Lumina
Oldsmobile Silhouette
Pontiac Trans Sport
1896 1996 Operations moved to Doraville Assembly
C South Gate Assembly South Gate, California United States   1936 1982 First GM plant to build multi-carline body/chassis (Buick/Olds/Pontiac)serially. Other models: Tanks (WWII); Unibody BOP "Y" series Special, F85, Tempest added to B&C mix 1961-63; replaced by Chevrolet B for 64; Vega; Monza; Deville; Cavalier and Cimarron
  St. Catharines Components Plant St. Catharines, Ontario Canada Engine and Transmission components,
Final drive assemblies for powertrains
1929 2008 Permanently closed in 2008 as part of GM's cost-savings measures. All operations were transferred to St. Catharines Engine Plant. The components factory was demolished in 2016 and the site will be re-developed for mixed-use residential and commercial development.
S St. Louis Truck Assembly St. Louis, Missouri United States   1920s 1986 Truck and Bus, Corvair Forward Control, Corvette (1954–81)
3 St. Eustache Saint-Eustache, Quebec Canada GMC New Look
  1993 Bus division sold to Motor Coach Industries in 1987, later sold to Nova Bus in 1993
  General Motors South Africa Port Elizabeth South Africa Beaumont (from CKD kits supplied from Oshawa and Willow Run 1966-69)
1913 2017 Will end production and sell factory.
  Talegaon Pune India Chevrolet Spark
Chevrolet Beat
Chevrolet Sail U-VA (hatchback)
Chevrolet Sail
2006 2020 Closed 24th December 2020
M Toluca Assembly Toluca Mexico Medium Duty 1994 2008  
  Trentham Trentham New Zealand   1967 1990
  Valencia Valencia Venezuela Astra
Grand Vitara
Wagon R
1949 2018 There had already been production pauses because of part shortages between 2014–2016. On 3 May 2018 GM announced the total closure of the plant and sold the leftover assets to the Venezuelan government. The plant halted all of its operations of manufacturing vehicles and now only retains the GM brands representation.[17][18][19]
L Van Nuys Assembly Van Nuys, California United States Camaro
1947 1992 Past models: Chevrolet Monte Carlo, Corvair, Chevrolet Nova (to 1979), Pontiac GTO
W Willow Run Assembly Ypsilanti Twp, Michigan United States   1959 1992 Past models: Corvair, Nova, Caprice, Custom Cruiser Sold to International Turbine Industries in April 2013.[20]
  Willow Run Transmission Ypsilanti, Michigan United States 4L80-E transmission
4T80-E transmission
1953 2010 Original equipment came from destroyed Detroit Transmission plant in Livonia in 1953; began as the Ford B-24 Liberator bomber plant in World War II, grew from 175,000 square feet to nearly 5 million square feet.
Y Wilmington Assembly Wilmington, Delaware United States Solstice
Opel GT
Daewoo GX2
1947 2009 Past models: Corsica, Beretta, Malibu, L-Series, Caprice/Impala
  Windsor Transmission Windsor, Ontario Canada 4T40/45E transmission 1920 2010 Previous 1920 -1928 axles and parts 1928 - 1963 engines.
  Winters Foundry Canton, Ohio United States ZL-1 Aluminum Engine
Aluminum Intakes
Used a snow flake casting symbol.
  Wixom Performance Build Center Wixom, Michigan United States 6.2L V8 LS3
7.0L V8 LS7
6.2L V8 LS9
2004 2013[21]  ;
  Woodville Woodville, South Australia Australia Holden 1923 1990  
  Danville Foundry Danville, Illinois United States 1943 1996 Iron castings. Was part of GM's Central Foundry Division. Leased by Defense Plant Corporation to pour castings for military equipment during World War II.  
  GM-Montagewerk Biel Biel Switzerland Opel
1935 1975 Run by General Motors Suisse SA. Closed August 14, 1975. Last car was an Opel Rekord D. A total of 329,864 cars were assembled. Regular as well as customized vehicles in small series were made like drawing vehicles for the Swiss Armed Forces: An open 6-seater Chevrolet Platform combined with an Opel 2.5L I-6 cylinder; after World War II those "Swiss" cars were also offered to the public as limousines. As well GM produced luxury upgraded vehicles for the European market like the Opel Kapitän and Rekord "Ascona Edition" up to the early 1970s. The Ranger was invented by using Vauxhall structures on an Opel Rekord C body. Afterwards the plant was used as GM's European central spare parts warehouse until 1992. Most buildings still exist, they house now a Coop mall.  
  GM Korea Gunsan, Jeolla South Korea Chevrolet Cruze
Chevrolet Orlando
1997 2018 This factory also produced vehicles for General Motors Europe. The factory permanently closed on May 31, 2018, due to low productivity caused by GM's withdrawal from Europe in 2017 and due to GM's restructuring of its GM Korea operations.
7 Lordstown Assembly Lordstown, Ohio United States Chevrolet Cruze 1966 2019 Past models: Cobalt/G5, Cavalier/Sunbird/Sunfire/Vega/Astre Closed on 6 March 2019. Sold to Lordstown Motors.
7 Fort Worth Assembly Fort Worth, TX United States Chevrolet Series 490 1916 1924 closed due to flood damage[22]
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant (Euclid, Ohio) Euclid, Ohio United States Seat Covers & Backs 1947 1993 Site currently in use by an industrial supply store, indoor sports facilities, and a car rental business
  Delco Moraine NDH Sandusky, Ohio United States Wheel Bearings & Wheel Bearing Assemblies 1946 2018 Transferred to Delphi, later sold to HHI, Inc, as KBI

See also[edit]


  1. ^ GM facilities map. Retrieved on July 8, 2009.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Vlasic, Bill; Bunkley, Nick (September 17, 2011). "G.M. Will Offer Bonuses in New Deal With Workers". The New York Times.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Company Profile". Vauxhall. Archived from the original on 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
  7. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (August 22, 2010). "Tesla to buy old resources from GM, Toyota for NUMMI plant". Auto Blog. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  8. ^ "[". External link in |title= (help)
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ "GM Argentina".
  12. ^
  13. ^ Mason, Mark (14 October 1992). American Multinationals and Japan: The Political Economy of Japanese Capital Controls, 1899-1980. Harvard Univ Asia Center. ISBN 9780674026308 – via Google Books.
  14. ^ "GM early history in Japan".
  15. ^ "Image of Osaka facility".
  16. ^ "Redevelopment of former Vauxhall site given the go-ahead". Luton Today. 8 Jan 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  17. ^ Dinero. "General Motors concreta el cierre de sus operaciones en Venezuela". General Motors cierra operaciones en Venezuela.
  18. ^ "General Motors suspende operaciones en Venezuela tras el embargo de una planta". 21 April 2017 – via
  19. ^ "General Motors inicia cierre de operaciones en Venezuela". El Comercio.
  20. ^ Stafford, Katrease (April 2, 2013). "GM Willow Run plant redevelopment: Aircraft maintenance firm buys 1 building". Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  21. ^
  22. ^ [1] Lost Fort Worth, page 52